2015年12月30日 星期三

deck, skittles, decked out, drape,runt, runty,the deck stacked against


An experiment conducted at Cornell University found that professors of biology, engineering and psychology all chose female candidates over equally qualified male ones, and did so by an overwhelming margin. One of our most popular posts from 2015


Recruitment of academic scientists may be skewed in a surprising way
ECON.ST
Wearable Gadgets Transform How Companies Do Business
Companies are decking employees out with devices that help them do their jobs better

All of which is good news if you are male. Men do, nevertheless, have the deck stacked against them by biology. One way the cards are marked is that female mammals (women included) have two X chromosomes, whereas males have an X and a Y—the latter being a runty little thing with only a small complement of genes. Females' "spare" X chromosome protects them from genetic mutations on the other one. Males have no such protection. Women are thus carriers of, but rarely suffer from, diseases like haemophilia which are caused by the mutation of X-chromosome genes. In birds, by contrast, it is the males who have matched chromosomes while females sport the runt. As a result, male birds tend to outlive their mates.


Skyscrapers decorated with Christmas lights in Hong Kong.
Alex Hofford for The International Herald Tribune

Hong Kong Decks the Skyline With Lights

HONG KONG — Owners of dozens of buildings across the city drape the exteriors with enormous displays for the holidays — an expense that appears to be downturn-proof.


“We all look like a bag of Skittles,” said Jackie Polk, who was decked out in purple and who booked a $600 flight to Chicago from her home in Georgia for the taping. Another fan, Sally Rudy, told Gayle King, Ms. Winfrey’s best friend, who was wandering through the crowd with a video camera, that Ms. Winfrey had “helped me raise my children for the last 25 years.”

runt
[名]1 (同種中の)小さな[発育不全の]動物.2 ((英略式・軽蔑))小人, ちび;くだらないやつ.3 ((英方言))老木[朽ち木]の切り株;年とった牛;醜い老婆(hag).
runty
[形](-i・er, -i・est)発育の止まった, いじけた, 小形の, ちびの.

runty

*
  deck

verb

[with object]
  • 1 (usually be decked) decorate or adorn brightly or festively:Ingrid was decked out in her Sunday best
2 informal knock (someone) to the ground with a punch.


deck2 (dĕk) pronunciation
tr.v., decked, deck·ing, decks.
  1. To clothe with finery; adorn. Often used with out: We were all decked out for the party.
  2. To decorate: decked the halls for the holidays.
[Dutch dekken, to cover, from Middle Dutch decken.]


deck

音節deck 発音記号/dék/
【動詞】 【他動詞】
1
[deck oneself で] 着飾る飾り立てるout〉《★また受身でも用い,「ている飾り立てている」のになる; 前置詞in》.
用例
They were decked out in their Sunday best. 彼らは晴れ着っていた.
2
〈…を〉〔…で〕飾る装飾するout〉〔with〕《★しばしば受身用いる》.
用例
The room was decked (out) with flowers. 部屋飾られていた.


skittle

Skittles may refer to: Skittles (confectionery), a small candy made in many flavors; Skittles (sport), a game from which bowling originated ...

Skittle

(skĭt'l) n.
  1. skittles (used with a sing. verb) A British form of ninepins, in which a wooden disk or ball is thrown to knock down the pins.
  2. One of the pins used in skittles.
[Perhaps of Scandinavian origin.]

cards are stacked against


cards are stacked against (one)

[informal] luck is against one. have the worst luck. The cards are stacked against me all the time. How can I accomplish anythingwhen the cards are stacked against me?
See also: againstarecardstacked
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbs. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

cards are stacked against

Many difficulties face someone or something, as in The cards are stacked against the new highway projectThis term originated ingambling, where to stack the cards or stack the deck means to arrange cards secretly and dishonestly in one's own favor or againstone's opponent. [Mid-1800s]

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