2016年1月30日 星期六

stratagem, docking, couple, maneuver, unload, reload

Trains move across the country from on railway to another. with no unloading and reloading because of different gauge or different air pressure for brake.

 Chinese Astronauts Make Their First Manual Docking With Orbiting ...
New York Times
The maneuver was an important step in the development of China's space program, which includes plans to build a space station by 2020.

China's Space Program Bolstered by First Docking
New York Times
By ANDREW JACOBS BEIJING — With a “kiss” more than 200 miles above Earth, a pair of Chinese spacecraft successfully coupled early Thursday morning, bringing the country one step closer to its four-decade quest for manned space exploration. ...

(mə-nū'vər, -nyū'-) pronunciation
    1. A strategic or tactical military or naval movement.
    2. A large-scale tactical exercise carried out under simulated conditions of war. Often used in the plural.
  1. A controlled change in movement or direction of a moving vehicle or vessel, as in the flight path of an aircraft.
  2. A movement or procedure involving skill and dexterity.
    1. A strategic action undertaken to gain an end.
    2. Artful handling of affairs that is often marked by scheming and deceit. See synonyms at wile.

v., -vered, -ver·ing, -vers. v.intr.
  1. To carry out a military or naval maneuver.
  2. To make a controlled series of changes in movement or direction toward an objective: maneuvered to get closer to the stage.
  3. To shift ground; change tactics: The opposition had no room in which to maneuver.
  4. To use stratagems in gaining an end.
  1. To alter the tactical placement of (troops or warships).
  2. To direct through a series of movements or changes in course: maneuvered the car through traffic.
  3. To manipulate into a desired position or toward a predetermined goal: maneuvered him into signing the contract. See synonyms at manipulate.
[French manœuvre, from Old French maneuvre, manual work, from Medieval Latin manuopera, from Latin manū operārī, to work by hand : manū, ablative of manus, hand + operārī, to work.]
maneuverability ma·neu'ver·a·bil'i·ty n.
maneuverable ma·neu'ver·a·ble adj.
maneuverer ma·neu'ver·er n.

[名]1 (軍隊・軍艦などの)作戦行動, 機動作戦, 戦術的展開;((〜s))大演習, 機動演習 carry out large-scale maneuvers大演習を行う on maneuve...

1 (軍隊・軍艦などの)作戦行動, 機動作戦, 戦術的展開;((〜s))大演習, 機動演習
carry out large-scale maneuvers
on maneuvers
2 巧妙な手段, 妙計, 策略, 術策(trick).
1 〈軍隊・軍艦などを〉動かす, 移動させる;…を演習させる.
2 …を策略で動かす[操縦する];…を(策略で)うまく(…)させる((into ...))
maneuver a person into confessing
maneuver a conversation
3 …を巧みに扱う, さばく, あやつる, うまく動かす
I maneuvered the car intoout ofthe garage.
1 〈軍隊・軍艦などが〉機動する, 戦術的展開をする, 演習する.
2 策動する, たくらむ, 巧みに処理する
maneuver for advantage
[フランス語←ラテン語manūoperāre (manus手+operāre仕事する=手で仕事する). △OPERATE, MANUS
maneuver for position
stratagem Line breaks: strata|gem
Pronunciation: /ˈstratədʒəm/ 

Definition of stratagem in English:


1A plan or scheme, especially one used to outwit an opponent or achieve an end:a series of devious stratagems
1.1[MASS NOUN] archaic Skill in devising plans or schemescunning.


Late 15th century (originally denoting a military ploy): from French stratagème, via Latin from Greekstratēgēma, from stratēgein 'be a general', from stratēgos, from stratos 'army' + agein 'to lead'.


(dŏk) pronunciation
  1. The area of water between two piers or alongside a pier that receives a ship for loading, unloading, or repairs.
  2. A pier; a wharf.
  3. A group of piers on a commercial waterfront that serve as a general landing area for ships or boats. Often used in the plural.
  4. A platform at which trucks or trains load or unload cargo.

v., docked, dock·ing, docks. v.tr.
  1. To maneuver (a vessel or vehicle) into or next to a dock.
  2. To couple (two or more spacecraft, for example) in space.
To move or come into a dock.

[Dutch dok, from Middle Dutch doc, from dūken, to go under water, dive.]

dock2 (dŏk) pronunciation
  1. The solid or fleshy part of an animal's tail.
  2. The tail of an animal after it has been bobbed or clipped.
tr.v., docked, dock·ing, docks.
  1. To clip short or cut off (an animal's tail, for example).
  2. To deprive of a benefit or a part of one's wages, especially as a punishment: The company docks its employees for unauthorized absences.
  3. To withhold or deduct a part from (one's salary or wages).
[Middle English dok.]

dock3 (dŏk) pronunciation
An enclosed place where the defendant stands or sits in a court of law.

in the dock
  1. On trial or under intense scrutiny.
[Obsolete Flemish docke, cage.]

dock4 (dŏk) pronunciation
See sorrel1 (sense 1).

[Middle English, from Old English docce.]


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ùn • lóad
unloaded (過去形) • unloaded (過去分詞) • unloading (現在分詞) • unloads (三人称単数現在)
1 〈車・船などから〉荷[乗客]を降ろす
unload an airplane
2 〈積み荷を〉(…から)降ろす;〈車などが〉〈積み荷・乗客などを〉降ろす((from ...))
unload goods from a truck
The ship is unloading containers at the pier.
3 〈やっかいなものを〉除去する;…を(…に)押しつける((on, onto ...));〈心の〉重荷を降ろす;〈悩みなどを〉(…に)打ち明ける, 吐露する((on, onto ...))
unload one's troubles onto one's psychiatrist
4 〈火器・カメラなどから〉装填(そうてん)物[弾丸, フィルムなど]を抜き取る
unload a gun
5 (…に)〈銃の〉弾を撃ち込む((into ...)).
6 〈持ち株などを〉処分する.
1 〈車・船などが〉積み荷を降ろす, 荷揚げする;〈人が〉列車[車]から降りる
The bus is unloading.
2 弾丸[フィルム]を抜き取る.