2016年4月25日 星期一

faeces, dregs, sift, dross, examine, test, unexamined, trumpery, defecate, conquistador


KFC launches investigation after BBC probe.
DAILYM.AI

負責檢驗結果的一名科學家告訴該節目組說,如果食品中含有糞便細菌將會增加任何消費者患病的風險。


"The conquistadors were the dregs of society, infested with diseases like smallpox and measles that ravaged the indigenous population." On the trail of Hernán Cortés, a conquest most Mexicans would rather forget http://econ.st/1vggfGd


THE state of Veracruz, on the Gulf coast, is Mexico at its most fertile. Along the tropical coastline, vast sugar-cane plantations shimmer in the heat. Climb the...
ECON.ST


Why whale poo could be the secret to reversing the effects of climate change
I have been at the wrong end of a defecating sperm whale: it smells, it's nutrient rich, and could just save the world


U.S. Relies on Spies for Hire to Sift Deluge of Intelligence

 

Socrates - Wikiquote

en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Socrates - 頁庫存檔 - 翻譯這個網頁
(More closely) The unexamining life is not worth living for a human being. The life which is unexamined is not worth living. An unexamined life is not worth living.


American students have been called the most tested and least examined of any in the world, writes Linda Darling-Hammond in an op-ed in The Sacramento Bee. This is especially true in California, where students take 35 tests before they take the SAT and AP exams.


Sifting Web Chat for Inspiration
IBM and a handful of other major marketers are experimenting with a new process of developing ad campaigns based in part on what consumers are chatting about on the Web.


sift through dross
  1. conquistador, ( Spanish: “conqueror”, ) plural Conquistadores, or Conquistadors, any one of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, especially of Mexico and Peru, in the 16th century.

trumpery[trump・er・y]

  • 発音記号[trʌ'mpəri]

((古))[形]無価値な, 見かけ倒しの, くだらない
━━[名][C][U]
1 ((集合的))無価値な[見かけ倒しの]物, 安ぴか物, くだらない物;がらくた.
2 無意味な言葉, たわごと.
3 ぺてん.
trumpery (noun) Showy but worthless finery; bric-a-brac.
Synonyms:falderol, gimcrack, nonsense, frill
Usage:She may look confident and stylish with all those bangles and accessories, but underneath all that trumpery is an insecure girl trying to make her way in the world.

dross[dross]

  • 発音記号[drɔ'ːs | drɔ's]

[名][U]
1 (溶けた金属の)浮きかす, 湯あか;((英))石炭くず.
2 ((英))かす, くず;無価値な物.

: the scum that forms on the surface of molten metal
2
: waste or foreign matter : impurity
3
: something that is base, trivial, or inferior
drossy adjective

Examples of DROSS

  1. There is quite a lot of dross on TV these days.
  2. His editor has a talent for turning literary dross into gold.

Origin of DROSS

Middle English dros, from Old English drōs dregs
First Known Use: before 12th century

Definition of sift


verb

[with object]
  • 1put (a fine or loose substance) through a sieve so as to remove lumps or large particles:sift the flour into a large bowl
  • cause to flow or pass as through a sieve:Miranda sifted the warm sand through her fingers
  • [no object, with adverbial of direction] (of snow, ash, etc.) descend lightly or sparsely as if sprinkled from a sieve:ash began to sift down round them
  • 2examine (something) thoroughly so as to isolate that which is most important:until we sift the evidence ourselves, we can’t comment objectively [no object]:the fourth stage involves sifting through the data and evaluating it
  • (sift something out) separate something, especially something to be discarded, from something else:he asked for streamlined procedures to sift out frivolous applications

noun

[usually in singular]
  • an act of sifting something, especially so as to isolate that which is most important:a careful archaeological sift must be made through the debris
  • an amount of sifted material:the floor was dusted with a fine sift of flour
Derivatives

sifted
adjective
sifter
noun
sifting
noun

Origin:

Old English siftan, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch ziften, also to sieve

sift
v., sift·ed, sift·ing, sifts. v.tr.
  1. To put (flour, for example) through a sieve or other straining device in order to separate the fine from the coarse particles.
  2. To distinguish as if separating with a sieve: sifted the candidates for the job.
  3. To apply by scattering with or as if with a sieve: sift sugar on a dessert.
  4. To examine and sort carefully: sift the evidence.
v.intr.
  1. To make use of a sieve.
  2. To pass through or as if through a sieve: a meal that sifts easily.
  3. To make a careful examination: sifted through back issues of the magazine.
[Middle English siften, from Old English siftan.]
sifter sift'er n.

examine[ex・am・ine]

  • レベル:最重要
  • 発音記号[igzǽmin]

[動](他)
1III[名]/wh-節/wh- to do]…を検査[調査, 審査]する, 吟味する;検討する;(…を求めて)…を検査する((for ...))
examine baggage
手荷物を検査する
examine the records
記録を調査する
examine a porcelain teapot for flaws
磁器のきゅうすにひびがはいっていないかどうか調べる
examine its cause
原因を調べる
examine whether it is necessary to punish him
彼を罰すべきかどうか審査する.
2 …を診察[検診]する.
3 ((形式))〈学生・志願者などに〉(知識・資格などの)試験をする((in, on, upon ...))
examine doctoral candidates
博士候補者を試問する
examine pupils in French [on a subject]
生徒にフランス語[ある科目]の試験をする.
4 〈証人・被告などを〉尋問する
examine a witness [a suspect]
証人[容疑者]を尋問する.
━━(自)(←(他))(…を)検査する;試験する((into ...)).
[中フランス語←ラテン語exāmināre(exāmen天秤(てんびん)の針)重さを計る→調べる]




defecate

Line breaks: defe|cate
Pronunciation: /ˈdɛfɪkeɪt , ˈdiːf-/

(British also defaecate)

VERB

[NO OBJECT]
Discharge faeces from the body.

Derivatives



defecator

NOUN


defecatory

ADJECTIVE

Origin

late Middle English (in the sense 'clear of dregs, purify'): from Latin defaecat- 'cleared of dregs', from the verbdefaecare, from de- (expressing removal) + faexfaec-'dregs'. The current sense dates from the mid 19th century.



dregs

Line breaks: dregs
Pronunciation: /drɛgz /



NOUN

1The remnants of a liquid left in a container, together with any sediment:coffee dregs
1.1The most worthless part or parts of something:the dregs of society

Derivatives



dreggy

ADJECTIVE

Origin

Middle English: probably of Scandinavian origin and related to Swedish drägg (plural).

dreg


音節
dreg
発音
drég
dregの変化形
dregs (複数形)
[名]
1 ((通例~s))(飲み物の)かす,おり
drink [drain] ... to the dregs
…を一滴残らず飲み尽くす;(世の快楽・苦労を)味わい尽くす.
2 ((通例~s))つまらないもの,かす,くず
the dregs of humanity
人間のくず.
3 少量(の残り物)
not a dreg
少しも…でない.

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