2015年11月21日 星期六

stalement, discreet, back down, back off, back away, fore-edge painting, hopyard, liquor, ale




Egypt Attacks Are Escalating Amid Signs of a Stalemate

The lethal conflict between Egypt’s military-backed government and its Islamist opponents grew on Monday, with an expansion of attacks against government targets and a refusal by either side to back down.


Carl Icahn Backs Down from Legal Challenge to Dell Buyout

 

 

 Robert Mudie that were published in 1837.  Sometime later, an 
unidentified artist adorned each book using a technique known as 
fore-edge painting, in which the book is fanned open using a special press,
 which allows the artist to create paintings (in this case, landscapes 
depicting the seasons) that unfold across the margins of the pages.  
Fore-edge painting has a magical quality because it's so discreet: When a
 book is closed, you can't tell the painting is there, meaning the 
paintings can sit on dusty library shelves for decades without being 
discovered.  That's what happened at the University of Iowa, where the 
fore-edge paintings avoided notice (despite being documented in the 
library's catalogue) until a student brought them to the attention of 
librarian Colleen Theisen.  
 
 
Say, for what were hop-yards meant,  Or why was Burton built on Trent?  Oh many a peer of England brews  Livelier liquor than the Muse,  And malt does more than Milton can  To justify God's ways to man.  Ale, man, ale's the stuff to drink

 

Sony backs off LCD production with Sharp
UPI.com
Instead, Sony will increase its procurement of low-priced panels made in Taiwan to about 50 percent of its current total supply, up from the present level ...



U.S. Expands Child Online Privacy Law
The FTC updated its decade-old rules governing children's online privacy to reflect the growth of social networks and smartphone apps, but backed away from proposals that could have made companies like Facebook more responsible for violations.
H-P's Customers Are Backing Off
Hewlett-Packard's recent strategic moves have shaken the confidence of investors. Now customers of the technology giant are also getting nervous.

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Cornell University Library
See the painting hidden in the gilt edges of the pages of the book!! It's called fore-edge painting, and this book is one of several in Cornell University Library - Rare and Manuscript Collections.


back off


2. Relent, abandon one's stand. For example, The chairman wanted to sell one division but later backed off. [Mid-1900s]


1. See back down, def. 2.
1. Reverse one's upward course, descend. For example, When she saw the wasps' nest on the roof, she hastily backed down the ladder. This literal usage usually refers to something one has climbed, such as a ladder or mountain. [Mid-1800s]
2. Also, back off. Retreat or yield. For example, As the watchdog began to snarl the letter carrier backed off, or You have a good point; now don't back down when you present it to the board. [First half of 1900s] Also see back away, def. 2.





back off

1. See back down, def. 2.
2. Relent, abandon one's stand. For example, The chairman wanted to sell one division but later backed off. [Mid-1900s] 棄權參與等


 
hopyard
n. A field where hops are raised.

hop[hop2]

  • 発音記号[hɑ'p | hɔ'p]

[名]
1
(1) 《植物》ホップ:クワ科多年生つる草の総称.
(2) ((〜s))ホップ:乾燥したホップの実;ビールの芳香苦味剤・強壮薬用.
2 [U]((米俗))アヘン(opium);麻薬中毒.
3 ((米・豪俗))ビール.
━━[動](〜ped, 〜・ping)(他)〈(アルコール)飲料に〉ホップで風味をつける.
━━(自)ホップの実を摘む.
THE row is over but the problems remain. Amid an outcry from neighbouring Hungary, and discreet pressure from other outsiders, Slovakia’s government has backed away, for the moment, from implementing its badly drafted and intrusive-sounding new language law (see article).
Despite the backdown, hopes that membership of the European Union and NATO would bring a permanent end to central Europe’s tribal conflicts and historical grudges now look over-optimistic. It would be good if all concerned—the Slovak government, Hungarians in Slovakia and Hungary’s political parties—paused for reflection about the troubling issues that divide them. But the economic crisis, and the likely victory of the tough-talking Viktor Orban and his right-of-centre Fidesz party in Hungary’s parliamentary elections next year, are among the reasons for expecting another flare-up sooner rather than later.


backdown
n.  A receding or giving up; a complete surrender. [Colloq.]
withdraw a claim or assertion in the face of opposition:party leaders backed down and rescinded the resolution


discreet

Syllabification: (dis·creet)
Pronunciation: /disˈkrēt/
Translate discreet | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish




adjective (discreeter, discreetest)

  • careful and circumspect in one’s speech or actions, especially in order to avoid causing offense or to gain an advantage:we made some discreet inquiries
  • intentionally unobtrusive:a discreet cough
Derivatives
discreetly
adverb
discreetness
noun

Origin:

Middle English: from Old French discret, from Latin discretus 'separate', past participle of discernere 'discern', the sense arising from late Latin discretio (see discretion). Compare with discrete

The words discrete and discreet are pronounced in the same way and share the same origin but they do not mean the same thing. Discrete means ‘separate,’ as in a finite number of discrete categories, while discreet means ‘careful and circumspect,’ as in you can rely on him to be discreet.

stalemate

Pronunciation: /ˈsteɪlmeɪt/
Translate stalemate | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish

noun

[mass noun] Chess
  • a position counting as a draw, in which a player is not in check but cannot move except into check: last time I played him it ended up in stalemate
  • a situation in which further action or progress by opposing or competing parties seems impossible:the war had again reached stalemate

verb

[with object]
  • bring to or cause to reach stalemate: (as adjective stalemated)the currently stalemated peace talks

Origin:

mid 18th century: from obsolete stale (from Anglo-Norman French estale 'position', from estaler 'be placed') + mate2

 

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