2016年5月21日 星期六

retain, attrition, retention pay, retainer, dramatise

For all of its drama, dementia is tough to dramatise. How do you capture the creeping distortion of thought? How do you chronicle the attrition of memory?






North Korea Indicates Wife of Executed Jang Retains Prominence11



Insurance giant American International Group will award hundreds of millions of dollars in employee bonuses and retention pay despite a confrontation Wednesday between the chief executive and Treasury Secretary Timothy F. Geithner.



Genentech
said Thursday that it would spend up to $371 million on retention bonuses to keep its employees from leaving because of the possible acquisition of the company by its majority shareowner, Roche.

Go to Article from The New York Times»

Battle of Midway
June 4 - 6, 1942

Expecting four or five Japanese carriers to close Midway from the northwest, Nimitz's Operations Plan 29-42 - detailing the defense of Midway - directed Fletcher and Spruance to operate northeast of Midway, on the flank of the anticipated enemy thrust. Fletcher and Spruance were to avoid placing themselves between the enemy and Midway, and instead "inflict maximum damage on enemy by employing strong attrition tactics."







Wall Street's banking houses have enough trouble at the moment digesting the staggering debt loads of several multibillion-dollar buyouts. But, says Investment Dealers' Digest, the bulge-bracket banks face another less grave, though serious, threat in leveraged finance from the very fund manager clients they serve: personnel attrition.


Vodaphone, IBM focus on retention
Business Standard - Mumbai,Maharashtra,India
IBM in contrast resorts to engaging its employees in an attempt to combat attrition. Aquil Busral, executive director-human resources of IBM, said, ...




Employee retention refers to policies and practices companies use to prevent valuable employees from leaving their jobs. How to retain valuable employees is one of the biggest problems that plague companies in the competitive marketplace.


retain Show phonetics
verb [T]
1 SLIGHTLY FORMAL to keep or continue to have something:
She has lost her battle to retain control of the company.
He managed to retain his dignity throughout the performance.
She succeeded in retaining her lead in the second half of the race.
I have a good memory and am able to retain (= remember) facts easily.

2 SLIGHTLY FORMAL If a substance retains something, such as heat or water, it continues to hold or contain it:
The sea retains the sun's warmth longer than the land.

3 LEGAL to obtain the services of a lawyer by paying them in advance

retainer Show phonetics
noun [C]
1 SPECIALIZED an amount of money which you pay to someone in advance so that they will work for you when you need them to

2 OLD USE a servant who has usually been with the same family for a long time:
a faithful old retainer

retention Show phonetics
noun [U] SLIGHTLY FORMAL
the continued use, existence or possession of something or someone:
Two influential senators have argued for the retention of the unpopular tax.
The retention of old technology has slowed the company's growth.
water/heat retention

retentive Show phonetics
adjective SLIGHTLY FORMAL
If you have a retentive memory or brain, you can remember things easily.
See also anally retentive.

retain

Syllabification: (re·tain)
Pronunciation: /riˈtān/
Translate retain | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish

verb

  • continue to have (something); keep possession of:built in 1830, the house retains many of its original features
  • not abolish, discard, or alter:the rights of defendants must be retained
  • keep in one’s memory:I retained a few French words and phrases
  • absorb and continue to hold (a substance):limestone is known to retain water
  • (often as adjective retaining) keep (something) in place; hold fixed:remove the retaining bar
  • keep (someone) engaged in one’s service:he has been retained as a freelance
  • secure the services of (a person, especially an attorney) with a preliminary payment:retain an attorney to handle the client’s business

Derivatives



retainability


noun


retainable

adjective


retainment

noun

Origin:

late Middle English: via Anglo-Norman French from Old French retenir, from Latin retinere, from re- 'back' + tenere 'hold'

re・tain



-->
━━ vt. 保持[維持]する, 保有する; 持続する; 覚えている; (弁護士・召使を)かかえる.
retained earnings [profit] 【会計】(社内)留保利益, 利益剰余金.
retained object 【文法】保留目的語.
re・tain・er ━━ n. 【史】家臣, 家来; =retaining fee; 〔英〕 (貸室などの使用権)保留料.
retaining fee 弁護士手当.
retaining force 【軍】牽制隊.
retaining wall ささえ[支持]壁.

re・ten・tion



-->
━━ n. 保持, 保留, 継続; 記憶(力); 【医】(尿)閉塞, 分泌閉止.
retention schedule =(records) retention schedule.
re・ten・tive ━━ a. 保持する, 保持力のある ((of)); 記憶のいい.


attrition
Show phonetics
noun [U]
1 SLIGHTLY FORMAL the gradual weakening and destroying of something, especially the strength or confidence of an enemy by repeatedly attacking it:
Terrorist groups and the government have been engaged in a costly war of attrition since 1968.

2 US FOR natural wastage

at・tri・tion



-->
━━ n. 摩擦; 摩損; 人員削減.
war of attrition 消粍戦.


retainer
n.
  1. One that retains, as a device, frame, or groove that restrains or guides.
  2. Dentistry. An appliance used to hold teeth in position after orthodontic treatment.
    1. An employee, typically a long-term employee.
    2. A servant or an attendant, especially one in the household of a person of high rank.家臣

re·tain·er2 (rĭ-tā'nər) pronunciation
n.
  1. The act of engaging the services of a professional adviser, such as an attorney, counselor, or consultant.
  2. The fee paid to retain a professional adviser.

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