2017年5月10日 星期三

disloyal, abetted,disputed, aid, aide, “Alleged”, “indicted” and “suspected”


Journalists too frequently use “alleged” as a kind of get-out-of-jail-free card, attaching it to a noun that very much implies the suspect is guilty, without the journalist committing to it outright







The Paris Reviewry that Ludwig was sleeping with Bellow’s wife.




Saul Bellow’s Brutal, Hilarious Letter to a Disloyal Friend
Say your friend is sleeping with your wife, and you find out. What do you...
THEPARISREVIEW.ORG|由 TIERRA INNOVATION 上傳




Residents Flee Damascus as Battle Enters Its Fifth Day
By NEIL MacFARQUHAR
As the outlook for a peaceful outcome darkened further Thursday, President Bashar al-Assad appeared on state TV to dispel rumors that he had been hurt in the attack that killed three of his aides.


Putin Wins Disputed Victory
Putin claimed victory in Russia's presidential election, with preliminary results based on reports from 90% of precincts showing he had 65% of the vote. Critics alleged fraud.



Trustee: J.P. Morgan Abetted Madoff
J.P. Morgan stood "at the very center" of Bernard Madoff's fraud, according to a lawsuit unsealed Thursday that reveals for the first time how bank employees' concerns allegedly went unheeded.



"The Middies trimmed Newburgh by a score of 6 to 1, although Newburgh were aided and abetted by 'Let-er-go' Gallagher, their one hit pitcher."



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abet
(ə-bĕt') pronunciation
tr.v., a·bet·ted, a·bet·ting, a·bets.
  1. To approve, encourage, and support (an action or a plan of action); urge and help on.
  2. To urge, encourage, or help (a person): abetted the thief in robbing the bank.
[Middle English abetten, from Old French abeter, to entice : a-, to (from Latin ad-; see ad-) + beter, to bait.]
abetment a·bet'ment n.
abettor a·bet'tor or a·bet'ter n.

*****

allegation
(ăl'ĭ-gā'shən) pronunciation
n.
  1. Something alleged; an assertion: allegations of disloyalty.
  2. The act of alleging.
  3. A statement asserting something without proof: The newspaper's charges of official wrongdoing were mere allegations.
  4. Law. An assertion made by a party that must be proved or supported with evidence.
[French allégation, from Latin allēgātiō, allēgātiōn-, from allēgātus, past participle of allēgāre, to dispatch, adduce : ad-, ad- + lēgāre, to depute; see legate.]
alleged
adj.
Represented as existing or as being as described but not so proved; supposed.

allegedly al·leg'ed·ly (ə-lĕj'ĭd-lē) adv.
USAGE NOTE An alleged burglar is someone who has been accused of being a burglar but against whom no charges have been proved. An alleged incident is an event that is said to have taken place but has not yet been verified. In their zeal to protect the rights of the accused, newspapers and law enforcement officials sometimes misuse alleged. Someone arrested for murder may be only an alleged murderer, for example, but is a real, not an alleged, suspect in that his or her status as a suspect is not in doubt. Similarly, if the money from a safe is known to have been stolen and not merely mislaid, then we may safely speak of a theft without having to qualify our description with alleged.



allegedly
[副]((文修飾))(真偽のほどは保証しかねるが)申し立てによると, 主張によれば, 伝えられるところでは. ▼新聞の報道や判決文などでしばしば用いられる
He allegedly lied about having a Yale Ph.D.
彼はエールの博士号をもっているとうそをついたとのことである.





al·lege

verb \ə-ˈlej\
al·legedal·leg·ing

Definition of ALLEGE

transitive verb
1
archaic : to adduce or bring forward as a source or authority
2
: to assert without proof or before proving alleges the mayor's guilt>
3
: to bring forward as a reason or excuse

Examples of ALLEGE

  1. He alleged that the mayor has accepted bribes.
  2. The mayor is alleged to have accepted bribes.
  3. You allege that she stole a large quantity of money. Do you have any proof?

Origin of ALLEGE

Middle English alleggen to submit in evidence or as justification, adduce, from Anglo-French aleger, allegger, probably in part modification of Medieval Latin allegare, from Latin, to send as a representative, adduce in support of a plea (from ad- + legare to depute), in part from Anglo-French aleger to lighten, free, exculpate, from Late Latin alleviare to relieve — more at legate, alleviate
First Known Use: 14th century




aid[aid]

  • レベル:最重要
  • 発音記号[éid]
[動](他)
1III[名]([副])]〈人・国などを〉(仕事などで)助力する((in ...));〈団体・国などが〉(財政的に)援助する((with ...));[V[名]to do]〈人が〉(…するのを)手伝う, 助力する. ▼helpに比べて文語的で, 意味は弱い. assistと異なり, 援助する人がされる人より優位にある
aid the developing nations
途上国を援助する
aid a person to succeed
人を助けて成功させる
aid him in (doing) his work
彼の仕事を助ける.
2 …を促進する, (機能などを)高める;助成する
aid recovery
回復を促進する.
━━(自)[I([副])](…の)助けとなる((in ...))
aid in consultation
相談に乗る
aid in developing a person's abilities
人の能力を伸ばすのに手をかす.
aid and abet
《法律》現場幇(ほう)助する.
━━[名]
1 [U]助力, 援助, 補助, 手伝い, 救援, 救助
financial aid
金銭上の援助
overseas aid
海外援助
economic aid
経済援助
moral and material aid
有形無形の援助
medical aid
医療の手当て
withby, throughthe aid of ...
…の助けをかりて
without the aid of ...
…の助けをかりないで
gocometo a person's aid [=the aid of a person
人に援助の手をさしのべる
call inask] a person's aid [=call a person to one's aid]
人に助けを求める.
2 ((しばしば〜s))助力者, 援助者, 助手;助けとなるもの, 補助物[器具], 補聴器(hearing aid)
teaching aids
教材, 補助教具.
3 ((米))=aide-de-camp. ⇒AIDE
4 《歴史》(封建時代の)上納金;((英))御用金(中世以降に国王が臣下から受けた献金).
in aid of ...
…を助けるために[の];…に賛成して;((英略式))…を目的とした[して], …のために
She gave a concert in aid of the earthquake victims.
彼女は地震の被災者救援のためにコンサートを開いた
What's (all) this in aid of
どうしてこうなんですか(▼理由を問う表現).

aide[aide]

  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[éid]
[名]
2 助手, 助力者;看護助手;教員助手(teacher's 〜).
3 (大統領などの)補佐官.




disloyalLine breaks: dis|loyal
Pronunciation: /dɪsˈlɔɪ(ə)l/



Definition of disloyal in English:

adjective

1Failing to be loyal to a person, country, or organization to which one has obligations:she was accused of being disloyal to the government
1.1(Of a remark or thought) demonstrating a lack ofloyalty:disloyal mutterings about his leadership

Origin

Late 15th century: from Old French desloial, from des-(expressing negation) + loial 'loyal'.

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