2017年5月10日 星期三

bleeder, nowt, indecision, excruciating, sleep paralysis, Sleep Apnea

“It was excruciating, and frightening, and exhilarating, and empowering, and sublime at points, and my feet are still recovering,” Connie Seré said recalling her 150-mile hiking trip inspired by the book “Wild.”
 How Japan's teens can avoid sleep demons
The Japan Times
In this excerpt from the short story "Sleep" from his "The Elephant Vanishes" collection, Murakami is describing an episode of sleep paralysis, which is better known in Japan as kanashibari (literally, "bound in metal"). In other cultures, the ...


Since he was a superior employee at Jordan's, it was the thing for Paul to offer Dawes a drink.
"What'll you have?" he asked of him.
"Nowt wi' a bleeder like you!" replied the man.
Paul turned away with a slight disdainful movement of the shoulders, very irritating.


Paralysis in Athens
With an excruciating choice between austerity measures and a departure from the euro, the birthplace of democracy is paralyzed with indecision.






By KAREN BARROW
Daytime sleepiness, a potentially vast array of side effects and difficult treatment decisions: Five men and women speak about living with sleep apnea.


Sleep apnea (ap-nee-uh) syndrome (sin-drom) is also called "SAS." =「睡眠時無呼吸症候群(SAS)

Apnea is when you stop breathing for 10 or more seconds.(停止呼吸超過10秒)
Definition
Sleep apnea is a condition in which breathing stops for more than 10 seconds during sleep. Sleep apnea is a major, though often unrecognized, cause of daytime sleepiness.

apnoea
apˈniːə/
noun
MEDICINE
noun: apnea
  1. temporary cessation of breathing, especially during sleep.

    "thousands suffer from sleep apnoea"

nowt
[名]((略式・方言))=nothing.

Nowt is a dialect form of ‘nought’ = ‘nothing’, here used for the rhyme.
I should wait. When in doubt what to do, he is a wise man who does nothing.
[1874 G. J. Whyte-melville Uncle John xx.]
Err ever on the side that's safe, And when in doubt, abstain.
[1884 G. Weatherly ‘Little Folks’ Proverb Painting Book 64]
When in doubt, do nowt. This shows the cautious Cheshireman at his best.
[1917 J. C. Bridge Cheshire Proverbs 155]
I don't know. I think it's one of those occasions where it's best to follow the maxim: When in doubt, don't.
[1952 H. Cecil Ways & Means ii.]
‘When in doubt say nowt’ is a precept enshrined over most magistrates' courts.
[1972 E. Grierson Confessions of Country Magistrate vii.]
What to do?‥‘When in doubt, do nowt,’ had always been my grandfather's advice.
[1981 E. Agry Assault Force i.]
Related to: action and inaction; decision and indecision




bleeder
n.
  1. A person, such as a hemophiliac, who bleeds freely or is subject to frequent hemorrhages.
    1. Slang. A blood vessel from which there is uncontrolled bleeding.
    2. A blood vessel severed by trauma or surgery that requires cautery or ligature to arrest the flow of blood.
  2. A person who draws blood from another; a phlebotomist.

[名]
1 出血性の人;血友病患者;出血が止まらない血管;瀉血(しゃけつ)する人, 刺絡(しらく)医.
2 ((俗))他人の金[財産]を巻き上げる人;高利貸し.
3 《野球》((俗))幸運な安打.
4 ((英俗・通例軽蔑))やつ, 人;((a 〜))やっかいな(…)((of ...)).
5 《電気》ブリーダ抵抗器.



Sleep paralysis is a phenomenon in which people, either when falling asleep or wakening, temporarily experience a sense of inability to move, similar to when an arm or leg goes to sleep, but not associated with numbness. More formally, it is a transition state between wakefulness and rest characterized by complete muscle atonia (muscle weakness). It can occur at sleep onset or when awakening. It is believed a result of disrupted REM sleep, which is normally characterized by complete muscle atonia that prevents individuals from acting out their dreams. Sleep paralysis has been linked to disorders such as narcolepsy, migraines, anxiety disorders, and obstructive sleep apnea; however, it can also occur in isolation.[1][2] When linked to another disorder, sleep paralysis commonly occurs in association with the neuromuscular disorder narcolepsy.[2]
睡眠癱瘓症(sleep paralysis)又稱睡癱睡眠麻痹,在中國民間也把此類癥狀叫做「鬼壓身」、「鬼壓床」。此類癥狀被醫學認為是一種疾病。金縛り(かなしばり)は主に就寝中、意識がはっきりしていながら体を動かすことができない症状を指す。体が締め付けられるような感覚からこう呼ばれる。

excruciating[ex・cru・ci・at・ing]

  • 発音記号[ikskrúːʃièitiŋ]
[形]激しい苦痛を与える;責めさいなむ
excruciating pain
身を切られるほどの痛み
excruciating civilities
((略式))うんざりする儀礼的あいさつ.
ex・cru・ci・at・ing・ly
[副]身を切られるように.


paralysis


 
音節
pa • ral • y • sis
発音
pərǽləsis
[名](複 -ses 〔-sìz〕)
1 [U]《病理学》麻痺(まひ)(症)
cerebralinfantile] paralysis
脳性[小児]麻痺.
2 [U][C](能力・活動などの)停滞, 麻痺状態.
[△PALSY

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