2017年5月28日 星期日

mislay, visibility, high-vis, lay bare sth






In Havana, Castro’s Death Lays Bare Generation Gap

In hearing about Mr. Castro’s death, many older Cubans went into mourning, but younger people were generally indifferent.


TAIWAN MISLAYS $30M IN FOREIGN AID
Taiwan's government said on Friday that it had lost track of $30m in foreign aid after it handed the money to two men it barely knew hoping they could help establish diplomatic ties with Papua New Guinea.




Hungary lays bare EU East-West split




CBS to Lay Bare Its Plans

The "skin" video-ad format, in which an ad appears in a graphic surrounding the window where the video plays, is getting a boost from CBS.



Bill Gross, who manages the world's biggest bond fund at Pacific Investment Management Company, said he thinks the Treasury will probably need to buy as much as $30 billion of preferred shares in both Fannie and Freddie by the end of next month, Bloomberg News wrote.

Referring to Henry Paulson, the former Goldman Sachs chief executive who is now the Treasuary secretary, he said, "Paulson can play this game for as long as he wants, but the end is becoming visible."



high-vis
adjective
informal
adjective: hi-vis
  1. short for high-visibility.
    "railway workers in high-vis jackets"

visible 
adjective
1 able to be seen:
You should wear something light-coloured when you're cycling at night so that you're more visible.
The writing on the tombstone was barely visible.
There are few visible signs of the illness that kept her in hospital for so long.
The comet should be visible to the naked eye.

2 able or tending to attract public attention and be noticed:
In a very short period of time, she has become a highly visible national leader.

visibly 
adverb
in a way that can be noticed; obviously:
The Princess, visibly moved, kept her head bowed during the ceremony.

visibility 
noun [U]
1 how clearly objects can be seen, or how far you can see clearly, usually because of the weather conditions:
Mist is still causing poor visibility - down to five metres in parts of the south-east.

2 the degree to which something is seen by the public:
The increasing visibility of the nation's poor and homeless has forced the government into taking action.

lay bare sth
to make something known:
It's been promoted as the biography that lays bare the truth behind the legend.



mislay
verb [T] mislaid, mislaid
to lose something temporarily by forgetting where you have put it:
Could I borrow a pen? I seem to have mislaid mine.

shave, incarnation, milestone, relay, hurdles

Microsoft Visual Studio 2008 (VS08) is the current incarnation of the company's long line of IDEs.
Baidu Shares Decline on Executive's Death
As U.S. investors ended 2007 by selling, Baidu.com saw its titanic annual gain shaved as a key executive died.

"We also see this announcement as the next major milestone in Microsoft's transformation to embrace online services overall and to invest very successfully in search and online advertising," said Mr. Ballmer during a conference call with analysts. ( February 1, 2008 wsj)


紐約時報
The Indie Singer-Harpist Who Met the Orchestra 
By JON PARELES
Joanna Newsom’s Brooklyn concerts this week are an individual milestone.




The ‘Celebration Vacation’: The New Way Friends Are Marking Milestone Birthdays W1

More people are choosing to celebrate their big birthdays and anniversaries far from home, inviting all their friends along for a blowout trip. Here’s how to plan your own celebration vacation


同性愛禁止の中国、人々は台湾に羨望のまなざし

 台湾で同性婚が勝利したとの知らせを受け、中国本土の一部市民は狭い海峡越しに、民主化された島に羨望(せんぼう)のまなざしを向けている。
 台湾の司法院大法官会議(憲法裁判所に相当)は先週、同性婚を認めていない現在の民法の規定が「違法」だとの判断を示し、2年以内の法改正か関連法の制定を求めた。同性婚に道を開くことになるこの判断を受け、翌日午後までに中国本土のミニブログサイト「微博(ウェイボー)」ではハッシュタグ「#TaiwanGayMarriageLegalization(「台湾で同性婚が合法化」の意味...



milestone
 
noun [C] (UK ALSO milepost)" 里程標; 画期的事件."
1 a stone or post at the side of the road on which is marked the distance to various places, especially to the nearest large town

"
 工程中milestone一般照譯為里程碑(不是里程表)。付款方面,多稱付款時程表,不管老英老美怎麼叫。" (CH)

2 an important event in the development or history of something or in someone's life:
He felt that moving out from his parents' home was a real milestone in his life.譬如說 某歌星"演出第100場".....




The noun shave has one meaning:
Meaning #1: the act of removing hair with a razor
Synonym: shaving

The verb shave has 6 meanings:
Meaning #1: remove body hair with a razor
Meaning #2: cut closely
Synonym: trim
Meaning #3: cut the price of
Synonym: knock off



Meaning #4: cut slices from
Synonym: plane
Meaning #5: make shavings of or reduce to shavings
Meaning #6: touch the surface of lightly

relay ━━ n. ((集合的)) 換え[継ぎ]馬; 新材料(の供給); 交代者, 新手; 【スポーツ】リレー; 【電気】継電器; 【通信】中継(放送).

━━ vt. 交代させる; 中継する.

 relay race リレー(競走[競泳]), 継走.

 relay station 【放送】中継局.




The Relay Satellite will be separated in an elliptical orbit. with an apolune altitude of 2400 km, and the VRAD Satel- .... Relay Satellite. Release. ⑨VRAD衛星分離. VRAD Satellite. Release. ⑩月周回観測. Observation. ⑦月周回軌道投入 ...


リレー衛星分離に成功 月の写真もくっきり 「かぐや」



2007年10月09日19時51分


 宇宙航空研究開発機構は9日、月探査機「かぐや」がリレー衛星の分離に成功したと発表した。搭載カメラがとらえた月の画像も公開した。

「かぐや」のカメラが約800キロの距離から撮った月。左上3分の2は地球から見えない月の裏側部分=宇宙機構提供


 リレー衛星は、同日午前9時36分に正常に分離された。リレー衛星は、かぐやが月の裏側を飛行中に電波を地球に中継する役目を果たす。

 公開された月の画像は3枚。アンテナの状態を確かめるカメラが、5日午後2時50分から3時10分にかけて、月から約1500キロ、約1200キロ、約800キロの距離から撮影した。

 かぐやは12日ごろ、もう一つの子衛星であるVRAD衛星を切り離す。その後、高度100キロの円軌道で約1年間、月を周回して観測を続ける。

in・car・nate


━━ a. 肉体を備えた; 人の姿をした, 化身の; (抽象概念が)具体化された.
━━ , vt. 肉体を与える, 化身させる ((in, as)); …の化身[権化(ごんげ)]である, 典型である; ((普通受身で)) 具体[具現]化する ((in, as)).
in・car・na・tion ━━ n. 化身, 権化, (輪廻(りんね)中の)一時期(の姿); 典型; 具体化; (the I-) 神性がキリストの肉体に宿ったこと, 託身.

forger, vat, burst, hoop, college hoops, cock-a-hoop

Brimming  with Beer

Brimming
with Beer
"Dad took the art to the dealers. He was bored with retirement: he liked the excitement."

Shaun Greenhalgh has turned his hand to everyone from Leonardo da Vinci to Lowry. He’s been to prison, but has never revealed the whole picture. Until…
THEGUARDIAN.COM
Lin, an Asian-American (rare in the NBA) who played college hoops at Harvard (even rarer in the NBA), was cut from two teams before landing with the Knicks this year. When injuries to starters gave Lin a chance to play more, he blossomed into a star in just a few games, setting off an episode of "Lin-Sanity" that swept New York and swept up many Asian fans. 


Was there really a time when beer flowed through the streets of London?
Yes. But it wasn't necessarily a good thing. In the 19th century, beer fermented for months at a time in huge vats that rested on the roof of the Horse Shoe Brewery on Tottenham Court Road and Oxford Street. On October 17, 1814, the iron hoops supporting the largest vat — which held some 600,000 liters (160,000 gallons) of porter — collapsed under the weight. The vat burst and all the beer came gushing out, causing the vats nearby to explode as well. More than a million liters (265,000 gallons) of beer knocked down the 25-foot (7.6-meter) brick wall of the brewery and flooded the surrounding streets. Roofs collapsed and houses toppled. Nine people died, mostly due to drowning or from fatal injuries from passing timber. One man died of alcohol poisoning, after drinking too much of the beverage. Neighborhood residents rushed out with mugs, pots and buckets to collect the free beer. Though a lawsuit was brought against the brewery, the London Beer Flood was ruled an act of God and the brewery was not held legally responsible.




vat
[名]1 (液体貯蔵用の)大おけ, 大タンク;《化学》建染(たてぞめ)剤;建染染料タンク.2 皮なめし用のおけ, 製紙用おけ.3 塩田.━━[動](〜・ted, 〜・ting)(他)…を大おけに...

hoop[hoop]

  • 発音記号[húːp]
[名]
1 (金属・木などの)輪, (おけなどの)たが;輪状の物(輪回し遊びの輪など).
2 (スカートを広げる)輪骨, 張り骨.
3 《クローケー》柱門;《バスケット》リング.
go [jump] through the hoops
((略式))試練を受ける.
jump through a hoop
((話))どんな命令にも従う.
put a person through the hoops
((略式))〈人に〉苦労させる.
roll one's hoop
((俗))自分のことにはげむ.
shoot hoops
(即席のコートで)草バスケットボールをする.
━━[動](他)…を金輪で締める;…に輪をかける.





cock-a-hoop


ADJECTIVE

  • predicative Extremely and obviously pleased, especially about a triumph or success.


Origin

Mid 17th century: from the phrase set cock a hoop, of unknown origin, apparently denoting the action of turning on the tap and allowing liquor to flow (prior to a drinking session).



Cock-a-hoop

Meaning

In a state of exuberant elation.

Origin

First, a health warning. If you are hoping to find a straightforward explanation of the origin of the term 'cock-a-hoop' here you will be disappointed. The expression has one of the most Byzantine etymologies of all the phrases in English. If you aren't daunted by that caveat, read on...


lodge, lodger, generic, pit sb/sth against


"It wasn't until she looked under the furniture and noticed two little eyes staring back at her, that she realised she had a lodger."


The document was lodged by Google in a California court in response to a lawsuit that accused the web giant of breaking US laws when it scans emails in order to target adverts to users.



Via dei Fori Imperiali is a wide, busy artery that passes the Colosseum.

Rome Journal

Road Through Roman History Creates Colossal Headache

By ELISABETTA POVOLEDO

A plan to ban private vehicles on Via dei Fori Imperiali, a wide, busy artery that passes the Colosseum, has pit the mayor and conservationists against residents and shops.



In China, Protests Over Newspaper Censorship Escalate
By EDWARD WONG and CHRIS BUCKLEY 8:54 PM ET


Protests at one of China’s most liberal newspapers pitted free speech advocates against supporters of Communist Party control who wielded red flags and portraits of Mao Zedong.



Deals to Keep Generic Drugs Off Market Get a Court Rebuff
By EDWARD WYATT 3:38 PM ET
Going against a decade of rulings, a federal appeals court said payments aimed at holding back generics were anticompetitive, setting up possible review by the Supreme Court. 





The Ratiopharm auction is riveting drug makers and analysts because it pits the world's biggest maker of brand-name drugs, the U.S. company Pfizer, against the global leader in generics, Israel's Teva Pharmaceutical Industries.







A top trade official, China’s ambassador to the World Trade Organization, noted that 118 trade cases were lodged against the country in 2009, some 23 of them from the United States. He didn’t expect things to improve this year.lodge (about or against)
IN BRIEF: A place to live. Also: To place as a complaint before the proper authority.

pronunciation The club will lodge a complaint about the meeting room with the school principal.

India to give free generic drugs to hundreds of millions

◎魏國金
India has put in place a $5.4 billion policy to provide free medicine to its people.
印度已實施一項價值高達54億美元的政策,以提供免費藥物給人民。
From city hospitals to tiny rural clinics, India’s public doctors will soon be able to prescribe free generic drugs to all comers, vastly expanding access to medicine in a country where public spending on health was just $4.50 per person last year.
從城市醫院到鄉村小診所,印度公立醫院醫師不久將可以開免費的學名藥給所有求診者,在健康公共支出去年每人僅4.5美元的國家,這項措施大幅擴展藥物的取得。
Under the plan, doctors will be limited to a generics-only drug list and face punishment for prescribing branded medicines, a major disadvantage for pharmaceutical giants in one of the world’s fastest-growing drug markets.
在此計畫下,醫師用藥將僅限定在名單上的學名藥,開專利藥將面臨受罰。在這個全球藥物市場成長最快速的一個地區,此舉將讓藥廠巨擘蒙受重大損失。

"Without a doubt, it is a considerable blow to an already beleaguered industry, " said KPMG partner Chris Stirling.
「無疑的,這對已受困的產業是重大打擊,」安侯建業聯合會計師事務所合夥人史特林說。

But the initiative would overhaul a system where healthcare is often a luxury, despite 40 percent of the people living below the poverty line, or $1.25 a day or less.
不過這項創舉將大幅改革(印度醫療)制度,在該制度中,健康照護通常十分昂貴,儘管40%的人民生活在貧窮線以下,或者每日生活費1.25美元或更少。

Within five years, up to half of India’s 1.2 billion people are likely to take advantage of the scheme, the government says. Others are likely to continue visiting private hospitals and clinics, where the scheme will not operate. (Reuters)
5年內,印度12億人口中高達半數人民可能受惠於這項計畫,政府指出。其他可能繼續到民營醫院與診所就醫,該項計畫將不在這些醫療院所運作。 (路透)


lodge

verb

  • 1 [with object] present (a complaint, appeal, claim, etc.) formally to the proper authorities:he has 28 days in which to lodge an appeal
  •  (lodge something in/with) leave money or a valuable item in (a place) or with (someone) for safekeeping:the money is lodged in a bank
  • 2 [with adverbial of place] make or become firmly fixed or embedded in a place:[with object]:they had to remove a bullet lodged near his spine[no object]: figurativethe image had lodged in her mind
  • 3 [no object, with adverbial] rent accommodation in another person’s house:the man who lodged in the room next door
  •  [with object and adverbial] provide (someone) with accommodation in return for payment:she was lodged in the same hall
  • 4 [with object] (of wind or rain) flatten (a standing crop):(as adjective lodged)rain that soaks standing or lodged crops

pit against
Set in direct opposition or competition, as in The civil war pitted brother against brother. This idiom alludes to setting fighting cocks or dogs against one another in a pit. [Mid-1700s]

1 (pit someone/thing against) set someone or something in conflict or competition with:you’ll get the chance to pit your wits against the world champions historical set an animal to fight against (another animal) for sport: there were usually three dogs pitted against one lion
[because formerly set against each other in a ‘pit’ or enclosure]

put in place︰動詞片語,實施、施行。例句︰The government will put in place special measures to control the spread of the deadly disease.(政府將實施特別措施以控制該致命疾病的擴散。)
overhaul︰動詞,徹底革新。例句︰The old system of education should be overhauled.(舊的教育制度應全面改革。)


generic drugs︰學名藥,指原廠的專利期已過,其他藥廠可依原廠公佈的成分、製藥方式等資訊生產的藥物。與學名藥相對的是branded drugs(專利藥、原廠藥)。

generic[ge・ner・ic]

  • 発音記号[dʒənérik]
[形]((限定))
1 《生物》属の, 〈性質などが〉属に特有な
a generic trait
属の特性
a generic name
属名.
2 一般的な, 包括的な(⇔specific).
3 《文法》〈数・人称・時制が〉総称の
the generic person
総称人称(1人称, 2人称, 3人称の違いを越えてすべての人称に通じる人称;人々一般を指すone, we, you, theyなど).
4 ((主に米))〈薬などが〉(商標登録による保護を受けず)一般名称で販売される. ▼brand name drugに対する
Aspirin is a generic name.
「アスピリン」は薬の一般名称である.
5 無印商品の, ノーブランドの.
ge・ner・i・cal・ly
[副]

generic advertising
[U](特定の商標をあげない)一般的な製品広告.

expendable, Comic-Con, convention, stabbed, brutal places


The tech economy is a ruthless meritocracy. Those who are merely good, rather than great, are expendable


Seating Dispute Leads to Stabbing at Comic-Con
In a rare show of violence at the annual convention, a man in his mid-20s was stabbed in the eye with a pen by another man who wanted his seat at the "Resident Evil: Afterlife" panel.



What is Comic-Con all about? Comic-Con is an annual international gathering of comic book creators, hobbyists and aficionados. It began in 1970 in San Diego. Each year, new movies and television shows that feature comic book, science fiction, anime and game characters are screened, and many of the stars make guest appearances at the convention. This year's three-day Comic-Con, which closed yesterday, previewed upcoming movies Megamind, RED, The Expendables, Super, Green Lantern, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Paul and Cowboys and Aliens, among others. Comic-Con is the largest gathering of its kind in the Western Hemisphere. Happy 65th birthday to Helen Mirren, a featured guest at this year's Comic-Con. Especially known for her roles as Queen Elizabeth (I and II), Tolstoy's wife (in The Last Station) and Prime Suspect's homicide detective Jane Tennison, she stars in the thriller RED along with Bruce Willis, Mary Louise Parker, Morgan Freeman and John Malkovich.







expendable
ɪkˈspɛndəb(ə)l,ɛkˈspɛndəb(ə)l/
adjective
  1. of relatively little significance, and therefore able to be abandoned or destroyed.
    "the region is expendable in the wider context of national politics"
    synonyms:dispensable, able to be sacrificed, replaceableMore
    • (of an object) designed to be used only once and then abandoned or destroyed.
      "unmanned and expendable launch vehicles"