2017年4月5日 星期三

fineness, at close quarters, loophole, fine point, estival, unloose

"Everybody knows there is no fineness or accuracy of suppression; if you hold down one thing, you hold down the adjoining.'
--from THE ADVENTURES OF AUGIE MARCH (1953)

In Gubernatorial Race, It's About Who's More Pro-Gun

Background Check Loophole Puts Fine Point on Policies

Walking the jam-packed aisles of Virginia's biggest gun show, Richard Begay carried a .30-06 Sauer hunting rifle and a hand-lettered cardboard sign on his back asking $1,199.



The Europeans knew revolution at close quarters.

unloose (verb) Grant freedom to; free from confinement.
Synonyms:free, loose, release, liberate
Usage:His act seemed to unloose a thousand devils in the hairy creature clinging to his throat.estival (ES-ti-vuhl)

adjective: Relating to or occurring in summer.

Etymology
Via French from Latin aestivus (of or relating to summer).

Usage
"Ms. Croghan confides that she is sometimes known as a battle ax, both to locals and estival visitors." — Joanne Kaufman; Prep Work; The New York Times; Apr 25, 2008.


at close quarters 接近して, 間近に.

dioms:

at close quarters


Crowded, in a confined space, as in We could use a lot more room; this tiny office puts us at close quarters.

This idiom makes figurative use of quarters in the sense of "military lodgings" but originated in 18th-century naval warfare. When the enemy boarded a ship, the crew would retreat behind wooden barriers erected for this purpose and would continue to fire through loopholes. They thus were very near the enemy, fighting in close quarters. [c. 1800]

fine

adj., fin·er, fin·est.
  1. Of superior quality, skill, or appearance: a fine day; a fine writer.
  2. Very small in size, weight, or thickness: fine type; fine paper.
    1. Free from impurities.
    2. Metallurgy. Containing pure metal in a specified proportion or amount: gold 21 carats fine.
  3. Very sharp; keen: a blade with a fine edge.
  4. Thin; slender: fine hairs.
  5. Exhibiting careful and delicate artistry: fine china. See synonyms at delicate.
  6. Consisting of very small particles; not coarse: fine dust.
    1. Subtle or precise: a fine difference.
    2. Able to make or detect effects of great subtlety or precision; sensitive: has a fine eye for color.
  7. Trained to the highest degree of physical efficiency: a fine racehorse.
  8. Characterized by refinement or elegance.
  9. Satisfactory; acceptable: Handing in your paper on Monday is fine.
  10. Being in a state of satisfactory health; quite well: I'm fine. And you?
  11. Used as an intensive: a fine mess.
adv.
  1. Finely.
  2. Informal. Very well: doing fine.
tr. & intr.v., fined, fin·ing, fines.
To make or become finer, purer, or cleaner.
[Middle English fin, from Old French, from Latin fīnis, end, supreme degree.]
fineness
fine'ness n.
fine2 (fīn) pronunciation
n.
  1. A sum of money required to be paid as a penalty for an offense.
  2. Law.
    1. A forfeiture or penalty to be paid to the offended party in a civil action.
    2. An amicable settlement of a suit over land ownership.
  3. Obsolete. An end; a termination.
tr.v., fined, fin·ing, fines.
To require the payment of a fine from; impose a fine on.
idiom:
in fine
  1. In conclusion; finally.
  2. In summation; in brief.
[Middle English fin, from Old French, settlement, compensation, from Medieval Latin fīnis, from Latin, end.]
finable fin'a·ble or fine'a·ble adj.

fi·ne3 (') pronunciation
n. Music.
The end.
[Italian, from Latin fīnis, end.]



loophole
n.
  1. A way of escaping a difficulty, especially an omission or ambiguity in the wording of a contract or law that provides a means of evading compliance.
  2. A small hole or slit in a wall, especially one through which small arms may be fired.
[LOOP2 + HOLE.]

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