2017年4月28日 星期五

all but, leverage, injunction, flip, demesne, summer stock




John Kasich's new book, "Two Paths: America Divided or United", can be summarised in a single, faith-tinged injunction: "Love your neighbour"

John Kasich's lament
ECONOMIST.COM


When she was 19 years old, Odetta landed a role in the Los Angeles production of Finian's Rainbow, which was staged in the summer of 1949 at the Greek Theatre in Los Angeles. It was during the run of this show that she first heard the blues harmonica master Sonny Terry. The following summer, Odetta was again performing in summer stock in California. This time it was a production of Guys and Dolls, staged in San Francisco.


As a result, some smaller publishers in the United States have signed service agreements with Amazon. But a few refused Amazon’s demand to shift the instant printing of their books to BookSurge, which they say has been demanding a discount of as much as 52 percent on the retail price.
“They’re still threatening us and other publishers, but they haven’t flipped the switch yet,” said Angela Hoy, the co-owner of Booklocker.com, a print-on-demand publisher in Bangor, Me., which filed a lawsuit in May seeking an injunction to keep Amazon from imposing BookSurge’s services on publishers.


CAPITAL JOURNALU.S.-China Relations Get Trickier
North Korea's weekend shot tests Obama's ability to work with China, the country that has the most leverage on North Korea yet seems less willing to use it than it was just a couple of years ago.• Video: Missile Tests U.S.-China Ties
MercExchange sued eBay in September 2001, in a dispute that centered on eBay's online auctions and other ecommerce operations. The case attracted wide attention, highlighting controversies associated with the patents over methods of doing business on the Internet and the ability of patent plaintiffs to win injunctions in cases.
Plaintiffs had all but automatically been granted injunctions in patent cases, giving them strong leverage in pressing for large payments from defendants. The Supreme Court in May 2006 issued a ruling that put some limits on the practice, stating that judges should weigh such factors as the public interest in deciding whether to grant injunctions.
中國以經濟槓桿撬動世界中國在上週20國峰會上扮演的活躍角色向外界發出了強有力的信號:中國領導人希望在全球經濟轉型中發揮更大的作用。
leverage
槓桿作用
all but
almost:
The game was all but over by the time we arrived.

in・junc・tion 



━━ n. 命令; 【法】禁止命令, 履行命令.

flip (TURN QUICKLY)
verb [I or T; usually + adverb or preposition] -pp-
If you flip something, you turn it over quickly one or more times, and if something flips, it turns over quickly:
When one side is done, flip the pancake (over) to cook the other side.
I lost my place in my book when the pages flipped over in the wind.
You turn the television on by flipping (= operating) the switch at the side.
The captains flipped a coin into the air (= made it turn over in the air to see which side it landed on) to decide which side would bat first.

flip 
noun [C]
when something turns over quickly or repeatedly:
a flip of a coin
The acrobats were doing somersaults and flips (= jumping and turning their bodies over in the air).

stock
    1. A theatrical stock company.
    2. The repertoire of such a company.
    3. A theater or theatrical activity, especially outside of a main theatrical center: a small role in summer stock.

Demain


n.
[See Demesne.]
1. Rule; management. [Obs.] Chaucer.
2. (Law) See Demesne.

Webster 1913 Dictionary edited by Patrick J. Cassidy

Wikipedia article "Demesne".

demesne

(dĭ-mān', -mēn') pronunciation


-->
n.
  1. Law. Possession and use of one's own land.
  2. Manorial land retained for the private use of a feudal lord.
  3. The grounds belonging to a mansion or country house.
  4. An extensive piece of landed property; an estate.
  5. A district; a territory.
  6. A realm; a domain.
[Anglo-French, respelling (probably influenced by French mesne, variant of Anglo-Norman meen, middle, in legal phrase mesne lord, lord who holds a manor of a superior lord) of Middle English demeine, from Anglo-Norman, from Old French demaine. See domain.]

Tutor's tip: The lord of the manor protected his "demesne" (the possession of land) by making sure that his neighbors thought it was their "domain' (complete and absolute ownership of land) too.

de・mesne



,




━━ n. 【法】(不動産の)所有; 所有地; 領地; 範囲, 領域 ((of)).

passersby, trigger, triggerman, outtrigger



Ingram Pinn’s illustration of the week: Hair Triggers.





Demonstrators handed out hot chocolate and doughnuts in an effort to open conversations with passersby.
The sect used an annual spiritual ritual as an occasion to march for peace.
WASHINGTONPOST.COM



1 reference to marshall in this book
1. on Page 36:
"ethnonavigation study detailed how Marshall Islanders navigated their outrigger sailing canoes to and from the Puluwat Atoll across bodies of open water by the use ... "




From Boom to Bust in Nigeria

PORT HARCOURT, Nigeria -- Uche was the triggerman for his gang of thieves. When gang members stole oil from pipelines or cellphones from passersby, he made sure no one got in their way.
(By Will Connors, The Washington Post)




passer-by

noun
plural noun: passersby
  1. a person who happens to be going past something, especially on foot.
    "the raiders fled when disturbed by a passer-by"

triggermann.
  1. An underworld gunman who in premeditation shoots a victim.
  2. A gunman; a shooter: “Where is the moral justification . . . in offering the platoon survivors—the actual triggermen—immunity?” (Nelson DeMille).

trigger・man


〔話〕 (銃を使う)殺し屋, (暴力団員の)ボディガード.
trigger


trigger
(START)
verb [T]觸發
to cause something bad to start:
Some people find that certain foods trigger their headaches.
The racial killings at the weekend have triggered off a wave of protests throughout the country.

trigger
noun [C usually singular]
There are fears that the incident may be a trigger for (= cause) further violence in the capital.trigger (GUN PART)
noun [C]板機
a part of a gun which causes the gun to fire when pressed:
It's not clear who actually pulled the trigger.

trig・ger



━━ n. 引き金; 【コンピュータ】トリガー ((パルスを使って回路の動作や状態を制御すること;またそれに用いるパルス)).
quick on the trigger 〔話〕 射撃が早い; すばしこい; 抜け目がない.
━━ vt. 引き金を引く, 誘発する ((off)).
trigger finger 右[きき]手の人さし指.
trigger-happy ━━ a. 〔話〕 (ピストルの引き金を)やたらに引きたがる; 好戦的な.
trigger・man 〔話〕 (銃を使う)殺し屋, (暴力団員の)ボディガード.

DeWALT Recalls Cordless Drills due to Fire Hazard

WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, in cooperation with the firm named below, today announced a voluntary recall of the following consumer product. Consumers should stop using recalled products immediately unless otherwise instructed.
Name of Product: DEWALT Cordless Drills
Units: About 346,000
Manufacturer: DEWALT Industrial Tool Company, of Towson, Md.
Hazard: The trigger switch of the cordless drill can overheat, posing a fire hazard to consumers.
Incidents/Injuries: DEWALT has received 11 reports of trigger switches overheating. No injuries or property damage have been reported.

Description: This recall involves DEWALT individual cordless drills listed below:
Model NumberDescriptionDate Codes
DC920Heavy-Duty XRP™ 1/2” (13mm) 18 Volt Cordless Drill/Driver200723 through 200742
DC930Heavy-Duty XRP™ 1/2" (13mm) 14.4 Volt Cordless Drill/Driver200625 through 200746
DC935Heavy-Duty XRP™ 1/2" (13mm) 14.4 Volt Cordless Hammerdrill/Drill/Driver200627 through 200746
DC936Heavy-Duty XRP™ 1/2" (13mm) 14.4 Volt Cordless Hammerdrill/Drill/Driver200635 through 200746
DC940Heavy-Duty XRP™ 1/2" (13mm) 12 Volt Cordless Drill/Driver200635 through 200746
The model number is printed on a sticker on the side of the unit. The date code is embossed on the bottom of the unit. Units stamped with an “M” following the date code have been repaired and are not included in this recall. The packaging of repaired drills has a green dot sticker near the UPC label.
Sold at: Wholesale distributors and retailers from about June 2006 through December 2007 for between $180 and $280.
Manufactured in: Mexico
Remedy: Consumers should stop using the drills immediately and contact DEWALT for the location of the nearest service center to receive a free inspection and, if necessary, free repair.
Consumer Contact: Call DEWALT toll-free at (888) 742-9168 between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. ET Monday through Friday or visit firm’s Web site at www.DEWALT.com


Picture of Recalled DEWALT Cordless Drill

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sole, insole, stitch, stitch-up, rubberstamp


Twenty-seven EU leaders will formally meet without Britain for the first time to rubberstamp their guidelines for Brexit negotiations.
Here are the key points of the guidelines, first produced by European Council President Donald Tusk on March 31 and since toughened up by member states http://u.afp.com/4dEN

'From tax justice to climate change, the “protest never achieves anything” brigade have been proved wrong. Here’s a potential victory to relish, and build on.'
People power has taken on big business over this transatlantic stitch-up
THEGUARDIAN.COM|由 OWEN JONES 上傳
Not so long ago, Britain’s “big six” energy suppliers—SSE, EDF, Npower, E.ON, Scottish Power and British Gas, now owned by Centrica—seemed to have the energy market stitched up. Now, however, all that is changing, and rapidly. The big six are being challenged by a wave of small, nimble and ambitious new companieshttp://econ.st/1w2unZq

Prices can say a lot about the health of a market. Low prices tend to signal sharp competition. High prices can mean a cosy stitch-up, with fat cat incumbents who fear only antitrust watchdogs like the Competition Commission. But in Britain's strange car-insurance market the conventions are flipped http://econ.st/16RrNHE


Earthquake survivor Liu Xuequn, 66, stitches shoe insoles to sell to tourists in Yingxiu, Sichuan province, in January. (Tetsu Kobayashi)




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Description: This recall involves Rossignol cross-country boots with model X-IUM World Cup Skate, X-IUM World Cup Classic, X-IUM World Cup Pursuit, X-11 Skate, and X-IUM J Skate. The model name is printed on the upper part of the boot. Boots included in this recall have a 5 or 6 digit lot number stamped on the right boot under the removable insole (see photo below).




rubber stamp
noun
noun: rubberstamp
  1. 1.
    a handheld device for inking and imprinting a message or design on a surface.
  2. 2.
    a person or organization that gives automatic approval or authorization to the decisions of others, without proper consideration.

    "the Commission were accused of being a rubber stamp for the police department"

stitch

Syllabification: (stitch)
Pronunciation: /stiCH/
noun

  • a loop of thread or yarn resulting from a single pass or movement of the needle in sewing, knitting, or crocheting.
  • a loop of thread used to join the edges of a wound or surgical incision:a neck wound requiring forty stitches
  • [usually with adjective] a method of sewing, knitting, or crocheting producing a particular pattern or design:basic embroidery stitches
  • [in singular, usually with negative] informal the smallest item of clothing:a man answered the door without a stitch on
  • a sudden sharp pain in the side of the body, caused by strenuous exercise:she ran with a stitch in her side

verb

[with object]
  • make, mend, or join (something) with stitches:stitch a plain seam with right sides together they stitched the cut on her face [as adjective,in combination]: (stitched)hand-stitched English dresses




Phrases

in stitches


informal laughing uncontrollably:his unique brand of droll self-mockery had his audiences in stitches





a stitch in time saves nine

proverb if you sort out a problem immediately it may save a lot of extra work later.

Derivatives

stitcher
noun





stitchery

noun

Origin:

Old English stice 'a puncture, stabbing pain', of Germanic origin; related to German Stich 'a sting, prick', also to stick2. The sense 'loop' (in sewing, etc.) arose in Middle English

stitch-up

Syllabification: (stitch-up)

noun

British informal
an act of placing someone in a position in which they will be wrongly blamed for something, or of manipulating a situation to one’s advantage.


Definition of stitch-up in English:

NOUN

British informal
An act of placing someone in a position in which they will be wrongly blamed for something, or of manipulating a situation to one’s advantage:he called the deal a stitch-up and said other companies were prevented from submitting higherbidsto put it bluntly, the election was tantamount to a stitch-up


sole

[名]
1 足底, 足裏;靴底.
2 (一般に)底の部分;《木工》(かんなの)裏;床板, 敷盤, 台輪.
3 《ゴルフ》ソール:クラブの底面.
4 《海事》(船室・舵手(だしゅ)席の)底板;(水車の)軸盤.
━━[動](他)
1 ((通例受身))〈靴に〉底をつける
rubber-soled shoes
ゴム底靴.
2 《ゴルフ》〈クラブの〉底面を地面につける.
[ラテン語solea(靴底)←ラテン語solea(足裏). ラテン語solum(地面)と同系. △SOIL1

ínsòle[ín・sòle]

[名]靴の内底;靴の敷き革.

have no use for, relive, pacifism, convocations, amphibious, amphibian, voting right, amphibious, amphitheatre , convocation, professional baseball team, amphibian

As tension spikes on the Korean peninsula, a French amphibious assault carrier sailed into Japan's naval base of Sasebo on Saturday ahead of drills that risk upsetting China, which faces U.S. pressure to rein in North Korea's arms programs.


India To Buy Aircraft From Japan For $1.5 Billion
NDTV
India will agree on Monday to purchase 12 amphibious rescue aircraft from Japanese manufacturer ShinMaywa Industries worth $1.5 billion-$1.6 ...


Last night was Freshman Convocation, our official welcome ceremony for the Class of 2019. Relive the memories (and maybe see your son or daughter in the crowd):




“Japan can’t have it both ways: if it proactively opposes terrorism, it may have to pay the cost. If it clings to pacifism, it will recede further from the global stage.” 

How the ISIS hostage crisis revealed foreign-policy fault lines.
NEWYORKER.COM|由 ROLAND KELTS 上傳

U.S. Builds Up Marine Presence, Shows Off Amphibian Push in Asia3



With Shrine Visit, Leader Asserts Japan's Track From Pacifism

By HIROKO TABUCHI

A visit to the Yasukuni Shrine highlighted Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's willingness to take on big political risks as he tries to build a more powerful Japan.
Members of the Japanese infantry at a troop review ceremony on a base in Asaka, near Tokyo.
Amid Chinese Rivalry, Japan Seeks More Muscle

By MARTIN FACKLER

A new five-year defense plan, described as "proactive pacifism," calls for acquiring drones and amphibious assault vehicles, and reverses a decade of military spending cuts.



Toyota's annual report says it has 90% of voting rights in its Venezuelan business. It's not clear who controls the remaining 10%. Toyota's assembly plant in Venezuela has more than 2,000 workers, and has been in the South American nation for more than 50 years.


Laurie Auditorium plays a diverse role in campus and community events.
Laurie Auditorium is a unique venue that plays an important role in both campus life and the life of San Antonio. The amphitheatre design and wide stage allow for excellent views throughout the hall. The largest on-campus facility, Laurie Auditorium seats 2,700.
The site of commencements, convocations, and Trinity's high profile Distinguished Lecture Series,



過密/過疎

日 本プロ野球組織(NPB)の下田邦夫事務局長は、アジアシリーズ運営委員会が開かれた韓国から帰国し、台湾から今年11月に開催する計画が提案されたこ とを明らかにした。20日の実行委員会で日本が出場するかどうかを協議する。日本、韓国、中国、台湾の4カ国・地域の優勝チームによるアジアシリーズは、 2005年から08年まで行われたが、開催経費や過密日程などを理由に休止されており、実現すれば3年ぶりの再開となる。
Spotlight:

What was the first professional baseball team? Baseball's first pro team was the Cincinnati Red Stockings of 1869. Up till then, a few baseball clubs paid individual players, but in 1869, Cincinnati became the first to pay all 10 of its members. The club's first manager was Harry Wright, who assembled and managed that first team and also played center field. They played as part of the National Association of Base Ball Players. With an assembly of salaried professionals, the Cincinnati Red Stockings toured the US in 1869, remaining undefeated throughout the season. After a strong 1870 season, both the NABBP and the team folded, and Wright took many of the team's stars and moved to Boston, establishing the Boston Red Stockings in 1871. At the same time, the first professional baseball league — National Association of Professional Base Ball Players — was founded. Wright, who was born on January 10, 1835, helped to shape pro baseball. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1953.
Quote:
"I ain't ever had a job, I just always played baseball." Satchel Paige


日本和平主义会因为奥巴马广岛行转向吗?

JONATHAN SOBLE
“二战”战败让日本从军国主义走向宪法约束下的和平主义。如今,一些人担心奥巴马的广岛行会让安倍晋三愈发大胆。在历史传承的断代中,广岛代表的理想不得不走向衰落。

Japan’s Leader Has Little Use for Hiroshima’s Lessons of Pacifism

http://cn.nytimes.com/asia-pacific/20160527/c27peace/dual/




have no use for

informal Dislike or be impatient with:look at the reception he gave her—Andrew has no use for Mrs Jones


pacifism 


音節
 
pac • i • fism
 
発音
 
pǽsəfìzm
  1. [名詞]
  2. 1 戦争反対,暴力否定.
  3. 2 良心的徴兵忌避.
  4. 3 平和[反戦]主義,反戦論(⇔militarism);(国際紛争の)平和的解決政策. (また pacificism)
  5. [語源]
    1902.<フランス語 pacifisme.→PACIFIC

    pacificism
    1. [名詞] ((英)) =pacifism.
    1. pacificist [名詞], [形容詞]
    1. pacificistic [形容詞]
    1. pacificistically [副詞]

convocation

音節
con • vo • ca • tion
発音
kɑ`nvəkéiʃən | kɔ`n-
convocationの変化形
convocations (複数形)
[名]((形式))
1 [U](会議・議会の)招集;招集されていること.
2 ((単数・複数扱い))(招集された)議会,集会.
3
(1)((時にC-))英国教会(Canterbury, Yorkの)総会.
(2)(米監督教会の)教区会;主教の管轄する地域.
4 ((時にC-))((英))(いくつかの大学の)評議会.
5 ((米))(ある大学で)学位授与式,卒業式.
con・vo・ca・tion・al
[形]
con・vo・ca・tion・al・ly
[副]

amphitheater


 音節
am • phi • the • a • ter, ((英))-tre
発音
ǽmfəθìːətər | -θìə-
amphitheaterの変化形
amphitheaters (複数形)
[名]
1 (古代ローマの)円形劇場[闘技場];(半円形の)階段教室.
2 (劇場などの)2階席, 上のさじき;((英))ひな段式さじきの最前列席.
3 すりばち形の地形, 盆地.
[ラテン語←ギリシャ語amphitéātron(amphi-周りに+théātron劇場). △AMPHIBIAN, AMBIGUOUS
àm・phi・the・át・ric, -át・ri・cal
[形]

amphibious
amˈfɪbɪəs/
adjective
  1. relating to, living in, or suited for both land and water.
    "an amphibious vehicle"
    • (of a military operation) involving forces landed from the sea.
      "an amphibious assault"

amphibian


  音節
am • phib • i • an
発音
æmfíbiən
amphibianの変化形
amphibians (複数形)
[名]
1 両生類, 両生動物;水陸両生の植物.
2 水陸両用飛行機;水陸両用車.
3 二重人格者.
━━[形]
1 水陸両生の, 両生類の.
2 水陸両用の.
[ラテン語amphibia(amphi-両側に+-bios生命+-AN=両方にすむ). △AMPHITHEATER

pacifism

Syllabification: (pac·i·fism)
Pronunciation: /ˈpasəˌfizəm/
noun
  • the belief that any violence, including war, is unjustifiable under any circumstances, and that all disputes should be settled by peaceful means.

Origin:

early 20th century: from French pacifisme, from pacifier 'pacify'

amphibious


 
音節
am • phib • i • ous
発音
æmfíbiəs
レベル
社会人必須
[形]
1 〈動・植物が〉水陸両生の.
2 水陸両用の
amphibious vehicles
水陸両用車.
3 陸海空軍共同作戦の.
4 両様の性質をもつ;二重人格の.
am・phib・i・ous・ly
[副]
am・phib・i・ous・ness
[名]

convocation


  音節
con • vo • ca • tion
発音
kɑ`nvəkéiʃən | kɔ`n-
convocationの変化形
convocations (複数形)
[名]((形式))
1 [U](会議・議会の)招集;招集されていること.
2 ((単数・複数扱い))(招集された)議会, 集会.
3
(1) ((時にC-))《英国教会》(Canterbury, Yorkの)総会.
(2) (米監督教会の)教区会;主教の管轄する地域.
4 ((時にC-))((英))(いくつかの大学の)評議会.
5 ((米))(ある大学で)学位授与式, 卒業式.
con・vo・ca・tion・al
[形]
con・vo・ca・tion・al・ly
[副]

voting right
The right of a stockholder to vote on matters of corporate policy as well as on who is to compose the board of directors.
Investopedia Says:
Most voting involves decisions on issuing securities, initiating stock splits, and making substantial changes in the corporation's operations.