2017年3月3日 星期五

unmade road, homestead, shore up, acre, rumpled, unmade beds


In Kiev, Kerry Offers Aid in Shoring Up Ukrainian Economy

Secretary of State John Kerry arrived in Kiev on Tuesday with a loan guarantee meant to support Ukraine’s efforts to integrate with the West as well as pledges of technical aid.

Papers Put Faith in Paywalls
At many newspapers, readers aren't rushing to buy digital subscriptions, yet the results aren't discouraging industry executives, who say their efforts are succeeding in shoring up the core print business after years of declines.



兩書在  Part VII THE UNMADE ROAD 都翻譯錯誤
【講故事的人】:未修築的路
【觀看的視界】:未竟之路

British (of a road) without a hard, smooth surface.
‘they reached a stretch of unmade road’

路不硬、不平,或許可稱為"坎坷之路"。


Verb1.shore up - support by placing against something solid or rigid; "shore and buttress an old building"

verb

[with object] (shore something up) 
  • 1Support or hold up something with props or beams: rescue workers had to shore up the building, which was in danger of collapse
  • 1.1Support or assist something that would otherwise fail or decline: Congress approved a $700 billion plan to shore up the financial industry
Even so, the systems are a work in progress, to hear Roger Stevens talk about it. He is the chief executive of Navigation Solutions, a joint venture of Hertz and Thales Navigation that manufactures NeverLost. Back in the late 1990's, when the system was in its infancy, NeverLost was so primitive that it could cover only one city at a time. (I remember driving from Miami to the Florida Keys, and at one point just south of Homestead, the map just ended.)




homestead
[名]
1 ((米))家産(家族の住む土地と建物), 家屋敷, 農家.
2 ((米古))(入植者に与えられる)自作農場:160エーカー.
━━[動]((米古))(他)…に入植する.
━━(自)入植する.
home・stead・er
[名]homesteadの所有者((米));Homestead Actによる入植者.

Spotlight:
Staking a Claim
Staking a Claim
What were the requirements for homesteaders to claim land in the Old West? According to the Homestead Act of 1862, any US citizen who was at least 21 years old, or the head of a family, and who had not borne arms against the US, was eligible to acquire up to 160 acres in the American West by residing on the land for five years. If he paid $1.25 an acre, he could lay claim to the land after only six months. President Abraham Lincoln signed the Act into law on May 20, 1862. It effectively opened to settlers millions of acres of land that had been owned by the government, with the hope that it would be cultivated into small farms. In fact, not enough of the new landowners were able to afford to keep a small farm going. Much of the land ended up in the hands of speculators.


Quote:
"Pa did not like a country so old and worn out that the hunting was poor. He wanted to go west. For two years he had wanted to go west and take a homestead, but Ma did not want to leave the settled country." Laura Ingalls Wilder, By the Shores of Silver Lake

acre[a・cre]

  • 発音記号[éikər]
[名]
1 エーカー:地積の単位, 43,560平方フィート(4,046.86m2, 約1,224坪)
a 400-acre farm
400エーカーの畑(▼不変化複数形).
2 ((〜s))田畑, 地所;(一般に)土地
one's ancestral acres
先祖伝来の土地.
3 ((古))畑
God's acre
墓地.
4 ((〜s))((略式))大量, 多量
a family with acres of money
資産家.
[古英語æcer(畑). ギリシャ語, サンスクリットにもあり, 原義は「スーメリア地方の肥沃(ひよく)な潅漑(かんがい)地」. △AGRICULTURE

rumple[rum・ple]

  • 発音記号[rʌ'mpl]
[動](他)
1 〈紙・織物・服などを〉しわくちゃにする
a rumpled raincoat
しわくちゃのレインコート.
2 〈髪などを〉くしゃくしゃにする, もつれさす, 乱す((up)).
━━(自)しわになる, くしゃくしゃになる.
━━[名]しわ(くちゃ), ひだ.

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