2017年3月16日 星期四

substandard, mediocre, all right


Google Pixel Review: Assessing the New Smartphone
By BRIAN X. CHEN

The Pixel, which uses Android software and Assistant, an A.I. virtual assistant, is, relatively speaking, mediocre, but fans of Android won’t regret buying one.

substandard
adjective
below a satisfactory standard:這解釋沒問題,話雖然如此說,碰到諸如「不過iPhone在美國所採用的移動數據網絡實在難以令人滿意。」說法,老美他們應該不會採用AT&T是SUBSTANDARD的。而可能是「不太適合的」。


In Health Reform, a Cancer Offers an Acid Test
By DAVID LEONHARDT
Success will be judged by whether Washington begins to fix the fundamental problem with our medical system: the mix of soaring costs and mediocre results.




substandard housing/accommodation
substandard work/goods

(No matter what you may have learned at your mother’s knee, ‘hunky-dory’ probably does not come from a street in Yokohama where sailors could find a bit of all right.)

all right
adj.
    1. In proper or satisfactory operational or working order: checked to see if the tires were all right.
    2. Acceptable; agreeable: Delaying the repair is all right by me.
    3. all-right (ôl'rīt'Informal. Satisfactory; good: an all-right fellow; an all-right movie.
  1. Correct: Your answers are all right.
  2. Average; mediocre: The performance was just all right, not remarkable.
  3. Uninjured; safe: The passengers were shaken up but are all right.
  4. Fairly healthy; well: I am feeling all right again.
adv.
  1. In a satisfactory way; adequately: I held up all right under pressure.
  2. Very well; yes. Used as a reply to a question or to introduce a declaration: All right, I'll go.
  3. Without a doubt: It's cold, all right.
USAGE NOTE Despite the appearance of the form alright in works of such well-known writers as Langston Hughes and James Joyce, the single word spelling has never been accepted as standard. This is peculiar, since similar fusions such as already and altogether have never raised any objections. The difference may lie in the fact that already and altogether became single words back in the Middle Ages, whereas alright has only been around for a little more than a century and was called out by language critics as a misspelling. Consequently, one who uses alright, especially in formal writing, runs the risk that readers may view it as an error or as the willful breaking of convention.

Idioms: all right

1. Completely correct, as in You have a perfect score--your answers are all right. (It could just as well be put as "all your answers are right.")
2. In proper or working order, in a satisfactory way, as in The engine is running all right now[Late 1800s] Also see turn out all right.
3. In good health, as in John had the flu, but he's all right now[Early 1900s]
4. Not injured, safe, as in It was just a minor accident and everyone is all right[Early 1900s]
5. Very well, yes, as in Do you want to leave now?--All right, or All right, we'll stay home[First half of 1800s] Also see all right with you.
6. Certainly, without a doubt, as in It's late all right, but it will probably come today[Mid-1800s]
7. Hurrah! Good for you, as in All right! your team has done it again! [Slang; mid-1900s]
8. Also, all-right. Good, satisfactory. For example, This restaurant is all right, or Harry is an all-right guy. [Slang; mid-1900s]


sub•stan•dard (sŭb-stăn'dərd)
adj.
1. Failing to meet a standard; below standard.
2. Linguistics.
a. Of, relating to, or indicating a pattern of linguistic usage that does not conform to that of the prestige group in a speech community or to that of the standard language.
b. Not in accord with notions of good English; nonstandard. See Usage Note at nonstandard.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition Copyright

--
adj. - 標準以下的, 不合規格的
━━ a. (製品・語法などが)標準以下の.

substandard 同義字:Of low or lower quality: common, inferior, low-grade, low-quality, mean2, mediocre, second-class, second-rate, shabby.


mediocre('dē-ō'kər) pronunciation
adj.
Moderate to inferior in quality; ordinary. See synonyms at average.
[French médiocre, from Latin mediocris : medius, middle + ocris, a rugged mountain.]

1 則留言:

hanching chung 提到...

Fujitec elevators built with substandard steel
07/13/2007

THE ASAHI SHIMBUN


Leading elevator manufacturer Fujitec Co. used substandard steel in more than 12,000 elevators, 560 of which could fall short of mandatory strength standards, the infrastructure ministry says.

The ministry called on managers of buildings with Fujitec elevators installed to limit passenger numbers for each ride and carry out reinforcement work.

Fujitec ranks among the top five elevator companies in Japan.

JFE Shoji Kenzai Hanbai, the company that supplied the steel, said Fujitec officials were aware the material was below design specifications.

Fujitec, however, denied the allegation.

The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport found that Fujitec used substandard steel in 12,727 elevators and 634 escalators it manufactured since 2002.

The ministry said 560 elevators apparently did not meet mandatory strength standards set under the Building Standards Law.

Some Fujitec elevators have only 66 percent of the legally required strength standard.

When operating under normal conditions, such elevators pose no problem. That is because the Building Standards Law requires elevators to be built to withstand up to three times the load they carry.

But problems could arise if an elevator were to stop between floors in the event of an earthquake with an intensity of upper 6 on the Japanese scale of 7. Ministry officials said railings that support the cage could become distorted in such instances, making it impossible for the elevator to restart itself.

That, in turn, could cause problems for workers rescuing passengers and trying to restore the elevator's functions.

Substandard steel was used to reinforce the guide rail, known as rail backing, for the cross-head that supports the cage, and for the safety plank at the bottom of the elevator.

The transactions involving substandard steel began in September 2002, according to Fujitec and JFE Shoji Kenzai Hanbai, an affiliate of steelmaker JFE Steel Corp.

Fujitec's order forms designated steel known as SS400, which is used for bridges, ships and vehicles, but JFE Shoji Kenzai Hanbai delivered SPHC steel, which is weaker.

JFE Shoji Kenzai Hanbai sometimes delivered steel with inspection certificates attached.

Fujitec President Takakazu Uchiyama and other officials said the company was convinced the steel was of the SS400 type because delivery slips and inspection certificates, as well as Fujitec's order forms, all said the steel was of SS400.

But officials of JFE Shoji Kenzai Hanbai, including President Koji Iwase, said the company delivered SPHC steel based on an agreement with Fujitec's procurement division.

The officials said an employee in charge of transactions with Fujitec obtained permission from Fujitec to deliver steel other than SS400. "Because SS400 could not be procured in a short period of time, I gave an oral explanation to my Fujitec counterpart that the company would 'deliver steel equivalent to SPHC or stronger,'" an employee was quoted as telling the company's in-house investigation team.

The employee also said falsified inspection certificates were attached at the request of Fujitec, the officials said.(IHT/Asahi: July 13,2007)