2017年3月11日 星期六

mime, mimesis, memes, meme, farcically, mimetic, intersect

Daniel Dennett, an American philosopher and cognitive scientist, sees human consciousness as a product of both genetics and memetics


After the screening, Bean leaves the building by the back door, and onto the beach, encountering many of the characters from the film. The film then ends with Bean and all the other characters of the film miming a large finale to the music of Charles Trenet's song "La Mer", with arms raised in the air. Just before the credits Bean writes fin in the sand with his foot.



What do you think Merkel is saying in this picture?

The world is always watching President Barack Obama.
I100.INDEPENDENT.CO.UK


Think “Grand Theft Auto” meets petting zoo. The videogame "Goat Simulator," which lets gamers play as a goat, has been downloaded more than one million times.


The World of Internet Memes Embraces the Year of the Goat


“It started out as a complete joke,” says Armin Ibrisagic, a designer at...


WSJ.COM|由 CHASE GUMMER AND SVEN GRUNDBERG 上傳


The Theory and Practice of Filliou and Giacometti
Steven Harris
Robert Filliou talks series
22nd May 2013
Henry Moore Institute seminar Room, 6pm
Robert Filliou
'Research in Child Language (aïe!)'
1970-71
Cardboard box in two parts, glued paper, blue gelatine, pastel and soft lead pencil

Courtesy Galerie Nelson-Freeman, Paris
© Marianne Filliou

Robert Filliou and Alberto Giacometti both explored representation as a space of possibility in their works, and Filliou in fact named it the 'mimetic territory of the genial republic'.  The sculptures and drawings made by each artist - in Giacometti's case, most explicitly between 1925 and 1935 - are quite openly conceived as products of thought.  Mimesis and appearance are also clearly important to both artists, although in different ways.  How these different issues - of space, representation, mimesis and appearance - intersect in the art and thought of Filliou and Giacometti will be the focus of this talk.




"In short, the company and its product — which has never been found to be unsafe, unhealthy, or to have caused food-borne illnesses — were victims of an insidious viral internet meme that wedged them between two powerful and opposing forces: the need to feed millions cheaply, and the growing desire of American consumers to know exactly what they’re eating."
This is inaccurate.

From the New York Times article in 2009:

"But government and industry records obtained by The New York Times show that in testing for the school lunch program, E. coli and salmonella pathogens have been found dozens of times in Beef Products meat, challenging claims by the company and the U.S.D.A. about the effectiveness of the treatment. Since 2005, E. coli has been found 3 times and salmonella 48 times, including back-to-back incidents in August in which two 27,000-pound batches were found to be contaminated. The meat was caught before reaching lunch-rooms trays."
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/31/us/31meat.html?pagewanted=all

Read more: http://business.time.com/2013/03/06/one-year-later-the-makers-of-pink-slime-are-hanging-on-and-fighting-back/#ixzz2NHbg5oWi




http://www.economist.com/news/asia/21573148-farcical-invasion-borneo-gets-serious-and-nasty-intrusion-confusion

'Freaking Out', 

Netflix is down and people are freaking out.



The reason for the outage was unknown
USATODAY.COM



Sometimes it’s the littlest things that reveal the most, and I had that experience today just watching Google cofounder Sergey Brin walk a couple of San Francisco city blocks.
For the second day in a row at Google’s I/O developer conference in San Francisco, Brin showed up (late) at a press briefing today, this time following the introduction of a very early version of Google Wave. It’s a new communications and collaboration service that got rave reviews from the large audience of developers, though it won’t be available to real people for several months. (I Twittered about it here, and you can get the full details on the Google blog and on Techmeme.)



THE MEDIUM
The Hitler Meme 
By VIRGINIA HEFFERNAN

Video parodies of a film about the Third Reich are all over the Web. What’s the appeal of Adolf Hitler freaking out?
meme
n.

A unit of cultural information, such as a cultural practice or idea, that is transmitted verbally or by repeated action from one mind to another.
[Shortening (modeled on GENE) of mimeme, from Greek mimēma, something imitated, from mimeisthai, to imitate. See mimesis.]





meme 

Pronunciation: /miːm/ 



NOUN

1An element of a culture or system of behaviour passed from one individual to another by imitation or other non-genetic means.
2An image, video, piece of text, etc., typically humorous in nature, that is copied and spread rapidly by Internet users, often with slight variations.
Derivatives



memetic

ADJECTIVE

Origin

1970s: from Greek mimēma 'that which is imitated', on the pattern of gene.



Idioms: freak out

1. Experience or cause to experience hallucinations, paranoia, or other frightening feelings as a result of taking a mind-altering drug. For example, They were freaking out on LSD or some other drug. [Slang; mid-1960s]
2. Behave or cause to behave irrationally and uncontrollably, with enthusiasm, excitement, fear, or madness. For example, The band's wild playing made the audience freak out, or It was such a close accident, it really freaked me out, or She freaked out and ended up in the psychiatric ward.
[Slang; 1960s] Also see flip one's lidwig out.


Classmates 'Freaking Out'
"My top priority is to weigh whether the college is right for me, but also what my debt might be," says Mr. Graves-Fitzsimmons, who has a 4.6 grade-point average on a 5.0 scale. His parents have encouraged him not to rule out the University of Texas -- where in-state tuition and fees are about $4,266 per semester -- because of its affordability.
He says that he is happy with his options, but that his fellow classmates are "generally freaking out." "A lot of people are not getting in where they want to get in," he says.

Pronunciation:
\ˈfrē-kən, -kiŋ\
Function:
adjective or adverb
Etymology:
euphemism for frigging or fucking
Date:
1928
: damned —used as an intensive

adv. & adj. Slang.
Used as an intensive: Traffic was a freaking nightmare.
[Alteration of frigging, present participle of FRIG.]

freak
intr. & tr.v. Slang.freakedfreak·ingfreaks.


  1. To experience or cause to experience frightening hallucinations or feelings of paranoia, especially as a result of taking a drug. Often used with out.
  2. To behave or cause to behave irrationally and uncontrollably. Often used with out.
  3. To become or cause to become greatly excited or upset. Often used with out.





mimetic


 音節
mi • met • ic
発音
mimétik
[形]
1 模倣の, まねの好きな;偽りの, 見せかけの, 模擬の
mimetic speech
口まね
the mimetic vocabulary of Japanese
日本語の擬声・擬態語句.
2 《動物》擬態の.
3 《鉱物》擬晶の
a mimetic crystal
擬晶.
mi・met・i・cal・ly
[副]

mime
(mīm) pronunciation
n.
    1. A form of ancient Greek and Roman theatrical entertainment in which familiar characters and situations were farcically portrayed on stage, often with coarse dialogue and ludicrous actions. 周作人譯為"擬曲"
    2. A performance of or dialogue for such an entertainment.
    3. A performer in a mime.
  1. A modern performer who specializes in comic mimicry.
    1. The art of portraying characters and acting out situations or a narrative by gestures and body movement without the use of words; pantomime.
    2. A performance of pantomime.
    3. An actor or actress skilled in pantomime.

v., mimed, mim·ing, mimes. v.tr.
  1. To ridicule by imitation; mimic.
  2. To act out with gestures and body movement.
v.intr.
  1. To act as a mimic.
  2. To portray characters and situations by gesture and body movement.

VERB

1[WITH OBJECT] Use only gesture and movement to act out (a play or role):(as adjective mimeda mimed play[NO OBJECT]: they’ve even mimed in a restaurant hall
1.1Convey or represent (an action, idea, or emotion) by using only gesture and movement:Eddie mimed an attack of nausea
2[NO OBJECT] Pretend to sing or play an instrument as a recording is being played:singers on television often mime to pre-recorded tape tracks

[Latin mīmus, from Greek mīmos.]
mimer mim'er n.
  • [máim]
[名]1 [U][C](パント)マイム(pantomime);[C]マイム役者(mime artist [actor]).
2 (古代ギリシャ・ローマの)無言道化芝居(役者);(一般に)道化師, 喜劇役者.
━━[動](他)…をまねる;…を道化芝居風に演ずる.
━━(自)
1 (無言で)道化芝居をする.
2 (音に合わせて)口パクする((to ...)).
mím・er


mimes
[mimíːsis]
[名][U]
1 《修辞学》ミメーシス, 模倣:西欧の芸術創作論の中心をなす概念.
2 《動物》模写行動;擬態.
3 《病理学》ヒステリー性擬病;同感病.

Memes are skills, habits, songs, stories, or any other kind of information that is copied from person to person. The term was coined by Richard Dawkins in his 1976 book The Selfish Gene. Memes, like genes, are replicators. That is, they are information that is copied with variation and selection. Because only some of the variants survive, memes (and hence culture) evolve. Memes are copied by imitation and teaching, and they compete for space in our memories and for the chance to be copied again.

farcical


 音節
far • ci • cal
発音
fɑ'ːrsikəl
[形]
1 笑劇の;茶番風の.
2 茶番めいた, ばかげた.
fàr・ci・cál・i・ty
[名]
far・ci・cal・ly
[副]

數字彌母= digital meme

meme

(mēm) pronunciation
n.
A unit of cultural information, such as a cultural practice or idea, that is transmitted verbally or by repeated action from one mind to another.

[Shortening (modeled on GENE) of mimeme, from Greek mimēma, something






Line breaks: meme
Pronunciation: /miːm
  
/






Definition of meme in English:

NOUN

1An element of a culture or system of behaviourpassed from one individual to another by imitation or other non-genetic means.
2An image, video, piece of text, etc., typicallyhumorous in nature, that is copied and spread rapidly by Internet users, often with slight variations.

Origin

1970s: from Greek mimēma 'that which is imitated', on the pattern of gene.





Derivatives






memetic

1
ADJECTIVE

intersect


 音節
in • ter • sect
発音
ìntərsékt
intersectの変化形
intersected (過去形) • intersected (過去分詞) • intersecting (現在分詞) • intersects (三人称単数現在)
[動](他)…を横断する;交差させる.
━━(自)〈路線などが〉交差する;《数学》〈線・面が〉交わる.

imitated, from mimeisthai, to imitate. See mimesis.]
[míːm]
[名]《インターネット》ミーム:人間を媒体として増殖する思想的因子.
[生物学者Richard Dawkinsの造語. 遺伝子を意味するgeneから]


mimesis

 音節
mi • me • sis
発音
mimíːsis
[名][U]
1 《修辞学》ミメーシス, 模倣:西欧の芸術創作論の中心をなす概念.
2 《動物》模写行動;擬態.
3 《病理学》ヒステリー性擬病;同感病.

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