2017年4月25日 星期二

prattle, wreaking havoc, go to great lengths, precipice, careen, precipitous

Springtime in Boston means swan boats in the Public Gardens, bars blasting WEEI all night, and wild turkeys getting up in your face.

They may attack people they consider "subordinate," officials say.

Opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi fired off an unprecedented attack at Ayatollah Khamenei Sunday pushing Iran closer to the precipice as police again clashed with thousands of defiant protesters on Tehran's streets.

U.S. Envoy Notes Risks of Earlier Withdrawal From Iraq
The U.S. ambassador to Iraq said that a precipitous withdrawal of U.S. troops could give al Qaeda in Iraq a chance to regenerate and provide an opening for hostile neighbors.

An ever-larger portion of the American workforce is on call -- which is wreaking havoc on childcare, relationships, additional schooling, and other commitments.

Trouble Trickles From Steep Drop in Oil Prices
The precipitous fall in the price of oil in recent months, while good for consumers, has contributed to the confusion in the global economy, wreaking havoc with the budgets and economies of oil-exporting nations and putting many expensive energy projects on hold.
(By Steven Mufson, The Washington Post)

In pictures: Harold Pinter


Nobel Prize-winning playwright Harold Pinter died aged 78 on Christmas Eve after suffering from cancer.

One of the most influential modern playwrights, he wrote over 30 plays including The Homecoming and The Birthday Party.

He married twice, first to actress Vivien Merchant with whom he had a son, Daniel, then biographer Lady Antonia Fraser in 1980.
Lady Antonia Fraser, paid tribute to him, saying: "He was a great, and it was a privilege to live with him for over 33 years."
Pinter was appointed CBE in 1966, a Companion of Honour in 2002, but turned down a knighthood from John Major.
Pinter in 2005 after winning the Nobel Prize

The citation for his Nobel prize said "in his plays he uncovers the precipice in everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression's closed rooms".

In the weeks before it collapsed, Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. went to great lengths to conceal how fast it was careening toward the financial precipice.
曼兄弟控股公司(Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc.)在崩潰前的幾周裡竭力掩飾自己正在飛速滑向金融懸崖。

Back in 2002 as I was about to share one evening at a particular location in the U.S. for the first time, the person who introduced me simply said: "Now it is time to listen to our speaker tonight prattle." Hence, this blog's name (hopefully he was joking).

prattle Show phonetics
verb [I]
to talk foolishly or childishly for a long time about something unimportant or without saying anything important:
She'd have prattled on about her new job for the whole afternoon if I'd let her.
Stop your prattling and go to sleep!━━ v., n. (子供が)片言をしゃべる; 片言(の話し方をする) ((away)); くだらないおしゃべり(をする); さらさら流れる音.
 prat・tler ━━ n. 片言を言う人; おしゃべりをする人.

noun [U]
His speech contained nothing new and was full of political prattle and clichés.

Taiwan Prattler

noun [C]
Fiona's such a prattler - I wish she'd get to the point of what she wants to say.


Line breaks: wreak


1Cause (a large amount of damage or harm):torrential rainstorms wreaked havoc yesterdaythe environmental damage wreaked by ninety years of phosphate mining
1.1Inflict (vengeance):he was determined to wreak his revenge on the girl who had rejected him
1.2ARCHAIC Avenge (someone who has been wronged):grant me some knight to wreak me for my son


Old English wrecan 'drive (out), avenge', of Germanic origin; related to Dutch wreken and German rächen; compare with wrack4wreck, and wretch.
go to great lengths (ALSO go to any lengths)
to try very hard to achieve something:
Some people go to great lengths to make their homes attractive.
He'll go to any lengths to get what he wants.

careen Show phonetics
verb [I + adverb or preposition] MAINLY US
to go forward quickly while moving from side to side:
The driver lost control of his car when the brakes failed, and it went careening down the hill.

precipice Show phonetics
noun [C]
1 a very steep side of a cliff or a mountain:
The film opens with a shot of a climber dangling from a precipice.

2 a dangerous situation which could lead to harm or failure:
This latest tax increase may push many small companies over the financial precipice.

precipitous Show phonetics
1 If a slope is precipitous, it is very steep:
a precipitous mountain path

2 If a reduction or increase is precipitous, it is fast or great:
Over the past 18 months, there has been a precipitous fall in car sales.



━━ a. 断崖の, けわしい, 急勾(こう)配の; 性急な, 軽率な.
pre・cip・i・tous・ly ━━ ad.
pre・cip・i・tous・ness ━━ n.

precipitously Show phonetics
The price of shares in the company dropped precipitously with the news of poor sales figures.

traduce, treachery, depiction, irk, languor

By Rupert Murdoch
Inheriting a legendary brand is both a burden and blessing. Bob Iger could have been haunted by the past, but he has instead created a powerhouse for the company’s future, diversifying the portfolio and yet not traducing the tradition.

Inheriting a legendary brand is both a burden and blessing. Bod Iger could have been haunted by the past, but he has instead created a powerhouse for the company’s future, diversifying the portfolio and yet not traducing the tradition.

Treachery becomes a principle with them, and mischief a conscience, that is, a livelihood. They not only damn the work in the lump, but vilify and traduce the author, and substitute lying abuse and sheer malignity for sense and satire.

Bavarians Irked About Ex-Leader's Depiction in Berlin

Bavarians are a friendly bunch -- as long as you don't question the
integrity of their late leaders, like one Berlin wax museum has.

The DW-WORLD Article

Walled in! - The inner German border
For the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, Deutsche Welle has developed a unique project in cooperation with the Berlin Wall Foundation: an animated depiction of the former German-German border.

Monet, Flaubert and Sarah Bernhardt all loved Belle-Île-en-Mer in France. The island may have fallen out of fashion since the late 19th century—but it’s still the ideal place for a low-key holiday.
Our travel story from The Economist’s 1843 magazine
There’s excellent sailing, diving and surfing to be had, too

lean languorously
     A virile new Britain cannot continue indefinitely to be traduced in the eyes or rather ears, of the world by the effete languors of Langham Place, brazenly masquerading as "standard English." 


Pronunciation: /ˈlaŋɡə/ 


1Tiredness or inactivity, especially when pleasurable:her whole being was pervaded by a dreamy languor
2An oppressive stillness of the air:the afternoon was hot, quiet, and heavy with languor



Pronunciation: /ˈlaŋɡərəs/ 


Pronunciation: /ˈlaŋɡərəsli/ 


Middle English: via Old French from Latin, from languere (see languish). The original sense was 'illness, distress', later 'faintness, lassitude'; current senses date from the 18th century, when such lassitude became associated with a romantic yearning.

to annoy someone:
The negative reply to my complaint really irked me.

The vibration can become irksome (= annoying) after a while.

verb [T]
to represent or show something in a picture or story:
Her paintings depict the lives of ordinary people in the last century.
In the book, he depicts his father as a tyrant.
[+ ing form of verb] People were shocked by the advertisement which depicted a woman beating her husband.

The painter's depictions of the horror of war won her a worldwide reputation.
I disapprove of the depiction of violence on television.


━━ n. 裏切り(行為); 反逆.
 ━━ a. 裏切り[反逆]の ((to)); あてにならない.
treach・er・ous・ly ad.
treach・er・ous・ness n.


To cause humiliation or disgrace to by making malicious and false statements. See synonyms at malign.

(© Houghton Mifflin Company)

Line breaks: tra|duce
Pronunciation: /trəˈdjuːs/

Definition of traduce in English:


Speak badly of or tell lies about (someone) so as todamage their reputation:it was regarded as respectable political tactics to traduce him