2016年10月31日 星期一

bruit. hidebound

As an old (emphasis on old) Dylan fan, I was knocked off my chair by the news he had won the literature prize — a possibility that had been bruited hopefully about for years, but who knew? Everything that has happened and not happened since has cemented in my mind the first thought I had that day: The Nobel Prize needs Bob Dylan more than Bob Dylan needs the Nobel Prize.


The Nobel Prize is the most honored and prestigious award in the world, but lately I fear it has seemed more and more hidebound, and in danger of being strangled by its own rules.



To start with, there is the rule, which is not in the will, that no more than three people can share a prize. That anchors the Nobels in a bygone romantic era of the myth of the lone genius.
Modern science, however, is an internet blur of competition and collaboration. That means that no matter how well the Nobel committees do their homework, somebody is often left out in a kind of intellectual triage.



hidebound
ˈhʌɪdbaʊnd/
adjective
  1. unwilling or unable to change because of tradition or convention.
    "they are working to change hidebound corporate cultures"


bruit
bruːt/
verb
past tense: bruited; past participle: bruited
  1. spread (a report or rumour) widely.

2016年10月30日 星期日

crucible, stand-in, fill in, gratin, casserole. Bathscaphe

Investors, bosses and consumers seem more optimistic—though cautious. "We are hoping for the best," says the boss of an education provider, "but we are planning for the worst"
The stand-in leader has restored a little optimism
ECONOMIST.COM



Recipes for Health

Vegetable Casseroles for Frigid Nights

By MARTHA ROSE SHULMAN
Winter vegetables are perfect for bubbly, comforting gratins and other baked casseroles.



《玻璃的世界》2004
不可不看一下的人類社會學學者的 網站:http://www.AlanMacFarlane.com 裡面,有許多影片摘要、訪談等等。譬如說《玻璃的世界》 (北京:商務 ,2003) The Glass Bathscaphe: How Glass Changed the World (2002) (with Gerry Martin)。
他的論點之一說:西方的科學革命獨特 點是他們懂得用glass,
來作出種種精密儀器。這種假說很特別,我認為這成立不成立,是無法驗證的,然而何妨「百說俱陳」,或 許歷史的想像就是很美的研究前提。
這書名The Glass Bathyscaphe: Glass and World History有一奇怪字,即,BATHYSCAPHE. (Pronunciation: 'bathi`skeyf. Matching Terms: bathyscaph. WordNet Dictionary.) ,意思是:到深海之中駕"玻璃船"探討 (Definition: [n] navigable deep diving vessel for underwater exploration. Synonyms: bathyscape, bathyscaph.) 又,有人撰書評說,這方面的著作,有更全面的: Robert Temple's excellent book, THE CRYSTAL SUN deals with the development and use of lenses in antiquity in a more complete manner.

台灣未來的產業前途與高級玻璃LCD電視等息息相關……我是懷念竹北Philips的玻璃廠製造的 TV CRT中的兩大玻璃組件screens和cones(我一直在幻想:玻璃原料經高榙而下的數周煉成經過,那是我的煉丹經驗;雖然我不懂 細節,總工程師何先生說,我教的實驗計畫和統計方法,肯定對他們有助益……), 以及如何在上面塗佈化學螢光劑,加上精密複雜的masks等等。

The CrucibleArthur Miller play that used the Salem witch trials as a stand-in for McCarthyism premiered on Broadway; after a rocky start, it became a classic (1953)

ICYMI: In The Wall Street Journal op-ed, President Robert J. Zimmer on the importance of freedom of expression and ‘the unfettered exchange of ideas’

University of Chicago President Robert J. Zimmer writes that a university should not be a sanctuary for comfort but rather a crucible for confronting ideas.
WSJ.COM|由 ROBERT J. ZIMMER 上傳


stand in
 phrasal verb (US USUALLY fill in)
to do the job that another person was going to do or usually does, or to take their place at an event, because they cannot be there:
Paula stood in for Jane, while Jane was on holiday.

stand-in
noun [C]
a person who takes the place or does the job of another person for a short time, for example because the other person is ill or on holiday:
The lecturer didn't turn up, so we had to find a stand-in.


casserole
[名]
1 蒸し焼きなべ, キャセロール;((主に英))シチューなべ.
2 [C][U]蒸し焼きなべ料理.
3 《化学》カセロール:実験用柄(え)つき蒸発皿.
━━[動](他)…を蒸し焼きなべで焼く[料理する].


n.
    1. A dish, usually of earthenware, glass, or cast iron, in which food is both baked and served.
    2. Food prepared and served in such a dish.
  1. Chemistry. A small-handled, deep porcelain crucible used for heating and evaporating.
[French, saucepan, diminutive of Old French casse, ladle, pan, from Old Provençal cassa, from Medieval Latin cattia, dipper, from Greek kuathion, diminutive of kuathos, ladle.]








gratin
(grät'n, grăt'n, gră-tăN') pronunciation
n.
A top crust consisting of browned crumbs and butter, often with grated cheese.

[French, from obsolete grater, to scratch, scrape, from Old French. See grate1.]


grate
[動](自)
1 (…と)(やかましく)こすれる, すれ合う;ギシギシ[ギリギリ, キーキー, ガリガリ]音を立てる, きしる((against, on, upon ...))
a knife grating against metal
金属をこすってギーギー音を出すナイフ.
2 (…にとって)不快な音を出す, かんにさわる((on, upon ...))
The screams grated on my nerves.
その金切り声が神経にさわった.
━━(他)
1 〈食材などを〉(おろし金で)下ろす
grate cheese
チーズを下ろす.
2 〈物を〉ギシギシ[ギリギリ, ガリガリ]こする, きしらせる;〈人を〉いらいらさせる, 〈人の〉感情を害する
grate the teeth
歯をきしらせる
grate the gears (of a car)
(車の)ギヤをきしませる.


kaput, is a long way from, "The Innovation Illusion",

"Financial markets expect a generally healthier domestic and international economy under a President Clinton than under a President Trump," a study concludes
Donald Trump is a long way from his party's mainstream
ECONOMIST.COM


"The Innovation Illusion", a new contender for the most gloom-laden book on the modern economy, argues that aside from a handful of stars such as Google and Amazon, the engine of capitalist growth is kaput

An earlier sunny mood about technology and innovation has given way to pessimism
ECONOMIST.COM

Yahoo nears Google search deal; Icahn’s plan goes kaput
ZDNet - USA
Yahoo is reportedly near a search deal with Google and plans an unrelated reorganization. Meanwhile, Microsoft says it’s no longer interested in Yahoo at ...



Long way from being bad means it's not bad (yet): this situation would need to get a lot worse to become bad.


kaput
adjective [after verb] INFORMAL
broken; not working correctly:
The radio's kaput.

sock, sock it to (someone), penal, penalty/ box, hucksterism, darned, slipper socks, sock hop

Immediately after Mr. MacFadyen’s death, WikiLeaks issued this Twitter post: “Gavin Macfadyen, beloved director of WikiLeaks, now takes his fists and his fight to battle God. Sock it to him, forever, Gavin.” It was signed “JA.”




1. Cash Leaking Out of 401(k) Plans at Alarming Rate
A quarter of money socked away for retirement comes out early, much of it subject to penalties and income taxes. For many, the venerable 401(k) is just too darned inefficient
As Escapees Stream Out, a Penal Business Thrives
A company with ties to Gov. Chris Christie dominates New Jersey’s system of large halfway houses. There has been little state oversight, despite widespread problems.


Starting next week, Verizon will double the early-termination fee for smartphones. That is, if you get a BlackBerry, Android or similar phone from Verizon, and you decide to switch phones before your two-year contract is up, you'll be socked with a $350 penalty (it used to be $175).



Why Google threw Overstock in the penalty box
CNN
Matt Cutts, the head of Google's webspam team, wields major power over Google's search results. By Julianne Pepitone, staff reporterApril 25, 2011: 2:55 PM ET NEW YORK (CNNMoney) -- Web retailer Overstock.com, which never does anything quietly, ...





Altman socked him, and the man splashed into a swimming pool.


sock
[名](複 〜s 〔-s〕;1でまたsox 〔sks | sks〕)[名]1 ((通例〜s))ソックス(⇒STOCKING 1);靴の中敷き a pair of socksソックス1足 st...
sock
((略式))[動](他)1 …を強く打つ;〈人に〉(石などを)投げつける((with ...)) sock a person with a stone石を人に投げつける I socked him...


sock2 (sŏk) pronunciation

v., socked, sock·ing, socks. v.tr.
To hit or strike forcefully; punch.

v.intr.
To deliver a blow.

n.
A hard blow or punch.

idiom:
sock it to (someone) Slang.
  1. To deliver a forceful comment, reprimand, or physical blow to someone else.
informal
attack or make a forceful impression on someone.


[Origin unknown.]
hucksterism was in his genes.


huckster
Seller of a good or service who will try to sell anything by making misleading promises and assurances. An example is a peddler who will make any kind of guarantee to a tourist to make the sale.







penalty box
n.
An area to the side of an ice-hockey rink in which penalized players wait out the time of their penalties.

penal[pe・nal]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[píːnl]
[形]
1 刑罰の;刑事上の, 刑法の
penal laws
刑法
a penal system
行刑制度.
2 〈罪が〉処罰されるべき;罰として支払うべき, 罰則的な, 懲罰的な
a penal record
犯罪歴
a penal charge
違約金
a penal rate
懲罰的な(高)金利(penalty rate).
3 刑場として用いた, 刑罰に服する
a penal institution
刑に服する所(刑務所, 感化院など)
a penal colony
流刑植民地.
pe・nal・ly
[副]刑罰として.



darned [dɑːnd]
adv & adj Slang
(intensifier) this darned car won't start a darned good shot
adj
another word for damned [2] [3]

((米略式))[形]しゃくにさわる;途方もない, いまいましい
Put away that darned toy
あのいまいましいおもちゃを片づけろ.
━━[副]べらぼうに, ひどく, とても.
[damnedの婉曲語]





A sock is an item of clothing worn on the feet. The foot is among the heaviest producers of sweat in the body, as it is able to produce over 1 US pint (0.47 l) of perspiration per day.[1] Socks help to absorb this sweat and draw it to areas where air can evaporate the perspiration. In cold environments, socks decrease the risk of frostbite. Its name is derived from the loose-fitting slipper, called a soccus in Latin, worn by Roman comic actors.[2]



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sock



Meijer Recalls Infant Slipper Socks Due to Choking Hazard

WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, in cooperation with the firm named below, today announced a voluntary recall of the following consumer product. Consumers should stop using recalled products immediately unless otherwise instructed. It is illegal to resell or attempt to resell a recalled consumer product.
Name of Product: Bumble Bee and Lady Bug Infant Slipper Socks
Units: About 17,400
Importer/Retailer: Meijer Inc., of Grand Rapids, Mich.
Hazard: The balls at the end of the bug’s antennae can detach, posing a choking hazard to young children.
Incidents/Injuries: Meijer received one report of a ball detaching from the antennae. It was found in a child’s crib. No injuries have been reported.
Description: This recall involves Falls Creek brand infant slipper socks, including yellow and black Bumble Bee Slipper Socks, UPC 80640907401, and red and black Lady Bug Slipper Socks, UPC 80640907402. The UPC is located on the sock’s hangtag. They were sold in infant size 0-12 months.
Sold exclusively at: Meijer stores in Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan and Ohio from June 2009 through March 2011 for about $4.
Manufactured in: China
Remedy: Consumers should immediately take the recalled slipper socks away from children and return them to any Meijer store for a full refund.
Consumer Contact: For additional information, contact Meijer at (800) 927-8699 between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m. ET Monday through Friday, or visit the firm’s website at www.meijer.com

Picture of recalled Infant Slipper Socks
 

Images for sock hop costumes

 - Report images

sock hop

noun

North American informal
a social dance at which participants dance in their stockinged feet.

2016年10月29日 星期六

stick, stick to, stick up for, giving the finger, sticking point, draw concerns


Stop it now


For President Erdogan, Gaza remains the sticking point


Israel takes a tough stance on Turkish demands over the Gaza strip
ECON.ST


The progenitor of Japan’s imperial line, supposedly 2,600 years ago, was female: Amaterasu, goddess of the sun. But for most of the time since, its emperors have all been male



The United Nations fails to stick up for the rights of empresses
ECON.ST


Negotiations between the CIA and the Senate over how much of the Senate’s CIA torture report can be released blew up Tuesday night when the CIA refused to budge. "It appeared to our side they weren't actually looking for a compromise," said a Senate aide briefed on the negotiations. The sticking point is the inclusion of pseudonyms in the report. The CIA thinks the faked names might enable the media and the public to determine the actual identities of officials involved in sanctioning or carrying out the torture.
My suggestion to the Senate: Use their real names instead, and release the report right now. You don’t need the CIA’s approval. You're our elected representatives and this is supposed to be a democracy. (Remember when the CIA hacked your computers to get this report?) Torture is illegal under our own laws and under the Geneva Conventions, which we signed. The public has a right to know the names of likely war criminals.

HTC Resists Push Toward Low-End Phones
Smartphone maker HTC will stick to its strategy of selling medium- to high-price phones, where Apple and Samsung dominate.


Millions of people have flocked to Pinterest to create virtual scrapbooks of images they "pin" to their website. But the ease at which users post photos from the Web is drawing copyright concerns.




One potential sticking point is concerns about overfishing. Total fishery production has risen 13 per cent between 2000 and 2008, according to data from the Food and Agriculture Organisation. That growth has come from farmed fish, and there has been a decrease in captured fish, according to the data.
该基金有可能会受到过度捕捞问题的拖累。联合国粮农组织(Food and Agriculture Organisation)的数据显示,2000年至2008年,渔业总产量增长了13%;这一增长是由养殖鱼产量贡献的,捕捞鱼产量则出现了下降。



A German police chief has come under fire after arresting a five-year-old girl for playing too roughly with his son - and then charging her for giving him the finger.
德國一名警察主管,因為逮捕和自己兒子玩得太瘋的一名5歲女童,之後又控告她對他比出中指,備受各界抨擊。羅彥傑


But the furious cop arrested her again a few days later when she saw him in uniform and allegedly stuck a finger up at him.
但這名盛怒的警察數天後又逮捕了她,當時她看見他穿著制服,據稱還對他比出中指。



Boxing Day 以前有人用 "償節日"稱呼它

 Boxing
(bŏk'sĭng) pronunciation
n.
The first weekday after Christmas, celebrated as a holiday in parts of the British Commonwealth, when Christmas gifts are traditionally given to service workers.

December 26

The term "Boxing Day" comes from the little earthenware boxes that servants, tradespeople, and others who rendered services to the public used to carry around on the day after Christmas to collect tips and year-end bonuses. Although the custom of distributing gifts (usually money) to public servants and employees has continued, it often takes place before Christmas rather than after, and boxes have nothing to do with it. But the name has remained, and Boxing Day is still observed in England, Canada, Australia, and many other nations. In South Africa, it is known as the Day of Good Will . If December 26 falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday or Tuesday is usually observed as a public or Bank Holiday.



Make an obscene gesture by closing one's fist and extending one's middle finger upward, generally interpreted as fuck you. For example, Herb has a dangerous habit of giving the finger to motorists who cut in front of him. Although from about 1890 to 1920 this term was used in the sense of "disappoint or snub someone," that meaning seems to have died out. [Second half of 1900s]


While the boards of both companies agreed to the broad outlines of the deal and its price before the weekend, these people said, one issue was still a sticking point: whether Pfizer would be allowed to back out of the deal if the economy worsened or Wyeth's prospects faded.

sticking point noun [C]
A sticking point in a discussion is a point on which it is not possible to reach an agreement:
Exactly how the land is to be divided up is the main sticking point of the peace talks.
sticking point
Meaning #1: a point at which an impasse arises in progress toward and agreement or a goal
n.
A point, issue, or situation that causes or is likely to cause an impasse.

give ~ the finger:片語,向某人伸出中指。例句: It is very impolite to give someone the finger.(對某人比出中指是非常不禮貌的。)


stick v.intr.
To be or become fixed or embedded in place by having the point thrust in.
To become or remain attached or in close association by or as if by adhesion; cling: stick together in a crowd.
To remain firm, determined, or resolute: stuck to basic principles.
To remain loyal or faithful: stuck by her through hard times.
To persist or endure: a bad name that has stuck.
To scruple or hesitate: She sticks at nothing—no matter how difficult.
To become fixed, blocked, checked, or obstructed: The drawer stuck and would not open.
To project or protrude: hair sticking out on his head.
Sports. To throw a jab in boxing.
phrasal verbs:
stick around Informal.
To remain; linger.
stick out
To be prominent.
Informal. To put up with: stick out a bad situation.
stick up
To rob, especially at gunpoint.

NOUN

informal, chiefly US
An armed robbery in which a gun is used to threaten people:I had strolled into a genuine stick-up
stick up for
Support or defend (a person or cause):they pick on her and she won’t stick up for herself
stick to ..[stick to ...]

    (1)STICK by
    (2) ⇒(自)2
    (3) 〈決意・主義などを〉捨てない;〈約束を〉守り通す
    stick fast to a belief
    信念を貫く
    stick to the rules
    ((略式))規則どおりにやる.
    (4) 〈人などを〉手放さない, 〈人に〉味方する, 〈主題から〉それない, 脱線しない
    stick to the point
    要点をはずさない.
    (5) 〈仕事などを〉最後までやりとげる, 〈仕事・勉強に〉専念する.

stick2
stɪk/
verb
gerund or present participle: sticking
  1. 1.
    push a sharp or pointed object into or through (something).
    "he stuck his fork into the sausage"

  2. 2.
    insert, thrust, or push.
    "a youth with a cigarette stuck behind one ear"

positive spin, tailspin, spin a yarn/tale, recital, socially-networked, accountability


 After Google disappoints, Page points at future growth chances
PCWorld (blog)
Google CEO Larry Page tried to put a positive spin on his company's poor third-quarter financial results, which were released prematurely Thursday and triggered a panicked stock sell-off before trading was abruptly halted. During a conference call with ...


PC Sales Go Into a Tailspin


  The Short Life of a PR Fiasco
In a socially-networked world, companies may be able to survive public relations disasters better than in the old days of "traditional" news and corporate spin.




A few weeks ago, Mr. Wing, a high school student from Spokane, Wash., took another Google product out for a spin: the Chrome Operating System.
Google is not expected to unveil the highly anticipated Chrome OS until the end of the year, and the software is expected to run, at first, only on the class of low-cost PCs called netbooks. But Mr. Wing, along with a growing number of other Google fans, did not want to wait.



Small-Picture Approach Flips Medical Economics

By BRUCE JAPSEN
Accountable care organizations, a new kind of health care practice, are gaining momentum in part because of the Affordable Care Act signed into law two years ago.


: : : The transitive of "spin" has a meaning of forming or creating as when a spider "spins" a web. : : : So when someone "spins a tale" he or she is creating or forming a story. : : I think this could have a different origin. In the UK the saying is often 'to spina yarn' - a yarn being a story or tale.Feb 6, 2003

Re: "spin a tale" - The Phrase Finder

www.phrases.org.uk/bulletin_board/18/messages/836.html


感謝 David 讓我學英文
Dear HC,,

最近重新翻翻這本書 Four Days with Dr. Deming, p.164 有一段話描述下屬怎樣應付精明的主管

The staff reacted to avoid her punishment. We sanitized the information. Each staff calculated the spin to put on the numbers, to position his or her reports in the best light.

不很確定 calculate the spin to...., position his reports in the best light 的意思與翻譯

Best rgds
David Hsu
--

這spin 意思是見解
((米略式))(特定の)見解, 解釈
put a political spin on ...
…に政治的な解釈を加える.

所以"每人提的數據/見解都經過美化 (馬殺雞)
讓他們的報告看起來漂亮點"
這情形在當年康旭時或許類似
--
再讀 spin 解釋錯誤
原譯用輪盤賭局來解釋spin 有點道理

n.
  1. The act of spinning.
  2. A swift whirling motion.
  3. A state of mental confusion.
  4. Informal. A short drive in a vehicle: took a spin in the new car.
  5. The flight condition of an aircraft in a nose-down, spiraling, stalled descent.
    1. A distinctive point of view, emphasis, or interpretation: "Dryden . . . was adept at putting spin on an apparently neutral recital of facts" (Robert M. Adams).
    2. A distinctive character or style: an innovative chef who puts a new spin on traditional fare.
  6. Physics.
    1. The intrinsic angular momentum of a subatomic particle. Also called spin angular momentum.
    2. The total angular momentum of an atomic nucleus.
    3. A quantum number expressing spin angular momentum.






---


[動](spun 〔spn〕 or((古))span 〔spǽn〕, spun, 〜・ning)(他)

1III[名]([副])]…を(勢いよく)回転させる, ぐるぐる回す;〈洗濯物を〉(脱水機にかけて)脱水する(spin-dry)
spin a record [a nickel]
レコード[硬貨]を回す
Spin me around the block in your new car.
君の新車で近所を一回りしてくれ.
2 …を紡ぐ, 紡績する;[spin A into B/spin B out of A]〈A(原料)をB(糸)に〉紡ぐ
spin wool into yarn [=spin yarn out of wool]
羊毛を糸に紡ぐ.
3 〈クモ・蚕などが〉〈糸を〉吐く
A spider spins a web.
クモは巣をかける.
4 …を(糸を紡ぐように)作り出す, 展開させる;…をるると語る;〈話を〉つくり上げる
spin a (long) yarn
いい加減な話を長々とする
spin tall tales
ほら話をする.
5 …に変える((into ...)).
6 〈仕事・話などを〉長引かせる, 引き延ばす;〈金などを〉(長く)もたせる((out))
spin the project out
計画を引き延ばす.
7 …を(施盤で)回転成形する.
8 〈ロケット・誘導ミサイルに〉回転をつける.
9 ((米略式))〈人を〉ある意見をもつように誘導する.
━━(自)
1I([副])]ぐるぐる回る, 〈こまなどが〉くるくる回る;きりきり舞いする. ⇒TURN[類語]
spin on one toe
片足のつま先でぐるぐる回る.
2 〈クモが〉糸を吐く, 〈蚕が〉まゆを作る, 糸を紡ぐ, 紡績する, 〈血・果汁などが〉糸のように流れ出る, 〈雪が〉舞うように降る.
3 速く進む[行く, 走る];((略式))(車で)飛ばす((along))
The years spin away.
時はあっという間に過ぎていく.
4 〈頭が〉くらくらする, 目まいがする
Her head was spinning with confusion and fatigue.
彼女の頭は困惑と疲労でくらくらしていた.
5 スピナー(spinner)で魚を釣る.
spin ... off/spin off ...
(1) 〈会社・資産などを〉分離新設する.
(2) …を(副産物として)生み出す, 派生させる.
━━[名][U][C]
1 回転(する[させる]こと);(ボールなどの)ひねり, スピン;(回転脱水槽での)脱水
the spin of the earth
地球の自転
put a spin on a ball
ボールにスピンをかける
with plenty of spin
ひねりをかけた.
2 ((米略式))(特定の)見解, 解釈
put a political spin on ...
…に政治的な解釈を加える.
3 下落, 急落
Wool prices went into a spin.
羊毛の値段は急落した.
4 (楽しみのための)短いドライブ.
5 《航空》きりもみ降下(tailspin);《宇宙》(ロケット・誘導ミサイルに)回転をつけること.
6 《物理学》スピン.
7 ((豪))幸運続き;因果.
8 ((S-))音楽雑誌.
be in a (flat) spin
((英略式))あわてる, 困惑する.re·cit·al (rĭ-sīt'l) pronunciation
n.
  1. The act of reading or reciting in a public performance.
  2. A very detailed account or report of something; a narration.
  3. A public performance of music or dance, especially by a solo performer.
recitalist re·ci'tal·ist n.




táilspìn[táil・spìn]
  [名](飛行機の)きりもみ降下(spin);(一般に)事態の急激な悪化, 手の打ちようのない事態, 落ち込み
It sent me into a tailspin.
それですっかり参ってしまった.


**** 感謝林公孚給我們的
我的COMMENTS: 七八年前某留美化工人將ACCOUNTABILITY 翻譯成當責並出書--書中錯誤頗多 (我在中油訓練所讀到他們當時的 BIBLE 哈哈大笑....)
這些東西都是有點玩字 老生長談