2016年8月31日 星期三

interstitial, pancreas, hormone, hormone leptin, pancreatic cancer

An experimental device to help people with diabetes is close to becoming reality, but a new study suggests that tests have largely ignored minorities.


Failure to include minority patients may lead to gaps in knowledge or delay its use
SCIENTIFICAMERICAN.COM

Really?: Gum Disease Tied to Pancreatic Cancer Risk

By ANAHAD O'CONNOR
Some new studies suggest a link between poor gum health and cancer, and researchers hope that gum disease may help identify people at greater risk.

Obese Children Less Sensitive to Taste

By NICHOLAS BAKALAR
A connection is not clear, but German researchers suggested that the hormone leptin might affect both body weight and taste buds.


間質性膀胱炎(interstitial cystitis, IC),是一種會造成尿急/頻尿(urgency/frequency
)和/或骨盆腔疼痛(pelvic pain)的臨床症狀症候群。它是膀胱的一種慢性炎性病變 ...

Patrick Swayze: He Had the Looks, and the Moves

By Richard Corliss
Actor Patrick Swayze, a romantic idol to millions, has died of pancreatic cancer at the age of 57


'Major win' in pancreatic cancer fight http://bbc.in/1XpvdfO

A new combination of chemotherapy drugs should become the main therapy for pancreatic cancer, say UK researchers.
BBC.IN


pancreas

n. - 胰腺    すいぞう 膵臓
膵臓炎 pancreatitis.

「膵臓」を使った用例

  • バイオ人工膵臓
  • bioartificial pancreas
  • ヒト膵臓
  • human pancreas
  • ホルモンを過剰に産生する膵臓の腫瘍
  • pancreatic tumor that produces excessive levels of the hormone
  • ラット膵臓腺房細胞
  • rat pancreatic acinus
  • 伝染性膵臓壊死症
  • infectious pancreatic necrosis





in·ter·sti·tial (ĭn'tər-stĭshəl) pronunciation
adj.
  1. Relating to, occurring in, or affecting interstices.
  2. Anatomy. Relating to or situated in the small, narrow spaces between tissues or parts of an organ: interstitial cells; interstitial fluid.
━━ n. 【結晶】侵入型.
interstitial cell 【組織】間(質)細胞.
interstitial-cell-stimulating hormone 【生化】間(質)細胞刺激ホルモン ((略 ICSH)).
interstitial compound 【化】侵入型化合物.


interstitially
in'ter·stitial·ly adv.

2009年12月17日 ... 志賀 葉子さん(しが・ようこ、本名白銀小浪=しろがね・こなみ=歌人)11月12日 午前6時、間質性肺炎のため千葉市の病院で死去、88歳。朝鮮半島生まれ。葬儀は 済ませた。喪主は夫彦太郎(ひこたろう)氏。(2009/12/17-13:03)
一般的認為間質性肺炎(IIP)又稱肺纖維化(IPE)、纖維性肺泡炎(CFA)。本病在國內外還會有其他病名,但是這些病名都是一個繫列的性質相同的病,隻是在病情的進展過程 ...

leptin[lep・tin]
  • 発音記号[léptin]
[名]脂肪制御ホルモンhormone.

millwork, mill about, in tatters. apophasis, complaint, run-of-the-mill



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Before it met a violent end last month, China’s stockmarket rally was more than just your run-of-the-mill mania. It was political. Many investors called it a “state bull market”, believing the government was firmly in control, guaranteeing that shares would only go up. Buying stocks “is buying the Chinese dream”, proclaimed a top brokerage. The plunge of nearly one third over the past four weeks has left the dream in tatters http://econ.st/1D1FGQ3
China learns that stocks are beyond the Communist Party’s control
ECON.ST






It was just a run-of-the-mill banking press conference - until this happened: http://bbc.in/1Oeeq5O
A woman interrupts a news conference by Mario Draghi, President of the European Central Bank (ECB) AFP Photo: Daniel Roland

The Trans-Allegheny Lunatic Asylum in Weston, W.Va., isn’t your run-of-the-mill haunted house.

While Deng believed that science and technology were important — as have many Chinese reformers since the late 19th century — he feared that the humanities and social sciences could be seedbeds of heterodoxy; he never hesitated in punishing intellectuals, whose divergent views could “lead to demonstrations that disrupt public order.” It is telling that for Deng perhaps the worst development in the Communist world after Tiananmen was the execution on Dec. 25, 1989, of the Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife. Ceausescu was the only Eastern European leader whose troops had fired on civilians.
Vogel calls Tiananmen a “tragedy,” and quotes Deng brushing aside doubts from colleagues that using troops to smash the uprising would disturb foreigners; “Westerners would forget.” Actually, it is young Chinese for whom the demonstrations in over 300 cities are a dim fact absent from their history lessons. Vogel’s account of the crackdown is largely accurate, although he omits the shooting down on Sunday morning of many parents milling about at the edge of the square, searching for their children. In this, as in other parts of this narrative, Vogel could have spoken with journalists who were there, and not just read their accounts. (I declare an interest; I saw these events.) What is disappointing is Vogel’s comments about why “the tragedy in Tiananmen Square evoked a massive outcry in the West, far greater than previous tragedies in Asia of comparable scale.”
 傅高義稱天安門事件是一場“悲劇”,還提到鄧的同事提出質疑,說使用軍隊鎮壓起義會惹怒外國人,鄧對此不以為然:“西方人會忘記的。”實際上,年輕 一代的中國人對這次在300多個城市爆發的示威只有模糊的認識,因為他們的歷史課上沒有提到這件事。傅高義對這次鎮壓的描述大部分是準確的,不過他遺漏了 一點:周日早上,很多在廣場邊緣尋找自己孩子的父母被槍殺了。關於這一點,以及其他一些部分,傅高義本可以與當時在場的記者交流一下,而不只是閱讀他們的 記述(作為這些事件的目擊者,我表示願意與他交談)。令人失望的一點是,傅高義提出了這樣的疑問:為什麼“天安門悲劇在西方社會引發了大範圍的強烈抗議, 強度遠遠大於之前在亞洲發生的類似規模的悲劇”?







'Hitler'
By A. N. WILSON
Reviewed by DAGMAR HERZOG


A. N. Wilson's brief biography examines how a ludicrously run-of-the-mill man like Hitler rose to a position of such terrible power.


F.B.I. Makes Insider Trading Arrests Federal authorities announced insider trading charges against seven people on Wednesday, accusing them of earning nearly $62 million illegally trading on shares of Dell.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested four people across the country as part of the case, an escalation of the government's aggressive insider trading investigation.

The three other people named in the criminal complaint




 run-of-the-mill
Ordinary, average, as in There's nothing special about these singers--they're just run of the mill. This expression alludes to fabrics coming directly from a mill without having been sorted or inspected for quality. It has survived such similar phrases as run of the mine and run of the kiln, for the products of mines and kilns. [Late 1800s]


apophasis
【名詞】1ある事柄については触れないと言いながらそれとなくほのめかすこと(mentioning something by saying it will not be mentioned)

(uh-POF/-uh-sis) 有時候是欲擒故縱/陽否陰述


apophasis (複数形 apophases) (rhetoric) An allusion to something by denying that it will be mentioned "I won't mention your bad grammar" is an example of apophasis.


noun: Allusion to something by denying it will be said.

Etymology
Via Latin from Greek apophanai (to say no), from apo- (away from) + phanai (to say). Ultimately from the Indo-European root bha- (to speak) that is also the source of fable, phone, fame, boon, and infant. First recorded use: 1657.

Usage
"There is almost no complaint that Ralph Nader and Dear Abby won't listen to, but I don't remember either of them ever tried to do anything about a dangling participle or a badly mixed metaphor, not to mention damnable apophasis." — Jack Smith; Hey, Watch That Language!; Milwaukee Journal (Wisconsin); Nov 11, 1974.

"It's an Afghan apophasis. By claiming he does not want to participate in a political process that is hopelessly overrun with corruption, Abdullah is acknowledging just the opposite -- that he very much wants power and influence in the Afghan political realm." — Teddy Minch; Well Now What?; The Tufts Daily (Medford, Massachusetts); Nov 4, 2009.


complaint[com・plaint]

  • 発音記号[kəmpléint]   [名]
1 [U][C](…に対する;…という)不平, 苦情, クレーム, 小言, ぐち, 泣き言((against, on ...;about, of ..., that節))
a complaint about rising taxes
税金が高くなってきたという不平
a letter of complaint
苦情の手紙
reason [cause, grounds] for complaint
苦情の原因
have [receive] a complaint
苦情を受ける.
2 不満[苦情]の種;体の故障, 軽い異常;((時に婉曲))病気(sickness)
a chronic complaint
慢性病.
3 ((米))《法律》(民事訴訟手続きで)訴状;(刑事法で)告訴(状)
complaints procedure
告訴の手続き
make [file, lay] a complaint against a person
人を訴える.
(I have) no complaints.
(特に)不満はないよ.


mill


 音節
mill1
millの変化形
mills (複数形) • milled (過去形) • milled (過去分詞) • milling (現在分詞) • mills (三人称単数現在)
millの慣用句
go through the mill, (全1件)
[名]
1 ひき臼(うす), 製粉機, 精米[精麦]機
a coffee [a pepper] mill
コーヒー[こしょう]ひき器
The mills of God grind slowly (, but they grind exceedingly small).
((ことわざ)) 天網恢々(かいかい)疎にして漏らさず.
2 粉ひき場, 製粉所, 精米[精麦]所
a water [a wind] mill
水車[風車]場.
3 工場, 製作所;工作機械;(宝石などの)研磨機;(果汁をとる)圧搾機
a cotton [a paper, a steel] mill
紡績[製紙, 製鋼]工場
a gossip mill
うわさ製造元.
4 ((略式))(人・事柄を機械的に処理する)公共機関[施設]
a divorce mill
離婚裁判所
a diploma mill
マスプロ学校[大学].
5 ((俗))ボクシングの試合;殴り合い.
6 ((俗))
(1) 機関車;(自動車などの)エンジン.
(2) タイプライター.
7 ((俗))留置場.
go [put a person] through the mill
((略式))苦難を経験する[させる];訓練を受ける[受けさせる].
━━[動](他)
1 〈物を〉製粉機[粉砕機, 研磨機など]にかける;…を製粉する
mill grainflour
穀物をひいて粉にする[製粉する].
2 《貨幣》〈硬貨に〉耳[へり]をつける;…にぎざをつける.
3 〈チョコレートなどを〉かき混ぜてあわ立てる.
4 ((俗))〈人に〉げんこつをくらわす;〈人と〉格闘する;〈人を〉投獄する.
5 〈物事を〉熟考する((over)).
━━(自)
1 〈物が〉ひき臼[製粉機, 研磨機など]にかかる.
2 ((略式))〈家畜・人の群れが〉あてもなく動き回る, ぐるぐる回る;うろつく((about, around)) mill about - move about in a confused manner      
A crowd of people milled about in the park.
公園には大勢の人がぶらついていた.
3 ((俗))〈人が〉なぐり合う.
[後ラテン語molīna (molaひき臼+-INE1)]




音節
 
míll • wòrk
[名詞]
  1. 1(ドア・窓枠など)工場製の既製木工品. cf. CABINETWORK 1.
  2. 2工場[製粉場]の機械作業.
  3. 3(一般に)木工品. (また míll wòrk)

2016年8月30日 星期二

nut, nuts, nutty, go nuts, nut job, SAPONIN, emphatic , mess (sth) up,


A year behind bars for Heather Cho, the daughter of the chairman of Korean Air, for her extraordinary melt-down over a packet of poorly-presented macadamia nuts. Ms Cho was also found guilty of committing acts of violence against a crew member, forcing him to kneel and hitting him with a service manual. The price of going nutshttp://econ.st/1E4tNtO


What is the cost of good service? Heather Cho is probably pondering that as she faces a year behind bars for her extraordinary melt-down over a packet of...
ECON.ST


For some reason, Sergey Brin and Larry Page of Google never got the memo explaining how everyone is supposed to be terrified of Microsoft. This drives Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer nuts. Ballmer, the blustery baldy who gleefully plays the role of technology's biggest villain and relishes his company's status as the world's most powerful software shop, has vowed for years that he will kill Google. But Google just keeps getting stronger. It's like they're taunting him!


Quote:
"When you innovate, you've got to be prepared for everyone telling you you're nuts."Larry Ellison



InBev's corporate culture is focused heavily on cost controls, so some analysts think the company would take steps to slash Anheuser's hefty marketing budget, which could harm its brands. But Mr. Brito, InBev's chief executive, "is emphatic...that they would be nuts to mess up the business Anheuser has built," said Mr. Steinman. "The smart idea is to keep what's going right at A-B."






サポニン【saponin】
If someone told you that you could clean your clothes with nuts, you'd probably think they were ... well, nuts瘋子.
Yet although a packet of salty peanuts probably won't get your whites spanking clean, the saponin-containing husks of "Soapnuts," can be an eco-friendly substitute for laundry detergent.
saponin
(săp'ə-nĭn, sə-pō'-pronunciation
n.
Any of various plant glucosides that form soapy lathers when mixed and agitated with water, used in detergents, foaming agents, and emulsifiers.

[From Latin sāpō, sāpōn-, hair dye, of Germanic origin.]

広く植物界に存在する、サポゲニンという多環式化合物と糖とが結合した配糖体。無定形の粉末で、水溶液はよく泡立つ。溶血作用・強心作用・利尿作用・去痰(きょたん)作用などがある。薬用に用いられるほか、...

Nuttiness - definition of nuttiness by The Free Dictionary

www.thefreedictionary.com/nuttiness

Having a flavor like that of nuts: The wild turkey often has a nutty taste when cooked. 3. Slang Crazy; idiotic: a nutty idea. nut′ti·ly adv. nut′ti·ness n.


nuts
(nŭts) pronunciation Slang.
adj.
  1. Crazy; insane.
  2. Extremely enthusiastic: I'm nuts about opera.
interj.
Used to express contempt, disappointment, or refusal.

[From NUT.]


nut job

noun
noun, orig US

A mad or crazy person. (1975 —) .

Muzik 'Electric Chicken'...is a vinyl-only bucket of weird beat Hot Wings, featuring international nut jobs like Japan's Himuro...and Solar X from Russia (2001).


mess (sth) up (SPOIL) phrasal verb [M] INFORMAL
to spoil or damage something, or to do something wrong or badly:
I feel I've messed up my chances of becoming a great singer.
He says that his divorce has really messed his life up.
You've really messed up this time.

nuts
adj.
  1. Crazy; insane.
  2. Extremely enthusiastic: I'm nuts about opera.
interj.
Used to express contempt, disappointment, or refusal.

[From NUT.]



nutsLine breaks: nuts

informal

Definition of nuts in English:

ADJECTIVE

[PREDICATIVE]
Mad:the way he turns on the television as soon as he walks in drives me nuts

EXCLAMATION

(often nuts to you (or him etc.))Back to top  
An expression of contempt or derision.


Phrases



be nuts about (or British on)

1
Like very much:I was nuts about him
nut (PERSON) Show phonetics
noun [C] INFORMAL
1 a person who is mentally ill or who behaves in a very foolish or stupid or strange way:
What kind of nut would leave a car on a railway track?

2 someone who is extremely enthusiastic about a particular activity or thing:
Ian's a tennis nut - he plays every day.
See also nuts (FOOLISH).

nutty Show phonetics
adjective INFORMAL
crazy, foolish or strange:
She's got some nutty idea about setting up a school for cats.

nutter Show phonetics
noun [C] UK INFORMAL
someone who is crazy, foolish or strange:
He's a bit of a nutter.

emphasize Show phonetics
verb [T]
1 (UK USUALLY -ise) to show or state that something is particularly important or worth giving attention to:
[+ question word] I'd just like to emphasize how important it is for people to learn foreign languages.
[+ that] He emphasized that all the people taking part in the research were volunteers.
You can use italics or capitals to emphasize a word in a piece of writing.

2 to make something more obvious:
Tight jeans will only emphasize any extra weight that you are carrying.

emphasis Show phonetics
noun [C or U] plural emphases
1 the particular importance or attention that you give to something:
I think we should put as much emphasis on preventing disease as we do on curing it.
Schools here put/place/lay great emphasis on written work and grammar.

2 the extra force that you give to a word or part of a word when you are saying it:
The emphasis is on the final syllable.
Where do you put the emphasis in the word 'controversy'?

emphatic Show phonetics
adjective
done or said in a strong way and without any doubt:
Poland reached the final of the championship yesterday with an emphatic 5-0 victory over Italy.
The minister has issued an emphatic rejection of the accusation.

emphatically Show phonetics
adverb
Johnson has emphatically denied the allegations against him.

oversee, visor, visage, overseer, deep fryer/ fryolator

Freia David is hanging up her 麥當勞 visor after 32 years.

Freia David has run the fryolator since 1984.
USATODAY.COM

It's 3-D, High Definition and in Your Face

By ANNE EISENBERG
Sony will soon introduce a visorlike headset, in which 3-D video can fill the visual equivalent of a movie screen.

Why Hagel Was Picked

By DAVID BROOKS
As our budget braces for Medicare's tyranny, we just need a good overseer to manage the inevitable military decline.



Civilian counterpart to ISAF commander is needed in Afghanistan, says security advisor The international community must appoint a civilian equivalent to ISAF's top commander in Afghanistan, a key security advisor tells Deutsche Welle. The new position should oversee all aid programs in the country.

deep fryer (also known as a frier, deep fat fryer or fryolator) is a kitchen appliance used for deep frying. While commonly used in commercial kitchens, household models are available and have become common.

vi·sor also vi·zor Pronunciation (vzr)
n.
1. A piece projecting from the front of a cap or an elastic headband to shade or protect the eyes.
2. A fixed or movable shield against glare attached above the windshield of an automotive vehicle.
3. The front piece of the helmet of a suit of armor, capable of being raised and lowered and designed to protect the eyes, nose, and forehead.
4. A means of concealment or disguise; a mask.
tr.v. vi·sored also vi·zored, vi·sor·ing also vi·zor·ing, vi·sors also vi·zors
To provide or protect with a visor.

[Alteration of Middle English viser, from Anglo-Norman, from vis, face, from Latin vsus, appearance; see visage.]

o·ver·see (ō'vər-sē') pronunciation
tr.v., -saw (-sô'), -seen (-sēn'), -see·ing, -sees.
  1. To watch over and direct; supervise. See synonyms at supervise.
  2. To subject to scrutiny; examine or inspect.

overseer

アクセント・音節óver・sèer 音声を聞く
【名詞】【可算名詞】
 visage
The face or facial expression of a person.
Synonyms:physiognomy, smiler, kisser, phiz, countenance, mug
Usage:A small bonnet of black silk … was placed on the back of her head, but so as not to shade her visage in the least.

stent, ophthalmologist, titanium, glaucoma, infinitesimal

stent, ophthalmologist,  titanium, glaucoma, infinitesimal

Glaukos, with help from Dr. Richard Little, an ophthalmologist at the University of California, Irvine, developed an infinitesimal titanium stent that can be implanted in the eye to drain fluid and thus reduce the pressure that leads to glaucoma.

Sponsored: Researchers in France are developing a new smart, connected stent containing sensors that can non-invasively monitor how an artery heals after stent implantation.
Research supported by AXA Research Fund

New connected devices could help doctors prescribe anti-coagulant…
SCIENTIFICAMERICAN.COM|由 BEL DUMÉ 上傳

In medicine, a stent is a metal or plastic tube inserted into the lumen of an anatomic vessel or duct to keep the passageway open, and stenting is the placement of a stent. There is a wide variety of stents used for different purposes, from expandable coronary,vascular and biliary stents, to simple plastic stents used to allow the flow of urinebetween kidney and bladder. Stent is also used as a verb to describe the placement of such a device, particularly when a disease such as atherosclerosis has pathologicallynarrowed a structure such as an artery.

支架Stent)是一種應用於植入型外科手術的管狀器具,以治療體內病變的管道例如血管食道輸尿管等,恢復管道的正常運輸功能。支架一般是永久或半永久植入於患者體內,但亦可以意指手術中用以臨時維持管道形狀的輔助工具。

目錄

  [隱藏

infinitesimal
adjective FORMAL
extremely small:
The amounts of radioactivity present were infinitesimal.

infinitesimally
adverb FORMAL
infinitesimally small

ophthalmologist 眼科醫師
stent 支架

鈦與鈦合金

titanium


glau·co·ma (glou-kō'mə, glô-pronunciation
n.
Any of a group of eye diseases characterized by abnormally high intraocular fluid pressure, damaged optic disk, hardening of the eyeball, and partial to complete loss of vision.
[Latin glaucōma, cataract, from Greek glaukōma, from glaukos, gray.]
青光眼的定義一直在更新。早期,人們認為眼壓高,就是青光眼,後來發現了正常人也有高眼壓,而一部分眼壓正常的人們又有青光眼。所以看教科書上關於青光眼的定義隨著人們對這個疾病認識的提高而變化著。青光眼的共同特徵是視神經萎縮視野缺損,病理性的眼壓升高是重要的危險因素之一。
English

中文維基百科青光眼使用者
n. - 綠內障, 青光眼