2016年2月29日 星期一

let up (STOP), wean, express, inexpressible, critique,


And he's not letting up.

This year the Oscar folks knew what was coming — and knew they had it coming.
USATODAY.COM


The social problems arising from the slowdown have stirred anxiety in the top leadership of the Communist Party, whose legitimacy is based on maintaining economic growth. Prime Minister Wen Jiabao is pushing for policies that will increase domestic consumer consumption to wean China off its reliance on exports.


Of all industrial countries, Sweden is probably the farthest along in weaning itself from fossil fuels.



"After silence, that which comes nearest to expressing the inexpressible is music." — Aldous Huxley


express,  inexpressible, let up (STOP), critique, 


If Levitt never let up on his students, he never let up on himself, either, continuing to work and play tennis even as his body failed. "He loved tennis, but it was a constant struggle for him," remembers his son Peter. "We held his memorial service at the Belmont Tennis Club, and a woman who was a member came up and said, 'You know, Ted's tennis game ... he never got it.' That's what he loved about the club. People like that. Even though he had just died, people were still critiquing his game."



let up (STOP) phrasal verb INFORMAL
to stop doing something that you have been doing continuously or in a determined way:
Neil spent the entire evening moaning about his job - he just wouldn't let up.
The police insist that they are not letting up on their campaign against drugs.


n.
  1. A critical review or commentary, especially one dealing with works of art or literature.
  2. A critical discussion of a specified topic.
  3. The art of criticism.
tr.v. Usage Problem.-tiqued-tiqu·ing-tiques.
To review or discuss critically.
[French, from Greek kritikē (tekhnē), (art) of criticism, feminine of kritikos, critical. See critic.]
USAGE NOTE Critique has been used as a verb meaning “to review or discuss critically” since the 18th century, but lately this usage has gained much wider currency, in part because the verb criticize, once neutral between praise and censure, is now mainly used in a negative sense.
But this use of critique is still regarded by many as pretentious jargon, although resistance appears to be weakening. In our 1997 ballot, 41 percent of the Usage Panel rejected the sentence As mock inquisitors grill him, top aides take notes and critique the answers with the President afterward.
Ten years earlier, 69 percent disapproved of this same sentence. Resistance is still high when a person is critiqued: 60 percent of the Usage Panel rejects its use in the sentence Students are taught how to do a business plan and then are critiqued on it. Thus, it may be preferable to avoid this word. There is no exact synonym, but in most contexts one can usually substitute go over, review, or analyze. • Note, however, that critique is widely accepted as a noun in a neutral context; 86 percent of the Panel approved of its use in the sentence The committee gave the report a thorough critique and found it both informed and intelligent.
express
tr.v.
-pressed-press·ing-press·es.
  1. To set forth in words; state.
  2. To manifest or communicate, as by a gesture; show. See synonyms at vent1.
  3. To make known the feelings or opinions of (oneself), as by statement or art.
  4. To convey or suggest a representation of; depict: The painting expresses the rage of war victims.
  5. To represent by a sign or a symbol; symbolize: express a fraction as a decimal.
  6. To squeeze or press out, as juice from an orange.
  7. To send by special messenger or rapid transport: express a package to Los Angeles.
  8. Genetics.
    1. To cause (itself) to produce an effect or a phenotype. Used of a gene: The gene expressed itself under specific environmental conditions.
    2. To manifest the effects of (a gene): Half of the people who inherit the gene express it.
    3. To manifest (a genetic trait): All the mice in the study expressed the defect.
adj.
  1. Definitely and explicitly stated: their express wish. See synonyms at explicit.
  2. Particular; specific: an express plan.
    1. Sent out with or moving at high speed.
    2. Direct, rapid, and usually nonstop: express delivery of packages; an express bus.
    3. Of, relating to, or appropriate for rapid travel: express lanes on a freeway.
adv.
By express delivery or transport.
n.
    1. A rapid, efficient system for the delivery of goods and mail.
    2. Goods and mail conveyed by such a system.
  1. A means of transport, such as a train, that travels rapidly and makes few or no stops before its destination.
  2. Chiefly British.
    1. A special messenger.
    2. A message delivered by special courier.
[Middle English expressen, from Old French expresser, from Medieval Latin expressāre, frequentative of Latin exprimere : ex-, ex- + premere, to press.]
expresser ex·press'er n.
expressible ex·press'i·ble adj.


wean
verb [T]
to cause a baby or young animal to stop feeding on its mother's milk and to start eating other food, especially solid food, instead:
The studies were carried out on calves that had been weaned at 5 weeks of age.

weaning
noun [U]
A lot of mothers find early weaning from breast milk more convenient.

insidious, revenant, reverb, prom, promenade, viscera, visceral, eviscerate, essential, pigment

“Leo, you are 'The Revenant.' Thank you for giving me … your soul, your heart, your life.” -Alejandro González Iñárritu, who won the best director Oscar for "The Revenant"



Alejandro González Iñárritu’s new film, “The Revenant”, is a visceral man-against-the-wilderness tale with full metaphysical reverb: Jack London by way of Terrence Malick

“The Revenant” confirms him as the most exciting director in Hollywood
ECON.ST
Architecture also provides a useful indicator of status in academia – the more prestigious the architect, the more favoured the subject matter. At the moment, business schools and biotechnology lead the way. David Chipperfield’s HEC campus in Paris is coolly impressive, while Irish firm Grafton Architects’ Bocconi University in Milan is a visceral example of a new concrete brutalism

 Certainly there is more to do, but eviscerating privacy rights in the process is not the solution.'




QUOTATION OF THE DAY

"These are people I see in class every day. What's wrong with dancing with me, just because I have more pigment?"
MARESHIA RUCKER, a black senior at Wilcox County High School in Georgia, who was not invited to the school's "white prom."

 

 

 

 

Truth and Lies About Medicare

Both Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan are implying that the Affordable Care Act would eviscerate Medicare when in fact the law should shore up the program.
Microsoft Fires Shot at Motorola
Microsoft said it has filed a competition law complaint with the European Commission against Motorola Mobility in regard to Motorola's handling of standards-essential patents.

In the back of the room, back where they were parched, back where no water or coffee was served for the two-hour meeting, sat Greg Craig, the White House counsel who was a ghostly presence, given his death by a thousand leaks.
Only a year after he had helped Barack Obama get elected by eviscerating his close friend, Clinton White House colleague and Yale Law School classmate, Hillary Clinton, Craig was himself eviscerated by the Obama inner circle.

台灣大學將校門口前的"大學廣場"取名為University Promenade,有點奇怪。


on Page 39:
" ... such accepted popular arts festivals as Sir Henry Wood's London `proms' at Royal Albert Hall suggested some qualified cultural advance, if hardly a cultural revolution.
"
insidious,

The methods may differ, but if you have something critical to say and it somehow becomes public knowledge, you should brace yourself for unpleasant consequences. In December the Taiwan Securities Association, a trade body, reminded brokers, on behalf of the government, that the press must receive the firm’s approval before quoting research.
When critical brokers’ opinions are cited in newspapers, regulators now want “explanations”. On February 4th CLSA, a regional broker, issued a report saying Taiwan’s economy had deteriorated sharply. The press jumped on the report, and the government jumped on CLSA, which quickly issued a statement. The report was intended for clients alone and CLSA had not changed its investment opinions. Regulators have insidiously suggested that investment firms take a harder line by suing media outlets that report on their opinions.
Once Elected, Palin Hired Friends and Lashed Foes
Gov. Sarah Palin’s visceral style and tendency to attack critics contrast with her public image, her record shows.


Carlos Ghosn, who now runs both the French automaker Renault and its Japanese affiliate, Nissan Motor, urged his fellow auto executives yesterday to wean themselves from costly incentives, which he said had become "an insidious, confusing carousel" on which the companies could not stop spinning. Published: April 13, 2006



One of Alfred Hitchcock's greatest films, Notorious features the director at his devilishly elegant, self-assured best. A visual masterpiece, it plays like a seamlessly assembled jigsaw puzzle, in which each piece fits together with clean precision. The film's smooth veneer largely creates its visceral impact: lurking beneath the gloss are dealings of the most grotesque sort, their execution made all the more insidious by their sophisticated guise.

━━ a. 悪賢い陰険な(病気が)知らない間に進行する. insidiously ━━ ad. こっそりと裏面で.

參考《英美文學評論》2007 末篇的一文字遊戲
Margaret Edson's play, Wit, portrays a professor of metaphysical poetry, especially the work of John Donne, who struggles to accept the inevitability of her own death after being diagnosed with ovarian cancer. A scathing commentary on the ethos of medical intervention driven by the imperatives of research rather than care, the play traces, too, the friendship between the dying scholar and her attending nurse. Wit won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1999 and was adapted into a 2001 television movie, starring Emma Thompson.


revenant
ˈrɛv(ə)nənt/
noun
  1. a person who has returned, especially supposedly from the dead.
    "he was three hundred years old, a terrible living revenant"
insidious
DJ: []
a. (形容詞 adjective)
  1. 陰險的;狡詐的;暗中為害的
  2. 陰險的敵人
  3. (疾病等)不知不覺間加劇的;隱伏的
  4. 潰爛在不知不覺間的蔓延

adjective
(of something unpleasant or dangerous) gradually and secretly causing harm:
High-blood pressure is an insidious condition which has few symptoms.
The Super Lottery Is No Prize 
It is the humble and ubiquitous lottery that looks like the most insidious form of gambling.


insidious  Hide phonetics
adjective
(of something unpleasant or dangerous) gradually and secretly causing harm:
High-blood pressure is an insidious condition which has few symptoms.

insidiously
adverb

insidiousness
noun [U]

visceral Show phonetics
adjective LITERARY
based on deep feeling and emotional reactions rather than on reason or thought:
visceral hatred/excitement
His approach to acting is visceral rather than intellectual.

vis・cer・a


━━ n.pl. (sing. vis・cus ) 【解】(the ~) 内臓; はらわた.
 vis・cer・al
 ━━ a. 【解】内臓の; 感情的な, 本能的な.

reverb
ˈriːvəːb,rɪˈvəːb/
noun
  1. an effect whereby the sound produced by an amplifier or an amplified musical instrument is made to reverberate slightly.
    "the best available Barios recording, despite reverb"
    • a device for producing reverb.
      plural noun: reverbs
      "there are 16 effects available, including a number of reverbs"



prom (PARTY)
noun [C] US
a formal party held for older students at the end of the school year, at which there is dancing:
Who are you taking to the Senior Prom?
The noun prom has one meaning:
Meaning #1: a formal ball held for a school class toward the end of the academic year
Synonym: promenade



プロムナード【(フランス)promenade】
promenade noun [C] (INFORMAL prom)
a path for walking on, especially one built next to the sea:
We strolled along on the promenade eating ice-creams.
  1.  散歩。
  1.  散歩道。遊歩道。
promenade
verb [I] OLD-FASHIONED
to walk slowly along a road or path for relaxation and pleasure






prom

Pronunciation: /prɒm/
Translate prom | into Italian | into Spanish
Definition of prom

noun

informal

3chiefly North American a formal dance, especially one held by a class in high school or college at the end of a year: he asked me to the school prom but I turned him down [as modifier]:a prom queen

e·vis·cer·ate (ĭ-vĭs'ə-rāt') pronunciation
v., -at·ed, -at·ing, -ates. v.tr.
  1. To remove the entrails of; disembowel.
  2. To take away a vital or essential part of: a compromise that eviscerated the proposed bill.
  3. Medicine.
    1. To remove the contents of (an organ).
    2. To remove an organ, such as an eye, from (a patient).
v.intr. Med






viscera

Line breaks: vis|cera
Pronunciation: /ˈvɪs(ə)rə/

NOUN (singular viscus)


The internal organs in the main cavities of the body, especially those in the abdomene.g. the intestines.

Origin

mid 17th century: from Latin, plural of viscus (seeviscus).




visceral

Line breaks: vis|ceral
Pronunciation: /ˈvɪs(ə)r(ə)l/





ADJECTIVE

1Relating to the viscera:the visceral nervous system
2Relating to deep inward feelings rather than to the intellect:the voters' visceral fear of change
Derivatives



viscerally
ADVERB

eviscerate[e・vis・cer・ate]

  • 発音記号[ivísərèit]

[動](他)((形式))
1 …の内臓を抜く.
2 …を(…を除いて)骨抜きにする((of ...))
eviscerate a book of its satire
風刺を除いて本を骨抜きにする.
━━(自)〈内臓が〉切開のため飛び出す.
e・vís・cer・à・tor
[名]残忍な殺し屋.
e・vìs・cer・á・tion
[名]icine
To protrude through a wound or surgical incision.

[Latin ēviscerāre, ēviscerāt- : ē-, ex-, ex- + viscera, internal organs; see viscera.]
evisceration e·vis'cer·a'tion n.








eviscerate

Line breaks: evis¦cer|ate
Pronunciation: /ɪˈvɪsəreɪt/

VERB


[WITH OBJECT] FORMAL
1Disembowel (a person or animal):the goat had been skinned and neatly eviscerated
1.1Deprive (something) of its essential content:myriad little concessions that would eviscerate the project
1.2Surgery Remove the contents of (the eyeball).

Origin

late 16th century: from Latin eviscerat- 'disembowelled', from the verb eviscerare, from e- (variant of ex-) 'out' +viscera 'internal organs'.
essential

  • 発音記号[isénʃəl]

[形]
1 (…にとって)絶対必要な, 欠くことのできない, 必須(ひっす)の, きわめて重要な, 基本的な, 主要な((to, for ...)). ⇒NECESSARY[類語]
an essential part of the plan
その計画の基本的な部分
Sleep is essential to life [=for the preservation of life].
睡眠は生命[生命の維持]に欠かせない
It is essential that you (should) do it yourself[=for you to do it yourself].
自分でやるのが肝要である(▼that節は仮定法).
2 ((限定))本質的[根源的]な, 本質をなす〈部分・性質・特性〉.
3 (植物・薬剤などの)精(粋)の, エキスの;エキスを含む
essential oil
精油.
4 本来の, 自然の;粋を集めた
essential beauty
本来の美しさ.
5 《病理学》特発性(疾患)の;原因不明の.
━━[名]((通例〜s))(生活・事の)必需品;((the 〜s))不可欠の[基本的な, 本質的な]要素, 特質;主要点, 要点, 主眼点;必須事項
the essentials of algebra
代数学の要点
the bare essentials
最も必要なもの
in (all) essentials
本質[基本]的には.


redoubtable, indubitable, Clear the air


The Japan Times

Japan's cult brands get into character
When the topic turns to “Cool Japan” and the various related efforts to capitalize on Japan's indubitable cultural capital internationally, commendation ...
. on Page 72:
" ... One redoubtable Tory was granted a special place in the sun. Dr Johnson, the literary giant of the age, basked in the political approval of the new regime, signalized with a pension from Lord Bute in 1762. ... "


I've been reading some interesting "where is Google headed" speculation from a the redoubtable but undoubtable Om Malik.


Clear the air (澄清誤會)
含義: 化解隱藏的不滿;消除兩人之間的不良情緒。
例句: “My friend has been ignoring my texts for days. She must be mad at me, but I don't know why. I want to clear the air, so I hope she will meet me to talk!”(我的朋友好幾天都不理會我的簡訊。她一定是生我的氣了,但我不明白為什麼。我想澄清誤會,所以我希望她能跟我當面談談!)


redoubtable 
adjective LITERARY OR HUMOROUS
very strong, especially in character; producing respect and a little fear in others:
Tonight Villiers faces the most redoubtable opponent of his boxing career.


undoubtable
indubitable
adjective FORMAL
that cannot be doubted:
an indubitable fact

indubitably
adverb FORMAL
He looked different, but it was indubitably John.

movement, suffrage, red-letter date, intercessory

在凌淑華(Su Hua)1953的古韻 (Ancient Melodies)翻譯本(台北1991 北京1994/2003)中
有"太平天國運動"說法
應該是錯誤的

又日本的賞櫻時節似非"櫻花節"






Spotlight
Campaigning for Women's Rights          
Campaigning for Women's Rights
July 19 is a red-letter date for women: on this date in 1848, the first women's rights convention began in Seneca Falls, NY. Suffragists Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton were among others who called for equal rights for women in education, law and voting. They drafted a Declaration of Sentiments, based on the Declaration of Independence. (It took another 70-plus years for American women to get the right to vote; the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified on August 18, 1920.) Another blow for women's rights was struck on this date in 1984, when Geraldine Ferraro was chosen as the first female vice-presidential nominee at the Democratic Party convention in San Francisco.
Quote
"Come, come, my conservative friend, wipe the dew off your spectacles, and see that the world is moving." — Elizabeth Cady Stanton
red-letter date
noun [C usually singular]
a special, happy and important day that you will always remember:
The day I first set foot in America was a red-letter day for me.

suffrage Line breaks: suf|frage
Pronunciation: /ˈsʌfrɪdʒ/ 

Definition of suffrage in English:

noun

1[MASS NOUN] The right to vote in political elections:universal adult suffrage[AS MODIFIER]: the women’s suffrage movement
1.1[COUNT NOUN] archaic A vote given in assent to a proposal or in favour of the election of a particular person:the suffrages of the community
2(usually suffrages) (In the Book of Common Prayer) the intercessory petitions pronounced by a priest in the Litany.
2.1A series of petitions pronounced by the priest with the responses of the congregation.
2.2archaic Intercessory prayers, especially those for the dead.
EXAMPLE SENTENCES
  • Nor have we examined adequately suffrages for the dead, the question of indulgences, the role of Mary in Christian piety, or the sins of denominationalism against the communion that is God's present gift.
  • In their funerals and suffrages for the dead, they make great difference between the rich and the poor.
  • The most significant of these was of course the ability to say mass, acknowledged to be the most effective suffrage for the dead.

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense 'intercessory prayers', also 'assistance'): from Latin suffragium, reinforced by French suffrage. The modern sense of 'right to vote' was originally US (dating from the late 18th century).
MORE
  • The Latin suffragium meant both ‘support’ and ‘right to vote’, and was formed from suf- ‘under, near’ and fragor ‘din, shout of approval’. In medieval Latin, when democracy was not relevant, the ‘support’ sense was strongest, and suffrage first came into English in the sense of prayers for the departed and of intercession. The sense of a vote reappeared in the mid 16th century, with the sense ‘a right to vote’ first appearing in the United States Constitution of 1787. Suffragette, for a female campaigner for suffrage, was an initially mocking coinage of the early 20th century.

suffrage
noun [U]
the right to vote in an election, especially for representatives in a parliament or similar organization:
universal suffrage (= the right of all adults to vote)

suffragette Show phonetics
noun [C]
a woman in Britain, Australia and the United States in the early 20th century who was a member of a group that demanded the right of women to vote and that increased awareness of the matter with a series of public protests

suffragist Show phonetics
noun [C]
someone who supports suffrage, especially a supporter of the right of women to vote in the early 20th century

suffrage 


音節
 
suf • frage
 
発音
 
sʌ'fridʒ
  1. [名詞]
  2. 1 投票権;(特に)選挙権,参政権;投票(vote)
  3. 2 賛成票;賛成,同意;一致した意見.
  4. 3 〔教会〕 祈り(prayer);((suffrages)) 〔英国国教会〕 執りなしの祈り,代祷だいとう.
  5. [語源]
    c1380.中期英語<ラテン語 suffrgium 投票札,投票(ラテン語 suffrg「…のために投票する,支持する」より)
Question of the Day
Who is Geraldine Ferraro?

Geraldine Ferraro was member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the 9th District in New York who ran for Vice President of the United States on the Democratic Party ticket with running mate Walter Mondale in 1984. They were defeated in a landslide by incumbent President Ronald Reagan and Vice President George H. W. BushMore







movement
━━ n. 動き, 運動, 動作; (pl.) 動静, (一連の)行動; ((単複両扱い)) 活動グループ; 軍事行動; 運転; 機械の動く部分; (社会的・政治的)運動, 動向; (小説などの)筋の運び; 【楽】楽章; リズム; (絵画などの)躍動性; (商品の)出回り; 便通 (bowel ~).
in the movement 風潮にのって.


movement (GROUP OF PEOPLE) Show phonetics
group noun [C]
a group of people with a particular set of aims:
the women's movement
The suffragette movement campaigned for votes for women in Britain and the US.
[+ to infinitive] a movement to stop animals being killed for their fur

intercession Line breaks: inter|ces¦sion
Pronunciation: /ˌɪntəˈsɛʃ(ə)n/ 

Definition of intercession in English:

noun

[MASS NOUN]
1The action of intervening on behalf of another:he only escaped ruin by the intercession of his peers with the king
1.1The action of saying a prayer on behalf of another:prayers of intercession

Derivatives

intercessional
Pronunciation: /ˌɪntəˈsɛʃ(ə)n(ə)l/ 
adjective
intercessory
adjective

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin intercessio(n-), from the verb intercedere (see intercede).