2017年4月8日 星期六

didactic, didacticism, synchronicity, causality, diachronic, caddy,



In 1827, John Constable began work on the project that would occupy his attention until his death seven years later: the publication of a series of prints based on his paintings that would stand as a summary of his achievements. The painter collaborated closely with the engraver David Lucas to create prints that would convey Constable's didactic intention—to illustrate the "chiaroscuro of nature."

The didactic aspects of Jean-Christophe have been criticised by many readers.

In other words, an autodidactic approach that spurns commercialism, mass-market approaches and top-down goal-setting.

tea caddy
茶入れ, 茶筒, 茶缶.在高寒的西藏地區,藏民普遍是喝「鹹」的藏茶。為了方便保存,所以當地人習慣將磚茶「熬」成茶水倒入木製茶筒裡,加入酥油、鹽巴後用木桿上下沖搗,使茶水、鹽巴、酥油三者交融,其滋味香醇味美且營養豐富,因此酥油茶一直是藏茶的代表茶物了。
caddy
[名]((主に英))1 小箱.2 =tea caddy.
caddy
[名][動](自)=caddie.
Caddy
[名](複 〜s)((米略式))=Cadillac.


 This study adopts a double approach to the poetry composed between the end of the first century B.C.E. and the third century C.E. First, it examines extant material from this period synchronically, as if it were not historically arranged, with some poems attached to authors and some not.



Jung 認為Richard Wilhelm的最大成就是翻譯《易經》 讓他所謂的"同時性"*原理大彰
末篇《紀念 理查 威廉》(頁248-58)是搞錯啦 Richard Wilhelm 即本文之"衛禮賢"

黑塞之中國/衛禮賢Richard Wilhelm《易經》

並時(synchronic)與貫時(diachronic)


diachronic


 音節
di • a • chron • ic
発音
dàiəkrɑ'nik | -krɔ'n-
[形]《言語学》通時的な
diachronic linguistics
通時言語学. ⇒SYNCHRONIC 1

causality[cau・sal・i・ty]

  • 発音記号[kɔːzǽləti]

[名]((形式))
1 [U]因果関係, 因果性
the law of causality
因果律.
2 [C]原因, 作因.

synchronic


 音節
syn • chron • ic, -i • cal
発音
sinkrɑ'nik | -krɔ'n-, -ikəl
synchronicの慣用句
synchronicity, (全1件)
[形]
1 《言語学》共時的な(⇔diachronic)
synchronic linguistics
共時言語学.
syn・chron・i・cal・ly
[副]
sỳn・chro・níc・i・ty
[名][U]《心理学》シンクロニシティー, 共時性.
*synchronicity
(sĭng'krə-nĭs'ĭ-tē, sĭn'-) pronunciation
n., pl., -ties.
  1. The state or fact of being synchronous or simultaneous; synchronism.
  2. Coincidence of events that seem to be meaningfully related, conceived in Jungian theory as an explanatory principle on the same order as causality.




In linguistics, a synchronic analysis is one that views linguistic phenomena only at a given time, it can be either the present or the past, though a synchronic analysis of a historical language form is also possible. This may be distinguished from diachronic, which regards a phenomenon in terms of developments through time. Diachronic analysis is the main concern of historical linguistics; most other branches of linguistics are concerned with some form of synchronic analysis.
Synchronic and diachronic approaches can reach quite different conclusions. For example, a Germanic strong verb like English sing - sang - sung is irregular when viewed synchronically: the native speaker's brain processes these as learned forms, whereas the derived forms of regular verbs are processed quite differently, by the application of productive rules (for example, adding -edto the basic form of a verb as in walk - walked). This is an insight of psycholinguistics, relevant also for language didactics, both of which are synchronic disciplines. However a diachronic analysis will show that the strong verb is the remnant of a fully regular system of internal vowel changes; historical linguistics seldom uses the category "irregular verb".


Didacticism is a philosophy that emphasizes instructional and informative qualities in literature and other types of art. Wikipedia


didactic

Translate didactic | into Italian | into Spanish
  1. 教訓的な,勧善懲悪の
  2. 2人に教えたがる,教師然とした,知ったかぶりの.
  3. 3道徳を説く,道学者じみた.
  4. 4(実験より)講義や教科書中心の. (また di・dác・ti・cal)
━━ [名詞] ((didactics)) ((単数扱い)) 教授法,教授学.
語源
1644.<ギリシャ語 didaktikós 教えるのが得意の,教育的な(didaktós「教えることができる」より)


adjective

  • intended to teach, particularly in having moral instruction as an ulterior motive:a didactic novel that set out to expose social injustice
  • in the manner of a teacher, particularly so as to appear patronizing:his tone ranged from didactic to backslapping
Derivatives

didactically
adverb





didacticism


Pronunciation: /-tɪsɪz(ə)m/
noun

Origin:

mid 17th century: from Greek didaktikos, from didaskein 'teach'

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