2015年12月31日 星期四

vicissitudes, sabotage, SABOTEUR, rescind

"A chance to rehabilitate yourself, they had told him. A chance to fulfill your obligations to the Fatherland."
--from SABOTEURS: The Nazi Raid on America by Michael Dobbs
In 1942, Hitler's Nazi regime trained eight operatives for a mission to infiltrate America and do devastating damage to its infrastructure. It was a plot that proved historically remarkable for two reasons: the surprising extent of its success and the astounding nature of its failure. Soon after two U-Boats⋯⋯
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To the Editor:
Your article reminded me of a sign taped to the door to the classics department in the early 1960s at Yale, where I majored in Latin: “Studying the classics teaches you the values you need to live without the money you give up because you studied the classics.”
At age 66, after being battered by the storms and vicissitudes of life that most of us experience, I find that those values have stood me in good stead. Not to mention the habits of perseverance and attention to detail I learned by painstakingly parsing Horace or Thucydides in the original.
Peter Yerkes


sabotage
verb [T]
1 to damage or destroy equipment, weapons or buildings in order to prevent the success of an enemy or competitor:
The rebels had tried to sabotage the oil pipeline.

2 to intentionally prevent the success of a plan or action:
This was a deliberate attempt to sabotage the ceasefire.

sabotage
noun [U]
They began a campaign of industrial and economic sabotage.

saboteur
noun [C]
a person who sabotages somethingrescind 
verb [T] FORMAL
to make a law, agreement, order or decision no longer have any (legal) power:
The policy of charging air travellers for vegetarian meals proved unpopular and has already been rescinded.

vicissitudes 
plural noun FORMAL
changes which happen at different times during the life or development of someone or something, especially those which result in conditions being worse:
You could say that losing your job is just one of the vicissitudes of life.

retrenchment, follow (sth) through, follow-up


Building Businesses in Turbulent Times

http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6159.htmlAn economic crisis is a charter for business leaders to rewrite and rethink how they do business, says Harvard Business School professor Lynda M. Applegate. The key: Don't think retrenchment; think growth.





Motorola's Zander to Step
Down Jan. 1, to Be
Succeeded by Brown

Answering for nearly a year of disappointing results by Motorola Inc., Chief Executive Ed Zander stepped down in favor of President and Chief Operating Officer Greg Brown.

Mr. Zander's resignation closes a chapter of Motorola that was marked by the rapid rise of the company on the back of its hit phone Razr, followed by a similarly fast decline as Motorola failed to follow up on the success of the ultra-slim device. Those troubles prompted a departure of high-level executives, a sagging stock price, a bitter proxy battle and a retrenchment overseas.

SAN FRANCISCO — Microsoft said Friday that it was ending a project to scan millions of books and scholarly articles and make them available on the Web, a sign that it is retrenching in some areas of Internet search in the face of competition from Google, the industry leader.



follow (sth) through phrasal verb [M]
to do something as the next part of an activity or period of development:
The essay started interestingly, but failed to follow through (its argument).


Follow up「跟摧」,「進度管理」、「成果檢討」。
施政楷先生文章中的一些詞用原文,表示當時還找不到好的或共通翻譯。譬如說,「follow-up是推行新制度的靈魂」。follow-up現在很多人採用「跟摧」。
其實,施先生先另外一篇「Systematic Approach是實施工業工程成功的保證」中採用「成果檢討」,也相當好,甚至更好。
參考
劉振編『品質管制學名詞增訂版』(台北:中華民國品質管制學會,1979。日本翻譯為「進度管理」
劉振老師編的『施政楷先生品質管制遺作選集』(台北;中華民國民國品質管制學會,1983年)
英文的用法請參考:
follow sth up phrasal verb(USALSO follow up onsth)to find out more about something, or take further action connected withit:
The idea sounded interesting and I decided to follow it up.He decided to follow up on his initial research and write a book.

follow-up noun[C]

This meeting is a follow-up to the one we had last month.
(fromCambridgeAdvanced Learner's Dictionary)
---
2006年12月西門子公司的財務醜聞--行賄等之追蹤稽查
Siemens's CEO is hopeful a follow-up audit will reduce the financial scope of alleged fraud being investigated at the firm.
--2007/06/13
The Jamaican coroner, Patrick Murphy, will review the findings and issue a follow-up report on the cause of death, the police said.
Asked whether he would resign over the case, the deputy police commissioner, Mark Shields, a former Scotland Yard detective who led the homicide investigation, said he intended to serve out the remaining two years of his contract. Mr. Shields had been the public face of the inquiry and had once told reporters he was “100 percent certain” that Mr. Woolmer was murdered.
“Murder investigations are not like TV series, where everything is wrapped up in 45 minutes,” Mr. Shields told reporters. “All we could do was conduct a thorough investigation and not rush.”
***
進捗
しんちょく 進捗
progress.
~する (make good) progress; advance.
~中 in progress; under way.
しんど1【進度】
物事の進んでいく度合。
「学科―表」
進度管理follow-up 跟催
しんど 進度

progress.
~が遅れている be behind ((in)).

~表 a teaching schedule. ( or生產進度表 follow-up chart by hc)

retrench Show phonetics
verb ━━ v. 削除[短縮]する, 節約する.
1 [I] FORMAL If governments, companies, etc. retrench, they start spending less money, or reducing costs:
The company had to retrench because of falling orders.

2 [T] AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH to dismiss a worker from their job as a means of reducing costs



retrench
verb
1 [I] FORMAL If governments, companies, etc. retrench, they start spending less money, or reducing costs:
The company had to retrench because of falling orders.

2 [T] AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH to dismiss a worker from their job as a means of reducing costs

retrenchment 
noun
1 [C or U] when a government, etc. spends less or reduces costs

2 [C] AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH when a worker is dismissed as a way of saving the cost of employing them:
The downturn in business has resulted in many retrenchments.

Ashes to ashes, dust to dust, in sackcloth and ashes



Water in California
Dust to dust

Ashes to ashes, dust to dust
Meaning
We come from dust; we return to dust.


Origin
From the English Burial Service. Adapted from the Biblical text, Genesis 3:19 (King James Version):
"In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return."


談 Ashes To Ashes

查一下,在書/劇/電影等,採用 Ashes To Ashes為名的,可能不少。

下述名著書名的雙關語,漢譯本避開,不知為何取為【煙草的命運】,可能是中國的流行用語。直譯是【從煙灰到骨灰:美國煙戰百年;公共健康與煙商Philip Morris公司的不知恥式勝利】。

Kluger, Richard (1996). Ashes To Ashes: America's Hundred-Year Cigarette War, The Public Health, And The Unabashed Triumph Of Philip Morris. Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 807 pages.ISBN 0-394-57076-6.

Jump up^ "Pulitzer Prize Winners: General Non-Fiction" (web). pulitzer.org. Archived from the original on 9 March 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-12.



原書名 Ashes To Ashes 雙義,一是西方人喪葬中引聖經: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.你既是灰土,你還要歸於灰土。」 (詳下)


另外的字面義:ashes 既指煙灰,亦指骨灰:參考:http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/ash

內容簡介 · · · · · ·
煙草的命運




作者 : 理查德・克魯格
出版社:海南出版社譯者 : 徐再榮/等出版年: 2000-05 頁數: 953 定價: 60.00 裝幀:平裝ISBN: 9787806453360


《煙草的命運》是一部美國煙草史:煙草界在促使香煙(現代社會最廣泛的自我毀滅工具)成為美國獲利最多的消費品過程中所取得的驚人的但又具諷刺意味的成功;煙草界的“皇室家族”――杜克家族和雷諾茲家族以及他們的繼承者喬治華盛頓、希爾和約瑟夫・F古爾曼,他們具有企業家天賦的後代;煙草界狡猾的商業戰略和營銷策略;它靈活的政治權力運作它對科學界、公眾健康界和政府中反吸煙勢力毫不留情但又轉彎抹角的反擊。一方面,煙草界不惜任何代價地推銷香煙,另一方面,美國公眾不顧一切忠告,而去購買香煙,顯然,雙方有著不可思議的共生關係。




菲利普莫里斯公司的崛起最為引人注目。該公司原是一個默默無聞的小型企業。在進行歷史性的“變性手術”後,菲利普・莫里斯公司將萬寶路香煙由女性的時髦裝飾品變成健壯男子的象徵,最終使它成為美國和世界的第一品牌。美國的香煙史經歷了若干階段:惟利是圖者的輝煌時代,那時煙民要'涉行一英里購買駱駝煙”,雲絲頓香煙抽起來“像支真煙”,全民都能辨認“L& S ”和“MFT”的含義。到1964年,美國公共衛生局發表報告,指出吸煙是人類殺手,引起全國震動。最後是大規模兼併時代,RJR・納貝斯克和菲利普・莫里斯一卡夫通用食品公司宣告成立。

作者簡介 · · · · · ·


理查德・克魯格(Richard Kluger),曾先後任《華爾街日報》記者、《福布斯》雜誌和《紐約郵報》的撰稿人《紐約先驅論壇報》的文學編輯、酉蒙一舒斯特出版社的執行編輯、雅典娜出版社的總編。從1974年起,他成為一名職業撰稿人。曾發表另兩部社會史專著《簡單公正》(simple justice)《紐約先驅論壇報的興衰》(The Paper:The Life and Death of the New York Herald Tribute )。這兩本書曾被提名為國家圖書獎,成為該領域的名著。他還發表了六部小說,其中最著名的有《部落成員》(Members of the Tribe)和《諾丁漢的長官》(The Sheriff of Nottingham)。

目錄 · · · · · ·


前言猛吸一口煙

第一章令人神往的魔鬼氣息

第二章圍著籬笆的地球

第三章毫髮無損

第四章夢話氾濫的黃金時代

第五章戰爭中的煙草

第六章過濾嘴和其他安慰劑

第七章俄國伯爵的煩惱

第八章偉大的研究者

第九章萬寶路神話

第十章正在覓食的“大狼狗”

第十一章揭露與鬥爭

第十二章創造奇蹟的商人

第十三章一條獨齒響尾蛇

第十四章傲慢無比的紳士

第十五章菲利普・莫瑞斯公司的召喚

第十六章屠龍者和池中渣滓

第十七章食品行業

第十八章令人感傷的羅斯

第十九章圓滑的政客與說客

第二十章飄逝的煙霧

致謝


作者介紹

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Kluger




Ashes to ashes

more like this...
...other phrases about:

Meaning

We come from dust; we return to dust.

Origin

'Ashes to ashes' derives from the English Burial Service. The text of that service is adapted from the Biblical text, Genesis 3:19 (King James Version):
In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.
你必須汗流滿面,才有飯吃,直到你歸於土中,因為你是由土來的;你既是灰土,你還要歸於灰土。」
Ashes to ashesThe 1662 version of the Book of Common Prayerindicated the manner and text of the burial service:
Then, while the earth shall be cast upon the Body by some standing by, the Priest shall say,
Forasmuch as it hath pleased Almighty God of his great mercy to take unto himself the soul of our dear brother here departed, we therefore commit his body to the ground; earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust; in sure and certain hope of the Resurrection to eternal life, through our Lord Jesus Christ; who shall change our vile body, that it may be like unto his glorious body, according to the mighty working, whereby he is able to subdue all things to himself.
The term has been used frequently in literature and song lyrics. Ashes to Ashes is the title of a 2009 BBC television series. It was also used as a song title by David Bowie in 1980, which included one of his best-known lyrics:
Ashes to ashes, funk to funky
We know Major Tom's a junkie



Somali president sacks prime minister
Somalia's President Abdullahi Yusuf has sacked his prime minister after they disagreed over the composition of a new cabinet. They pair also differed on the direction of UN-hosted peace talks in Djibouti, which aimed to get the government to share power with moderate Islamist opposition figures. Yusuf said he would appoint a new prime minister within days, but Hassan Hussein Nur Adde has refused to accept his dismissal.


sackcloth and ashes

Mourning or penitence, as in What I did to Julie's child was terrible, and I've been in sackcloth and ashes ever since.

This term refers to the ancient Hebrew custom of indicating humility before God by wearing a coarse cloth, normally used to make sacks, and dusting oneself with ashes. In English it appeared in William Tyndale's 1526 biblical translations (Matthew 11:21), "They [the cities Tyre and Sidon] had repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes."


sackcloth
n.
  1. Sacking.
    1. A rough cloth of camel's hair, goat hair, hemp, cotton, or flax.
    2. Garments made of this cloth, worn as a symbol of mourning or penitence.


suddenness, when, orangutan, oeillade,


The paintings of Kelly, who died on Sunday, have the suddenness of miracles, and the improbability.
NEWYORKER.COM|由 PETER SCHJELDAHL 上傳

"I have writ me here a letter to her: and here another to Page's wife, who even now gave me good eyes too, examined my parts with most judicious oeillades; sometimes the beam of her view gilded my foot, sometimes my portly belly."

--Falstaff from "THE MERRY WIVES OF WINDSOR" (1.3.49-53)

Budi the baby orangutan was rescued in December after being kept in a chicken cage for months. Now, he is slowly recovering at an animal rehab center in West Borneo:


WSJ Live
After being rescued from a chicken coop, Budi the baby orangutan is the cutest ape in rehab and rocks physical therapy: on.wsj.com/1CtBERP


The name "orangutan" (also written orang-utan, orang utan, orangutang, and ourang-outang) is derived from the Malay andIndonesian words orang meaning "person" and hutan meaning "forest",[2] thus "person of the forest".[3]
猩猩屬學名Pongo),也叫人猿紅猩猩紅毛猩猩靈長目人科的一屬,與猴子最大不同的地方就是沒有尾巴,能用手或腳拿東西。馬來語印尼語叫做Orang utan,意思是「森林中的人」。與人類十分相近,與人類基因相似度達96.4%。活動的習性通常不用聲音溝通,通常有好幾個個體會在同一個區域活動,但彼此不干擾,平均壽命大概40年,平均身高大概171—180公分


目錄

  [隱藏


oeillade


noun oeil·lade \ˌə(r)-ˈyäd, œ-\

Definition of OEILLADE

:  a glance of the eye; especially :  ogle


when Line breaks: when


Definition of when in English:

INTERROGATIVE ADVERB

1At what time:when did you last see him?[WITH PREPOSITION]: since when have you been interested?
1.1How soon:when can I see you?
1.2In what circumstances:when would such a rule be justifiable?

RELATIVE ADVERB

Back to top  
At or on which (referring to a time or circumstance):Saturday is the day when I get my hair done

CONJUNCTION


2
1
At or during the time that:loved maths when I was at school
1.1After:call me when you’ve finished
1.2At any time that; whenever:can you spare five minutes when it’s convenient?
After which; and just then (implying suddenness):he had just drifted off to sleep when the phone rang
3In view of the fact that; considering that:why bother to paint it when you can photograph it with the same effect?
4Although; whereas:I’m saying it now when I should have told you longago

Origin

Old English hwannehwenne; of Germanic origin; related to German wenn 'if', wann 'when'.

sud·den

  (sŭd′n)
adj.
1. Happening without warning; unforeseen: sudden storm.
2. Happening or done without delay; hasty or immediate: sudden decision.
3. Characterized by sharp change in elevation; precipitous: sudden drop in the oceanfloor.
Idiom:
all of a sudden
Very quickly and unexpectedly; suddenly.

[Middle English sodainfrom Old French, from Vulgar Latin *subitānusfrom Latinsubitāneusfrom subitusfrom past participle of subīreto approach stealthily : sub-,secretlysee sub- + īreto gosee ei- in Indo-European roots.]

2015年12月30日 星期三

skim, skimmer, crossover, clapboard, banister/ bannister, ground-effect



Aircraft-like machines that skim the sea have consistently failed to become something better than the established alternatives. Until now. One of our most popular posts in recent years
Ground-effect vehicles are a clever idea whose time has never come—so far
ECON.ST

第二點。雖然鄂蘭了解學科分類的重要性,但也指出學科分類可能成為思考怠惰的窒礙。「無所依傍的思考」(thinking without bannisters) 是她所堅持的跨領域研究方法。在 1964 年接受目「關於此人」(Zur Person)的專訪5中,她自稱她並非哲學家:

Gropius House, Lincoln

The Gropiuses wanted their home to reflect its surroundings and traveled around New England studying its vernacular architecture. In designing the house, Gropius combined traditional elements of New England architecture such as clapboard, brick, and fieldstone, with new, innovative materials, such as glass block, acoustical plaster, and chromed banisters, along with the latest technology in fixtures.
Gropius House, Lincoln

The musical adaptation of
Like the Movie, Only Different

By PATRICK HEALY

As film companies invest heavily in turning movies into Broadway musicals, they are finding that it's not so easy to pinpoint what might ensure a crossover success.


Crossover is key, says pop violinist David Garrett

David Garrett is considered one of the fastest violinists in the world. Add
good looks and a crossover style and he's any agent's dream. Garrett told
DW why he wants to interest young people in classical music.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew1i91I44va89pI0



Clapboard (architecture) - Wikipedia, the 

clapboard

Translate clapboard | into Italian


noun

chiefly North American
  • a long, thin, flat piece of wood with edges horizontally overlapping in series, used to cover the outer walls of buildings: [as modifier]:neat clapboard houses
  • informal a house with outer walls covered in clapboards.
Derivatives
clapboarded
adjective

Origin:

early 16th century (denoting a piece of oak used for barrel staves or wainscot): partial translation of Low German klappholt 'barrel stave', from klappen 'to crack' + holt 'wood'




A Skimmer's Guide to the Latest Business Books


 skimmer,
v., skimmed, skim·ming, skims. v.tr.
    1. To remove floating matter from (a liquid).
    2. To remove (floating matter) from a liquid.
    3. To take away the choicest or most readily attainable contents or parts from.
  1. To coat or cover with or as if with a thin layer, as of scum.
    1. To throw so as to bounce or slide: skimming stones on the pond.
    2. To glide or pass quickly and lightly over or along (a surface). See synonyms at brush1.
  2. To read or glance through (a book, for example) quickly or superficially.
  3. Slang. To fail to declare part of (certain income, such as winnings) to avoid tax payment.


The staircase was as wooden and solid as need be, and Affery went straight down it without any of those deviations peculiar to dreams. She did not skim over it, but walked down it, and guided herself by the banisters on account of her candle having died out. In one corner of the hall, behind the house-door, there was a little waiting-room, like a well-shaft, with a long narrow window in it as if it had been ripped up. In this room, which was never used, a light was burning.


CHAPTER 4

Mrs Flintwinch has a Dream

Such tight supplies cut the need for sales incentives. "We're getting full price," Mr. Marquardt said. It will be a challenge for GM to keep the three crossovers in this position. A Chevrolet version is in the works, and could skim buyers from the Buick, GMC and Saturn models.


skim (CONSIDER QUICKLY) Show phonetics
verb [I or T] -mm-
to read or consider something quickly in order to understand the main points, without studying it in detail:
I've only skimmed (through/over) his letter; I haven't read it carefully yet.
We've only skimmed the surface of (= considered a small part of) the problem. Inc.com Blogs
Inc.com - New York,NY,USAI'm certainly not suggesting anyone skim the seminal works of Peter Drucker, Warren Bennis, Jim Collins and their ilk. In addition, there are business books ...


skim (MOVE ABOVE) Show phonetics
verb -mm-
1 [I or T] to move quickly just above a surface without touching it:
The birds skimmed (across/along/over) the tops of the waves.

2 [T] UK (US skip) to throw a flat stone horizontally over water so that it touches and rises off the surface several times:
We watched a child skimming stones across the lake.


crossover
n.
  1. A place at which or the means by which a crossing is made.
  2. A short connecting track by which a train can be transferred from one line to another.
  3. Genetics.
    1. Crossing over.
    2. A characteristic resulting from the exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes during meiosis.
  4. A registered member of one political party who votes in the primary of the other party.
    1. The adaptation of a musical style, as by blending elements of two or more styles or categories, to appeal to a wider audience.
    2. A recording designed to appeal to more than one segment or portion of the listening audience.
    3. One that appeals to a wide or diverse audience.
banister
ˈbanɪstə/
noun
noun: bannister
  1. the structure formed by the uprights and handrail at the side of a staircase.
    "he vaulted the banister"
    synonyms:handrailrailingrailbalustrade, banisters;
    balusters
    • a single upright at the side of a staircase.
      "I stuck my head between the banisters"

banister


 音節
ban • is • ter
発音
bǽnəstər
banisterの変化形
banisters (複数形)
[名]
1 手すり子(baluster).
2 ((時に〜s))(階段の)手すり, 欄干.
BALUSTERの変化形]



Ground effect (cars) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ground_effect_(cars)
Ground effect is a term applied to a series of aerodynamic effects used in car design, which has been exploited to create downforce, particularly in racing cars.