2015年10月31日 星期六

soused, metamaterials/ meta-, metacognition, precognition, metonymy, call metadata, hangover,

“My paper is full, and I have a grievous headache.” —Lord Byron

In a letter from October 31, 1815, Lord Byron recounting a drunken…
THEPARISREVIEW.ORG|由 DAN PIEPENBRING 上傳



C.I.A. Is Said to Pay AT&T for Call Data

By CHARLIE SAVAGE

The disclosure shows that agencies beyond the N.S.A. exploit call metadata with programs regulated by an inconsistent patchwork of legal standards, procedures and oversight.

 Collaborating Across Cultures
Learning to collaborate creatively with people from other cultures is a vital skill in today's business environment, says professor Roy Y.J. Chua, whose research focuses on a key measure psychologists have dubbed "cultural metacognition."




At Tufts, Dr. Omenetto’s work on patterning silk has led to even more exotic potential applications. Among the latest, developed with colleagues at Boston University, is the idea of using silk as the basis for metamaterials, which can manipulate light or other electromagnetic radiation in ways that nature ordinarily cannot. By producing intricate structures in the films and depositing metal on them, metamaterial antennas may be produced that could be used inside the body as a means of monitoring health — the signal from the antenna changing as conditions inside the body change.
Such applications may be far off, Dr. Omenetto said, but the potential is vast — a fact he realized when he was first asked to poke holes in silk. “It looked like a cool optical material,” he said. “And I haven’t been sleeping that much ever since.”





In a print and outdoor campaign, with a budget estimated at $7 million to $8 million, Appleton Estate Jamaica Rum is urging consumers to “Sip up.” The goal of the humorous campaign, by DeVito/Verdi in New York, is to woo those who typically drink so-called brown goods like pricey Scotches and whiskys by presenting two varieties of Appleton Estate brown rums as good enough to imbibe on their own.


Wachovia
on Tuesday reported a $8.9 billion loss for the second quarter and slashed its stock dividend to 5 cents per share from 37.5 cents, as the giant lender continued to suffer from the crisis in the credit markets and the hangover from its purchase of Golden West Financial in 2006.

'Everyday Drinking,' by Kingsley Amis: Properly Soused

這篇承小讀者幫忙找到
原在陳巨擘先生從紐約時報看天下:
"大家好:我們好久沒有一起品酒了,這個星期我們來讀一篇有關品酒的文章過過癮。這篇登在第一版最底下:Mischievous Odes to the Joys of Drinking by Dwight Garner.
這 篇文章基本上是已故英國小說家 Kingsley Amis最近有人幫他出版的一本書(由已絕版的三本書結合而成)"Everyday Drinking" 的書評。這本書告訴讀者如何喝酒喝得很有品味,同時也告訴讀者如何解決宿醉(hangover) 的問題。有趣的是,Amis把宿醉分成 physical hangover(身體的宿醉)和 metaphysical hangover(形而上的宿醉)。其中以解決形而上的宿醉最有趣。Amis建議去讀米爾頓的《失樂園》、索忍尼辛的小說等等。什麼是形而上的宿醉?大家 可以從文章裡找到答案。大家要注意的是,metaphysical 這個形容詞雖然是 meta + physical,它的名詞是 metaphysics。但 physical 這個字可以表示身體的,也可以表示自然法則,所以自然科學或物理科學是 physical science。所以,metaphysical hangover大家就可以從這兩方面去聯想,英文常有這種雙關的含意,很難用中文去傳達,體會就好,不必去追究確切的意思。
另外標題上的 mischievous有頑皮和惡意兩種意思,這兩種行為好像只有一線之隔,很有意思。大家可以看看作者的用意是前者還是後者?還是兩者都有?"

HC 幫忙查字典


hangover (ILLNESS) Show phonetics
noun [C]
a feeling of illness after drinking too much alcohol:
I had a terrible hangover the next morning.
a hangover cure
See also hung-over.
(CONTINUING)
noun [C]
something that continues from an earlier time:
The present political system is a hangover from the nineteenth century colonial era. imbibe Show phonetics
verb
1 [I or T] FORMAL OR HUMOROUS to drink, especially alcohol:
Have you been imbibing again?

2 [T] to receive and accept information, etc.souse Show phonetics
verb [T]
to put something into a liquid, or to make something completely wet

soused Show phonetics
adjective
1 (of fish) preserved in salty water or vinegar:
soused herring/mackerel

2 OLD-FASHIONED INFORMAL drunk




meta-
Word element. [Gr.]
1. change, transformation, exchange.
2. after, next.
3. the 1,3-position in derivatives of benzene.

met・a-



━━ pref. 「のちに,変化して,越えた,共に」の意; 【化】メタ ((ベンゼン置換体で置換基が1,3位にあることを示す)).

metonymy
(mə-tŏn'ə-mē)

n., pl. -mies. 轉喻
A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated, as in the use of Washington for the United States government or of the sword for military power.
[Late Latin metōnymia, from Greek metōnumiā : meta-, meta- + onuma, name.]


meta-
or met-
pref.「のちに」「ともに」「変化して」.
    1. Later in time: metestrus.
    2. At a later stage of development: metanephros.
  1. Situated behind: metacarpus.
    1. Change; transformation: metachromatism.
    2. Alternation: metagenesis.
    1. Beyond; transcending; more comprehensive: metalinguistics.
    2. At a higher state of development: metazoan.
  2. Having undergone metamorphosis: metasomatic.
    1. Derivative or related chemical substance: metaprotein.
    2. Of or relating to one of three possible isomers of a benzene ring with two attached chemical groups, in which the carbon atoms with attached groups are separated by one unsubstituted carbon atom: meta-dibromobenzene.
[Greek, from meta, beside, after.]

 precognition


Knowledge of an event before it occurs.
Synonyms:foreknowledge
Usage:Many envied Maya's ability to know the future, but she considered her precognition a burden and a curse.


relent, relentless, the vanquished, importation, rustics and hinds,

In a big win for employees, managers, and customers of “Market Basket” -- the supermarket chain in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Maine whose beloved CEO, Arthur T. Demoulas, was fired by a greedy board of directors who thought him too generous – Arthur T. is now back. Yesterday the board relented and agreed to sell the company to him. Arthur T. told cheering workers at the company’s headquarters in Tewksbury that he loved them, appreciated their efforts helping him gain control of the company, and was “in awe of what you have all accomplished.”
Over the last several weeks, the sacrifices of employees, managers, and customers of “Market Basket” gives new meaning to the old term “solidarity.” It also illustrates the power of treating such people as partners in an enterprise rather than as costs to be cut. When all benefit from a business's success, all will sacrifice to keep it successful. May the rest of American business take note.
2009/6/29 拾得一本1964台灣翻印書。
書主記"現在大學很辛苦,但想到將來前途光明,將加倍努力。" 書主現在任教台大?


1968年,我猛讀 IVANHOE =撒克遜英雄傳。現在什麼都忘記了。也沒好好讀一下原作。
2007/8/31 重讀這,想起Fellini的電影中拍完戲不肯散場的明星……
IVANHOE: A ROMANCE.by Walter Scott

Now fitted the halter, now traversed the cart,
And often took leave,----but seemed loath to depart!*

* The motto alludes to the Author returning to the stage repeatedly
* after having taken leave.




2004/6/29的筆記

關於英語簡史,我們不必研讀專書,而從Walter Scot小說《英雄艾文荷》 (IVANHOE) (項星耀譯,上海譯文出版社,1996)中,多少可以了解一些。
第一章說: 「」”……總之,法語是高尚的、騎士的語言,甚至正義的語言,而遠為成熟和表達力豐富的Anglo-Saxon,被拋在一邊,只有粗俗的下等人才使用 ……然而,在土地主人與被壓迫的,耕種土地的下等人之間,必須有互相溝通的工具…….慢慢產生了我們今天……英語。勝利者和被征服者的語言得到巧妙的結 合,後來它又常引入古典語言和南歐各國的語言,獲得了十分豐富的表現力…(p.3) ]
(CHAPTER I In short, French was the language of honour, of chivalry, and even of justice, while the far more manly and expressive Anglo-Saxon was abandoned to the use of rustics and hinds, who knew no other. Still, however, the necessary intercourse between the lords of the soil, and those oppressed inferior beings by whom that soil was cultivated, occasioned the gradual formation of a dialect, compounded betwixt the French and the Anglo-Saxon, in which they could render themselves mutually intelligible to each other; and from this necessity arose by degrees the structure of our present English language, in which the speech of the victors and the vanquished have been so happily blended together; and which has since been so richly improved by importations from the classical languages, and from those spoken by the southern nations of Europe.)

Caught red-handed
A Phrase A Week


Caught red-handedThe earliest known printed version of 'red-handed' is from Sir Walter Scott's Ivanhoe, 1819:
"I did but tie one fellow, who was taken redhanded and in the fact, to the horns of a wild stag."
Scott was an avid student of Scottish history and folklore, which he relentlessly mined for inspiration in his novel writing. He is certain to have heard 'redhand' before writing Ivanhoe. The step from 'redhand' to 'redhanded' isn't large, so calling Scott the originator of the term is perhaps being over generous to him. Nevertheless, the enormous popularity of his books





hind 3 Line breaks: hind
Pronunciation: /hʌɪnd/ 

noun

archaic, chiefly Scottish
1skilled farm worker, typically married and with a tied cottage.
1.1farm steward or bailiff.
1.2peasant or rustic.

Origin

Late Old English hīne 'household servants', apparently from hīgnahīna, genitive plural of hīgan,hīwan 'family members'.
 rustic

noun

Back to top  
1often derogatory An unsophisticated country person:they paused to watch the rustics dance and carouse

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense 'rural'): from Latin rusticus, from rus 'the country'.

relent

Line breaks: re¦lent
Pronunciation: /rɪˈlɛnt /


VERB

[NO OBJECT]
1Abandon or mitigate a severe or harsh attitude, especially by finally yielding to a request:she was going to refuse his request, but relented

1.1Become less severe or intense:the rain relented

Origin

late Middle English (in the sense 'dissolve, melt'): based on Latin re- 'back' + lentare 'to bend' (from lentus'flexible').


Definition of relentless in English:

relentless

Line breaks: re¦lent|less
Pronunciation: /rɪˈlɛntləs /


ADJECTIVE

1Unceasingly intense:the relentless heat of the desert

1.1Harsh or inflexible:a patient but relentless taskmaster


Derivatives


relentlessly

ADVERB



relentlessness

NOUN




2015年10月30日 星期五

clamor, holler, crematorium, cravat, bow-wow, pooch, shortly





Ending of One-Child Policy Sets Off Clamor on Chinese Social Media

The Paris Review


Eeny, meeny, miny, mo

Catch a tiger by the toe

If he hollers, let him go

Eeny meeny miny mo


Losing Count
How do nonsensical counting-out rhymes like these enter the lexicon?
THEPARISREVIEW.ORG


He hangs in the hall by his black cravat,
The ladies faint, and the children holler:
Only my Daddy could look like that,
And I love my Daddy like he loves his Dollar.

Social-Media Stock Frenzy Fizzles


Investors who six months ago clamored for shares of social-media firms have turned against them with a vengeance as concerns about the sector mount.







The cravat is a neckband, the forerunner of the modern tailored necktie and bow tie, originating from 17th-century Croatia.[2]


bow-wow ,pooch, clamor, shortly


Last week, I sent an e-mail to a friend who had just lost his job. “I'm so sorry,” I wrote. “Your bosses are morons to have got rid of such a genius as you. I can only suppose a queue will shortly stretch round the block as less brain-dead employers clamour to take you on. Hope you are OK.”
The e-mail was heartfelt except for one word, and that was “shortly”.


clamour UKUS clamor
verb [I]
to make a loud complaint or demand:
The children were all clamouring for attention.
[+ to infinitive] She clamours to go home as soon as she gets to school.

clamour UKUS clamor
noun [S or U]
1 a loud complaint about something or a demand for something:
After the bombing, there was a public clamour for vengeance.

2 FORMAL loud noise, especially made by people's voices:
the clamour of the city
a clamour of voices



shortly
adverb
1 soon:
We will shortly be arriving in King's Cross Station.

2 shortly after/before sth a short time after or before something:
Shortly after you left, a man came into the office looking for you.
The noun bow-wow has 2 meanings:
Meaning #1: the bark of a dog
Meaning #2: informal terms for dogs
Synonyms: poochdoggiedoggybarker
n.
    1. The bark of a dog.
    2. Informal. A dog.
  1. Outcry; clamor.
  2. An overbearing manner.
adj.
Commanding, especially in an arrogant manner; overbearing.
[Imitative.]


pooch
noun [C] INFORMAL MAINLY HUMOROUS
a dog:
pampered pooch
a big cuddly/cute little pooch

Spa puts the wow in bow-wow
Pioneer Press - St. Paul,MN,USA
BY NANCY NGO. Like their children, Belinda and Raymond Salden of Burnsville want only the best for their pooch, Nike. So they were ...




cre·ma·to·ri·um (krē'mə-tôr'ē-əm, -tōr'-) pronunciationn., pl., -to·ri·ums, or -to·ri·a (-tôr'ē-ə, -tōr'-).
A furnace or establishment for the incineration of corpses.

holler

verb
To speak or say very loudly or with a shout: bawl, bellow, bluster, call, clamor, cry, halloo, roar, shout, vociferate, whoop, yawp, yell.


clamor[clam・or]
  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[klǽmər]
[名][U]((またa 〜))
1 (要求・抗議・不満などの)熱烈な叫び, わめき, 怒号
the clamor against foreign intervention
外国からの干渉に反対する声.
2 (群衆などの)大きな叫び, どよめき.
3 (楽器・瀑布(ばくふ)・あらし・交通などの)大きな騒音, 騒々しい音;(鳥獣の)騒がしい鳴き声
a clamor of bells
ベルのけたたましい音.
━━[動](自)(賛否を)叫ぶ, 騒ぎ立てる((for, against ...));[II to do](…するよう)やかましく要求する
clamor for higher wages
賃上げを叫ぶ
clamor against the government's policy
政府の政策にやかましく反対する
The soldiers were clamoring to go home.
兵士たちは帰還させろと騒ぎ立てていた.
━━(他)
1 〈人に〉やかましく言って(…)させる((into ...));うるさく騒いで〈人を〉(…から)追い出す((out of ...))
The conservatives clamored the radicals out of office.
保守派は騒ぎ立てて急進派を退陣させた.
2III[名]/that節]〈演説者に〉どなる;…をやかましく言い立てる, 〈…と〉うるさく言う
clamor one's demands
要求をがなり立てる
The audience clamored that he should stop speaking.
聴衆は彼に話をやめろとわめき立てた.
[ラテン語clāmāre(叫ぶ)+-OR1=叫んでいる状態. △CLAIM

yo-yo, prying, haruspex, officialdom

By limiting the number to two, the Chinese government has failed to remove a persistent cause of public discontent: nosy officialdom prying into the family-planning decisions of couples

China has abandoned its more than 35-year-old “one-child policy”. Now couples can have two
ECON.ST

A modern index of the haruspex by Christopher Benfey

The Guts of Spring by Christopher Benfey


The ritual sacrifice of animals, except under carefully regulated conditions (sport-hunting, the slaughter of livestock, the euthanizing of pets) is strictly prohibited. And yet...
NYBOOKS.COM



「如果不會太八卦,我能問一下你結過幾次婚嗎?」的英文是「If it's not prying, can I ask how many times you've been married?」,希望妙如下次可以教我們除了「It's none of your business」之外還可以怎麼回答




悠悠球也能職業化


前美林員工Pat Cuartero辭掉了高薪工作,一心撲在他熱衷的極限悠悠球(Yo-Yo,也稱作溜溜球)運動上。他成為了一個玩悠悠球的高手,並創辦了“全民悠悠”組織(Yo-Yo Nation)《華爾街日報》Mary Pilon報道。

Yo-yo
Yoyo.gif
Availability 500 BC–present


Car Makers Hoard Cash as Markets Yo-Yo

 

 

 

Hack-Proof Phones? New Devices Try to Keep Prying Eyes Out20


prying

Syllabification: pry·ing
Pronunciation: /ˈprī-iNG


adjective

  • Excessively interested in a person’s private affairs; too inquisitive: she felt there was no place where she could escape from the prying eyes a certain kind of prying journalism

Derivatives

pryingly
adverb

yo-yo

Syllabification: yo-yo
Pronunciation: /ˈyō ˌyō/


noun (plural yo-yos)

( • trademark in the UK)
  • 1A toy consisting of a pair of joined discs with a deep groove between them in which string is attached and wound, which can be spun alternately downward and upward by its weight and momentum as the string unwinds and rewinds.
  • 1.1 [often as modifier] A thing that repeatedly falls and rises again: the yo-yo syndrome of repeatedly losing weight and gaining it again
  • 1.2 informal , chiefly North American A stupid, insane, or unpredictable person.

verb (yo-yoes, yo-yoing, yo-yoed)

[no object] Back to top  
  • 1Move up and down; fluctuate: popularity polls yo-yo up and down with the flow of events

  • 1.1 [with object] Manipulate or maneuver (someone or something): I don’t want the job if it means he gets to yo-yo me around


Origin

early 20th century: of unknown origin.

Line breaks: har¦us|pex
Pronunciation: /həˈrʌspɛks/


Definition of haruspex in English:

noun (plural haruspices həˈrʌspɪsiːz)

(In ancient Rome) a religious official who interpretedomens by inspecting the entrails of sacrificial animals.

2015年10月29日 星期四

double-jointed, telethon, to the nth degree

The key thing about online applications [like Google] is that they are platform agnostic....Open source doesn't require licensing fees, and is like a double-jointed Russian gymnast: It's flexible. Really flexible. This puts it in a far better position to provide a platform for the new platform agnostic online world.

Banks' Telethon Is Nearly Over
Big banks have raised at least $85 billion in just the past month through selling shares to investors and other fund-raising. The sum leaves most of them holding considerably more capital than U.S. regulators required as part of "stress tests."


M.I.T. Taking Student Blogs to Nth Degree 
By TAMAR LEWIN
Dozens of colleges are embracing student blogs on their Web sites, seeing them as a powerful admissions tool.


to the nth degree

To the utmost, as in They'd decked out the house to the nth degree. This expression comes from mathematics, where to the nth means "to any required power" (n standing for any number). It was first recorded in 1852.


telethon

n.
A lengthy television program to raise funds for a charity.
[TELE– + (MARA)THON.] 將marathon




double-jointedadj.
Having unusually flexible joints, especially of the limbs or fingers.

never, landscape, landscaping, never been better, as never before




It may seem that both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, America's mortgage-insurance giants, are in financial trouble. On February 19th, Freddie Mac reported a sharp decline in its net income last year. The next day Fannie Mae also announced a big fall in earnings. But the fact still remains that both Fannie and Freddie have emerged from the financial crisis churning out more profits before tax than they ever have before http://econ.st/1CZnvti


FANNIE Mae and Freddie Mac may sound like a couple living in suburban America but they are in fact two of the country’s more unusual listed companies. With a...
ECON.ST



This finding potentially changes the landscape of cancer.



Breakthrough study shows bad luck is to blame for most cancers
TI.ME



















Quake Survivors Face a Landscape of Loss

Japanese Stocks Continue Steep Slide as never before
By ROBERT GUY MATTHEWS China's surging demand for steel this year is expected to dominate the landscape of the $500 billion steel industry as never before.

Quake Survivors Face a Landscape of Loss,  as never before


I love the food off those taco trucks that set up in LosAngels wherever there's a lot landscaping going on.


landscaping
Landscaping refers to any activity that modifies the visible features of an area of land, including but not limited to:
  1. living elements, such as flora or fauna; or what is commonly referred to as Gardening, the art and craft of growing plants with a goal of creating a beautiful environment within the landscape.
  2. natural elements such as landforms, terrain shape and elevation, or bodies of water;
  3. human elements such as structuresbuildingsfences or other material objects created and/or installed by humans; and
  4. abstract elements such as the weather and lighting conditions.
Landscaping is both science and art, and requires good observation and design skills. A good landscaper understands the elements of nature and construction, and blends them accordingly.
景觀美化工作


landscape

Line breaks: land|scape
Pronunciation: /ˈlan(d)skeɪp/



Definition of landscape in English:

NOUN

1All the visible features of an area of land, often considered in terms of their aesthetic appeal:the soft colours of the Northumbrian landscapebleak urban landscape

1.1picture representing an area of countryside:the collection includes some 17th-centurylandscapes[AS MODIFIER]: a landscape painter

1.2[MASS NOUN] The genre of landscape painting:he found he could not express himself in landscape

1.3The distinctive features of a sphere of activity:the event transformed the political landscape
[AS MODIFIER] Denoting a format of printed matter which is wider than it is high:
a landscape format sketchbookCompare with portrait (sense 2).

VERB

[WITH OBJECT]Back to top  
Make (a garden or other area of ground) moreattractive by altering the existing designaddingornamental features, and planting trees and shrubs:the site has been tastefully landscaped(as adjective landscapedlandscaped gardens

Origin

late 16th century (denoting a picture of scenery): fromMiddle Dutch lantscap, from land 'land' + scap(equivalent of -ship).
[名]1 (陸の)風景, 景観.2 風景画;[U]風景画法.3 展望;状況;特質 the political landscape政治状況.4 地表, 地形.━━[動](他)((しばしば受身))〈...

[名]
1 (陸の)風景, 景観.
2 風景画;[U]風景画法.
3 展望;状況;特質
the political landscape
政治状況.
4 地表, 地形.
━━[動](他)((しばしば受身))〈土地を〉(植裁や整地によって)美化する, 造園する, の景観づくりをする.
━━(自)庭師[造園]をする.
[中オランダ語landscap (land土地+scap SHIP). ⇒SEASCAPE, CITYSCAPE
lánd・scàper
[名]((米))庭師;造園家.
lánd・scàpist
[名]風景画家.
landscape architect
造園学者[家], 景観[環境]設計者[家].
landscape architecture
[U]景観[環境]設計;造園術[学].
landscape gardener
造園技師;庭師.
landscape gardening
[U]庭造り, 庭園術, 造園法.lándscape gàrdener{include file='search_body_renew/ej/voice.tpl' fileName='22626...
landscaper
[名]((米))庭師;造園家.

landscape
(lănd'skāp') pronunciation
n.
  1. An expanse of scenery that can be seen in a single view: a desert landscape.
  2. A picture depicting an expanse of scenery.
  3. The branch of art dealing with the representation of natural scenery.
  4. The aspect of the land characteristic of a particular region: a bleak New England winter landscape.
  5. Grounds that have been landscaped: liked the house especially for its landscape.
  6. An extensive mental view; an interior prospect: "They occupy the whole landscape of my thought" (James Thurber).


never Line breaks: never
Pronunciation: /ˈnɛvə/


Definition of never in English:

adverb

1At no time in the past or future; not ever:they had never been camping in their livesI will never ever forget it

2Not at all:he never turned up

2.1[AS EXCLAMATION] British informal (Expressingsurprisesurely not:What, you, Annabel? Never!

Origin

Old English nǣfre, from ne 'not' + ǣfre 'ever'.

Phrases


never fear

1
see fear.

never mind

2
see mind.

never a one

3
Not one:there are no paintings, never a one


never say die

4
see die1.

well I never! (or well I never did!)

5
informal Expressing surprise or indignation:Well I never—that’s not like you!