2015年6月30日 星期二

bog, bog down, hovel, muck, pneumonia, muckraker, bog down


Trillions Spent, but Crises Like Greece’s Persist

Beyond Greece and Puerto Rico, high borrowing is also bogging down the globally significant economies of Brazil, Turkey, Italy and China.


 

www.worldbulletin.net
Japan's nuclear re-start bogged down in safety checks and paperwork

TOKYO (Reuters) - Hundreds of technicians and engineers are camped out in Tokyo hotels trying to revive Japan's nuclear industry, shut down in the ...

 

 

In Mideast, U.S. Policy Models Bog Down3


European Union leaders got bogged down in hours of discussions on Thursday over the right way to rescue the euro. Germany is not being particularly generous, and tough decisions will be made on Friday.




 J.P. Morgan Struggles to Unwind Huge Bets
The size of J.P. Morgan's bets is bogging down its efforts to extract itself and threatening deeper losses.



His name was Fleming, and he was a poor Scottish farmer. One day,
while trying to make a living for his family, he heard a cry for help
coming from a nearby bog. He dropped his tools and ran to the bog.

There, mired to his waist in black muck, was a terrified boy,
screaming and struggling to free himself. Farmer Fleming saved the
lad from what could have been a slow and terrifying death.

The next day, a fancy carriage pulled up to the Scotsman's sparse
surroundings. An elegantly dressed nobleman stepped out and
introduced himself as the father of the boy Farmer Fleming had
saved.


'I want to repay you,' said the nobleman.. 'You saved my
son's life.'


'No, I can't accept payment for what I did,' the Scottish farmer
replied waving off the offer. At that moment, the farmer's own son
came to the door of the family hovel.

'Is that your son?' the nobleman asked.

'Yes,' the farmer replied proudly.

'I'll make you a deal. Let me provide him with the level of education
my own son will enjoy If the lad is anything like his father, he'll
no doubt grow to be a man we both will be proud of.' And that he
did.

Farmer Fleming's son attended the very best schools and in time,
graduated from St. Mary's Hospital Medical School in London, and went
on to become known throughout the world as the note d Sir Alexander
Fleming, the discoverer of Penicillin.

Years afterward, the same nobleman's son who was saved from the bog
was stricken with pneumonia. 肺炎

What saved his life this time? Penicillin.

The name of the nobleman? Lord Randolph Churchill .. His son's name?

Sir Winston Churchill.

*****
Someone once said: What goes around comes around.


Work like you don't need the money.


Love like you've never been hurt.


Dance like nobody's watching.


Sing like nobody's listening.


Live like it's Heaven on Earth .


bog (TOILET) Show phonetics
noun [C] UK SLANG
a toilet:
I'm just going to nip to the bog.
We've run out of bog paper/roll.

bog (WET AREA) Show phonetics
noun [C or U]
soft, wet earth, or an area of this
[名]
1 [C][U]沼地, 湿地, 沼沢地帯, 湿地帯.
2 ((通例〜s))((英俗))(屋外)便所.
━━[動](〜ged, 〜・ging)(他)(自)(…を)泥沼に沈める[沈む];はまり込ませる[はまる];(交渉などを)難航させる, にっちもさっちもいかなくなる((down)). ▼(他)では通例受身
Things havegot] bogged down.
事態は行き詰まった
Bog off
((英話))ほっといてくれ.

bog

Line breaks: bog

noun

  • 2 (the bog) British informal the toilet.

verb (bogs, bogging, bogged)


  • 2 [no object] (bog off) British informal go away: I told him to bog off 1 (be/get bogged down) be or become stuck in mud or wet ground: the family Rover became bogged down on the beach road

  • 1.1be prevented from making progress in a task or activity: you must not get bogged down in detail

  • 3 [no object] (bog in) Australian /NZ start a task enthusiastically: if he saw a trucker in difficulty, he would just bog in and give a hand
    [ early 20th century: bog probably in the sense 'sink, immerse (oneself)']

Origin

Middle English: from Irish or Scottish Gaelic bogach, from bog 'soft'.

 bog down
 Become stuck, be unable to progress, as in Their research bogged down because they lacked the laboratory expertise. This expression transfers sinking into the mud of a swamp to being hampered or halted. [First half of 1900s]

1 (be/get bogged down) be or become stuck in mud or wet ground:the family Rover became bogged down on the beach road
be prevented from making progress in a task or activity:you must not get bogged down in detail

boggy Show phonetics
adjective
describes ground that is soft and wet

hovel
noun [C]
a small home which is dirty and in bad condition



muck 
noun [U]
1 dirt or animal excrement:
You're treading muck into the carpet with your dirty shoes!
a pile of dog muck

2 something you consider disgusting or very low quality:
I'm not eating that muck!
The immigrants were treated like muck (= treated badly, as if they were not important).

mucky
adjective
1 INFORMAL dirty:
Get your mucky feet off that chair!
Don't walk all over my clean floor in your mucky boots.

2 UK INFORMAL pornographic:
a mucky book/film/magazine


國四英雄傳 p 不發音
Pneumonia is an infection of the lung, and can be caused by nearly any class of organism known to cause human infections. These include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. In the United States, pneumonia is the sixth most common disease leading to death. It is also the most common fatal infection acquired by already hospitalized patients. In developing countries, pneumonia ties with diarrhea as the most common cause of death.

扒糞者:

Muckraker - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The term is a reference to a character in John Bunyan's classic Pilgrim's Progress, "the Man with the Muck-rake" that rejected salvation to focus on filth.


Put the kettle on, steeling, enameled steel tea kettles, kettle-cooked


Put on the kettle and settle down with The Listening Project.
Three couples face dilemmas about religion, dementia and work/life balance.
BBC.IN




In the past, because making movies was so expensive, we had to protect against exhaustion and compromise. In the future, you’ll have to steel yourself against something else: the temptation to go with the flow, and allow the movie to drift and float away."


Perhaps China is steeling itself for a possible DPP comeback (even though the party is hardly a model of unity itself). Since a visit to China in October 2012 by a former prime minister, Frank Hsieh Chang-ting, several DPP legislators and pro-DPP academics have been welcomed on the mainland, holding meetings with Chinese officials who once shunned them.


kettle-cooked chip 採取非連續方式的製出的薯條片
chips 兩義


Ads Promise You'll Fall in Love With Cape Cod (Chips)
By STUART ELLIOTT 20 minutes ago
A campaign for Cape Cod kettle-cooked chips is called the first for the brand that includes television and social media.




steel

Pronunciation: /stiːl/
Translate steel | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish

noun

[mass noun]
  • a hard, strong grey or bluish-grey alloy of iron with carbon and usually other elements, used as a structural and fabricating material: [as modifier]:steel girders
  • used as a symbol or embodiment of strength and firmness:nerves of steel [as modifier]:a steel will
  • [count noun] a rod of roughened steel on which knives are sharpened.

verb

[with object]
  • mentally prepare (oneself) to do or face something difficult:his team were steeling themselves for disappointment [with infinitive]:she steeled herself to remain calm

Origin:

Old English stȳle, stēli, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch staal, German Stahl, also to stay2. The verb dates from the late 16th century

kettle[ket・tle]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[kétl] 鍋(なべ), 釜(かま).
2
(1) 湯わかし, やかん
put the kettle on for tea
(紅茶用に)湯をわかす.
(2) やかん1杯の量
a kettle of water
やかん1杯の水.
3kettledrum.
4 《地質学》釜状凹地(kettle hole).
5 ((米俗))懐中時計.

 chiefly British A small area in which demonstrators orprotesters are confined by police seeking to maintain order during a demonstration:

activists in the kettle were protesting at being held and resisting arrest

verb

[WITH OBJECT] chiefly BritishBack to top  
(Of the police) confine (a group of demonstrators orprotesters) to a small area, as a method of crowd control during a demonstration:the plan was to get as close to the protest as possible without getting kettled(as noun kettlingpolice were criticized for their use of controversial tactics such as kettling

Put the kettle on | WordReference Forums

forum.wordreference.com › English Only › English Only
Nov 24, 2006 - If you're making tea, you would be putting the kettle on [the stove]. I believe we use this in AE as well, but as we drink much less tea (I drink ...




Bristol Model and Martha Stewart Collection® Enameled Steel Tea Kettles Recalled Due to Burn HazardWASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, in cooperation with the firm named below, today announced a voluntary recall of the following consumer product. Consumers should stop using recalled products immediately unless otherwise instructed.
Name of Product: Copco and Wild Leaf Tea Co. Bristol model and Martha Stewart Collection® Enameled Steel Tea Kettles
Units: About 132,000
Distributor: Copco, a division of Wilton Industries Inc., of Woodridge, Ill.
Hazard: The handle on the tea kettle can come loose, posing a burn hazard to the consumer.
Incidents/Injuries: The firm has received eight reports of the handle becoming loose or deformed. One minor burn to hands has been reported.
Description: This recall involves Copco and Wild Leaf Tea Co. Bristol model and Martha Stewart Collection® Enameled Steel Tea Kettles with enamel finishes in white, cr�me, blue, cobalt, sand, red and green.
Sold by: Mail order, online and by retailers nationwide, including Macy�s and Linens �n Things from October 2005 through January 2010 for about $35.
Manufactured in: Thailand
Remedy: Consumers should immediately stop using these tea kettles and contact Copco for a refund.
Consumer Contact: For additional information, contact Copco toll free at (866) 255-9237 between 8 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. CT Monday through Thursday, and between 8 a.m. and 3 p.m. CT Friday, or visit the firm�s Web site at www.copco.com
Picture of Recalled  Tea Kettle

---
e·nam·el (ĭ-năm'əl) pronunciation n.
  1. A vitreous, usually opaque, protective or decorative coating baked on metal, glass, or ceramic ware.
  2. An object having such a coating, as in a piece of cloisonné.
  3. A coating that dries to a hard glossy finish: nail enamel.
  4. A paint that dries to a hard glossy finish.
  5. Anatomy. The hard, calcareous substance covering the exposed portion of a tooth.
tr.v., -eled, or -elled, -el·ing, or -el·ling, -els, or -els.
  1. To coat, inlay, or decorate with enamel.
  2. To give a glossy or brilliant surface to.
  3. To adorn with a brightly colored surface.
[From Middle English enamelen, to put on enamel, from Anglo-Norman enamailler : en-, on (from Old French; see en-1) + amail, enamel (from Old French esmail , of Germanic origin).]
enameler e·nam'el·er or e·nam'el·ist n.



delinquent, in arrears, black swan, disruptive, catastrophic, disrupter

If Greece fails to pay the International Monetary Fund a $1.7 billion debt coming due at the close of business Tuesday—around 6 p.m. EDT—the country will immediately be in arrears to the fund, an event normally known in the financial world as a “default.”
Here's what you need to know.

A default by Greece on a payment due to the IMF Tuesday would be the...
BLOGS.WSJ.COM|由 IAN TALLEY 上傳


Mary Bolender needed to get her 10-year-old daughter to the emergency room, but her Chrysler van would not start. The cause was not mechanical - it was her lender. Ms. Bolender was three days behind on her monthly car payment.



Miss a Payment? Good Luck Moving That Car


Subprime lenders are increasingly relying on technology that allows them to track and disable delinquent borrowers’ vehicles with just a tap of a cellphone app.


NYTI.MS|由 MICHAEL CORKERY 上傳






The Disrupters
By THE NEW YORK TIMES
From streaming TV to immersive theater, 2013 was a year of cultural upheaval. Here are interviews with the people who broke the rules, from Miley Cyrus to Michael B. Jordan. Plus: James Franco on the rise of the "selfie."

How to Prepare for a Black Swan
by Matthew Le Merle

Whether environmental, economic, or political in nature, black swan events are impossible to predict but happen regularly, so companies need to prepare for them. Disrupter analysis is a four-step process that uses stress tests to help companies assess the risks of such future catastrophic events.


Line breaks: ar|rears
Pronunciation: /əˈrɪəz/ 

Definition of arrears in English:

plural noun

Money that is owed and should have been paid earlier:he was suing the lessee for the arrears of rentmortgage arrears

Phrases

in arrears

1
(also chiefly Law in arrear)
1Behind with paying money that is owed:two out of three tenants are in arrears

delinquent Line breaks: de|lin|quent
Pronunciation: /dɪˈlɪŋkw(ə)nt /


ADJECTIVE

1(Typically of a young person) tending to commitcrimeparticularly minor crime:delinquent teenagers
formal Failing in one’s duty.
2.1 North American In arrears:
delinquent accounts

NOUN


A delinquent person:
juvenile delinquents

Origin

late 15th century: from Latin delinquent- 'offending', from the verb delinquere, from de- 'away' + linquere 'to leave'.

disruptive

Syllabification: (dis·rup·tive)
Pronunciation: /disˈrəptiv/
Translate disruptive | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish

adjective

  • causing or tending to cause disruption:disruptive and delinquent children the hours of work are disruptive to home life
  • innovative or groundbreaking:breaking a disruptive technology into the market is never easy

Derivatives




disruptively

adverb



disruptiveness

noun
black swan
An event or occurrence that deviates beyond what is normally expected of a situation and that would be extremely difficult to predict. This term was popularized by Nassim Nicholas Taleb, a finance professor and former Wall Street trader.


Investopedia Says:
Black swan events are typically random and unexpected. For example, the previously successful hedge fund Long Term Capital Management (LTCM) was driven into the ground as a result of the ripple effect caused by the Russian government's debt default. The Russian government's default represents a black swan event because none of LTCM's computer models could have predicted this event and its subsequent effects.

2015年6月29日 星期一

auntie, peer, peerless, Plus ça change? Not quite, paragon, spherical

我的HKFP第一則報導:香港人(我不是中國人香港是我家)抗議跳中國"廣場舞"之衝突.....
HKFP Voices: "This protest was never really about aunties dancing on the street, but instead a proxy fight for what many believe is the increasing mainlandisation of Hong Kong." - Richard Scotford.


From the very outset, this protest was never really about aunties dancing...
HONGKONGFP.COM



This week our correspondents discuss the Dawn spacecraft arriving at Ceres and the perils of security backdoors in softwarehttp://econ.st/1DVGlVa
這周我們記者討論黎明號飛船到達穀神星和軟體安全後門HTTP://econ.st/1DVGlVa 中的危險


By FIONA MAAZEL
Novelists can peer into places like North Korea, with help from Google Earth.

Calvin Coolidge

'Coolidge'

By AMITY SHLAES
Reviewed by JACOB HEILBRUNN
Amity Shlaes depicts Calvin Coolidge as a paragon of a president, less for what he did than for what he did not do.


Suu Kyi calls for support of UKBurmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi calls on the UK to support moves to democracy in Burma, in an historic address to MPs and peers.

Lords bid for welfare concessions
Peers are to press for changes to government plans for a cap on benefits families can receive, when the measure is debated in the Lords later.


Chefs appear to have more unhealthy habits than any other profession while those in advertising are near paragons of virtue, a survey suggests.
調查顯示,廚師似乎比其他行業的人還要有更多不健康的習慣,廣告業的人則近乎道德模範。





'Mashups'

Plus ça change (plus c'est la même chose). SAYING
The more things change, the more they stay the same. Used when a change does not result in an improvement in a situation:
What's the point in voting? Plus ça change...
Language

Plus ça change? Not quite

Aug 9th 2007
From The Economist print edition

Clichés are always tired. Increasingly, they are also wrong


Illustration by Peter Schrank

rest in peace
1 said to express the hope that someone's spirit has found peace after they have died:
She was a decent and compassionate woman: may she rest in peace.

2 (WRITTEN ABBREVIATION RIP) often written on a gravestone


TECHNOLOGY constantly overtakes language. Recent additions to the Oxford English Dictionary have included po-faced entries for “Google” (the verb), “wiki” and “mash-up”. But most clichés are stubbornly indifferent to such concerns. Indeed, they often act as a linguistic fossil record, preserving objects and behaviour that have long since fallen into petrified obsolescence. Industrious sorts no longer burn the midnight oil. Flashes in the pan are common even if the flintlock muskets that gave rise to them are museum pieces. Colours are still nailed to masts, metal though they now usually are.
flash in the pan
something that happened only once or for a short time and was not repeated:
Sadly, their success was just a flash in the pan.


heavy metal (METAL) noun [C] SPECIALIZED
a dense and usually poisonous metal, such as lead

heavy metal (MUSIC) noun [U]
a style of rock music with a strong beat, played very loudly using electrical instruments


bounce (NOT PAY)
verb [I or T] INFORMAL
to (cause a cheque to) not be paid or accepted by a bank because of a lack of money in the account:
I had to pay a penalty fee when my cheque bounced.
To my horror the bank bounced the cheque. 
bounce (EMAIL)
verb [I or T]
If an email that you send bounces or is bounced, it comes back to you because the address is wrong or there is a computer problem.have a card up your sleeve
to have an advantage that other people do not know about:
Well, Alan, England have definitely been the weaker side in the first half, but I think they've still got one or two cards up their sleeve.
(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)




In a technological age ever more clichés are being untethered from their origins in this way. People write out plenty of metaphorical cheques, whether blank or bouncing. Many of them are to be found in the post, but fewer in real life (some shops no longer accept them). There is no need to keep your cards close to your chest, or indeed an ace up your sleeve, when so much gambling happens online. Thanks to reviews, awards and celebrity book-club stickers, you can in fact judge a book by its cover. If you carry a mobile phone, write e-mail or post entries on MySpace, being out of sight does not mean being out of mind. And in the age of the iPod, no one can be accused of being unable to carry a tune.

Old assumptions are stranded by other changes too. Currencies fluctuate: the dollar looks less than almighty, at least for the moment. Populations evolve: Tom, Dick and Harry make for an unrepresentative trio of everymen today; Kevin, Chloe and Muhammad would be more accurate. Trade patterns shift: turning down all the tea in China would weigh heavily, to be sure, but the European Union is more impressed by the Chinese production of bras and dressing-gowns. Today's coast is never clear but always strewn with plastic and other detritus. Rare is the athlete who can radiate Olympian calm at a modern-day Olympic games.
Earnest environmental concerns are also starting to flip well-worn phrases on their heads. Putting new wine into old bottles is now to be applauded. Where it was once desirable to trail clouds of glory, they now require emissions credits. Regulators are another threat. Hunting-grounds, happy or not, are fewer in number. Recently shelved plans by the European Commission to get rid of Britain's imperial measures endangered all manner of activities, from exacting a pound of flesh, inching forward and feeling ten feet tall to being miles away.
Being archaic does not always make a cliché redundant. People still jump on bandwagons, read the riot act, burn the candle at both ends and keep irons in fires. As long as its meaning is clear, a saying can be both historic and current.
The trouble comes when technology robs a cliché of its substance as well as its form. When love fades, the jilted may seek consolation in the thought that there are plenty more fish in the sea. But there aren't: the oceans have been plundered. “For everything there is a season” is a phrase with a ring of majestic certainty. But with air-freighted fruit and genetically modified veg, it too is wrong. And if once it was believed that the camera never lied, PhotoShop should have taught that the lens bends the truth as effortlessly as it bends light itself. As for rocket science, not long ago it was held up as the paragon of baffling complexity. Now, as tourists hurtle into space and almost every failed state seems poised to go ballistic, rocket science seems less sophisticated. Proud owners of silicon implants scoff at the notion that beauty is only skin-deep. Among the transgendered, Bob is as likely to be your auntie as your uncle.
The moral of it all? Clichés just aren't what they used to be.



auntie
ˈɑːnti/
noun
noun: aunty
  1. informal term for aunt.  大娘
    • BRITISHinformal
      the BBC.
      singular proper noun: Auntie; noun: Auntie

par·a·gon (păr'ə-gŏn', -gən) pronunciation
n.
  1. A model of excellence or perfection of a kind; a peerless example: a paragon of virtue.
    1. An unflawed diamond weighing at least 100 carats.
    2. A very large spherical pearl.
  2. Printing. A type size of 20 points.
tr.v., -goned, -gon·ing, -gons.
  1. To compare; parallel.
  2. To equal; match.
[Obsolete French, from Old French, from Old Italian paragone, from paragonare, to test on a touchstone, perhaps from Greek parakonān, to sharpen : para-, alongside; see para-1 + akonē, whetstone.]

Nowadays, with our modern mania for morality, everyone has to pose as a paragon of purity, incorruptibility, and all the other seven deadly virtues.

***

Clean energy coming in smaller packages

THE ASAHI SHIMBUN
2010/03/06

photoA sheet of glass embedded with spherical solar cells developed by Kyosemi Corp. attracts attention at a Tokyo trade show. (NOBORU TOMURA/ THE ASAHI SHIMBUN)
One of the brightest stars at a trade show for solar power and fuel-cell technology at the Tokyo Big Sight convention center turned out to be one of the smallest there.
Shown off in the three-day event were spherical solar cells with a diameter of 1.8 millimeters developed by Kyoto-based semiconductor maker Kyosemi Corp.
The Sphelar solar modules can be embedded in large number into window glass or sheets of flexible plastic.
Among other popular items were solar-charged panels that display in eight colors, including gold, purple and green. They were developed by Taiwanese maker Jintec Corp.
About 1,300 companies exhibited their products in the show, which ended Friday.
***



CeresLine breaks: Ceres
Pronunciation: /ˈsɪəriːz/



Definition of Ceres in English:

1Roman Mythology The goddess of agriculture. Greek equivalent Demeter.
2Astronomy The first asteroid to be discoveredfoundby G. Piazzi of Palermo on 1 January 1801. It is alsomuch the largest (diameter 913 km).

peer[peer1]

  • 発音記号[píər][名]
1 ((しばしばone's 〜s))(社会的に)同等の地位の人;同僚, (法律上の)対等者;(能力・資格・年齢などが)同等の[匹敵する]人;((古))友人, 仲間
He has no peers when it comes to debate.
討論で彼にかなう者はいない.
2 ((英))貴族, 上院議員(▼女性形はpeeress);(一般に)貴族, 高貴の人
a life [a hereditary] peer
一代[世襲]貴族.
[古フランス語←ラテン語pār(平等の). 貴族が互いに平等であることより]

peerless (adjective) Eminent beyond or above comparison.
Synonyms:matchless, nonpareil, one and only, unrivaled, unmatched, one
Usage:You shall now learn how great is the knowledge and power of our peerless Sorceress.