2015年5月31日 星期日

barrel, barrel bomb, barrel roll, swallow, "hook, line and sinker" , "Lock, stock and barrel" ,


At least 71 people have been killed in Syria's northern Aleppo province by barrel bombs dropped from government helicopters, activists sayhttp://bbc.in/1PUMNoK
At least 71 people have been killed in Syria's northern Aleppo province by...
BBC.IN



英語中用釣具和槍械等的主要部品來表示全部(The whole thing)的方式為
"hook, line and sinker" 和 "Lock, stock and barrel" 。前者多偏向受騙等。


Never argue with someone who buys ink by the barrel and paper by the ton.

馬克吐溫講過一句話:「千萬別跟那些整桶整桶買墨水的人吵架」,「整桶買墨水的人」指的是報紙,這句話是勸政治人物千萬別跟媒體為敵。

 barrel roll


barrel roll

Line breaks: bar¦rel roll


NOUN

An aerobatic manoeuvre in which an aircraft follows a single turn of a spiral while rolling once about its longitudinal axis.

バレルロール (マニューバ)

バレルロール
バレルロール(barrel roll)とは、航空機戦闘機アクロバット機)が空中で行う機動(マニューバ)の一つ。
横転(ロール)と機首上げ(ピッチアップ)を同時に行うもので、仮想の樽の胴(バレル)をなぞるように螺旋を描くことからその名がある。緩やかに操縦桿を引き、横に倒し、結果斜め手前に倒すことにより行う。敵機の背後をとるために有効とされる機動の一つである。
進行方向と高度は変わらず位置だけが左右にずれるので、簡単に言うと飛行機の側転にあたる。人間にたとえるなら、動く歩道に乗って(幅は無視して)進行方向と直角に側転する状態が近い。この場合、体の向きや進行方向はそのままで人の位置が変わるわけであるが、飛行機の場合重力や揚力にしたがって落ちたり上がったりするので、最初に斜め上に向かいながら回る必要がある。正面から見ると半円(円の上半分)を描くような軌跡。


barrel Line breaks: bar¦rel
Pronunciation: /ˈbar(ə)l /


NOUN

1A cylindrical container bulging out in the middle, traditionally made of wooden staves with metal hoops round them:the wine is then matured in old barrels
1.1A barrel together with its contents:a barrel of beer

1.2A measure of capacity used for oil and beer, usually equal to 36 imperial gallons for beer and 35 imperial gallons or 42 US gallons (roughly 159 litres) for oil:the well was producing 10,000 barrels a day
2
A cylindrical tube forming part of an object such as a gun or a pen:a gun barrel

3The belly and loins of a four-legged animal such as a horse:a Welsh mountain pony with a barrel like a butt of wine

VERB (barrelsbarrellingbarrelledNorth Americanbarrelsbarrelingbarreled)


2
1
[NO OBJECT, WITH ADVERBIAL OF DIRECTION] INFORMAL , chieflyNorth American Drive or move in a way that is so fast as to almost be out of control:they shot him and then barreled away in the truck
[WITH OBJECT] Put into a barrel or barrels:
when the young spirit is barrelled, it absorbs some of this flavour
Origin
Middle English: from Old French baril, from medieval Latin barriclus 'small cask'.

swallow (ACCEPT)
verb [T] INFORMAL
to accept something without question or without expressing disagreement:
Not surprisingly, this excuse was too much for them to swallow.
He swallowed her story whole.
She swallowed his sales pitch line hook, line and sinker (= believed it completely).

fall for sth hook, line and sinker
to completely believe something that someone tells you which is not true:
She told him she needed the money for her baby and he fell for it hook, line and sinker.

(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)


sinker
 n.
1.    One that sinks, as a weight used for sinking fishing lines or nets. (釣糸などの)おもり
2.    Slang. A doughnut. 〔米俗〕 ドーナツ;
Baseball. A sinkerball.【野】シンカー.

Sinker有兩種解釋:其中廣義解釋是指所有會有下沉動作的球路,但是這樣的解釋過於籠統,因為只要是縱向變化幅度大於橫向變化在美國的廣義定義都可被稱為沉球。其二是日本細分出來的一種下墜球種,專門指的是一種往右打者內角下沈,而且速度較慢的變化球,

-----比較
Lock, stock and barrel
Meaning
The whole thing.

It isn't until 1842 though, in William Thompson's collection of humourous letter 'Major Jones' Courtship', that we see the phrase as we now use it:
"All moved, lock, stock, and barrel."
Rudyard Kipling came close to giving us a definition of the term in 1891, in 'Light That Failed':
"The whole thing, lock, stock, and barrel, isn't worth one big yellow sea-poppy."
Why and how the change from 'stock, lock and barrel' was made we don't know now. It's possible that 'lock, stock and barrel' just has a better ring to it.


桶裝炸彈(Barrel bomb),或譯「桶炸彈」、「油桶炸彈」。是指一種簡易形式的無誘導炸彈,或稱飛行式IED(簡易爆炸裝置),屬於土製炸彈的一種。這種炸彈通常裝在大型的油桶或桶狀的金屬容器,內有高爆炸藥榴霰彈化學武器,使用飛機直升機投擲落下後爆炸[1]。由於這種炸彈使用了大量炸藥,但精度相當差,且又被濫用於包括難民營在內的人口群居處,其所產生的爆炸是毀滅性的[2][3][4]。批評者認為此種炸彈的特性等同恐怖武器,且根據國際公約,使用這種炸彈是違法的[5]

realize, evince, impale, paling, pixilated, colophon, pagination, beyond the pale


A Hawaii man was killed Friday after he was apparently impaled by the bill of a fish, a Hawaii County fire official said.


LONDON (AP) — The death of a financier whose body was found impaled on railings outside his luxury London apartment isn't being treated as suspicious, police said Thursday.
FINANCE.YAHOO.COM


 Rouen is on the Seine, so we decided to walk along the narrow cobblestone streets toward the river. As we ambled past the rows of half-timbered houses, which evince a sweet innocence, an accordion player on the corner and stands selling multicolored macarons, I was immediately charmed.



 The FBI appealed to the public Thursday for help identifying two men shown in pixilated photos and video footage who are suspected of involvement in Monday’s bomb attacks in Boston.


Impalement Artist Takes a Stab at the 'Wheel of Death'
A former knife-throwing world champion—and current holder of 16 world records-—is taking a stab at one of the most dangerous feats in knife throwing: The Veiled Wheel of Death.


Some of the Chinese people, on the other hand, evince a response less warm. In a long consideration of Mo Yan’s work and Nobel recognition, Perry Link quotes the satirist Wang Xiaohong imagining Alfred Nobel’s distress:
Two years ago my people gave a prize to a Chinese, and in doing so offended the Chinese government. Today they gave another prize to a Chinese, and in doing so offended the Chinese people. My goodness. The whole of China offended in only two years.


There was even art criticism, some of it recorded in on-the-spot assessments (including poetry) on pieces of paper, called colophons, attached to the very scrolls they referred to. Several are displayed here, a few with translations, and they create a palpable sense of artists in conversation with one another and the past.


Art Encyclopedia:

Colophon 

Poetic or explanatory inscription often at the end, but sometimes at the beginning, of a book, print, manuscript or piece of calligraphy, or on a painting.

Writings (Chin. tiba) on Chinese works of calligraphy or painting by persons other than the artist, usually functioning to praise the artist or work, are customarily referred to as colophons. When written by the artist they are called inscriptions. When the writer of the colophon is a self-styled and acknowledged connoisseur, the colophon may serve to certify the work as a genuine specimen of the master.
n. - 版權頁
日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 巻尾飾り模様, 出版社のマーク

col・o・phon



━━ n. 奥付け; 出版社のマーク.

pag·i·na·tion (păj'ə-nā'shən) pronunciation

n.
  1. The system by which pages are numbered.
  2. The arrangement and number of pages in a book, as noted in a catalog or bibliography.

evince

音節
e • vince
発音
ivíns
evinceの変化形
evinced (過去形) • evinced (過去分詞) • evincing (現在分詞) • evinces (三人称単数現在)
evinceの慣用句
evincive, (全1件)
[動](他)((形式))
1 〈気持ち・性質などを〉はっきり示す, 明示する, 証明する
evince one's innocence
潔白を証明する
2 …を表す, 示す.
e・vín・cive
[形]明示的;(…を)証明する.

pixilated

/ˈpɪksɪleɪtɪd/
(also pixillated)
Definition of pixilated



adjective

  • bewildered; confused.
  • informal, dated drunk.

Origin:

mid 19th century: variant of pixie-led, literally 'led astray by pixies', figuratively 'confused', or from pixie, on the pattern of words such as elated and emulated
pixilated
(PIK-suh-layt-id)

adjective
1. Mentally unbalanced; eccentric.
2. Whimsical.

Etymology
From pixie, a mischievous fairylike creature

Usage
"Robert De Niro redeems himself after his disastrous work in 'The Fan' by displaying a refreshing flair for screwball comedy as Bessie's pixilated physician, Dr. Wally." — James Verniere; 'Marvin's Room' Hits Home; Boston Herald; Jan 10, 1997.



“He has conceived his method of practice almost as carefully as each of his projects,” the citation from the nine-member Pritzker jury says. “He develops buildings of great integrity — untouched by fad or fashion. Declining a majority of the commissions that come his way, he only accepts a project if he feels a deep affinity for its program, and from the moment of commitment, his devotion is complete, overseeing the project’s realization to the very last detail.”


The movie ends with Vatel realizing that he is nothing more than a puppet in the hands of his superiors, bought and sold like a piece of property: he consequently commits suicide by impaling himself on his sword.



realize, UK USUALLY realise Show phonetics
verb [I or T]
to understand a situation, sometimes suddenly:
They didn't realize the danger they were in.
[+ (that)] "Do you realize (that) this is the third time you've forgotten?" she said angrily.
[+ question word] I realize how difficult it's going to be, but we must try.
As he watched the TV drama, he suddenly realized (that) he'd seen it before.
"You're standing on my foot." "Sorry, I didn't realize."
See also realize at real (NOT IMAGINARY).

realization, UK USUALLY realisation Show phonetics
noun [C usually singular]
[+ that] The realization was dawning (= They were starting to realize) that this was a major disaster.


さく 柵

    a fence; a stockade; palings.
    • 〜を作る put up a fence.
    • 〜で囲う enclose with a fence; fence in; put a fence around.

paling
n.
  1. One of a row of upright pointed sticks forming a fence; a pale.
  2. Pointed sticks used in making fences; pales.
  3. A fence made of pales or pickets.





Beyond the pale


Meaning


Unacceptable; outside agreed standards of decency.

Origin


Firstly, let's get the spelling clear here. It's 'beyond the pale', and certainly not 'beyond the pail' - the phrase has nothing to do with buckets. The everyday use of the word 'pale' is as an adjective meaning whitish and light in colour (and used to that effect by Procol Harum and in countless paint adverts). This 'pale' is the noun meaning 'a stake or pointed piece of wood'. That meaning is virtually obsolete now except as used in this phrase, but is still in use in the associated words 'paling' (as in paling fence) and 'impale' (as in Dracula movies).
Beyond the paleThe paling fence is significant as the term pale became to mean the area enclosed by such a fence and later just the figurative meaning of 'the area that is enclosed and safe'. So, to be 'beyond the pale' was to be outside the area accepted as 'home'.
Catherine the Great created the Pale of Settlement in Russia in 1791. This was the name given to the western border region of the country, in which Jews were allowed to live. The motivation behind this was to restrict trade between Jews and native Russians. Some Jews were allowed to live, as a concession, 'beyond the pale'.
Pales were enforced in various other European countries for similar political reasons, notably in Ireland (the Pale of Dublin) and France (the Pale of Calais, which was formed as early as 1360).
The phrase itself originated later than that. The first printed reference comes from 1657 in John Harington's lyric poem The History of Polindor and Flostella. In that work, the character Ortheris withdraws with his beloved to a country lodge for 'quiet, calm and ease', but later venture further:
"Both Dove-like roved forth beyond the pale to planted Myrtle-walk".
Such recklessness rarely meets with a good end in 17th century verse and before long the lovers are attacked by armed men with 'many a dire killing thrust'. The message is clear - 'if there is a pale, decent people stay inside it', which conveys exactly the figurative meaning of the phrase as it is used today.


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impale

also em·pale (ĕm-)
tr.v., -paled, also -paled, -pal·ing, -pal·ing, -pales, -pales.
    1. To pierce with a sharp stake or point.
    2. To torture or kill by impaling.
  1. To render helpless as if by impaling.
  2. [動](他)
    1 …を(とがったくいなどに[で])固定する;…をくし刺し(の刑)にする;((しばしば受身))…を(とがった物で)留める, 刺し貫く((on, upon, with ...))
    impale the insects on pins for display
    陳列のために昆虫をピンで留める.
    2 …を手も足も出ないようにする, 釘づけ状態にする
    He has been impaled on the horns of a dilemma.
    彼は進退きわまっていた.
    3 《紋章》合わせ紋にする.
[Medieval Latin impālāre : Latin in-, in; see in-2 + Latin pālus, stake.]
impalement im·pale'ment n.
impaler im·pal'er n.



impale
verb [T often passive]
to push a sharp object through something, especially the body of an animal or person:
The dead deer was impaled on a spear.



2015年5月30日 星期六

apron, have one's day in court, tied to apron strings

Lady Gaga has her day in Taiwan

Lady Gaga has her day in Taiwan

Lady Gaga is presented with the key to Taichung city during her visit to Taiwan, where the mayor announced July 3 as "Lady Gaga Day. " (July 4)





"The first time I went to Mogadishu there were soldiers on the roof of the airport terminal and a crashed cargo plane on the apron with a rocket-sized hole in its fuselage. I wore body armour pretty much all the time, was woken by explosions at night and ducked rifle fire by day," writes AFP's Tristan McConnell. "That was five years ago. I was back again recently and went out for a pizza, at night." Read more:http://u.afp.com/pizza AFP Photo: Carl de Souza




have one's day in court
Have an opportunity to be heard, as in By asking Rob for an explanation the professor showed he was willing to let him have his day in court. This expression transfers the idea of a hearing in a court of law to more general use.



Pakistan's Spies Tied to Slaying of a Journalist

By JANE PERLEZ and ERIC SCHMITT
Intelligence showed that senior officials of the spy agency directed the attack on a journalist in an effort to silence criticism, two senior administration officials said.

機坪,又稱停機坪(ramp或apron),指的是機場內供飛機停放的平地,用以上下旅客或貨物、清掃、加油、簡易的檢修等,在航空展時還會擴充為飛機的展示場飛行表演觀眾席
The airport apron is the area of an airport where aircraft are parked, unloaded or loaded, refueled, or boarded.[1] Although the use of the apron is covered by regulations, such as lighting on vehicles, it is typically more accessible to users than the runway or taxiway. However, the apron is not usually open to the general public and a license may be required to gain access.
The use of the apron may be controlled by the apron management service (apron controlor apron advisory) to provide coordination between the users.
The apron is designated by the ICAO as not being part of the maneuvering area. All vehicles, aircraft and people using the apron are referred to as apron traffic.

tied to apron strings
Wholly dependent on or controlled by a woman, especially one's mother or wife. For example, At 25, he was still too tied to her apron strings to get an apartment of his own. This expression, dating from the early 1800s, probably alluded to apron-string tenure, a 17th-century law that allowed a husband to control his wife's and her family's property during her lifetime.

sweat, break a sweat, perspire, to boot, sweatshop, air conditioning, hit sand misses, grip bat, sweated pitch calls


'Brilliant, brave, visionary... without apparently breaking a sweat': Alan Rusbridger steps down after 20 years as Guardian editor


Take Back Control of Your Email Inbox Without Breaking a Sweat


Linking Factories to the Malls, Middleman Pushes Low Costs
By IAN URBINA and KEITH BRADSHER

The Hong Kong-based company Li & Fung is a matchmaker between poor countries' factories and affluent nations' vendors. But critics call it the garment industry's "sweatshop locator."




Boss Sweats Details of Chrysler Revival The fate of Chrysler rests with the Italian-born Sergio Marchionne and his attention to detail—an approach that helped him save Fiat from the brink of collapse a few years ago. • Photos: Chrysler's Hits and Misses



"Ay, you're a true friend, Willoughby, a true friend. And a cousin to boot!"


MLB All-Stars cruise to third straight in Taiwan
MLB.com
By Doug Miller / MLB.com | 11/04/11 10:26 AM ET TAICHUNG, Taiwan -- The Major League All-Stars gripped their bats a little tighter and sweated pitch calls a little bit more in a nail-biter of a game on Thursday night, but a new day brought a new result ...

pitch calls
捕手給投手提示暗號

pitch[pitch1]

  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[pítʃ]

[動](他)
1III[名]([副])]〈物を〉投げる, ほうる, 投げ上げる;〈人・物を〉ほうり[追い]出す, 捨てる((out))
pitch a bottle into the trash
瓶をくず入れの中に投げ込む
pitch a book aside
本をわきへほうる
pitch a person out of the club
人をクラブから追い出す.
2
(1) 《野球・クリケット》〈球を〉打者に投げる;〈試合で〉投げる
pitch a perfect game
完全試合を達成する.
(2) 《ゴルフ》〈球を〉ピッチショットで打つ.
3V[名][形]]…を(…に)定める, 調節する
pitch one's expectation too high
多くを期待しすぎる
pitch one's voice high
声の調子を高くする
pitch a roof steep
屋根を急勾配(こうばい)にする.
4 〈テント・キャンプなどを〉張る;〈柱・くいなどを〉打ち込む;〈物を〉適当な位置にすえる;((受身))位置する, ある
pitch a tent [a stall]
テント[露店]を張る
pitch poles on the line
ポールを線上に立てる
be pitched at an equal distance
等距離にある.
5 《トランプ》…を切り札に決める.
6 〈道路に〉小石を敷く.
7 《石油工学》〈石を〉直方体に切る.
8 ((米略式))〈商品を〉売り込む, 陳列する((on ...)).
9 ((米略式))〈作物を〉植えつける.
10 ((英俗))…を話す
pitch a yarn
ほらを吹く.
━━(自)
1 投げる, ほうる.
2
(1) 《野球》投球する;投手をつとめる
pitch for a team
チームの投手をつとめる.
(2) 《ゴルフ》ピッチショットで打つ.
3 まっさかさまに落ちる[飛び込む].
4 〈車などが〉不意に傾く;〈人が〉よろめく, 前に倒れる;〈屋根・床などが〉下方に傾く, 徐々に下がる;〈船・飛行機が〉縦に揺れる(⇔roll)
pitch and toss
(船が)上下に揺れる
The boat pitched about in the big waves.
大波でボートは縦揺れした.
5 テントを張って野宿[野営]する.
6 ((米略式))商品を売り出す[陳列する].
in there pitching
((俗))(…のために)精いっぱい努力して, 懸命に働いて((for ...)).
pitch in
((略式))(自)
(1) 勢いよく仕事を始める;〈人が〉がつがつ食べ始める.
(2) 寄付する, (…に)協力[助力]する((with ...)).
━━(他)
[pitch ... in/pitch in ...]
〈金を〉出し合う, 出して協力する.
pitch into ...
((略式))
(1) 〈人などに〉襲いかかる, をやっつける. ▼受身可.
(2) 〈仕事に〉勢いよくとりかかる;〈食べ物を〉がつがつ食べる.
pitch it hot [strong, high]
((英俗))誇張する.
pitch on [upon] ...
((略式))
(1) …に(気楽に)決める, を選ぶ.
(2) …にふと会う.
(3) 〈人を〉選んで…させる((to do)).
pitch out
《野球・アメフト》ピッチアウトする.
pitch up
((英話))現れる(turn up).
pitch up and down
上下に揺れる.
━━[名][U][C]
1
(1) 投げる[ほうる]こと;《野球》投球.
(2) 《ゴルフ》=pitch shot.
2 投げられた物(の量);((英))(販売用に)積まれた商品.
3 [C][U]((単数形))(相対的な)点, 位置, 程度
a high pitch of enthusiasm
たいへんな意気込み
the lowest pitch of poverty
極貧
to such a pitch that ...
…というほどまでに.
4 [U][C]傾斜(度), 角度, 勾配.
5 ((the 〜))最高度, 頂点, 極み, 絶頂
at the pitch of one's ability
能力の限りに.
6 [U](音の)調子, 高さ, ピッチ.
7 ((略式))
(1) しつこい売り込み口上;(テレビ・ラジオの)宣伝.
(2) 計画, 観点.
8 (人・物の)定位置;((英))(露天商などの)決まった居場所;((英))キャンプ場
make one's pitch
((米俗))居を構える
Keep off my pitch!
((英))おれのしま[縄張り]にはいるな.
9
(1) ((英))(サッカー・クリケット・ホッケーの)競技場(((米))field).
(2) 《クリケット》両三柱門の間の場所.
10 (船の)縦揺れ(⇔roll);《航空》機首の上下振動;プロペラ1回転当たりの前進距離;(ロケット・ミサイルの)縦揺れ.
11 《機械》ピッチ.
(1) 歯車の歯と歯の間の距離.
(2) ねじが1回転で進む距離.
12 《漕艇》ピッチ.
13 《トランプ》
(1)seven-up 1.
(2) オークションピッチ(auction pitch).
fly a high pitch
高く舞い上がる.
make a pitch for ...
((俗))…に賛成[激励]の発言をする;…を(説得によって)手に入れようとする.
queer a person's pitch/queer the pitch for a person
((英略式))〈人の〉計画をくじく.
to boot
Besides, in addition. For example, It rained every day and it was cold to boot, or He said they'd lower the price of the car by $1,000 and throw in air conditioning to boot. This expression has nothing to do with footwear. Boot here is an archaic noun meaning "advantage," and in the idiom has been broadened to include anything additional, good or bad. [c. a.d. 1000]


 不知為什麼將空氣調節 (冷暖氣)只簡譯為冷氣  (日本類似: [U]空気調節[調整], 冷房;空気調節装置. ▼専門家は暖房(heating)を含ませるが, 一般的には冷房をさす.)

Air conditioning

研究:冷氣可提升生產力

Taiwan sweats on US arms sales decision


hit and miss

(hĭt'n-mĭs')
adj.
Sometimes succeeding and sometimes not.

sweat
(swĕt) pronunciation

v., sweat·ed, or sweat, sweat·ing, sweats. v.intr.
  1. To excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin; perspire.
  2. To exude in droplets, as moisture from certain cheeses or sap from a tree.
  3. To condense atmospheric moisture.
    1. To release moisture, as hay in the swath.
    2. To ferment, as tobacco during curing.
  4. Informal.
    1. To work long and hard.
    2. To suffer much, as for a misdeed.
  5. Informal. To fret or worry.
[名]
1 [U]汗(⇒PERSPIRATION 1);((a 〜))汗をかくこと, 発汗(作用);(運動などによる)ひとしきりの汗;不安な[困った, いらいらした]状態
with [in, by] the sweat of one's brow
額に汗して
break a sweat
汗をかく
break out in a (cold) sweat
冷や汗をかく
work up a good sweat
汗をたっぷり流す
Sweat broke out on his forehead.
彼の額に汗が浮かんだ.
2 ((a 〜))((古風))骨の折れる仕事, 苦役.
3 (壁・ガラスなどの表面にできる)水滴, 露.
4 ((〜s))((米略式))スエットスーツ;スエットパンツ.
5 ((通例an old 〜))((古風))経験豊かな人, (特に)老兵.
6 (レース前の馬の)足ならし.
no sweat
((話))わけなく, やすやすと(easily);((間投詞的))おやすい御用だ, 心配無用だ.
━━[動](〜 or 〜・ed)(自)[I([副])]
1 (特に多量に)汗をかく. ▼人についていうときはperspireが好まれる
sweat heavily [((略式))buckets]
大汗をかく
He sweated with anxiety.
不安で冷や汗をかいた.
2 〈壁・ガラスなどが〉汗をかく, 露を結ぶ, 〈物が〉湿気を帯びる, 〈分泌物が〉にじみ出る;〈葉タバコが〉発酵する
The glass is sweating on the table.
テーブルの上のグラスが汗をかいている.
3 ((略式))一心に働く, (…で)汗水を流して働く, 猛勉強する((over ...));苦しむ, ひどい目にあう, 心配する, いらいらする
sweat at a job
仕事に精出す
The danger of food shortages made everyone sweat.
食糧危機で皆が苦しんだ
I am sweating for that mistake.
あの失敗でひどい目にあっている.
━━(他)
1 〈汗・水分などを〉出す, 流す, 〈露・水滴を〉にじみ出させる, 出す;〈血・ゴム液などを〉汗のように出す;〈獣皮・葉タバコを〉発酵させる;(少量の水・油などで)〈野菜などを〉煮る.
2 ((米))〈衣類を〉汗でぬらす[よごす].
3 〈人・馬などに〉(薬・運動の作用で)汗をかかせる
I'm all sweated out and parched.
汗をたっぷりかいて, のどがからからだ.
4 〈体重・かぜなどを〉発汗して取り除く[治す, 減らす]((off, out))
sweat off [out] a cold
汗をかいてかぜを治す
The hard work sweated six pounds off me.
激しい運動で6ポンド減量した.
5 〈人・動物を〉むりに激しく働かせる;〈労働者を〉酷使[搾取]する
sweat the laborers for a large profit
大きな利益を得るために労働者を酷使する.
6 〈結果・昇進・賛辞などを〉努力によって獲得する[生み出す].
7 …と苦労して取り組む
sweat exams
試験に取り組む.
8 ((俗))〈囚人を〉拷問にかける;〈情報などを〉(人から)きびしい尋問によって引き出す((out of ...)).
9 ((俗))〈金を〉(人から)巻き上げる((out of, from ...));〈人の〉(金を)ふんだくる((of ...)).
10 ((略式))…を気に病む
Don't sweat it.
心配するな
Don't sweat the small stuff.
つまらないことを気にするな.
11 〈袋に入れた金貨を〉こすって粉末を取る. ⇒CLIP1(他)4
12 《冶金》〈金属を〉(…に)接合させる((on, in ...));〈はんだを〉溶かす.
13 〈財産などを〉浪費する.
sweat on ...
((俗))〈事を〉当てにする, 頼りにする.
sweat ... out/sweat out ...
(1) ⇒(他)4
(2) ((itを目的語として))((略式))(結果などを)いらいら[はらはら]して待つ;耐える, 我慢する;激しい運動をする
He sweated it out waiting for the examination results.
彼は試験の結果をいらいらして待った.
(3) …を考え出そうとして努力する.
[古英語swtan(汗をかく). swāt(汗)よりの派生語]



sweatshop  血汗工廠

Pronunciation: /ˈswɛtʃɒp/
Translate sweatshop | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish

noun

a factory or workshop, especially in the clothing industry, where manual workers are employed at very low wages for long hours and under poor conditions: the situation is similar to migrant workers in sweatshops


break sweat (or US break a sweat)

INFORMAL Exert oneself physically:they extended their unbeaten run to seven matches and hardly had to break sweat to do it

perspire Pronunciation (verb) To excrete perspiration through the pores of the skin.
Synonyms:sudate, sweat
Usage:The air-conditioning was broken in his car, and he began to perspire heavily in the heat.