2015年3月31日 星期二

apperception, perception of entrepreneurship, overregulation, the advance of the state

“Our perception of entrepreneurship has to echo that of innovation and entrepreneurship” writes author, Peter Drucker, in his assertion that ...

有矛盾的引言





perception

[名]
1 [U][C]((文))知覚(作用);認知(力), 理解;[U]《心理学》知覚
His perception of danger was immediate.
彼は即座に危険に気づいた.
2 [U]直覚, 直観, 洞察, 鑑識力
a man of keen perception
鋭い直観力のある人.
3 (知覚による)認識結果, 感知されたもの.
4 《法律》(賃料・作物などの)取り立て, 収受.

n.
  1. The process, act, or faculty of perceiving.
  2. The effect or product of perceiving.
  3. Psychology.
    1. Recognition and interpretation of sensory stimuli based chiefly on memory.
    2. The neurological processes by which such recognition and interpretation are effected.
    1. Insight, intuition, or knowledge gained by perceiving.
    2. The capacity for such insight.
[Middle English percepcioun, from Old French percepcion, from Latin perceptiō, perceptiōn-, from perceptus, past participle of percipere, to perceive. See perceive.]
perceptional per·cep'tion·al adj.

2013年4月16日星期二

Margaret Thatcher's central perception.

For a world in desperate need of growth, this is the wrong direction. Europe will never thrive until it frees up its markets. America will throttle its recovery unless it avoids overregulation. China will not sustain its success unless it starts to liberalise. This is a crucial time to hang on to Margaret Thatcher's central perception: that for countries to flourish, people need to push back against the advance of the state. What the world needs now is more Thatcherism, not less.
From the print edition: Leaders
Freedom fighter
Margaret Thatcher
By The Economist
From The Economist
Published: April 15, 2013

由於金融危機,鐘擺已逐漸搖離柴契爾支持的原則。在多數富有國家,政府在經濟中的佔比大增,規範也困住了私人部門。對於一個亟需成長的世界來說,這是個錯誤的方向。此時此刻,守住柴契爾夫人的核心看法極為重要:人民必須推阻步步進逼的政府,國家才能繁榮。(黃維德譯  天下文化http://www.cw.com.tw/article/article.action?id=5048419
CW採取摘譯重組的翻譯方式."規範"一般翻譯為"管制" 
"看法"或許可考慮:"見地" (見解、主張).
the state 翻譯為"政府"沒錯. 它在此指"事務由國家搶去做"
 http://humanum.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/cgi-bin/agrep-lindict?query=PERCEPTION&category=full&boo=no&ignore=on&substr=on&order=all



apperceptionLine breaks: ap¦per|cep¦tion
Pronunciation: /apəˈsɛpʃ(ə)n/ 

Definition of apperception in English:

noun[名][U]《心理学》

1 統覚,意識された知覚.
2 統覚作用.
3 類化
[MASS NOUN] Psychology , dated
The mental process by which a person makes sense of an idea by assimilating it to the body of ideas he or she already possesses.
EXAMPLE SENTENCES
  • Where people differ is in the way that each of them typically makes use of the equipment; and this typical mode of apperception and responsiveness is what is meant in psychology by their type.
  • This could throw additional light upon the unconscious psychodynamic processes governing the perception and apperception, both sensory and extrasensory, of potentially threatening stimuli.
  • From seashore strands to moors and mountains, from sand specks and protozoa to all-embracing panoramas, knowing and feeling were conjoined, not conflicting, modes of apperception.

Origin

Mid 18th century: from French aperception or modern Latin aperceptio(n-), from Latin ad- 'to' + percipere'perceive'.

Derivatives

apperceptive

1
Pronunciation: /apəˈsɛptɪv/
adjective

diaphanous,ponderous, a raft of, fleece, confederacy, hoteling, juniper




“Whether or not you buy into Mucha’s spiritual ambition, his illustrations are striking in their depth and detail, with a certain haunted, diaphanous quality that would be imitated throughout the twentieth century, right on up to those ponderous Led Zeppelin ‘Stairway to Heaven’ black-light posters that continue to grace all too many dorm rooms.”



In 1899, Alphonse Mucha, a progenitor of Art Nouveau, published Le Pater, an illustrated edition of the Lord’s Prayer embellished in his sinuous, faintly occult style. Mucha, who was born today in 1860, made only 510 copies of the book,...
THEPARISREVIEW.ORG|由 DAN PIEPENBRING 上傳

























Lots of wind assigned to this place 
 And the ruminants' cry like a juniper split by the tempest
...


Eighteenth hour
The sea extended its diaphanous hands toward the shore;s hairy
     shoulders
Like Isaac groping Jocob's fleece.

Lots of Wind by Michel Deguy


On Wall Street, Some Insiders Express Quiet Outrage Jesse Eisinger of ProPublica, The Trade columnist, says that a secret confederacy of Occupy Wall Street sympathizers is criticizing the financial industry for becoming a machine to enrich itself, fleecing customers and exacerbating inequality.


 博思艾倫諮詢公司(Booz Allen)的員工既可以在家辦公,也可以通過登記,在另一家分支機構的辦公室辦公,這種做法叫做“旅館式辦公”(“hoteling”)。博思艾倫人力 資源方面的資深合伙人克里斯托弗·卡爾森(Christopher Carlson)說,這項政策對於留住員工至關重要。為了照顧年邁的父母,他從華盛頓特區搬到了佛羅里達州,然後在家辦公。

Fleeced by Fees When You Travel?

By STEPHANIE ROSENBLOOM

That newspaper at your hotel door? That blanket on the plane? The chair at the beach? They could cost you, whether you know it or not. And it adds up.




ponderousLine breaks: pon¦der|ous
Pronunciation: /ˈpɒnd(ə)rəs/



Definition of ponderous in English:

adjective

1Slow and clumsy because of great weight:swarthy, ponderous giant of a man
1.1(Especially of speech or writingdull or laborious:the show is loaded down with ponderous one-liners

Origin

Late Middle English: via French from Latin ponderosus, from pondusponder- 'weight'.
confederacy
(kən-fĕd'ər-ə-sē) pronunciation
n., pl., -cies.

    1. A union of persons, parties, or states; a league.
    2. The persons, parties, or states joined in such a union.
    3. Confederacy The Confederate States of America.
  1. A group of people who have united for unlawful practices; a conspiracy.
[Middle English confederacie, from Anglo-Norman, from Late Latin cōnfoederātiō, cōnfoederātiōn-, agreement, from cōnfoederātus, past participle of confoederāre, to unite. See confederate.]




fleece

(flēs) pronunciation
n.

    1. The coat of wool of a sheep or similar animal.
    2. The yield of wool shorn from a sheep at one time.
  1. A soft woolly covering or mass.
  2. Fabric with a soft deep pile.
tr.v., fleeced, fleec·ing, fleec·es.
  1. To defraud of money or property; swindle.
  2. To shear the fleece from.
  3. To cover with or as if with fleece.
[Middle English fles, from Old English flēos.]
fleecer fleec'er n.








***

a raft of reform in Taiwan?

Foreign firms have been avidly pitching their expertise to states which have applied for funds, trade missions have crisscrossed the country and LaHood has met with a raft of ambassadors and transportation ministers.
Among the companies and their domestic subsidiaries the Transportation Department said have committed to created or expanding operations in the U.S. if they win rail contracts Bombardier of Canada, ALSTOM of France, TALGO of Spain, Siemens of Germany, Hyundai Rotem of South Korea and and Kawasaki Rail Car of Japan.

raft2 (răft) pronunciation
n. Informal
A great number, amount, or collection: "As the prairie dog goes, conservation biologists say, so may go a raft of other creatures" (William K. Stevens).





diaphanous

Syllabification: (di·aph·a·nous)
Pronunciation: /dīˈafənəs/



adjective

  • (especially of fabric) light, delicate, and translucent:a diaphanous dress of pale gold

Origin:

early 17th century: from medieval Latin diaphanus, from Greek diaphanēs, from dia 'through' + phainein 'to show'

2015年3月29日 星期日

shambolic, toff, kick in, in accord, turn-off, chardonnay-glugging, knicker

The fantastic Pitt Rivers Museum, the collection of anthropologist Augustus Pitt Rivers, is a one-of-a-kind treasure in Oxford.
The Museum is full of anthropological curiosities, such as the witch in a bottle, reindeer knickers and swedish peasant shoes.





The French lingerie market is the biggest in Europe, according to beancounters at the Institut Français de la Mode, a fashion school, and France is also the biggest European exporter of bras, knickers and the like. French women spend more per head on their scanties than others, just beating the Germans and outdistancing the cheap and cheerful British by a country mile http://econ.st/J3L7IV
In 1996 a new sort of singleton emerged from the page. The chardonnay-glugging, big-knickers-wearing, 30-something heroine of "Bridget Jones' Diary" was a late-20th-century everywoman, neurotic, shambolic and unlucky in love. Nearly two decades on, Bridget is back. The challenge for "Mad about The Boy" is more complex http://econ.st/16uipJK


Congress Ends 5-Year Standoff on Trade Deals in Rare Accord
By BINYAMIN APPELBAUM and JENNIFER STEINHAUER

Approval of long-awaited free trade agreements with three countries offered a rare moment of bipartisan agreement in Washington.




But not just any book! “NurtureShock,” with its Toffleresque title, promises to revolutionize parenthood with “New Thinking About Children.” According to Bronson and his co-writer, Ashley Merryman, who runs a church-based tutoring program for urban youth, “nurture shock” is the panic common to new parents that “the mythical fountain of knowledge is not magically kicking in.”

 《中英對照讀新聞》"Toffs" in red trousers a turn-off for nearly half of Britons 近半數英國人討厭穿紅褲子的「紈褲子弟」

◎俞智敏
Britain’s class-conscious public have voiced their dislike of men in red trousers, associating them with elitism and garish buffoonery, according to a recent survey.
根據最近的一項調查顯示,對階級向來敏感的英國民眾表示厭惡男性穿著紅褲子,並把紅褲子與菁英主義和浮誇的滑稽行為聯想在一起。
Just under half the respondents (46 percent) to a survey released by market research firm YouGov said they don’t like men in red trousers.
在市場調查公司YouGov公布的調查結果中,有近半數(46%)的受訪者表示不喜歡穿紅褲子的男性。
"Gentlemen be warned. Wearing red trousers will not win you many admirers," YouGov said in an article about the sartorial study on their website.
「紳士們小心了。穿紅褲子可不會替你贏來許多愛慕者」,YouGov在其網站上一篇有關男性服裝研究的文章裡寫道。
Words such as "idiot", "odd" and "clown" sprang to the minds of respondents when confronted with the sight of a man sporting red trousers, YouGov said.
看到穿著紅褲的男子時,受訪者的腦袋裡會浮現「白痴」、「古怪」和「小丑」等字眼,YouGov表示。
British Esquire magazine’s Senior Fashion Editor Gareth Scourfield said that although continental men in France and Italy have been getting away with colourful clothes for years, Britons tended to be more reserved. "I think the problem is it has a connotation as a rich man’s casual wear," he said.
英國版「君子」雜誌資深時尚主編史考爾菲德說,雖然多年來法國和義大利等歐陸國家男性穿著色彩鮮艷的服裝都未曾遭受責難,英國人的態度則偏向保守。「我想問題在於它會讓人聯想到有錢人的休閒服」,他說。

Class-ridden connotations for RTs, as they are known to aficionados, are hard to shake off in a country where privileged people are often mocked as "toffs."(Reuters)
被死忠愛好者稱為RT的紅褲子,在這個權貴人士常被譏諷為「有錢公子哥」的國家,恐怕很難擺脫其隱含的階級意涵。(路透)



kick in
1. Contribute one's share, as in We'll kick in half if you take care of the rest. [Colloquial; c. 1900]
2. Also, kick off. Die, as in No one knows when he'll kick in, or He finally kicked off yesterday. [Slang; first half of 1900s] Also see kick the bucket.
3. Begin to operate, as in Finally the motor kicked in and we could get started. This usage was first recorded in 1908.


toff

Syllabification: (toff)
Pronunciation: /täf/
British informal derogatory
Translate toff | into Italian


noun

  • a rich or upper-class person.

Origin:

mid 19th century: perhaps an alteration of tuft, used to denote a gold tassel worn on the cap by titled undergraduates at Oxford and Cambridge
 toff:名詞,英國非正式用語,常帶有貶意,指上層階級的有錢人,如Gone are the days when champagne-drinking was just for toffs.(只有上層階級才喝得起香檳的時代已經結束。)




shambolic

Syllabification: (sham·bo·lic)
Pronunciation: /SHamˈbälik/
Translate shambolic | into German

adjective

informal, chiefly British
  • chaotic, disorganized, or mismanaged:the department’s shambolic accounting

Origin:

1970s: from shambles, probably on the pattern of symbolic



Chardonnay

Syllabification: (Char·don·nay)
Pronunciation: /ˌSHärdnˈā/
noun
  • a variety of white wine grape used for making champagne and other wines.
  • a wine made from the Chardonnay grape.

Origin:

French

glug

Syllabification: (glug)
Pronunciation: /gləg/
informal


verb (glugs, glugging, glugged)

[with object]
  • drink or pour (liquid) with a hollow gurgling sound:he glugs down half his beer

noun

  • a hollow gurgling sound or series of sounds as of liquid being poured from a bottle.
  • an amount of liquid poured from a bottle:a couple of good glugs of Dubonnet

Origin:

late 17th century: imitative




knickers

Syllabification: (knick·ers)
Pronunciation: /ˈnikərz/
Translate knickers | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish

noun

  • 1 (also knickerbockers) North American loose-fitting trousers gathered at the knee or calf.
  • 2 British a woman’s or girl’s underpants.
Phrases
get one's knickers in a twist
British informal become upset or angry.
Derivatives
knickered
adjective

Origin:

late 19th century (sense 1): abbreviation of knickerbockers (see knickerbocker)

benchmark, unmistakable emblem, corral


Op-Ed Contributor

It's About the Work, Not the Office

By JENNIFER GLASS
Corralling workers in one place doesn't necessarily lead to productivity or innovation.
Proxy Showdown at the AOL Corral
AOL Chief Executive Tim Armstrong faces a referendum on his turnaround strategy for the aging Internet icon this week.

Another Twist for G.O.P. as Santorum Fares Well
By JIM RUTENBERG
Rick Santorum won the Minnesota and Colorado caucuses and a nonbinding primary in Missouri on Tuesday, raising fresh questions about Mitt Romney’s ability to corral conservative support.


The French are treating it like a national celebration. President Nicolas Sarkozy contributed a note to the catalog extolling this “unmistakable emblem of the international influence of French culture.” The exhibition would have been a box office smash even if it had corralled fewer of Monet’s benchmarks.

In a perfect example of Brian Seed's eye for quirk, a boy corrals a pig, Ireland, 1963. See more: http://ti.me/1IpQ0VD
(Photo: Brian Seed)



corral

(kə-răl') pronunciation
n.
  1. An enclosure for confining livestock.
  2. An enclosure formed by a circle of wagons for defense against attack during an encampment.
tr.v., -ralled, -ral·ling, -rals.
  1. To drive into and hold in a corral.
  2. To arrange (wagons) in a corral.
  3. To take control or possession of.
  4. To gather; garner: "difficult for congressional leadership to corral a majority of votes" (Don J. Pease).
[Spanish, from Vulgar Latin *currāle, enclosure for carts, from Latin currus, cart, from currere, to run.]



benchmark
n.
  1. A standard by which something can be measured or judged: "Inflation . . . is a great distorter of seemingly fixed economic ideas and benchmarks" (Benjamin M. Friedman). See synonyms at standard.
  2. often bench mark A surveyor's mark made on a stationary object of previously determined position and elevation and used as a reference point in tidal observations and surveys.
tr.v., -marked, -mark·ing, -marks.
To measure (a rival's product) according to specified standards in order to compare it with and improve one's own product.

[From the use of the mark as a place to insert an angle iron that serves as a support for a leveling rod.]

2015年3月28日 星期六

Egreto perambis doribus! hullucination, -gen, hallucinogen

    Nabokov's interview. (03) Playboy [1964]

This exchange with Alvin Toffler appeared in Playboy for January, 1964. Great trouble was taken on both sides to achieve the illusion of a spontaneous conversation. Actually, my contribution as printed conforms meticulously to the answers, every word of which I had written in longhand before having them typed for submission to Toffler when he came to Montreux in mid-March, 1963. The present text takes into account the order of my interviewer's questions as well as the fact that a couple of consecutive pages of my typescript were apparently lost in transit. Egreto perambis doribus!


2nd February 2006, 10:40 PM
judkinsc's Avatar
Senior Member
Join Date: Dec 2005
Location: Indiana
Native language: English, USA
Posts: 979
Re: Latin: Egreto perambis doribus!

It's not standard Classical Latin. The forms do not exist to render it as such. With that said, it's possible he gapped some things, altered a few others...

Egreto (possibly egresso if there is a variant participle ending in that verb), meaning "with a man having left/exited from"
Perambis perhaps shortened from "perambulatis"
Doribus exists in Latin as a form of dores(-is), -um, referring to the Dorian Greeks, as stated above. Perhaps it is a transliteration of the Greek dors, doridos using Latin declensions...meaning sacrificial knives.

If, by a rare stretch of imagination, any of that is possible, then the meaning would be something like "With a man having escaped from the walking knives" or "with the man having escaped from the men walking with sacrificial knives."

I have found one use of "doribus", in a medieval version of the Ad Missam catholic song. "in splen doribus sanctorum."My best guess is that it's an Italian dialect, not Latin.
__________________
N'hésitez pas à corriger mon français.

Last edited by judkinsc; 2nd February 2006 at 11:03 PM.
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#10
Old 22nd February 2006, 10:36 PM
la grive solitaire's Avatar
Senior Member
Join Date: Mar 2005
Native language: United States, English
Posts: 9,221
Re: Latin: Egreto perambis doribus!

I found doribus (actually, d'oribus in the original) in Rabelais's Pantagruel:

http://etext.library.adelaide.edu.au...1g/part64.html
"...to put the said Chronicles betwixt two pieces of linen cloth made somewhat hot, and so apply them to the place that smarteth, sinapizing them with a little powder of projection, otherwise called doribus.




Nothing had any lasting effect until, at the age of 65, he had his first psychedelic experience. He left his home in Vancouver, Wash., to take part in an experiment at Johns Hopkins medical school involving psilocybin, the psychoactive ingredient found in certain mushrooms.
Scientists are taking a new look at hallucinogens, which became taboo among regulators after enthusiasts like Timothy Leary promoted them in the 1960s with the slogan “Turn on, tune in, drop out.” Now, using rigorous protocols and safeguards, scientists have won permission to study once again the drugs’ potential for treating mental problems and illuminating the nature of consciousness.


In Brazil, Inmates Get Hallucinogenic Tea

The provision of ayahuasca, a psychedelic brew used in the Amazon basin for centuries, to inmates on short furloughs reflects a quest to ease pressure on Brazil’s prison system.

hal·lu·ci·no·gen (hə-lū'sə-nə-jən) pronunciation

n.[名]幻覚剤.
A substance that induces hallucination.

hallucinogenic hal·lu'ci·no·gen'ic (-jĕn'ĭk) adj.



/həlùːsənéɪʃən/

幻覚
-gen
or -gene
suff.
  1. Producer: androgen.
  2. One that is produced: phosgene.
[French -gène, from Greek -genēs, born.]