2014年9月30日 星期二

the thick, through thick and thin, thicket of rules,, copse, zapper

In Hong Kong, CNN's correspondents have been on the ground reporting rising tensions between protesters and police:http://cnn.it/1yxo1SH
Tens of thousands of demonstrators are occupying Hong Kong's financial district in protest of what they see as Beijing's creeping influence on the way the semiautonomous region is run. CNN's correspondents have been on...
CNN.COM


Toyota Builds Thicket of Patents Around Hybrid To Block Competitors


Potential Conflicts Abound in Government Role
Even after nine months of extraordinary government intervention, the scope and complexity of the GM rescue present a thicket of conflicts unlike any seen before in Washington.



第 279 頁
... definition is so fuzzy that it ought to be operationally defined! I fear such a suggestion is calculated to lead one into the thickets of Russell-type ...



A decade ago, Sen. John McCain embraced legislation to broadly deregulate the banking and insurance industries, helping to sweep aside a thicket of rules established over decades in favor of a less restricted financial marketplace that proponents said would result in greater economic growth.
(By Michael D. Shear, The Washington Post)


Craig Barrett has been leading Intel with a steady hand for almost a decade, first as CEO and now as Chairman of the Board. He has seen the tech giant through thick and thin: the thickness of wallets during the dot-com bubble, and the thinness of demand when that bubble burst.
--CNN


Through thick and thin
Meaning
Through all forms of obstacle that are put in one's way.
Origin
'Through thick and thin' is one of the English language's older expressions and one that has maintained its figurative meaning over many centuries. It is venerable enough to date from the times when England was still a predominantly wooded country, with few roads and where animals grazed on what was known as wood pasture, i.e. mixed woodland and grass. The phrase originated as 'through thicket and thin wood', which was a straightforward literal description of any determined progress through the 'thick' English countryside.
through thick and thinThe earliest citation I can find that uses our contemporary wording is in Richard Baxter's religious text A Saint Or a Brute: The Certain Necessity and Excellency of Holiness, 1662:
"Men do fancy a necessity [of holiness] where there is none, yet that will carry them through thick and thin."
The phrase had been in use in Old and Middle English, in the literal 'thicket or thin wood' sense, for some centuries before that. The earliest known usage is in Geoffrey Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale:
And whan the hors was laus, he gynneth gon
Toward the fen, ther wilde mares renne,
And forth with "wehee," thurgh thikke and thurgh thenne.

[And when the horse was loose, he begins to go
Toward the fen, where wild mares run
And forth with "wehee," through thick and through thin
]
foal, mare, stallion, harem


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NOUN

(the thick)Back to top  
The most active or crowded part of something:we were in the thick of the battle
thick (CLOSE TOGETHER) 
adjective
1 growing close together and in large amounts:
thick forest
thick dark hair

2 difficult to see through:
Thick, black smoke was pouring out of the chimney.

thicken
rb [I or T]
to (cause to) become thicker:
The smoke thickened rapidly.

thicket 
noun [C]
an area of trees and bushes growing closely together

n.
  1. A dense growth of shrubs or underbrush; a copse.
  2. Something suggestive of a dense growth of plants, as in impenetrability or thickness: “the thicket of unreality which stands between us and the facts of life” (Daniel J. Boorstin).
[Old English thiccet, from thicce, thick. See thick.]

Behind a copse of dark green conifers, bees buzz lazily over neat rows of shiny tea bushes soaking up the summer sun. A list of rules pinned to a board instructs tea-pickers not to keep long fingernails or to powder their faces; smoking is banned. Instead of pesticides, bug-zappers protect the crop from leafhoppers and other tea-loving pests.
在一片墨绿色的针叶林背后,一排排整齐的茶树丛闪闪发亮,沐浴在夏日的阳光下,蜜蜂嗡嗡作响,懒洋洋地在枝头盘绕。一块板子上写着一系列规定,要求采茶者 不得蓄长指甲,不得在脸上搽粉;严禁吸烟。这里不使用杀虫剂,而是电子灭虫器来保护茶树免受叶蝉及其它嗜茶叶害虫的侵害。

zapper
n. Slang
  1. A destructive device, especially ne that destroys by means of electric current or radiation: a bug zapper.
  2. A remote-control device for switching a television set on and off and for changing channels.
thick・et
━━ n. 茂み, やぶ.

sphincter,morality, windpipe,fits of sneezing, feces,



The treatment may sound appalling, but it works.
Transplanting feces from a healthy person into the gut of one who is sick can quickly cure severe intestinal infections caused by a dangerous type of bacteria that antibiotics often cannot control.
這種療法可能駭人聽聞,但是療效很好。
把健康人的糞便灌入病人的腸道,就可以迅速治癒一種嚴重的腸道感染。造成這種感染的病菌很危險,抗生素常常無法控制。

The sexual instinct during pregenital phases is auto-erotic and is linked to particular zones (the oral cavity, anus), the location of this erotic pleasure depending on the degree of maturity (sucking in infancy, the pleasure of stool retention and expulsion when acquiring sphincter control). Freud made direct observations, which he then described, such as the pleasure of the baby feeding at its mother's breast or the adolescent masturbating. In these pregenital stages the sexual instinct consists of component instincts such as the sadistic instinct, the instinct for knowledge, the instinct for mastery, these nonerotic components being directed toward the object. (These component instincts often appear as pairs of opposites, for example, the instinct to see and be seen.) The great variety and diversity of these component instincts led Freud to declare that children were polymorphously perverse, each of these instincts being capable of continuing later in life in certain adult perversions (voyeurism and sadism, for instance). But this predisposition could also "be regarded as the source of a number of our virtues, in so far as through reaction-formation it stimulates their development" (Freud, 1905d, p. 239).

The Turner prize show: voices, videos and erotic tickling sticks

Has the Turner prize lost its power to shock? No – thanks to James Richards’s sphincter* shots. But it’s Tris Vonna-Michell’s spellbinding spoken-word travelogues that deserve to win
[名]解剖括約筋.

sphincter

Line breaks: sphinc|ter
Pronunciation: /ˈsfɪŋktə 
  
/

NOUN

Anatomy
A ring of muscle surrounding and serving to guard orclose an opening or tube, such as the anus or theopenings of the stomach:the anal sphincter

Origin

late 16th century: via Latin from Greek sphinktēr, fromsphingein 'bind tight'.




sphincter
[名]《解剖学》括約筋.
A sphincter is a structure, or a circular muscle, that normally maintains constriction of a natural body passage or orifice and which relaxes as required by normal physiological functioning. There are over 50 different sphincters in the human body; some of these sphincters are microscopic in size, in particular the precapillary sphincters.[1]
Contents [hide]

Functions

Sphincters prove effective in the mediation of the entrance or release of liquids and fluids; this is evident, for example, in the blowholes of numerous marine mammals.
Many sphincters are used everyday in the normal course of digestion. For example, the epiglottis is used to seal off the windpipe when swallowing, so as to ensure that no food or liquid enters the lungs. The function of the epiglottis is a typical example of an involuntary action by the body.

Classifications

Sphincters can be further classified into functional and anatomical sphincters:
  • Anatomical sphincters have a localised and often circular muscle thickening to facilitate their action as a sphincter.
  • Functional sphincters do not have this localised muscle thickening and achieve their sphincteric action indirectly through muscle contraction around (extrinsic) or within (intrinsic) the structure.
Sphincters can also be voluntarily or involuntarily controlled:

Examples of sphincters


windpipe (noun) Membranous tube with cartilaginous rings that conveys inhaled air from the larynx to the bronchi.[名]気管(trachea).
Synonyms:trachea
Usage:Poisonous vapors … crept like evil spirits over the ship, stealing into the nostrils and windpipes of the unwary and causing fits of sneezing and coughing.

2014年9月29日 星期一

stranded, blockade, ringtone songs, rap to jazz, airlift


Fox News
Volcano erupts in Japan; 7 missing, 40 injured
TOKYO – A volcano in central Japan erupted in spectacular fashionon Saturday, catching mountain climbers by surprise and stranding at least 40 ...


Japan Airlifts Supplies to Typhoon-Stranded Residents
Voice of America
September 06, 2011 Japan Airlifts Supplies to Typhoon-Stranded Residents VOA News Military crews are airlifting relief supplies to thousands of people in western Japan who have been cut off from the world since a powerful typhoon struck the region last ...



An operation is under way to fly back to the UK thousands of people left stranded after Flyglobespan, Scotland's biggest airline, collapsed.
Its parent company, Globespan, entered administration on Wednesday, with all flights cancelled and 800 jobs going.
About 4,500 passengers are stranded - mostly in Spain, Portugal, Cyprus and Egypt. The Civil Aviation Authority will be repatriating about 1,100.

Flash Floods in Istanbul Kill at Least 20

By SEBNEM ARSU 27 minutes ago
ISTANBUL — Flash floods rushed across Istanbul and surrounding areas on Wednesday, stranding dozens of people in their vehicles and on rooftops.


NEWS ANALYSIS
Their Ranks Bolstered, and With Big Issues Ahead, Democrats Stumble
By CARL HULSE
The Republican-led blockade of overdue spending bills in the Senate is providing Congressional Democrats a quick and humbling lesson in the limits of their new power.




Thai police say they are in talks with anti-government protestors to lift the siege of Bangkok's passenger airports. However, protest leaders deny that negotiations are talking 原文錯誤 place, and insist that their demands remain unchanged. The Peoples Alliance for Democracy wants Prime Minister Somchai Wongsawat and his government to resign. The prime minister has authorised police to use force to disperse the protestors at the airports, but they have so far been reluctant to crush the blockade. As many as 100,000 tourists remain stranded.




Heavy fog adds to China's winter travel woes
AFP - GUANGZHOU, China (AFP) — Heavy fog descended Monday on southern China, complicating the task of helping millions of travellers stranded by winter weather ...

《中英對照讀新聞》Gaza calling:ringtone exports evade blockade Gaza calling:ringtone exports evade blockade 加薩呼喚:出口手機鈴聲來規避封鎖
◎俞智敏
Israel’s blockade of the Gaza Strip not only restricts imports to the enclave but has also crushed traditional exports like fruit, flowers, furniture and ceramics.
以色列封鎖加薩走廊不僅對進口至這塊飛地的商品設限,同時更重創了當地傳統的出口貿易如水果、鮮花、家具與陶器等。
But a year after a war between Israel and Gaza’s Hamas Islamist rulers and the 4-year-old blockade firmly in place, some Palestinian entrepreneurs are turning to the Internet to gain access to new foreign markets.
但在以色列與加薩走廊的哈瑪斯伊斯蘭統治者之間的戰爭爆發一年後,以色列對加薩所實施的四年封鎖措施仍舊未解除,部份巴勒斯坦企業家轉而透過網路來打進新的外國市場。
Haitham Abu Shaaban of Tatweer Business Services, working with a local recording studio, has a new contract with Dubai telecoms company du to make personalized cell phone ringtones that he hopes will sell well across the Arab world.
Tatweer商業服務公司的阿布沙班正與當地的錄音室合作,他跟杜拜的du電信公司簽署了生產客製化手機鈴聲的新合約,希望能夠在全阿拉伯世界大賣。
"The fact that Gaza has been under siege has stopped us from developing exports. But we thought there was a way around this," said Abu Shaaban. Gaza singers are lining up at the studios to record ringtone songs in a variety of styles, from rap to jazz.
「加薩受到圍困使我們無法發展出口市場,但我們認為一定有解決的辦法,」阿布沙班表示。加薩走廊的歌手們正在錄音室裡排隊,等著錄製從饒舌樂到爵士樂等各種風格的歌曲。
"We have taken forward the export of services through contracting local companies to export their work to other companies in the Middle East through the available tools, which is mainly, currently the Internet," Abu Shaaban said.
「我們與本地公司簽約,把他們的作品透過可用的工具,目前主要也就是靠網路,出口到中東地區的其他公司,藉此提供服務出口,」阿布沙班說。

新聞辭典
blockade:名詞,指封鎖、阻礙,如The Soviet blockade of Berlin was lifted in May 1949.(蘇聯對柏林的封鎖於1949年5月解除。)亦可做動詞。
enclave: 名詞,飛地(指在本國境內、隸屬另一國的一塊領土),如The republic of San Marino is an enclave of Italy.(聖馬利諾共和國位於義大利境內。)或指在更大範圍內一塊界線分明的較小區域,如an ethnic enclaves in a large city.(大城市裡的各種族聚集地)
siege:名詞,指圍攻、圍困,The soldiers laid siege to (= started a siege of) the city.(士兵們開始包圍這座城市。)亦可指(疾病等)長期折磨,如a siege of asthma.(長期為氣喘所苦)。




blockade
noun [C]
when a country or place is surrounded by soldiers or ships to stop people or goods from going in or out:
an air and sea blockade
The Soviet blockade of Berlin was lifted in May 1949.
There is still some hope that the economic blockade will work and make military intervention unnecessary.

blockade
verb [T]
The Estonian port of Tallinn was blockaded for a time by Soviet warships.

strand1


━━ n. 〔詩〕 岸.
━━ v. 座礁させる[する]; 立ち往生する; 困(らせ)る.
strand・ed ━━ a. どうしようもなくなって.



stranded

adjective
unable to leave somewhere because of an inconvenience such as a lack of transport or money:
He left me stranded in town with no car and no money for a bus.
If the tide comes in, we'll be stranded on these rocks.

n.
The land bordering a body of water; a beach.

strand
v., strand·ed, strand·ing, strands. v.tr.
  1. To drive or run ashore or aground.
  2. To bring into or leave in a difficult or helpless position: The convoy was stranded in the desert.
  3. Baseball. To leave (a base runner) on base at the end of an inning.
  4. Linguistics. To separate (a grammatical element) from other elements in a construction, either by moving it out of the construction or moving the rest of the construction. In the sentence What are you aiming at, the preposition at has been stranded.
v.intr.
  1. To be driven or run ashore or aground.
  2. To be brought into or left in a difficult or helpless position.
[Middle English, from Old English.]

strand2 (strănd) pronunciation
n.
  1. A complex of fibers or filaments that have been twisted together to form a cable, rope, thread, or yarn.
    1. A single filament, such as a fiber or thread, of a woven or braided material.
    2. A wisp or tress of hair.
  2. Something that is plaited or twisted as a ropelike length: a strand of pearls; a strand of DNA.
  3. One of the elements woven together to make an intricate whole, such as the plot of a novel.
tr.v., strand·ed, strand·ing, strands.
  1. To make or form (a rope, for example) by twisting strands together.
  2. To break a strand of (a rope, for example).
[Middle English strond.]


self-taught, gris-gris, fetish, orrery


The orrery memorial
Wright's birthplace at 28 Irongate, Derby is commemorated with a representation of an orrery on the pavement nearby.




Bloomberg
Mystery Man Who Moves Japanese Markets Made More Than 1 Million Trades
In the process, he has become a cult figure among Japanese day traders, a tight circle of self-taught professionals who take pride in working one of the ...

orrery

Line breaks: or¦rery
Pronunciation: /ˈɒrəri
  
/


NOUN (plural orreries)

A clockwork model of the solar system, or of just the sun, earth, and moon.

Origin

early 18th century: named after the fourth Earl of Orrery, for whom one was made.
What's an orrery? An orrery is a mechanical model of the solar system, including the planets, their moons, and their relationship to the sun. David Rittenhouse, born on April 8, 1732, was a clockmaker and astronomer whose inventions include two orreries, one of the first telescopes to be used in the US, clocks, mathematical instruments, and tools he used for surveying land boundaries, including part of the Mason-Dixon Line. Rittenhouse, self-taught in mathematics and astronomy, was at one time treasurer of Pennsylvania, and was the first person to serve as director of the US Mint. He later became active in the American Philosophical Society, succeeding Benjamin Franklin as its president.
Quote:
"For the greater beauty of the instrument, the balls representing the planets are to be of considerable bigness; but so contrived, that they may be taken off at pleasure, and others, much smaller, and fitter for some purposes, put in their places." David Rittenhouse

orrery
[ɔ'ːrəri | ɔ'r-] [名]太陽系儀:惑星の動きを示すために18世紀に作られた模型.

gris-gris (GREE-gree)

noun: A charm, amulet, or fetish.

Etymology
From French, of West African origin. Earliest documented use: 1698.

Usage
"The marabout [a Muslim holy man] produced a small calculator, punched in some numbers, and quoted a price of more than a thousand dollars for the gris-gris. 'With it you can walk across the entire desert and no one will harm you,' he promised." — Peter Gwin; The Telltale Scribes of Timbuktu; National Geographic (Washington, DC); Jan 2011.



amulet

2014年9月27日 星期六

lost his leg to diabetes, understand, outdistance

  Islamic State fighters besieging the Syrian town of Kobane on the Turkish border have been targeted by air strikes, the BBC understands: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-29390781
The French lingerie market is the biggest in Europe, according to beancounters at the Institut Français de la Mode, a fashion school, and France is also the biggest European exporter of bras, knickers and the like. French women spend more per head on their scanties than others, just beating the Germans and outdistancing the cheap and cheerful British by a country mile http://econ.st/J3L7IV

iPad '4G' claims face UK scrutiny

Apple is facing a wider inquiry over its "4G" advertising of the latest iPad in the UK, the BBC understands.
Blame Photoshop, Not Diabetes, for This Amputation
A poster being put up in the subway system shows a man who lost his leg to diabetes. But he really didn’t.


lose
(lūz) pronunciation

v., lost (lôst, lŏst), los·ing, los·es. v.tr.
  1. To be unsuccessful in retaining possession of; mislay: He's always losing his car keys.
    1. To be deprived of (something one has had): lost her art collection in the fire; lost her job.
    2. To be left alone or desolate because of the death of: lost his wife.
    3. To be unable to keep alive: a doctor who has lost very few patients.
  2. To be unable to keep control or allegiance of: lost his temper at the meeting; is losing supporters by changing his mind.
  3. To fail to win; fail in: lost the game; lost the court case.
  4. To fail to use or take advantage of: Don't lose a chance to improve your position.
  5. To fail to hear, see, or understand: We lost the plane in the fog. I lost her when she started speaking about thermodynamics.
    1. To let (oneself) become unable to find the way.
    2. To remove (oneself), as from everyday reality into a fantasy world.
  6. To rid oneself of: lost five pounds.
  7. To consume aimlessly; waste: lost a week in idle occupations.
  8. To wander from or become ignorant of: lose one's way.
    1. To elude or outdistance: lost their pursuers.
    2. To be outdistanced by: chased the thieves but lost them.
  9. To become slow by (a specified amount of time). Used of a timepiece.
  10. To cause or result in the loss of: Failure to reply to the advertisement lost her the job.
  11. To cause to be destroyed. Usually used in the passive: Both planes were lost in the crash.
  12. To cause to be damned.
v.intr.
  1. To suffer loss.
  2. To be defeated.
  3. To operate or run slow. Used of a timepiece.
phrasal verb:
lose out
  1. To fail to achieve or receive an expected gain.
idioms:
lose it Slang.
  1. To lose control; blow up.
  2. To become deranged or mentally disturbed.
  3. To become less capable or proficient; decline.
lose out on
  1. To miss (an opportunity, for example).
lose time
  1. To operate too slowly. Used of a timepiece.
  2. To delay advancement.
[Middle English losen, from Old English losian, to perish, from los, loss.]



understand[un・der・stand]

  • レベル:最重要
  • 発音記号[ʌ`ndərstǽnd]
[動](-stood)(▼進行形不可)(他)
1III[名]/wh-節/wh- to do]…を理解する, の考えをつかむ, 〈…ということを〉了解する, …がわかる
understand Chinese [a poem]
中国語[詩]がわかる
I don't understand you [what you say].
あなたの言うことがわかりません
I cannot understand why she is in Mexico. [=I cannot understand her being in Mexico. ]
彼女がなぜメキシコに住んでいるか解せない(▼前者のほうがくだけた言い方)
English isn't understood in that country.
その国では英語は通じない
He doesn't understand friendship [what friendship is].
彼には友情というものがどういうものかわかっていない.
2III[名]/that節/V[名]to do]((話・形式))…を聞いて知っている, と理解している
I understand (that) I was drunk last night.
昨夜は酔いしれていたようで
We understand you to be arriving tomorrow.
あなたはあす到着なさるそうですね
I understand from your letter that he is not coming.
あなたの手紙によれば彼は来ないわけですね
I understand that he is a distant relation. [=I understand him to be a distant relation. ]
彼は私の遠縁にあたると思っています.
3III[名]/that節]…と解釈する, 見なす;[V[名]to do]…が(…することと)解する;[V[名]as [to be][名][[形]]]…を(…であると)解する
What do the English understand by patriotism?
愛国心というとイギリス人はどういうものだと解しますか
I understood his remark as a threat.
私は彼の意見はおどしだと受け取った.
4 ((しばしば受身))…を(特定の方法で)解釈する;〈語句などを〉補って解釈する;〈語を〉略す
the understood subject
省略された主語.
━━(自)(←(他))
1 (言おうとすることを)理解する;理解力がある
You still don't understand.
まだわかっていないね
Do [Can] you understand?
いいですね[か], わかりましたか
Now I understand.
ああ, わかった(▼×Now, I understood. とはいわない).
2I([副])](特定の問題などの)知識がある, 背景を知っている((about ...))
He understands about horses.
馬のことをよく知っている.
3 寛大[同情的]に受け取る, 理解を示す
I can't help you. I hope you understand.
あなたをお助けできません. おわかりいただけますね.
give a person to understand
((形式))
(1) 〈人に〉それとなくわからせる.
(2) 〈人に〉(…ということを)わからせる, はっきり言ってやる((that節))
I was given to understand that only by cutting it could my novel be published.
私の小説は短くしなければ出版できないとはっきり言われた.
make oneself understood
自分の考え[言葉]を人にわからせる
Can you make yourself understood in French?
フランス語で用が足せますか.
understand each other
(1) 了解している, わかり合っている
They have not reached an agreement yet, but they understand each other.
合意には達していないが, 相手の意向はお互いにわかっている.
(2) 結託している, 共謀する.
[古英語understandan (under-下に, 間に+standan立つ=間に立つ→理解する). △STAND

understand

Line breaks: under|stand
Pronunciation: /ʌndəˈstand 
  
/

VERB (past and past participle understood /-ˈstʊd/)

[WITH OBJECT]
1Perceive the intended meaning of (words, a language, or a speaker):he didn’t understand a word I saidhe could usually make himself understood[WITH CLAUSE]: she understood what he was saying
1.1Perceive the significanceexplanation, or causeof:she didn’t really understand the situation[WITH CLAUSE]: he couldn’t understand why weburst out laughing
2Interpret or view (something) in a particular way:as the term is usually understood, legislation refersto regulations and directives
2.1[WITH CLAUSE] Infer something from information received (often used as a polite formula inconversation):I understand you’re at art school[WITH OBJECT]: as I understood it, she was flyingback to the States tomorrow
2.2Regard (a missing wordphrase, or idea) aspresent:present company excepted’ is always understood when sweeping generalizations are being made
2.3[WITH CLAUSE] Assume to be the case; take forgranted:he liked to play the field, that was understood
3Be sympathetically or knowledgeably aware of thecharacter or nature of:Picasso understood colour[WITH CLAUSE]: I understand how you feel

Origin

Old English understandan (see under-stand).

Derivatives

understander

NOUN

outdistance

Syllabification: (out·dis·tance)
Pronunciation: /ˌoutˈdistəns/
Translate outdistance | into Spanish

verb

[with object]
leave (a competitor or pursuer) far behind:she could maintain a fast enough pace to outdistance any pursuers