2014年8月31日 星期日

supplant, ennui, tedium, nuptial


——
※文摘※
Source: Walter Horatio Pater: « The Guardian » Chapter 2. Amiel's "Journal Intime"
Taken for what it is worth, the expression of this mood--the culture of ennui for its own sake--is certainly carried to its ideal of negation by Amiel.


Source: Henry David Thoreau: « Walden & on the Duty of Civil Disobedience » Sounds
If we were always, indeed, getting our living, and regulating our lives according to the last and best mode we had learned, we should never be troubled with ennui.


Source: Jane Austen: « Emma » Chapter II
She knew that at times she must be missed; and could not think, without pain, of Emma's losing a single pleasure, or suffering an hour's ennui, from the want of her companionableness: but dear Emma was of no feeble character; she was more equal to her situation than most girls would have been, and had sense, and energy, and spirits that might be hoped would bear her well and happily through its little difficulties and privations.

Royal nuptials

No more royal weddings
Our Bagehot columnist’s wedding present for Prince William and Catherine Middleton: a republic(75)


Spotlight:

How do a pig, a duck, a monkey and an owl say "Happy Birthday?" Dr. Dolittle would have known. And his creator, Hugh Lofting, born on this date in 1886, would have been able to put the words into the animals' mouths. Lofting was a soldier in World War I and, tired of the horrors and tedium of war, wrote letters to his children filled with tales of a kindly English veterinarian who could communicate verbally with his animal patients. The stories evolved into a series of books, the second of which, The Voyages of Dr. Dolittle, won a Newberry Medal.
Quote:
"Animals are such agreeable friends; they ask no questions, they pass no criticisms"George Eliot



2008年6月12日星期四


ennui, supplant, nuptial

And in another example of an erotic adventure supplanting married ennui, a second couple, Annie and Douglas Brown, embarked on a similar, if abbreviated journey: 101 straight days of post-nuptial sex.

te·di·um ('dē-əm) pronunciation
n.
The quality or condition of being tedious; tediousness or boredom.

[Latin taedium, from taedēre, to weary.]



nup・tial


--> ━━ a. 結婚(式)の.

━━ n. (普通pl.) 結婚(式)


.
supplant
verb [T] SLIGHTLY FORMAL
to replace:
In most offices, the typewriter has now been supplanted by the computer.
Small children can often feel supplanted (in their parents' affections) (= that their parents no longer like them as much) when a new brother or sister is born.
[動](他)
1 〈事・物に〉取って代わる;〈物を〉取り替える
Buses are supplanting streetcars in big cities.
大都市ではバスが市電に取って代わりつつある.
2 (策略・陰謀などで)〈人に〉取って代わる,〈地位などを〉奪い取る. ⇒REPLACE[類語]
supplant the presidency
大統領の地位を奪う.
sùp・plan・tá・tion
[名] 
sup・plant・er
[名] 

ennui

Pronunciation: /ɒnˈwiː/

Definition of ennui

noun

[mass noun]
  • a feeling of listlessness and dissatisfaction arising from a lack of occupation or excitement: he succumbed to ennui and despair

Origin:

mid 18th century: French, from Latin in odio(n-), from mihi in odio est 'it is hateful to me'. Compare with annoy
ennui
noun [U] LITERARY [F.] n. 倦怠, 「アンニュイ」 ((cf. annoy)).
a feeling of boredom and mental tiredness caused by having nothing interesting or exciting to do:
The whole country seems to be affected by the ennui of winter.


2014年8月30日 星期六

shining, telepathic, transparency/ pays bribes


The family arrives at the hotel on closing day and is given a tour. The chef, Dick Hallorann, surprises Danny by telepathically offering him ice cream. To Danny, Dick explains that he and his grandmother shared this telepathic ability, which he calls "shining". 


Transparency: One in four pays bribes

A new report by Transparency International shows people believe corruption
has increased over the last three years, with the political arena seen as
most corrupt. One in four respondents admitted paying a bribe.

The DW-WORLD.DE Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew726iI44va89pI0

telepathic

Line breaks: tele|path¦ic
Pronunciation: /tɛlɪˈpaθɪk 
  
/

ADJECTIVE

1Supposedly capable of transmitting thoughts to other people and of knowing their thoughts; psychic:a team of telepathic superheroes who can read each other’s thoughts
1.1Relating to or characteristic of telepathy:suppose that telepathic communication between human minds occurs

Derivatives

telepathically

Pronunciation: /tɛlɪˈpaθɪk(ə)li/
ADVERB
transparency

(trăns-pâr'ən-sē, -păr'-) pronunciation
n., pl., -cies.
  1. A transparent object, especially a photographic slide that is viewed by light shining through it from behind or by projection.
  2. also trans·par·ence (-pâr'əns, -păr'-) The quality or state of being transparent.

[名]
1 [U]透明, 透明度;明白.
2 《写真》[U]透明度;[C]透明陽画, スライド, ポジ.
3 透明なもの;透かし絵.

shining

 adjective
: producing or reflecting a bright, steady light
: excellent or perfect

Full Definition of SHINING

1
:  emitting or reflecting light
2
:  bright and often splendid in appearance :  resplendent
3
:  possessing a distinguished quality :  illustrious
4
:  full of sunshine

Examples of SHINING

  1. Her latest movie is a shining example of what a film can be.
  2. shining
 moon formed a nice backdrop for our outdoor concert>

impediment, play it safe

FORTY YEARS' WAR
Playing It Safe in Cancer Research
By GINA KOLATA
A major impediment in the fight against cancer is that most research grants go to projects unlikely to break much ground.



impediment

音節
im • ped • i • ment
発音
impédəmənt
レベル
社会人必須
impedimentの変化形
impediments (複数形)
[名]
1 (…の)身体的障害((in, of, to ...));(特に)言語障害,どもり
have a speech impediment
言語障害がある.
2 (…の)妨害,障害(物)((to ...)). ⇒OBSTACLE[類語]
an impediment to progress
進歩の妨げ.
3 教会法(血縁・姻戚(いんせき)関係上の)婚姻の障害;婚姻制限
minor impediment
未成年者婚姻制限.
4 法律(契約を結ぶ上での)障害.
5 ((通例~s))((まれ))=impedimenta.
im・pèd・i・mén・tal
[形] 
im・pèd・i・mén・ta・ry
[形] 

play it safe

Also, play safe. Avoid extreme risks, as in I played it safe and bet only a dollar, or Let's play safe and get a backup in case the announced speaker gets sick. [c. 1900]

rakish, devil-may-care/presence of mind /wits/all guts and no wits/witless

Richard Burton, Rakish Star, Dies at 58
(Aug. 5, 1984)

It was the combination of my mother’s presence of mind and my devil-may-care activism which did the job: her wits and my guts, in other words.
这项工作的完成结合了妈妈的沉着和我不顾一切的行动主义:换句话说,她的智慧和我的勇气。
From a historical perspective, it seems on reflection that Japan’s nuclear energy policy has been conducted these past years on the principle of all guts and no wits. Otherwise, how could it be that there are so many nuclear power plants dotted around the country, all so close to the coastlines? How is it, if the relevant authorities had had their wits about them, that the supposedly multilayered mechanisms of protection surrounding the reactors seem not to have worked but to have failed all at once?
从历史的角度回顾一下,过去这些年来日本核能政策的实施似乎都建立在有勇无谋的原则 上。否则的话,这个国家怎么会有那么多核电站遍布在全国各地,而且距海岸线都那么近?如果相关部门有智慧的话,那么围绕核反应堆本应存在的多层保护机制怎 么会似乎没有起作用,而是突然失灵了?
What is the point of having different voices in the choir if they all sing out of tune in unison? It must have taken guts to promote such witless systems as the future way forward for Japanese energy policy.
如果大家全都跑调的话,那么存在不同的声音又有什么意义呢?把这种毫无智慧的体系推销为日本能源政策未来的前进方向肯定需要勇气,
devil-may-care
(dĕv'əl-mā-kâr')
adj.
  1. Heedless of caution; reckless.
  2. Jovial and rakish in manner.

rakish1

Line breaks: rak¦ish
Pronunciation: /ˈreɪkɪʃ 
  
/

ADJECTIVE

Having or displaying a dashing, jaunty, or slightly disreputable quality or appearance:he had a rakish, debonair look

Origin

early 18th century: from rake2 -ish1

rakish2

Line breaks: rak¦ish
Pronunciation: /ˈreɪkɪʃ 
  
/

ADJECTIVE

(Especially of a boat or car) smart and fast-looking, with streamlined angles and curves:a rakish Chevrolet
wit
(wĭt) pronunciation
n.
  1. The natural ability to perceive and understand; intelligence.
    1. Keenness and quickness of perception or discernment; ingenuity. Often used in the plural: living by one's wits.
    2. wits Sound mental faculties; sanity: scared out of my wits.
    1. The ability to perceive and express in an ingeniously humorous manner the relationship between seemingly incongruous or disparate things.
    2. One noted for this ability, especially one skilled in repartee.
    3. A person of exceptional intelligence.

leer, flee, draw, matchup, back down, back to the drawing board

 Jack begins to chop through the quarters' main door with a fire axe. Wendy frantically sends Danny out through the bathroom window, but it will not open sufficiently for her to pass. Jack then starts chopping through the bathroom door as Wendy screams in horror. He leers through the hole he has made, shouting "Here's Johnny!", but backs off after Wendy slashes his hand with a butcher knife.


Back to the Drawing Board

The team investigating the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, which vanished with 239 people aboard on March 8, plans to re-examine its data and meet this week to discuss acquiring more sophisticated underwater search equipment


 Austerity Plan Is Key for Athens, EU Chief Says
Greece shouldn't expect international lenders to back down with significant concessions to the austerity plan it agreed on earlier this year, José Manuel Barroso, head of the European Union executive, said after the G-8 summit.



On Dec. 7, 1941, Japanese warplanes attacked the home base of the U.S. Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, drawing the United States into World War II. More than 2,300 Americans were killed.


Living in Germany: Young Israelis flock to Berlin

The German capital Berlin is home to a growing community of young Israelis.
Estimates say that around 5,000 of them live in the city. Many Israelis are
drawn by Berlin's legendary night life, liberal atmosphere and cheap rents.
Young Israelis in Berlin also seem to have shaken off the burden of the
past as they return to the city that their grandparents once fled.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew3yw9I44va89pI1



 back down
1.  Reverse one's upward course, descend. For example, When she saw the wasps' nest on the roof, she hastily backed down the ladder. This literal usage usually refers to something one has climbed, such as a ladder or mountain. [Mid-1800s]
2.  Also, back off. Retreat or yield. For example, As the watchdog began to snarl the letter carrier backed off, or You have a good point; now don't back down when you present it to the board. [First half of 1900s] Also see back away, def. 2.



flee
v., fled (flĕd), flee·ing, flees. v.intr.
  1. To run away, as from trouble or danger: fled from the house into the night.
  2. To pass swiftly away; vanish: "of time fleeing beneath him" (William Faulkner).
v.tr.
To run away from: flee the scene of an accident.

[Middle English flen, from Old English flēon.]
fleer fle'er n.




draw
(drô) pronunciation

v., drew (drū), drawn (drôn), draw·ing, draws. v.tr.
    1. To cause to move after or toward one by applying continuous force; drag: drew the chair closer to the table; a team of horses drawing a wagon. See synonyms at pull.
    2. To cause to move in a given direction or to a given position, as by leading: The teacher drew the children into the room to see the decorations.
    3. To move or pull so as to cover or uncover something: draw the curtains.
  1. To cause to flow forth: a pump drawing water; a blow that drew blood.
  2. To suck or take in (air, for example); inhale.
  3. To require (a specified depth of water) for floating: a boat drawing 18 inches.
  4. To take or pull out: drew a gun from beneath the counter; drew out a fat wallet.
    1. To extract or take for one's own use: draw strength from one's friends.
    2. To make (tea) by steeping.
  5. To eviscerate; disembowel.
    1. To cause to come by attracting; attract: afraid the casino will draw undesirable elements to the town.
    2. To select or take in from a given group, type, or region: draw clients from all levels of society.
  6. To bring to a certain condition or action; lead: drawn to despair; drew them to resign.
  7. To bring about deliberately; provoke: draw enemy fire; draw a penalty on an opponent.
  8. To evoke as a response; elicit: a performance that drew jeers from the audience.
  9. To earn; gain: deposits that draw interest at a rate of 5 percent.
    1. To withdraw (money).
    2. To use (a check, for example) when paying.
    3. To receive on a regular basis or at a specified time: draw a pension.
  10. To take or receive by chance: draw lots.
  11. Games.
    1. To take (cards) from a dealer or central stack.
    2. To force (a card) to be played.
  12. To end or leave (a contest) tied or undecided.
  13. Sports.
    1. To hit or strike (a billiard ball, for example) so as to give it backspin.
    2. To hit (a golf ball) with a draw.
  14. To pull back the string of (a bow).
  15. To distort the shape of.
  16. To stretch taut.
    1. To flatten, stretch, or mold (metal) by hammering or die stamping.
    2. To shape or elongate (a wire, for example) by pulling through dies.
    1. To inscribe (a line or lines) with a pencil or other marking implement.
    2. To make a likeness of on a surface, using mostly lines; depict with lines: drew a map of the area; drawing landscapes and still lifes.
    3. To portray in writing or speech; depict with words: draws moving scenes of ghetto life.
  17. To formulate or devise from evidence or data at hand: draw a comparison.
  18. To compose or write out in legal format: draw a deed.
v.intr.
  1. To proceed or move steadily: a ship drawing near the shore.
  2. To attract customers or spectators: The new play is drawing well.
  3. To pour forth liquid: The patient's veins don't draw easily.
  4. To cause suppuration.
  5. To take in a draft of air: The flue isn't drawing.
  6. To steep in or as if in the manner of tea.
  7. To pull out a weapon for use.
  8. To use or call upon part of a fund or supply: drawing on an account; drew from the experience of fellow workers.
  9. To contract or tighten: material that draws when it dries.
  10. To conclude a contest without either side winning; tie: The chess players drew in 32 moves.
  11. To make a likeness with lines on a surface; sketch.
n.
    1. An act of drawing.
    2. The result of drawing.
  1. Something drawn, especially a lot, card, or cards drawn at random.
  2. Sports & Games.
    1. The arrangement of competitors in a tournament in which the match-ups are made at random.
    2. A match-up or opponent in such a tournament.
  3. An inhalation, especially through a pipe or other smoking implement.
  4. One that attracts interest, customers, or spectators: a singer who is a popular draw.
  5. The movable part of a drawbridge.
  6. A special advantage; an edge: have the draw on one's enemies.
  7. A contest ending without either side winning.
  8. A small natural depression that water drains into; a shallow gully.
  9. Football. A play in which the quarterback drops back as if to pass and then hands off to a running back.
  10. Sports. A face-off.
    1. Games. A draw shot.
    2. Sports. A moderate, usually controlled hook in golf.

 Two Japanese Starters: One Good, One Great
New York Times
One of the most highly anticipated pitching matchups in years, at least in Japan, was equal to the expectations Tuesday night. Hiroki Kuroda, the Yankees' solid veteran, and Yu Darvish, the Texas Rangers' rookie sensation with baffling stuff and an .


leer1

Line breaks: leer


VERB

[NO OBJECT]
Look or gaze in a lascivious or unpleasant way:bystanders were leering at the nude painting(as adjective leeringevery leering eye in the room was on her

NOUN

Back to top  
A lascivious or unpleasant look:he gave me a sly leer

Origin

mid 16th century (in the general sense 'look sideways or askance'): perhaps from obsolete leer 'cheek', from Old English hlēor, as though the sense were 'to glance over one's cheek'.
 matchup
 (măch'ŭp') pronunciation
n.
The pairing of two people or things, as for athletic competition or for comparison.

phrasal verbs:
draw away
  1. To move ahead of competitors.
draw back
  1. To retreat.
draw down
  1. To deplete by consuming or spending: drew down our food reserves.
draw on
  1. To approach: as evening draws on.
draw out
  1. To prolong; protract.
  2. To induce to speak freely: managed to draw the shy child out.
draw up
  1. To compose or write in a set form; write out: draw up a contract; draw up a list.
  2. To bring (troops, for example) into order.
  3. To bring or come to a halt.
  4. To bring (oneself) into an erect posture, often as an expression of dignity or indignation.
  5. Chiefly Southern U.S. To shrink when washed. Used of clothes.
idioms:
draw a blank
  1. To fail to find or remember something.
draw and quarter
  1. To execute (a prisoner) by tying each limb to a horse and driving the horses in different directions.
  2. To disembowel and dismember after hanging.
  3. InformalTo punish severely:The teenager was drawn and quartered for wrecking the family's only car. To punish severely: The teenager was drawn and quartered for wrecking the family's only car.
draw straws
  1. To decide by a lottery with straws of unequal lengths.
draw the line
  1. To decide firmly an arbitrary boundary between two things: "Where do you draw the line between your own decisions and those of your superiors?" (Robert Marion).
  2. To decide firmly the limit of what one will tolerate or participate in: The officer committed fraud but drew the line at blackmail.
[Middle English drauen, from Old English dragan.]




drawing board

Line breaks: draw|ing board

noun


Phrases



back to the drawing board

Used to indicate that an idea, scheme, or proposal has been unsuccessful and that a new one must be devised: the government must go back to the drawing board and review the whole issue of youth training


on the drawing board

(Of an idea, scheme, or proposal) under consideration and not yet ready to put into practice: there are plans to enlarge the runway, but at present all this remains on the drawing board

2014年8月29日 星期五

rehearsal, weird, savvy, ripe, faze, unfazed

按下看大圖
漫畫來源: Ted Goff

Rehearsal of some of the problems.,

Wall Street's biggest Apple bull isn't letting a 20% drop tarnish his optimistic views.


Nobuyoshi Araki was born in Tokyo in 1940. Given a camera by his father at the ripe age of twelve, Araki has been taking pictures ever since. Over the years, his bold, unabashed photographs of his private life have been the object of a great deal of controversy and censorship (especially in his native Japan), a fact that has not fazed the artist nor diminished his influence. To date, Araki has published over 350 books of his work.

White rehearsing for a Raconteurs show in Nashville in September 2011.
Jessica Dimmock/VII, for The New York Times
From the Magazine

Jack White, De-Striped

The coolest, weirdest, savviest rock star of our time says he never would have done a solo album if the White Stripes were still together. Above, a rehearsal in 2011. 


Whether or not the participants of this bizarre study were totally weirded out by this whole experience, whether aided by Tylenol or not, was unfortunately not addressed by the study’s findings.


weird

Pronunciation: /wɪəd/
Translate weird | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish
Definition of weird

adjective

  • 1suggesting something supernatural; unearthly:weird, inhuman sounds
  • informal very strange; bizarre:a weird coincidence all sorts of weird and wonderful characters
  • 2 archaic connected with fate.

noun

archaic, chiefly Scottish
  • a person’s destiny.

verb

[with object] (weird someone out) North American informal
  • induce a sense of disbelief or alienation in someone: blue eyes weirded him out, and Ivan’s were especially creepy

Derivatives


weirdly

adverb

weirdness

noun

Origin:

Old English wyrd 'destiny', of Germanic origin. The adjective (late Middle English) originally meant 'having the power to control destiny', and was used especially in the Weird Sisters, originally referring to the Fates, later the witches in Shakespeare's Macbeth; the latter use gave rise to the sense 'unearthly' (early 19th century)

 weird

  • [wíərd]
[形]
1 ((略式))〈事・人が〉異様な, 風変わりな
weird ideas
奇妙な考え
a weird fellow
変なやつ.
2 超自然的な, 不可思議な.
3 ((米俗))すばらしい.
4 ((古))運命[宿命]に関する.
━━[動](他)((次の句で))
weird out
((米俗))(麻薬で)ぼうっとする[させる].
weird・ly
[副]
weird・ness
[名]


ripe[ripe]
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  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[ráip]
  •  

[形](rip・er, rip・est)
1 〈果物・穀物などが〉熟した, 実った;〈チーズなどが〉食べごろの;〈酒が〉熟成した
a ripe cluster of grapes
熟した1房のブドウ
(as) ripe as a cherry
熟しきった[て].
2 〈唇などが〉赤くふっくらした.
3 〈精神・人などが〉(…の点で)円熟した((in ...))
He is ripe in the business.
その仕事に熟達している.
4 〈年齢・時期が〉熟した, 男[女]盛りの;老齢の
a man of ripe(r) years
((おどけて))男盛りの人
He died at the ripe (old) age of eighty.
80歳という高齢で死んだ.
5 (…する)機が熟した, 準備の整った((for ..., to do))
a daughter ripe for marriage
結婚適齢期の娘
The time is ripe for to initiate] a drastic reform.
今こそ思い切った改革に手をつける好機だ.
6 化膿した.
7 ((俗))いやらしい.
8 くさい.
be ripe for the picking [plucking]
簡単に手にはいる, 楽勝である.
ripe・ly
[副]
ripe・ness
[名]

faze[faze]
 

  • 発音記号[féiz]

[動](他)((略式))((通例否定文))〈人を〉あわてさせる, 驚かす, うろたえさせる, 〈自信などを〉ひるませる.

rehearsal

Line breaks: re|hearsal
Pronunciation: /rɪˈhəːs(ə)l 
  
/

NOUN

1A practice or trial performance of a play or other work for later public performance:rehearsals for the opera season
1.1[MASS NOUN] The action or process of rehearsing:I’ve had a fortnight in rehearsal
[名]
1 [U][C](公演・儀式などの)下稽古(げいこ), 練習[試演]会,リハーサル,本読み

concert rehearsal
コンサートの稽古
in rehearsal
下稽古中.
2 [U]((形式))繰り返すこと,復帰,暗唱;[C]物語,話.