2014年7月31日 星期四

Saturn, Satan, mulla, Cedar Evolution, "broad river of people"

沙特隨筆 張靜二譯│Taipei: 志文│1980


生活·境遇:萨特言谈、随笔.
:平装18cm / 297页; 【出版项】:三联书店上海分店 / 1990.2,1996.6重印 ..
此書有抄襲張之翻譯之嫌。
不過妙的是改錯了,  將農神 Saturn 翻譯成 Satan。

"broad river of people"

The New York Times and LAT front breathtaking pictures of the "broad river of people" (NYT) that took to the streets yesterday and marched slowly from Revolution Square to Freedom Square. The Washington Post points out that there were reports of protests and clashes with police in other cities besides Tehran.


Cedar Evolution
In one of the year's most important elections, the Lebanese people voted Sunday and Iran's mullahs lost.

cedar

Line breaks: cedar
Pronunciation: /ˈsiːdə 
  
/

NOUN

Any of a number of conifers which typically yield fragrant, durable timber, in particular:
  • ● a large tree of the pine family (genus Cedrus, familyPinaceae), in particular the cedar of Lebanon (C. libani), with spreading branches, and the deodar. ● a tall slender North American or Asian tree (genusThuja, family Cupressaceae), in particular thewestern red cedar (T. plicata).

Origin

Old English, from Old French cedre or Latin cedrus, from Greek kedros.

Derivatives

cedarn

ADJECTIVE (LITERARY)


13 The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir tree, the pine tree, and the box together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious.


http://www.catholic.org.tw/bible/


依撒意亞

Isaiah 共 66 章



黎巴嫩的光榮要歸於你;柏樹、榆樹和松樹都要聚在一起,裝飾我的聖所,因為我要光榮我立足之地。




mul·lah mul·la (mŭl'ə, mʊl'ə)
also n. Islam.
  1. A male religious teacher or leader.
  2. Used as a form of address for such a man.
[Urdu mullā, from Persian, from Arabic mawlā, master, friend, from waliya, to become near, be in charge.]
mullahism mul'lah·ism n.

cedar

Line breaks: cedar
Pronunciation: /ˈsiːdə 
  
/

NOUN

Any of a number of conifers which typically yield fragrant, durable timber, in particular:
  • ● a large tree of the pine family (genus Cedrus, familyPinaceae), in particular the cedar of Lebanon (C. libani), with spreading branches, and the deodar. ● a tall slender North American or Asian tree (genusThuja, family Cupressaceae), in particular thewestern red cedar (T. plicata).

Origin

Old English, from Old French cedre or Latin cedrus, from Greek kedros.

Derivatives

cedarn

ADJECTIVE (LITERARY)

Definition of ce



Saturn
n.
  1. Roman Mythology. The god of agriculture.
  2. The sixth planet from the sun and the second largest in the solar system, having a sidereal period of revolution about the sun of 29.5 years at a mean distance of about 1,426,000,000 kilometers (886,000,000 miles), a mean diameter of approximately 120,000 kilometers (74,000 miles), and a mass 95 times that of Earth.
[Middle English Saturnus, from Old English, from Latin Sāturnus, of Etruscan origin.]
Satan (Hebrew: הַשָׂטָן ha-Satan ("the accuser"); Persian "sheytân"; Arabic: الشيطان ash-Shayṭān ("the adversary") - both from the Semitic root: Ś--N) is an embodiment of antagonism that originates from the Abrahamic religions, being traditionally considered a "fallen" angel in Judeo-Christian belief, and a Jinn in Islamic belief. Originally, the term was used as a title for various entities that challenged the religious faith of humans in the Hebrew Bible.[citation needed] Since then, the Abrahamic religions have used "Satan" as a name for the Devil.[1]

evolution

Line breaks: evo|lu¦tion
Pronunciation: /ˌiːvəˈluːʃ(ə)n 
  
, ˈɛv-/

NOUN

[MASS NOUN]
1The process by which different kinds of living organism are believed to have developed from earlier forms during the history of the earth.
The idea of organic evolution was proposed by some ancient Greek thinkers but was long rejected in Europe as contrary to the literal interpretation of the Bible. Lamarck proposed a theory that organisms became transformed by their efforts to respond to the demands of their environment. Lyell demonstrated that geological deposits were the cumulative product of slow processes over vast ages. This helped Darwin towards a theory of gradual evolution over a long period by the natural selection of those varieties of an organism slightly better adapted to the environment and hence more likely to produce descendants. Combined with the later discoveries of the cellular and molecular basis of genetics, Darwin’s theory of evolution has, with some modification, become the dominant unifying concept of modern biology
2The gradual development of something:the forms of written languages undergo constant evolution
3Chemistry The giving off of a gaseous product, or of heat:the evolution of oxygen occurs rapidly in this process
4[COUNT NOUN] A pattern of movements or manoeuvres:flocks of waders often perform aerial evolutions
5MathematicsDATED The extraction of a root from a given quantity.

Origin

early 17th century: from Latin evolutio(n-) 'unrolling', from the verb evolvere (see evolve). Early senses related to movement, first recorded in describing a ‘wheeling’ manoeuvre in the realignment of troops or ships. Current senses stem from a notion of ‘opening out’, giving rise to the sense 'development'.

Derivatives

evolutional

ADJECTIVE

evolutionally

ADVERB

evolutionarily

ADVERB
MORE EXAMPLE SENTENCES
  • This is, evolutionarily speaking, a maladaptive behavior.
  • Simple math shows how quickly an evolutionarily disadvantageous trait like this should dwindle, if it is a simple genetic phenomenon.
  • It's been proven that women with smaller waists and wider hips have a higher fertility rate, so evolutionarily speaking this trait of the male psyche makes perfect sense.

evolutionary

ADJECTIVE

evolutive

ADJECTIVE


2014年7月29日 星期二

lane, tingle, prickle, meridian, zenith, nadir,shipping lane, passing lane


  

Rustle, Tingle, Relax
Rustle, Tingle, Relax
Videos that evoke the tingling sensation of the “autonomous sensory meridian response” are popular on the Web, but scientists are only beginning to understand what might be involved.



With environmentguardian.co.uk The prospect of an ice-free Arctic by mid-century had set off a scramble for shipping lanes by Russia and China especially, and for access to oil and other resources.
Report by former military officers says prospect of ice-free Arctic has set off...
The Guardian|由 Suzanne Goldenberg 上傳

 

 

 

TV Where Taking It Too Far Is Never Far Enough

By NEIL GENZLINGER
Was 2012 a nadir for reality television? Can the offerings possibly get any worse? Has the genre become too ludicrous to parody?

New Barclays Boss Faces Capital Question 
Barclays's results highlighted the strategic dilemma new CEO Anthony Jenkins faces—and why investors who had chased up the shares by 65% since July's post-Libor-scandal nadir may have gotten ahead of themselves.



Daimler Chief Aims to Get Mercedes Into Passing Lane17









A passing lane is often colloquially referred to as a fast lane because it is often used for extended periods of time for through traffic or fast traffic. In theory, a passing lane should be used only for passing, thus allowing, even on a road with only two lanes in each direction, motorists to travel at their own pace.


tingle1

Line breaks: tin¦gle
Pronunciation: /ˈtɪŋg(ə)l 
  
/

VERB

Experience or cause to experience a slight prickling or stinging sensation:[NO OBJECT]: she was tingling with excitement[WITH OBJECT]: a standing ovation that tingled your spine

NOUN

Back to top  
A slight prickling or stinging sensation:a tingle of anticipation

Origin

late Middle English: perhaps a variant of tinkle. The original notion was perhaps 'ring in response to a loud noise', but the term was very early applied to the result of hearing something shocking.

prickle

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音節
prick • le
発音
príkl
prickleの変化形
prickles (複数形) • prickling (現在分詞) • prickles (三人称単数現在)
[名]
1 とがった先.
2 (動植物などの)とげ,いが(pricker).
3 ((the ~))ちくちく刺す感じ[痛み].
━━[動](他)
1 …をちくりと刺す,…を(突き棒で)軽く突く.
2 〈目などを〉ちくちくさせる.
━━(自)
1 〈皮膚などが〉ちくちく痛む.
2 (とげのように)まっすぐ立つ.

lane

Line breaks: lane
Pronunciation: /leɪn      noun
  • 2A division of a road marked off with painted lines and intended to separate single lines of traffic according to speed or direction: the car moved into the outside lane a bus lane
  • 2.1Each of a number of parallel strips of track or water for runners, rowers, or swimmers in a race: she went into the final in lane three
  • 2.2A route prescribed for or regularly followed by ships or aircraft: the shipping lanes of the South Atlantic
  • 2.3(In tenpin bowling) a long, narrow strip of floor down which the ball is bowled: a maximum of six people can play on a lane at any one time
  • 2.4 Biochemistry Each of a number of notional parallel strips in the gel of an electrophoresis plate, occupied by a single sample: DNA from various sources is placed in separate lanes on an electrophoretic gel
  • 2.5 Astronomy A dark streak or band which shows up against a bright background, especially in a spiral galaxy: the innermost dust lane is dense enough to absorb some infrared

Phrases



it's a long lane that has no turning

proverb Nothing goes on forever; change is inevitable.

Derivatives



laned

adjective
[in combination]: multi-laned motorways

Origin

Old English, related to Dutch laan; of unknown ultimate origin.

nadir[na・dir]


レベル:大学入試程度
発音記号[néidər | -diə]

[名]

1 ((the 〜))《天文》天底:天頂(zenith)の正反対の点.

2 ((the [one's] 〜))(不況・堕落などの)どん底

at the nadir of adversity
逆境のどん底に.

子午線meridian

 子午
注音一式 ㄗˇ ㄨˇ ㄒ|ㄢˋ
漢語拼音 z  w  xi 注音二式 t  w  shi
通過南北極端的假想線。子、午在中國各代表方位的正北與正南方,故稱為「子午線」。亦稱為「經線」。

子午线 zǐwǔxiàn:通过一颗行星或卫星自转轴的两极的大圆;地球表面上通过两极和某地的大圆。

meridian
n.
    1. An imaginary great circle on the earth's surface passing through the North and South geographic poles. All points on the same meridian have the same longitude.
    2. Either half of such a great circle from pole to pole.
  1. Astronomy. A great circle passing through the two poles of the celestial sphere and the zenith of a given observer.
  2. Mathematics.
    1. A curve on a surface of revolution, formed by the intersection of the surface with a plane containing the axis of revolution.
    2. A plane section of a surface of revolution containing the axis of revolution.
  3. Any of the longitudinal lines or pathways on the body along which the acupuncture points are distributed.
  4. Archaic.
    1. The highest point in the sky reached by the sun or another celestial body; a zenith.
    2. Noon.
  5. The highest point or stage of development; peak: "Men come to their meridian at various periods of their lives" (John Henry Newman).
  6. Midwestern U.S. See median strip. See Regional Note at neutral ground.
adj.
  1. Of or relating to a meridian; meridional.
  2. Of or at midday: the meridian hour.
  3. Of, relating to, or constituting the highest point, as of development or power: the empire in its meridian period.
[Middle English, from Old French, midday, from Latin merīdiānus, of midday, from merīdiēs, midday, from merīdiē, at midday, alteration of earlier *medīdiē, from *mediei diē : *mediei, dative (locative) of medius, middle + diē, dative of diēs, day.]

[名]
1
(1) 子午線;経線
the prime meridian
本初子午線.
(2) (天球の)子午線
the celestial meridian
天体子午線.
2 ((the 〜))((文))(繁栄・発展などの)絶頂, 頂点;最高潮, 全盛期
We have passed the meridian (of life).
(人生の)最盛期を過ぎてしまった.
━━[形]
1 子午線の, 経線の.
2 正午の, 真昼の
the meridian hour
正午.
3 最盛期の, 頂点の.
[ラテン語merīdiānus (medius真中の+dies日+-AN=日の真中の). mediusの-d-はdの繰り返しを避けて-r-に変わった. ⇒BELFRY

underlay. heighten, Give Away Fortunes, billionaires, charity, trappings of billionairedom

Deng and Liu lent their support to Mao's vision of heightened  production by mass mobilization that underlay the Great Leap Forward.


What underlay Wall Street's financial crisis was the unhealthy risk-taking fostered by the tradition of the gilded paycheck, a phenomenon that must now be reined in, author and former investment banker William D. Cohan writes in an op-ed in The New York Times. 




16 Tycoons to Give Away Fortunes Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg is among 16 billionaires joining a group pledging to give the majority of their wealth to charity. Others include AOL's Steve Case, and investor Carl Icahn.


As any veteran of a start-up will tell you, the strains of building a company can be enough to undermine even the strongest partnerships. In the case of Microsoft, set up in 1975, the surprising thing is that the union between the two men lasted as long as it did given the tension that already underlay their friendship. Mr Allen eventually walked out of the company in 1983 (although he kept his stake in the business), leaving Mr Gates in sole charge of Microsoft, which then went on to turn both men into billionaires.


True to the title of the book, many of these have involved experiments that explore the limits of human ingenuity in realms such as private space flight, brain science and digital knowledge-gathering. Using his Microsoft riches, Mr Allen has also accrued some of the typical trappings of billionairedom: professional sports teams, famous friends such as Bono, and a mega-yacht, the Octopus. He has also given away a great deal of money. Mr Allen has clearly done a lot. Perhaps one day he will also find the generosity of spirit to admit that Mr Gates deserves far more credit for making all of this possible than he gets in “Idea Man”.

heighten

Line breaks: height¦en
Pronunciation: /ˈhʌɪt(ə)n 
  
/

VERB

1Make or become more intense:[WITH OBJECT]: the pleasure was heightened by the sense of guilt that accompanied it(as adjective heightenedthe heightened colour of her face[NO OBJECT]: concern over CFCs has heightened
2[WITH OBJECT] Make (something) higher:the stage will be extended, heightening the grid by 3.4 metres

Definitio

underlay1

Line breaks: under|lay

VERB

Pronunciation: /ʌndəˈleɪ 
  
/
(past and past participle underlaid) [WITH OBJECT]
Place something under (something else), especially to support or raise it:the green fields are underlaid with limestonethe synth arpeggios start, underlaid by a lovely theme on bass

NOUN

Pronunciation: /ˈʌndəleɪ 
  
/
[MASS NOUN]Back to top  
1Something placed under or behind something else, especially material laid under a carpet for protection or support:providing the proper underlay gives the carpet extra lifea polka-dot skirt with net underlay
2Music The manner in which the words are fitted to the notes of a piece of vocal music.

Origin

Old English underlecgan (see under-lay1).
billionaire, ((女性形))-airess[bil・lion・aire, ((女性形))-air・ess] [名]億万長者. ⇒MILLIONAIRE