2014年2月27日 星期四

century, centurion, division, centuple





Obama Wins New Term as Electoral Advantage Holds
By JEFF ZELENY and JIM RUTENBERG
Voters returned President Obama to the White House, but he will face a Congress with the same divisions that marked his first term.


Ukraine and the Perils of Division
A Czechoslovakia-style split is an unworkable idea in a country where languages, ethnic identities and loyalties are mixed and muddled.




Centesimus Annus :《百年》通諭:教宗若望保祿二世所頒( 1.5.1991 )。
centurion :百夫長:古羅馬軍制中管理一百士兵的軍官(參閱瑪八 5-13 )。



century
n., pl., -ries.
  1. (Abbr. C. or c. or cent.)
    1. A period of 100 years.
    2. Each of the successive periods of 100 years before or since the advent of the Christian era.
    1. A unit of the Roman army originally consisting of 100 men.
    2. One of the 193 electoral divisions of the Roman people.
  2. A group of 100 things.
[Latin centuria, a group of a hundred, from centum, hundred.]


division[di・vi・sion]

 

  • レベル:最重要
  • 発音記号[divíʒən]

[名]
1 [U][C]分けられた状態;(…への)分割, 分離((into ...));分配
division of powers
三権(司法・立法・行政)分立.
2 [U]《算数》割り算, 除法(⇔multiplication)
do division
割り算をする.
3 分離[隔離]するもの;仕切り, 隔壁, 分界標識, 境界線.
4 (分割された)部分;区分, 区画.
5 [U][C](…間の)(意見などの)分裂, 不一致, 不和((between, among ...))
the present division in our society
我々の社会に現存する対立.
6 ((英))(議会の)賛否決定, 採決, 表決
take a division
表決する.
7 ((集合的))《陸軍》師団;《海軍》分艦隊.
8 (官庁・会社などの)部門, 部局, 事業部;(輸送系統の)区域, 地区
the sales division of the company
会社の販売部門.
9 《スポーツ》(技量・体重・年齢別などによる)クラス, 部, 級
champion of the bantam weight division
バンタム級チャンピオン
the First Division (of the football league)
英国プロサッカー1部リーグ.
10 《生物》(分類上の)門.
11 [U][C]《園芸》株分け.
 They are centupling our national debt.

centuple[cen・tu・ple]
 

  • 発音記号[séntəpl | -tju-]
[形]100倍の.
━━[動](他)…を100倍する.

2014年2月26日 星期三

minutiae, sardoodledom, cub reporter, drillmaster/desk , hackneyed, rookie, take a back seat

Pot entrepreneurs are grappling with the minutiae of taxation.

Crucial Question for Jury in Galleon Case: For the prosecution, there is a risk that the jury may get buried in minutiae and lose the bigger picture of Raj Rajaratnam's role, writes Peter J. Henning in the White Collar Watch column for DealBook.


 the minutiae of publishing



sardoodledom (SAR-doo-duhl-duhm)

noun
Plays having contrived melodramatic plot, concentrating excessively on the technique to the exclusion of characterization.

Etymology
After Victorien Sardou (1831-1908), French playwright; coined by playwright and critic George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950).

Usage
"Most of Lubitsch's other plot sources are hackneyed representatives of Sardoodledom." — Gerald Mast; The Comic Mind: Comedy and the Movies; University of Chicago Press; Aug 17, 2004.

"There is even the Secret of the well-made play, Sardoodledom's ultimate question: who is Godot? Will he come?" — David Bradby, Michael Robinson; Waiting for Godot: Plays in Production; Cambridge University Press; Nov 15, 2001. (© Wordsmith Words)

Body of evidence

The crimes in Simon Beckett's The Chemistry of Death take a back seat to his convincing and tortured protagonist, says Killian Fox

The irony that haunts David Hunter is the best thing about Beckett's novel. So well versed in the minutiae of death, he cannot come to terms with its most fundamental mystery: what becomes of the life that is taken away? As a whodunit, this is certainly a cut above the average, with a convincing central character, a gripping plot and a fine store of morbid information. In contrast to the story's original angle, however, the crimes themselves seem a little bit hackneyed.

When I was a cub reporter, the desk was quite strict about not using cliches in our stories. "Me o shirokuro," or "roll one's eyes in surprise," was one of those hackneyed expressions we were never, ever, supposed to use.
Also unacceptable to our drillmaster/desk was "shogeki ga hashiru," which translates literally as "shock waves run." Office legend has it that when a rookie made the mistake of resorting to this cliche, the desk wrote "shogeki" in big letters on a sheet of paper, stuck it on the back of the hapless rookie, and made him run around the newsroom.

take a back seat
to choose not to be in a position of responsibility in an organization or activity

hackneyed
adjective DISAPPROVING
describes a phrase or an idea which has been said or used so often that it has become meaningless or boring:
The plot of the film is just a hackneyed boy-meets-girl scenario.


cub reporter noun [C]
a young person being trained to write articles for a newspaper

drill・master

教練教官; 厳しい指導員.

hack・neyed

-->
━━ a. 古臭い, 陳腐な.
hackney

rook・ie


--> ━━ n. 〔俗〕 新兵; 〔米〕 【野】新人選手, ルーキー; 新米.


minutiae

Syllabification: mi·nu·ti·ae
Pronunciation: /məˈn(y)o͞oSHēˌē, -SHēˌī
 
/
(also minutia /-SHēˌə, -SHə/)

noun

the small, precise, or trivial details of something: the minutiae of everyday lifeMore example sentences
  • He added it was only possible to iron out the minutiae of the details once the centre was open.
  • Most of us have been too caught up in the everyday minutiae to be bothered.
  • Frankly, I find the minutia of everyday life much more interesting than the glaring important life changing events that shape our lives.
minutiae
  • [minjúːʃiìː | -njúː-]
[名](複)(▼単数形は-ti・a 〔-i〕)((通例the 〜))(…の)細目, 詳細((of ...)).


2014年2月24日 星期一

fallback, keep up the dust, pan out

  ISIS' Grip on Libyan City Gives It a Fallback Option

By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK, BEN HUBBARD and ERIC SCHMITT

The Mediterranean port city of Surt has become an actively managed colony of the Islamic State, which has come under growing military and economic pressure in Syria and Iraq.
If his attempt at re-election doesn't pan out, it's nice to know he's got a solid fallback.

 

 

 

Kicking Up the Dust in an Arizona Desert Town

By JENNIFER MEDINA
The town government of Quartzsite is split by accusations of corruption on one side and intentional disruption on the other.


Fallback Moving to Fore as Talks on Budget Stall

By JACKIE CALMES and CARL HULSE
Congressional leaders are negotiating a fallback plan as President Obama and House Republicans intensified their efforts to win over public opinion.



Clear Channel Communications has been quiet about its fallback options in the event that shareholders reject its proposal to go private. But an analyst at Bear Stearns sees plenty of possibilities for what the nation's largest radio broadcaster could do next.

The luck is concentrated — when it’s good it’s magnificent; when it’s bad, there’s no fallback position.”

keep up

Malfunction, cause trouble or pain, as in My grandmother's arthritis is kicking up again. [Colloquial; first half of 1900s] Also see act up; also subsequent entries beginning with kick up.


pan out




fall back on sth phrasal verb
to use something for help because no other choice is available:
When the business failed, we had to fall back on our savings.
If I lose my job, I'll have nothing to fall back on.

fallback Show phonetics
adjective [before noun]
describes a plan or position which can be used if other plans do not succeed or other things are not available:
Do we have a fallback position for these negotiations?

fall・back


(いざという時の)頼みの綱; 【コンピュータ】(故障時の)代替システム.

fallback
(fôl'băk') pronunciation
n.
    1. Something to which one can resort or retreat.
    2. A retreat.
  1. Computer Science. A mechanism for carrying forth programmed instructions despite malfunction or failure of the primary device.
  2. Something that falls back: the fallback of a huge explosion.
adj.
Of, relating to, or constituting a resort or place of retreat: a fallback proposal; a fallback position behind our own lines.

2014年2月23日 星期日

nor, dilettante, glom, lam

a disgusting 65-year-old dilettante with delusions of grandeur


U.S. Marshals Nab "Mini-Madoffs" After Decade on Run


The couple admitted orchestrating a Ponzi scheme back in 2000 before going on the lam.

READ FULL STORY



Google: Oracle Wants To Glom Onto Android's Success
InformationWeek
Day two of trial featured Oracle CEO Larry Ellison on the stand, plus Google assertions that case boils down to Oracle trying to latch onto Android's accomplishments. By Thomas Claburn InformationWeek Defending itself in a San Francisco courtroom ...


For law firms, ever-growing profits are no longer guaranteed. Nor, for some, is survival(31)


周作人在「好事」後頭封個「家」字,說「好事家」是 dilettante,嗜好偏多,精粗不計,都愛親近,比如骨董家。

Dilettante may refer to:
  • A person who enjoys the arts or someone who engages in a field as an amateur out of casual interest rather than as a profession

dilettante

Syllabification: dil·et·tante
Pronunciation: /ˌdiliˈtänt, -ˈtäntē
 
/

noun (plural dilettantanti /-ˈtäntē/ or dilettantantes)

Derivatives

dilettantish

adjective
nor
IN BRIEF: And not.

pronunciation I will neither yield to the song of the siren nor the voice of the hyena, the tears of the crocodile nor the howling of the wolf. — George Chapman (1560-1634), English dramatist, translator, poet, from Eastward Ho, 1605.
Tutor's tip: Note: "Gnaw" (to chew on) and "naw" (a slang for "no") sound alike. "Knorr" (a ship with one sail) and "nor" (a word used to make the following word or phrase negative) sound alike.


 glom  (glm) Slang
v. glommed, glom·ming, gloms
v.tr.
1. To steal.
2. To seize; grab.
3. To look or stare at.
v.intr.
To seize upon or latch onto something: "The country has glommed onto the spectacle of a wizard showman turning the tables on his inquisitors" (Mary McGrory).
n.
A glimpse; a look.

[Probably from Scots glam, to snatch at.]

lam[lam2]

  • 発音記号[lǽm]
((米略式))[名]いちもくさんに逃げること, 逃走
on the lam
(特に警察を避けて)逃走[潜伏]中で
take it on the lam
いちもくさんに逃げ出す.
━━[動](〜med, 〜・ming)(自)すばやく逃げ出す, 逃走する.


2014年2月16日 星期日

exploit, vile, smell a rat, exploitative







Browser Exploit for Android Highlights Google’s Update Problem

Google has no way to push updates to devices running Android software, making the devices vulnerable to malware.
Eploitative writers have argued (for instance) that his relationship with Mrs. Moore was not only sexual rather than platonic but masochistic as well.






vile misinterpretation

18th-Century French Chateau Razed 'By Mistake'

A Polish millionaire says his workers accidentally destroyed the 18th century chateau he was renovating, but villagers in the vineyard town of Yvrac smell a rat.


smell a rat
informal suspect trickery or deception.
to suspect that something is wrong; to sense that someone has caused something wrong. I don't think this was an accident. I smell a rat. Bob had something to do with this. The minute I came in, I smelled a rat. Sure enough, I had been robbed.



vile
(vīl) pronunciation
adj., vil·er, vil·est.
  1. Loathsome; disgusting: vile language.
  2. Unpleasant or objectionable: vile weather. See synonyms at offensive.
    1. Contemptibly low in worth or account; second-rate.
    2. Of mean or low condition.
  3. Miserably poor and degrading; wretched: a vile existence.
  4. Morally depraved; ignoble or wicked: a vile conspiracy.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin vīlis, cheap, worthless.]
vilely vile'ly adv.
vileness vile'ness n.


[形](vil・er, vil・est)
1 ((略式))〈物・事・行為が〉ひどく悪い;非常にいやな, 不愉快きわまる;嫌悪の情を起こさせる;〈場所などが〉不潔な, きたない
a vile smell
いやなにおい
vile housing
ひどい住居
a vile climate
不快な気候
He has a vile temper.
怒りっぽい性格だ.
2 〈思想・行為などが〉卑しむべき, 卑劣な, さもしい, 堕落した;〈言葉などが〉みだらな, 品のない
vile language
みだらな言葉.
3 〈生活・食事などが〉みすぼらしい, 貧弱な;〈作品などが〉拙劣[粗末]な;〈人が〉ひどい境遇[身分]の;〈境遇・仕事などが〉卑しい
vile labor
卑しい仕事.
4 ((古))ほとんど価値のない;〈報酬・金額が〉取るに足らない.
[古フランス語←ラテン語vīlis(卑しい)]





exploitative

Pronunciation: /ɪkˈsplɔɪtətɪv/

(also exploitive /ɛkˈsplɔɪtətɪv, ɪk-/)

Definition of exploitative

adjective

making use of a situation or treating others unfairly in order to gain an advantage or benefit:an exploitative form of labour


exploit
n.
An act or deed, especially a brilliant or heroic one. See synonyms at feat1.
 
Pronunciation: /ˈɛksplɔɪt
 
2a software tool designed to take advantage of a flaw in a computer system, typically for malicious purposes such as installing malware: if someone you don’t know tweets you a link, it’s either spam, an exploit, or probably both



tr.v., -ploit·ed, -ploit·ing, -ploits. (ĭk-sploit', ĕk'sploit')
  1. To employ to the greatest possible advantage: exploit one's talents.
  2. To make use of selfishly or unethically: a country that exploited peasant labor. See synonyms at manipulate.
  3. To advertise; promote.
[Middle English, from Old French esploit, from Latin explicitum, neuter past participle of explicāre, to unfold. See explicate.]
exploitability ex·ploit'a·bil'i·ty n.
exploitable ex·ploit'a·ble adj.
exploitative ex·ploit'a·tive or ex·ploit'ive adj.
exploitatively ex·ploit'a·tive·ly or ex·ploit'ive·ly adv.
exploiter ex·ploit'er n.

[動](他)
1 …を(利益・営利のために)利用する;…を(利己的目的のために)不当に使う, 食い物にする, 搾取する
exploit one's privileges
特権を乱用する
They were exploited by the landlord.
地主に搾取された.
2 〈資源・市場などを〉開発[開拓]する;〈販売を〉(宣伝によって)促進する.

[名]((通例〜s))英雄的行為, 偉業, 手柄
sing a person's exploits
人の功績をほめたたえる.

2014年2月14日 星期五

front, bellhop, figure out, frost fairs, permafrost, clueless, extra bold, keep a bold front, front and center



For decades, tipped workers received roughly 50% of the federal minimum wage. But in 1996, Congress abandoned the 50% rule, and raised the minimum wage without increasing compensation for tipped workers. Nearly 20 years later, the minimum wage has risen to $7.25, while the tipped wage has remained frozen at $2.13.

 "In the post-PC world, being front and center with the consumer" is paramount, he said.



Experts say there are abundant deposits of gas hydrates in the seabed and in some Arctic regions. Japan, together with Canada, has already succeeded in extracting gas from methane hydrate trapped in permafrost soil. U.S. researchers are carrying out similar test projects on the North Slope of Alaska.



River Thames frost fairs were held on the Tideway of the River Thames at London between the 15th and 19th centuries when the river froze over. During that time the British winter was more severe than now, and the river was wider and slower.
During the Great Frost of 1683–84, the worst frost recorded in England,[1][2][3] the Thames was completely frozen for two months, the ice 11 inches (28 cm) thick at London. Solid ice was reported extending for miles off the coasts of the southern North Sea (England, France and the Low Countries), causing severe problems for shipping and preventing the use of many harbours.[4] Near Manchester, the ground was frozen to 27 inches; in Somerset, to more than 4 feet.


太陽活動變少 英國罕見嚴冬可能再度出現
【4/15 17:35】

〔中央社〕科學家表示,若河道一凍結就會持續長達數個月,英國的河川將可能再度成為「冰凍博覽會」(frost fair)會場。

倫敦「每日郵報」(Daily Mail)報導,儘管部分學說聲稱全球暖化正導致大西洋冰河溶化和溫度上升,但專家警告,英國可能再次面臨17世紀末以來罕見的寒冬。

1500、1600年代「小冰河時期」(Little Ice Age)的冬天相當寒冷,倫敦泰晤士河(Thames)往往一凍結就是3個月。

河川這時就成了博覽會場,木偶戲、熟食攤、賽馬和冰上保齡球都能見到。據傳國王亨利八世曾經從倫敦市中心,一路乘雪橇抵達格林威治(Greenwich)。

每年將再度有漫長寒冬期的這項推測,和日暈等太陽表面活動有關,影響範圍涵蓋整個歐洲北部。

科學家發現,當太陽活動相對平穩時,冬天更加嚴寒。上一次太陽活動如此平靜發生在1684年,當年經歷了史上最嚴酷的寒冬。

這項發布於英國物理學會(Institute ofPhysics)期刊「環境研究快報」(EnvironmentalResearch Letters)的理論,將能協助解釋為何英國才剛瑟瑟發抖地度過31年來最寒冷的冬天。

地球高空的急流通常會從西方帶來微風,經由大西洋進入北歐地區。在過去2、3年的冬天,這股微風似乎迷失了方向,每年會有數週時間消失不見。學者相信,這種變化要歸咎於較不頻繁的太陽活動。

微風消失,導致英國受到北極圈吹來的寒冷東北風侵襲。

瑞丁大學(Reading University)學者說:「這次冬天是英國160年來排名第14冷的超級嚴冬,但是全球平均溫度卻是同期第15高。我們發現這種異常在太陽活動不頻繁時較常出現。」

這項報告的主要作者洛克伍德(Mike Lockwood)教授表示,這種趨勢不代表冬天一定會變得更冷,但可能性將較之前提高。(譯者:中央社戴雅真)




 2011.7

Google's Six-Front War
Washington Post
While the tech world is buzzing about the launch and implications of Google's new social network, Google+, it's worth noting that Google isn't just in a war with Facebook, it's at war with multiple companies across multiple industries. ...


How Now-Shaky Case Once Seemed So Solid
One expert said the case against the former head of the I.M.F. exposed the “punish first, figure out what happened later” state of American justice.




Young People Clueless About Babies
Is the umbilical cord a musical note? 20 percent of Britain's youth says "yes."

clueless
adj.
Lacking understanding or knowledge.



When we set out to create Starbucks VIA® Ready Brew, we wanted an outstanding cup of coffee that we could enjoy anywhere, at any moment.
That’s even more true with new Starbucks VIA® Decaf Italian Roast, because now “anytime” includes those occasions that call for the rich, bold taste of coffee – but not the caffeine. An after-dinner dessert? A late, late study break? A nightcap on the town? You’ll find all of these situations (and a thousand more) are perfect for our high-quality, 100% arabica, naturally decaffeinated instant coffee.

coffee:extra bold roasted

 extra-bold
A typeface may come in fonts of many weights, from ultra-light to extra-bold or
black; four to six weights are not unusual, and a few typefaces have as many ...



“I’m reaching 87, trying to keep fit, presenting a vigorous figure, and it’s an effort, and is it worth the effort?” he said. “I laugh at myself trying to keep a bold front. It’s become my habit. I just carry on.”



front
(frŭnt) pronunciation
n.
  1. The forward part or surface, as of a building.
  2. The area, location, or position directly before or ahead.
  3. A position of leadership or superiority.
  4. The forehead or face, especially of a bird or other animal.
    1. Demeanor or bearing, especially in the presence of danger or difficulty.
    2. An outward, often feigned, appearance or manner: They put up a good front.
    1. Land bordering a lake, river, or street.
    2. A promenade along the water at a resort.
  5. A detachable part of a man's dress shirt covering the chest; a dickey.
    1. The most forward line of a combat force.
    2. The area of contact between opposing combat forces; a battlefront.
  6. Meteorology. The interface between air masses of different temperatures or densities.
  7. A field of activity: the economic front.
    1. A group or movement uniting various individuals or organizations for the achievement of a common purpose; a coalition.
    2. A nominal leader lacking in real authority; a figurehead.
    3. An apparently respectable person, group, or business used as a cover for secret or illegal activities.
  8. Archaic.
    1. The first part; the beginning.
    2. The face; the countenance.
adj.
  1. Of, relating to, aimed at, or located in the front: the front lines; the front row; front property on Lake Tahoe.
  2. Linguistics. Designating vowels produced at or toward the front of the oral cavity, such as the vowels of green and get.

v., front·ed, front·ing, fronts. v.tr.
  1. To look out on; face: a house that fronts the ocean.
  2. To meet in opposition; confront.
  3. To provide a front for.
  4. To serve as a front for.
  5. Music. To lead (a group of musicians): "Goodman . . . became the first major white bandleader to front an integrated group" (Bill Barol).
  6. Informal. To provide before payment: "In . . . personal liability suits, a lawyer is fronting both time and money" (Richard Faille).
  7. Linguistics. To move (a word or phrase) to the beginning of a clause or sentence, typically for emphasis or contrast.
  8. Linguistics. To cause (a vowel) to be pronounced farther toward the front of the oral cavity.
v.intr.
  1. To have a front; face onto something else: Her property fronts on the highway.
  2. To provide an apparently respectable cover for secret or illegal activities: fronting for organized crime.
interj.
Used by a desk clerk in a hotel to summon a bellhop.

idiom:
front and center
  1. In the most prominent position.

Definition of front and center




adverb

  • prominently; at the forefront:standing front and center here today are our bravest heroes

adjective

prominent; of the greatest importance:why is this matter suddenly front and center? my front-and-center concerns
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin frōns, front-, forehead, front.]



front

[名]
1 ((通例the 〜))(物・場所の)最前部, 最前列(⇔rear);(物の)表面, 表;(体の)前面(⇔back);前方
a dress that fastens at [in] the front
前で留めるようになっているドレス
on the front of an envelope
封筒の表に
lie on one's front
うつぶせになる
sit in [at] the front of the class
教室の最前列に座る(▼stand in front of the classは「(先生が)生徒の前に立つ」の意)
walk in the front of the parade
パレードの先頭に立って歩く(▼walk in front of ...は「パレードの前を横切る」)
read a newspaper from front to back
新聞を一面から最終面まで読む
look to the front
前方を向く[見る].
2 ((通例the 〜))
(1) (建物などの)正面, 表, 前部
the front of the church
その教会の正面
The elevator was at the front of the building.
エレベーターは建物の前の部分にあった.
(2) ((通例形容詞を伴って))(建物などの)側, 面
the east front of the palace
宮殿の東側.
3
(1) (軍隊の)最前列, 先頭;戦線;((通例the 〜))前線, 戦地
a son at the front
戦地にいる息子
go [be sent] to the front
戦地におもむく, 出征する.
(2) 活動分野, 方面
on all fronts
すべての面で
the educational front
教育界
recent moves on the labor front
労働界の最近の動き.
4 (道路・川などに面した)土地;((通例the 〜))(海岸の)遊歩道
a river [a lake] front
川[湖]沿いの土地[通り].
5 ((略式))(団体の)引き立て役の知名人, 看板役, お飾り;(人目を欺く)隠れみの((for ...))
The store was a front for a organized crime.
その店は組織犯罪の隠れみのだった.
6 [U]((略式))見せかけ, 体裁;外見(上の態度)
put on [up] a (good) front
見えを張る, 体裁をつくろう
put on [show] a bold front
大胆そうにふるまう
keep up a front
体裁を保つ.
7 [U]((まれ))ごう慢;厚かましさ;うぬぼれ.
8 ((詩))額;顔
front to front
面と向かって(▼face to faceがふつう).
9 (政治的・社会的な)協力, 提携;戦線, 活動, 運動
the people's front
人民戦線
form [show, present] a united front against ...
…に対して共同戦線を張る.
10 ワイシャツの胸当て;(女性の額ぎわの)付け前髪.
11 《気象》前線
a cold [a warm] front
寒冷[温暖]前線.
12 観覧席;(劇場の)事務所;舞台前面.
13 《音声学》前舌面.
at the front
〈問題などが〉表面化して, 表立って.
change front
(1) 《軍事》攻撃方向を変える, 戦線を方向転換する.
(2) (議論の)ほこ先を転じる.
come [be] to the front
前面に現れてくる, 顕著になる.
front of ...
((俗))=in FRONT of.
get in front of oneself
((米略式))急ぐ;まごつく.
in front
前(方)に[の];(競争で)先立って((in ...))
the enemy in front
前面の敵
Go in front.
先に行ってください.
in front of ...
(1) 〈人・物の〉前方に[へ, を];〈建物の〉入り口の外で, 表で;〈人の〉面前で[に]
spend all day sitting in front of the computer
1日じゅうコンピュータの前に座って過ごす
Let's meet in front of the theater.
劇場の前で会おう.
(2) ((時間的))〈人の〉前途に
I have rather a busy afternoon in front of me.
昼からちょっと忙しくなる.
on the home [domestic] front
国内では.
out front
(1) ((英))外で, 表で;家の前に.
(2) 競争相手にまさって, 先頭を切って.
(3) 観客の中に[で], 観覧席に[で].
up front
((略式))
(1) 前もって;前金で.
(2) 最初から;表立って, 公然と.
(3) 前に.
(4) 《スポーツ》フォワード[センター]の位置で. ⇒UP-FRONT
━━[形]((限定))
1 (最)前部の, 表面[前面, 正面]の;重要な
a front window
車の前方側部の窓
take a front seat
最前列に座る
be on the front page
(新聞の)第一面に載る.
2 《音声学》〈母音が〉前舌の( 〔i〕 〔e〕 〔æ〕 など).
3 ((略式))表向きの, 隠れみのの
a front company
(犯罪組織の作る)偽装会社.
━━[副]前部[前面, 正面, 前方]へ[で];(車の)前の座席に
front and rear
腹背[前後]から
keep one's eyes front
正面を見すえる.
━━[動](他)
1 〈建物などが〉…に面する, 向く
The school fronts a lake.
学校は湖に面している.
2 ((通例受身))…の正面[前面]に(…を)つける[張る]((with, by ...))
front a building with marble
建物の前面に大理石を張る.
3 〈グループの〉代表を務める((up));〈テレビ番組の〉総司会を務める.
4 …の正面[前面]となる
a lawn fronting the house
家の前面にある芝生.
5 ((俗))…に挑戦的な態度をとる, 立ち向かう, …と対決姿勢をとる(confront).
6 ((英古))…に直面する;…に敢然と立ち向かう(confront)
front death
死に直面する
front dangers
危険に立ち向かう.
7 《音声学》…を前舌面で発音する.
━━(自)
1 〈建物などが〉(…に)面する((on, onto, toward ...))
Our house fronts on the park [toward the east].
うちは公園に面している[東向きである].
2 ((略式))(…の)隠れみのの役を果たす((for ...)).
3 ((俗))(人に)うそをつく, 約束を破る(cop out).
━━[間](←[副])
1 (軍隊などで)前へ
Eyes front !
((号令))直れ.
2 ((ホテルのボーイに対するフロントからの呼びかけ))フロントへ. ▼日本語の「フロント」はfront [reception] desk.
front and center
((号令))中央前へ;出てこい.
[ラテン語frōns(額)]

permafrost


 
音節
per • ma • frost
発音
pə'ːrməfrɔ`ːst | -frɔ`st
[名][U]永久凍土層.




bellhop

Syllabification: bell·hop
Pronunciation: /ˈbelˌhäp
 
/

noun

North American an attendant in a hotel who performs services such as carrying guests' luggage.[名]((米・カナダ))ベルボーイ:特にホテルで荷物運びなどをするボーイ.

stand up to,up front, stand by, stripe, straight-up, absolute/complete integrity, in its entirety

"Kristen appears to have been lulled into imagining it was the right moment to reveal her sideline as a poet, and opts to read one self-penned verse in its entirety. Ladies and Gentlemen, please take your seats ... "


A study at Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine concluded that the drug, developed to treat high blood pressure, could also help to prevent strokes and angina.
But the university said Thursday incomplete clinical data had been used to support this finding and that had patients' records been used in their entirety, the study would have had a different conclusion.


QUOTATION OF THE DAY

"It should not matter what political stripe you're from. The fact of the matter is the I.R.S. has to operate with absolute integrity."
PRESIDENT OBAMA, at a news conference on Wednesday addressing revelations that the Internal Revenue Service had focused special scrutiny on conservative groups.



Overheard
It isn't just markets of all stripes that now trade on the short-term whims of global central banks and governments. Even ratings companies, a key part of the world's financial plumbing, are being forced to bow to reality.

Their assessments of a government's credit-worthiness are designed to reflect a straight-up view of how its debt obligations hold up against future outlays and tax revenues. And yet over this past week, Moody's Investors Service implicitly acknowledged that this is no longer the whole story.

Moody's had said it would likely finish a review of Spain's debt rating, which it has on watch for a downgrade to "junk," by the end of September. But Tuesday, it said it expects to complete the review by the end of October, and it is "continuing to assess a number of factors, including…the nature and size of support mechanisms."

Translation: It is impossible to take a view on Spain's fiscal health without knowing about any future bailout from euro-zone partners and bond buying from the European Central Bank. So much for fundamentals.



Japan defense chief stands by plan to keep Marine air operations on Okinawa
Stars and Stripes
By Chiyomi Sumida Approximately 150 protesters demonstrate outside the Prefectural Government Office in Naha, Okinawa on Saturday, moments before Japanese Defense Minister Toshimi Kitazawa met with Okinawa Governor Hirokazu Nakaima to seek the





Q&A: Paying Extra for Phone Freedom
By J.D. BIERSDORFER
Skipping the carrier subsidy and paying full price for an unlocked smartphone may cost more up front, but frees up those who want to buy inexpensive local service plans when traveling internationally.

2010

Google stands up to China's censors

stand up to

Confront fearlessly, oppose boldly, as in You've got to stand up to the boss if you want him to respect you. [Early 1600s]



up front

 
音節
up front
((略式))
(1) 前もって;前金で.
(2) 最初から;表立って, 公然と.
(3) 前に.
(4) 《スポーツ》フォワード[センター]の位置で. ⇒UP-FRONT

stand by
1. Be ready or available to act, as in I'm almost ready for you to carve the turkey, so please stand by. [Mid-1200s]
2. Wait for something to resume, as in We are all standing by until the power is restored. Also see on standby.
3. Be present but remain uninvolved, refrain from acting, as in I can't stand by and see these kids shoplifting. [Late 1300s]
4. Remain loyal, as in She's my friend and I'll stand by her, no matter what. [Early 1500s] Also see stick by.
5. Adhere to, abide by, as in I'm going to stand by what I said yesterday. [Late 1300s]


stripe[stripe1]

  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[stráip]

[名]
1(しま), 筋, 縞のある織物, 縞地
a blue shirt with white stripes
青地に白縞のシャツ.
2 ((〜s))(ストライプの数で階級などを示す)記章
getearnone's stripes
((略式))昇進する
lose one's stripes
降格される.
3 ((米))(人・物などの)型, 種類
artists of every stripe
あらゆる種類の芸術家.
4 ((〜s))((主に米))横縞のある囚人服
wear the stripes
刑務所にはいる.
5 ((〜s))((単数扱い))((英略式))トラ.
━━[動](他)…を縞で飾る;…に縞をつける.
 

straight up[straight up]
 

    (1) ((英話))(質問や回答で)本当に(そうです).
    (2) ((米))(酒に)氷を入れないで(⇔on the rocks).
    straightの全ての意味を見る





    integrity

    Pronunciation: /ɪnˈtɛgrɪti/

    Definition of integrity



    noun

    [mass noun]
    • 1the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles:a gentleman of complete integrity
    • 2the state of being whole and undivided:upholding territorial integrity and national sovereignty
    • the condition of being unified or sound in construction:the structural integrity of the novel
    • internal consistency or lack of corruption in electronic data: [as modifier]:integrity checking

    Origin:

    late Middle English (in integrity (sense 2)): from French intégrité or Latin integritas, from integer 'intact' (see integer). Compare with entirety, integral, and integrate




    entirety

    Syllabification: (en·tire·ty)
    Translate entirety | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish

    noun

    • the whole of something:she would have to stay in her room over the entirety of the weekend

    Phrases




    in its entirety

    as a whole; completely:the poem is too long to quote in its entirety here

2014年2月13日 星期四

hangout, longshot, track, parti pris







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hangout

Syllabification: hang·out
Pronunciation: /ˈhaNGˌout
 
/

noun

informal a place one frequently visits: I nursed a beer at a favorite college hangoutMore example sentences
  • In an effort to reach out to such youngsters, in 1994 members of the committee took the initiative to pay frequent visits to teen hang-outs.
  • The idea was to create a juke box for all kinds of convivial settings-from parties in parks to hang-outs on college campuses.
  • Shopping areas, schools and colleges, hang-outs and eateries may be mushrooming but where is the space to park?

longshot
pronunciation

IN BRIEF: n. - A photograph taken from a distance.



 parti pris
 (pär'tē prē') pronunciation
n., pl., par·tis pris (pär').
An inclination for or against something or someone that affects judgment; prejudice or bias.

[French : parti, decision, side + pris, taken.]

2014年2月11日 星期二

preemie,unequivocal, rejoice, premature, way (EMPHASIS),gestation


Language skills improve when parents talk to their preemies.
Preemies Can Hear You, So Talk to Them, Not Just Around Them
healthland.time.com

Czechs Split Over Joining the Euro

PRAGUE — When the pro-euro Milos Zeman takes over next week as president, euro enthusiasts will rejoice. But celebrations might be premature.


The regime is over

I listened to Andrew Stunnel, a minister for communities and local government (CLG) in the new coalition, speaking at a conference two weeks ago. He made it absolutely clear: there will be no specifications coming down from the centre. I asked him, for clarification, that this really would mean getting rid of those roles, he said yes. I read Eric Pickles’ article in the Local Government Chronicle, he is the minister in charge at CLG; he said the same. Last week I met Greg Clark, another minister at CLG and he too was unequivocal.

The regime is over. No longer will children in Whitehall dream up their dumb ideas on how to design, manage and measure public services; no longer will they tell local public service managers what to do and send the Audit Commission in to bully people in to compliance. The message from the ministers is crystal clear: they want leaders of local public services to get on with it. Responsibility has been put in the right place. We should rejoice.




The politically savvy American Federation of Teachers has decided that it is better to get in the game. In New Haven, the union has agreed in its new contract to develop an evaluation system in collaboration with the city. Secretary Duncan praised the agreement lavishly. But the accolades seem premature given that crucial details have yet to be worked out.




Cramer said that "in this bullish tape, Google is going way up." With all the talk of the death of newspapers, "every single ad that would have gone in ...


Eating a Bit Less Salt Can Be a Big Health Boon
By Tiffany Sharples
Americans consume way, way too much salt. Cutting just one gram a day would go a long way toward preventing heart disease and premature death, according to a new report


preemie  早產兒

Line breaks: pree¦mie
Pronunciation: /ˈpriːmi
 
/

noun (plural preemies)

North American informal

Origin

1920s (as premy): from premature + -ie.



way (EMPHASIS)
adverb INFORMAL
used to emphasize degree or separation, especially in space or time:
After the third lap, she was way behind the other runners.
She spends way too much money on clothes.


premature
adj.
  1. Occurring, growing, or existing before the customary, correct, or assigned time; uncommonly or unexpectedly early: a premature end.
  2. Born after a gestation period of less than the normal time: a premature infant.
[Middle English, ripe, from Latin praemātūrus, ripe too early : prae-, pre- + mātūrus, ripe.]
prematurely pre'ma·ture'ly adv.
prematureness pre'ma·ture'ness or pre'ma·tu'ri·ty n.
ges·ta·tion (jĕ-stā'shən) pronunciation
n.
  1. The period of development in the uterus from conception until birth; pregnancy.
  2. The conception and development of a plan or an idea in the mind.
[Late Latin gestātiō, gestātiōn-, from Latin, a carrying, from gestātus, past participle of gestāre.]
gestatory ges'ta·to'ry (jĕs'tə-tôr'ē, -tōr'ē) or ges·ta'tion·al adj.


un·e·quiv·o·cal (ŭn'ĭ-kwĭv'ə-kəl) pronunciation
adj.
Admitting of no doubt or misunderstanding; clear and unambiguous: an unequivocal success.

unequivocally un'e·quiv'o·cal·ly adv.

rejoice

v., -joiced, -joic·ing, -joic·es. v.intr.
To feel joyful; be delighted: rejoiced at the news; rejoiced in her friend's good fortune.

v.tr.
To fill with joy; gladden.

phrasal verb:
rejoice in
  1. To have or possess: rejoices in a keen mind.
[Middle English rejoicen, from Old French rejoir, rejoiss- : re-, re- + joir, to be joyful (from Vulgar Latin *gaudīre , from Latin gaudēre).]
rejoicer re·joic'er n.