2014年11月29日 星期六

pleated, bowler, canister, spaniel, obsequious, brown-nosing

Courtesy of the Print Collection, Lewis Walpole Library, Yale University

3-foot blue canisters of nitro
along a conveyor belt, slow fish
speaking the language of silence.
From the Original Picture by John Collett in the possession of Carington Bowles. Printed for & Sold by Carington Bowles, at his Map & Print Warehouse, No. 69 in St. Pauls Church Yard, London. Publish'd as the Act directs (erased)
Four young ladies in pleated gowns and hats bowl outside a country inn, one just releasing the ball at a set of ninepins. At the other end of the alley, a little girl is ready to set up more pins. Two young ladies stand together on the left beyond the bowler, one offering the other a bowl of snacks. In the center background, another lady leans over a table with wine bottle and glass and blows the foam off a large cannister(?) of beer she holds in her hands. A spaniel watches the bowling from beneath the table. On a large tree in the background, a tally board, halved by a chalk line, shows the marks of two teams. A ball, a tipped pin, and a clay pipe with broken stem lie in the foreground. Surviving impressions includes the date "2 Feb 1779."
33x 25 cm.
Yale Center for British Art (no date, B1970.3.773)
13.7 x
11 cm.
Lewis Walpole Library (numbered 290, no date, 778.1.1.5)

The container was labeled "baby food," but authorities say security personnel became suspicious when the woman who owned the suitcase claimed the canister held pickles.
A fire department bomb squad removed the item from the airport and detonated it, discovering the mangoes.

The heart that spanielled me at heels.

 For the first time, the story of this revolutionary line of clothing is being told. The concept of Pleats Please Issey Miyake is explored through a vast array of texts and images, tracing its journey from inception, through material development, to its public reception. The explanation of its evolution also includes, also for the first time, a section not only revealing the creation of the original thread — but also the pleating process!


Two Cheers for Web U!


Take away the dorm rooms, the classroom banter, the brown-nosing, the keg parties and the tuition, and is it still college?

noun [C]
a narrow fold in a piece of cloth made by pressing or sewing two parts of the cloth together

a pleated skirt
Close-up of a pleated shade

bowl (ROLL)
verb [I or T]
to roll a ball along a smooth grass or artificial surface during a game

noun [C]
a large ball used in the game of bowls

noun [U] (UK ALSO tenpin bowling)
a game played inside, in which you roll a heavy ball down a track to try to knock down a group of pins (= tall, thin wooden objects)

noun [C]
a metal, usually cylindrical, container for gases or dry things:
The police fired tear gas canisters into the crowd.

  1. Any of several breeds of small-sized to medium-sized dogs, usually having drooping ears, short legs, and a wavy, silky coat.
  2. A docile or servile person.
[Middle English spainol, from Old French espaignol, Spaniard, Spanish dog, from Vulgar Latin *Hispāniōlus, Spanish, from Hispānia, Spain.]


Definition of brown-nose


  • (also brown-noser) an extremely obsequious person: a little brown-noser who wants to make sure I know he’s working on Saturday


[with object]
curry favour with (someone) by acting very obsequiously:academics were brown-nosing the senior faculty [no object]:if I can’t learn to brown-nose, at least I can keep my mouth shut

Full of or exhibiting servile compliance; fawning.
[Middle English, from Latin obsequiōsus, from obsequium, compliance, from obsequī, to comply : ob-, to; see ob– + sequī, to follow.]
obsequiously ob·se'qui·ous·ly adv.
obsequiousness ob·se'qui·ous·ness n.

2014年11月26日 星期三

transition, accessoy, fait accompli, presumably, accomplice, a mystery

    France's failure to meet Europe’s deficit rules despite last-minute savings worth €3.6 billion is exasperating Brussels, and the smaller countries that have had to make more painful and unpopular budget cuts http://econ.st/1randR0

LATE last month, it looked as if France had done just enough to avoid getting rapped on the knuckles over its breach of Europe’s deficit rules. Two days before the...

New Turmoil in Egypt Greets Mixed Verdict for Mubarak

Lawyers said former President Hosni Mubarak’s life sentence as an accessory in the killing of unarmed protesters was vulnerable to appeal, and charges of corruption were dismissed.




U.S. Is Seeing Positive Signs From China

China's changing positions on Iran, Syria and North Korea, among others, are hailed as steps toward unity among the world's major powers, but its motives are a mystery.

 With Bo Xilai out of power, Xi Jinping, the country’s presumed next leader, is emerging from the scandal with greater standing as China’s leadership transitions.

Annan Pursues Talks on Easing Assad Out
Special envoy to Syria Kofi Annan has begun talks aimed at establishing a group of world powers, including Syrian allies Russia and Iran, to discuss a political transition plan that could ease President Bashar al-Assad from power.

Norwegian authorities continue investigation after dual attacks
Police in Norway are questioning a 32-year-old man, following two attacks which killed at least 92 people in and around Oslo on Friday. There are also unconfirmed reports that the man had an accomplice.

"The Internet is a pragmatic tool that can be used like a gang or an accomplice to help the U.S. government subvert state power," read one of numerous essays that appeared on the Web site of the People's Daily, the mouthpiece of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party.

Exhausted by the burden of its pretensions, the UK should soon offer its seat on the security council of the United Nations to its former colony. Its condition would be that France does the same in favour of the European Union. Whether or not such enlightened statesmanship is forthcoming (presumably not), we are moving into the age of continental superpowers. Asia will be home to not one, but two, of them.
因为背负着虚荣的枷锁,而把自己弄得筋疲力尽的英国,应尽早把它在联合国安理会的席位拱手让给它的前殖民地。前提是,法国也应同样把席位让给欧盟 (EU)。不管这两国是否会展现出这种开明的政治才能(我推测是不会的),我们都正步入“大陆性超级大国”时代。亚洲将拥有两个、而不是一个超级大国。

Once completed, designs were handed over to Ford's suppliers as faits accomplis, with little opportunity for revision. (p.152, "Chinese Wall", The Man Who Discovered Quality)


  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[trænzíʃən, -síʃ-]
1 (位置・状態などの)移り変わり, 推移, (…から;…への)変化, 変遷, 変転[過渡]期, 変わり目((from ...;to ...))
an age of transition
the transition from girl to woman
in transition
2 《音楽》一時的転調.
3 (テレビ・舞台の)場面転換.
4 《遺伝学》トランジション, 変異:DNA鎖上での塩基転位.
━━[動](自)(…に)移行する, 推移する((into ...)).
ac·com·plice (ə-kŏm'plĭs) pronunciationn.
An associate in wrongdoing, especially one who aids or abets another in a criminal act, either as a principal or an .accessory

[Alteration of COMPLICE.]
  • [əkɑ'mplis, əkʌ'm- | əkʌ'm-, əkɔ'm-]
[名](…の)共犯者(▼しばしば従犯者をいう)(accessory);「ぐる」, 仲間((in, to ...)).


  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[æksésəri, ək-]
[名](複 -ries)
1 付属物, 付帯物, つけたし;((通例-ries))(安全や装飾用の)付属品, 部品, カーアクセサリー, 服装用付属品, アクセサリー(adjunct)(▼ベルト, ハンドバッグなども含む).
2 《法律》(…の)共犯((to ...)). ⇒PRINCIPAL[名]4
an accessory beforeafterthe fact
1 付加[補助, 付帯]的な, 付属の;《鉱物》副成分の, 類質の
an accessory calyx
accessory fruits
《植物》副果, 偽果
an accessory nerve
2 《法律》共犯[従犯]の, 幇助(ほうじょ)行為の.

fait accompli

('tä-kôN-plē', fĕt'ä-) pronunciation

n., pl. faits ac·com·plis ('tä-kôN-plē', -plēz', fĕt'ä-).
An accomplished, presumably irreversible deed or fact.
[French : fait, fact + accompli, accomplished.]


  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[prizúːm | -zjúːm]
1III[名]/that節;V[名](to be)[名]/[形]]((形式))〈事を〉推定する;((略式))(おそらく…であると)考える, 思う, みなす
I presume her success. [=I presume that she will succeed. ]
They are presumed (to be) innocent.
It is presumed that he was drunk. [=He is presumed to have been drunk. ]
2III[名]/to do]((ふつう疑問文・否定文))…をずうずうしくも引き受ける[請け合う];大胆にも[思い切って, 生意気にも]…する
I will not presume to give an opinion.
3 〈理論が〉…を前提とする((that節)).
I presume
((文修飾的))おそらく, たぶん.
I presume you're tired.
Miss Jones, I presume.
1 (事実と)推定[仮定]する, 推量する;思い込む.
2 ((形式))ずうずうしくふるまう, 出しゃばる;[presume on [upon] A]〈Aに〉なれなれしくする, つけ込む[入る], 利用する
You presume.

pre·sum·a·ble (prĭ-zū'mə-bəl) pronunciation
That can be presumed or taken for granted; reasonable as a supposition: presumable causes of the disaster.

presumably pre·sum'a·bly adv.

pet peeve, querulous, peevish , perverse, peeve, discombobulate, perversity

Yale University Press: Anna Karenina is a seminal work in literature. How do you approach translating something like that?
Marian Schwartz: A question straight out of a Marx Brothers movie! The answer, of course, is “very carefully.” Every critic, scholar, and reader has an opinion, a pet peeve, a particular passage dear to her heart. Pity the poor translator who crosses one of them.
China’s economy

Perverse advantage
Myron Tribus "Perversity Principle": "If you try to improve the performance of a system of people, machines, and procedures by setting numerical goals for the improvement of individual parts of the system, the system will defeat your efforts and you will pay a price where you least expect it.".[8]

Bryden listed his impressive catch, among them Anna Manahan, from Waterford, playing Mrs Rooney - flopping "down flat on the road like a big fat jelly out of a bowl"; Niall Tobin, from Cork, as blind, querulous Mr Rooney; Dubliners David Kelly and John Kavanagh as Mr Tyler, a retired bill broker and Mr Slocum the racecourse clerk; Belfast's James Ellis as Mr Barrell, the station master; and Dan Colley, a pure county Dubliner, as the boy.  

On the Road, Packing Querulous Erudition By STEPHEN HOLDEN

In Abbas Kiarostami's "Certified Copy," a couple (Juliette Binoche and William Shimell) drive through Tuscany arguing about art, representation and authenticity.

querulous [Show phonetics]
often complaining, especially in a weak high voice:
He became increasingly dissatisfied and querulous in his old age.
quer • u • lous
kwérjuləs | kwéru-
1 不満の多い(⇔contented).
2 〈声・話し(方)などが〉不満[不平]を示す;おこりっぽい(peevish)
in a querulous tone
[ラテン語querulus (querī不平をいう+-ULOUS). △QUARREL1

The best of these canvases convert Courbet's inborn dissonance into a commanding discombobulation. They challenge and seduce with their brusqueness of surface, inconsistencies of space or scale, emotional ambiguities and alternately frank and improbable accounts of the female form. Some paintings barely hold together; others collapse inward into strange, shapeless masses.
discombobulate(dĭs'kəm-bŏb'yə-lāt') pronunciation
tr.v., -lat·ed, -lat·ing, -lates.
To throw into a state of confusion. See synonyms at confuse.
[動](他)((米略式))〈計画などを〉狂わせる, 失敗させる, 〈敵などを〉混乱させる.
[Perhaps alteration of DISCOMPOSE.]
discombobulation dis'com·bob'u·la'tion n.

pet hate UK (US pet peeve ) noun [C]
something that annoys you a lot
That's one of my pet hates - people who smoke while other people are eating. 


Pronunciation: /pəˈvəːs/
Translate perverse | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish
Definition of perverse


  • 1showing a deliberate and obstinate desire to behave in a way that is unreasonable or unacceptable:Kate’s perverse decision not to cooperate held good
  • 2contrary to the accepted or expected standard or practice:in two general elections the outcome was quite perverse
  • Law (of a verdict) against the weight of evidence or the direction of the judge on a point of law.
  • 3sexually perverted: an evil life dedicated to perverse pleasure films depicting behaviour which seemed perverse or deviant were seen as more suitable for private therapy than for public consumption



[sentence adverb]:perversely, she felt nearer to tears now than at any other moment in the conversation




late Middle English (in the sense 'turned away from what is right or good'): from Old French pervers(e), from Latin perversus 'turned about', from the verb pervertere (see pervert)

peeve(pēv) pronunciation
tr.v., peeved, peev·ing, peeves.
To cause to be annoyed or resentful. See synonyms at annoy.

  1. A vexation; a grievance.
  2. A resentful mood: in a peeve about the delays.
[Back-formation from PEEVISH.]

Bright, peevish HC...

Jonathan Swift
When I come to be old.
Not to marry a young Woman.
Not to keep young Company unless they reely desire it.
Not to be peevish or morose, or suspicious. 

pee·vish ('vĭsh) pronunciation
    1. Querulous or discontented.
    2. Ill-tempered.
  1. Contrary; fractious.
[Middle English pevish, possibly from Latin perversus, past participle of perversus. See perverse.]
peevishly pee'vish·ly adv.
peevishness pee'vish·ness n.

pee·vish (pēvĭsh) pronunciation

    1. Querulous or discontented.
    2. Ill-tempered.
  1. Contrary; fractious.
[Middle English pevish, possibly from Latin perversus, past participle of perversus. See perverse.]
peevishly pee'vish·ly adv.
peevishness pee'vish·ness n.

per·verse (pər-vûrs', pûr'vûrs') pronunciation

  1. Directed away from what is right or good; perverted.
  2. Obstinately persisting in an error or fault; wrongly self-willed or stubborn.
    1. Marked by a disposition to oppose and contradict.
    2. Arising from such a disposition.
  3. Cranky; peevish.
[Middle English pervers, from Old French, from Latin perversus, past participle of pervertere, to pervert. See pervert.]
perversely per·verse'ly adv.
perverseness per·verse'ness n.


  • 発音記号[pərvə'ːrsəti]

1 [U]つむじ曲がり, 強情;邪悪.
2 倒錯, 変態.

2014年11月25日 星期二

magazine, chamber. baloney, downed, dyslexia, entrust, distrustful, dread, downgrade

Many Japanese are worried about so-called hot spots, radioactive patches located in otherwise uncontaminated areas. Distrustful of official government information, they have now started collecting data themselves.

Copter Downed by Taliban Fire; Elite U.S. Unit Among Dead

Among the dead were elite Navy Seal commandos from the broader unit that killed Osama bin Laden in Pakistan, though none were involved in that raid.

Amid Criticism on Downgrade of U.S., S.&P. Fires Back

A day after Standard & Poor's downgraded the creditworthiness of the United States government, it defended its decision and warned that further downgrades may come.

We require to know what is possible now in England, a ntion conscious of its high achievements, and of great failures, shaken to its foundations, distrustful of the old ways, and dreading fantastic novelties.
The problem was first described as a small plane downed in the Hudson River. The officials distrusted it.
“As you recall, that was what everyone said on 9/11,” said one federal official who was in Virginia at the time. “For the U.K. bombings, on July 7, 2005, the first report was an electrical fire. So we’re very accustomed to hearing, ‘Oh, no, it’s nothing.’ ”

At least a half-dozen construction unions and a handful of public pension funds had entrusted money to Mr. Madoff, according to the list. Some of New York City's most prominent real estate figures, reeling from the property downturn, also appear to be victims of the alleged fraud.

Tracing Business Acumen to Dyslexia

Published: December 6, 2007

It has long been known that dyslexics are drawn to running their own businesses, where they can get around their weaknesses in reading and writing and play on their strengths. But a new study of entrepreneurs in the United States suggests that dyslexia is much more common among small-business owners than even the experts had thought.
The report, compiled by Julie Logan, a professor of entrepreneurship at the Cass Business School in London, found that more than a third of the entrepreneurs she had surveyed — 35 percent — identified themselves as dyslexic. The study also concluded that dyslexics were more likely than nondyslexics to delegate authority, to excel in oral communication and problem solving and were twice as likely to own two or more businesses.
“We found that dyslexics who succeed had overcome an awful lot in their lives by developing compensatory skills,” Professor Logan said in an interview. “If you tell your friends and acquaintances that you plan to start a business, you’ll hear over and over, ‘It won’t work. It can’t be done.’ But dyslexics are extraordinarily creative about maneuvering their way around problems.”
The study was based on a survey of 139 business owners in a wide range of fields across the United States. Professor Logan called the number who said they were dyslexic “staggering,” and said it was significantly higher than the 20 percent of British entrepreneurs who said they were dyslexic in a poll she conducted in 2001.
She attributed the greater share in the United States to earlier and more effective intervention by American schools to help dyslexic students deal with their learning problems. Approximately 10 percent of Americans are believed to have dyslexia, experts say.
One reason that dyslexics are drawn to entrepreneurship, Professor Logan said, is that strategies they have used since childhood to offset their weaknesses in written communication and organizational ability — identifying trustworthy people and handing over major responsibilities to them — can be applied to businesses.
“The willingness to delegate authority gives them a significant advantage over nondyslexic entrepreneurs, who tend to view their business as their baby and like to be in total control,” she said.
William J. Dennis Jr., senior research fellow at the Research Foundation of the National Federation of Independent Business, a trade group in Washington, said the study’s results “fit into the pattern of what we know about small-business owners.”
“Entrepreneurs are hands-on people who push a minimum of paper, do lots of stuff orally instead of reading and writing, and delegate authority, all of which suggests a high verbal facility,” Mr. Dennis said. “Compare that with corporate managers who read, read, read.”
Indeed, according to Professor Logan, only 1 percent of corporate managers in the United States have dyslexia.
Much has been written about the link between dyslexia and entrepreneurial success. Fortune Magazine, for example, ran a cover story five years ago about dyslexic business leaders, including Richard Branson, founder of Virgin Atlantic Airways; Charles R. Schwab, founder of the discount brokerage firm that bears his name; John T. Chambers, chief executive of Cisco; and Paul Orfalea, founder of the Kinko’s copy chain.
Similarly, Rosalie P. Fink, a professor at Lesley College in Cambridge, Mass., wrote a paper in 1998 on 60 highly accomplished people with dyslexia.
But Professor Logan said hers was the first study that she knew of that tried to measure the percentage of entrepreneurs who have dyslexia. Carl Schramm, president of the Kauffman Foundation, which financed the research, agreed. He said the findings were surprising but, he said, there was no previous baseline to measure it against.
Emerson Dickman , president of the International Dyslexia Association in Baltimore and a lawyer in Maywood, N.J., said the study’s findings “just make sense.”
“Individuals who have difficulty reading and writing tend to deploy other strengths,” Mr. Dickman, who has dyslexia, said. “They rely on mentors, and as a result, become very good at reading other people and delegating duties to them. They become adept at using visual strengths to solve problems.”
Mr. Orfalea, 60, who left Kinko’s — now FedEx Kinko’s — seven years ago, and who now dabbles in a hodgepodge of business undertakings, is almost proud of having dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
“I get bored easily, and that is a great motivator,” he said. “I think everybody should have dyslexia and A.D.D.
He attributes his success to his difficulty with reading and writing because it forced him to master verbal communication.
“I didn’t have a lot of self-confidence as a kid,” he said. “And that is for the good. If you have a healthy dose of rejection in your life, you are going to have to figure out how to do it your way.”
He said his biggest advantage was his realization that because of his many inadequacies, he had to delegate important tasks to subordinates. “My motto is: Anybody else can do anything better than me,” he said.
Danny Kessler, 26, also has dyslexia and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Mr. Kessler founded Angels with Attitude, which holds seminars for women on self-defense. He is a co-founder of Club E Network (www.clubenetwork.com), which sponsors “networking events,” runs an online chat room for entrepreneurs and produces television shows about them.
Like Mr. Orfalea, he said he had low self-esteem as a child, and now views that as a catapult into the entrepreneurial world. “I told myself I would never be a lawyer or a doctor,” he said. “But I wanted to make a lot of money. And I knew business was the only way I was going to do it.”
In high school, Mr. Kessler said, “I became cool with the teachers. I developed a rapport with them. I was able to convince almost all of them to nudge my grade up just a bit. I adopted a strategy for squeezing through the system.”
As for the importance of entrusting tasks to others, Mr. Kessler says his limitations have endowed him with a “razor sharp” intuition that allows him to ascertain within minutes of meeting people whether he can depend on them and what they would be good at in an organization.
Drew Devitt, 45, who also has dyslexia, said he started Thoughtware Products in college to produce videos for real estate brokers. Today, he runs a successful $9 million company in Aston, Pa., called New Way Air Bearings that makes bearings for precision machine tools.
Asked about mentors, Mr. Devitt ticks off a list, and it is a long one, beginning with his parents, who sold imported bearing materials out of their home.
Indirectly, he confirmed that he gives free rein to his deputies. Asked about the claim on his company’s Web site that it is a “market leader,” he sighed. “That’s not something I would say,” he said. “Actually, it’s baloney. But that’s what our marketing people came up with. You can’t do everything. You have to let people do their job.”

The United Nations has said it is still waiting for the government to approve the start of relief efforts in the wake of the cyclone.
The Burmese regime is normally distrustful of outside influences.
Burma 'must allow aid workers in'


Line breaks: ba|lo¦ney
Pronunciation: /bəˈləʊni



1[MASS NOUN] Foolish or deceptive talknonsense:I don’t buy it—it’s all a load of baloney
2North American term for bologna.


1920ssense 1 said to be a corruption of bologna.

distrust Show phonetics
noun [U]
when you do not trust someone or something:
The two groups have existed in a state of mutual distrust for centuries.
She has a (deep) distrust of journalists.

distrust Show phonetics
verb [T]
In spite of its election success, the government is still deeply distrusted on key health and education issues.

distrustful Show phonetics

verb [T + adverb or preposition]
to give someone a thing or a duty for which they are responsible:
He didn't look like the sort of man you should entrust your luggage to.
Two senior officials have been entrusted with organizing the auction.

distrustful,[形]((通例叙述))信用しない, なかなか信じない, (…への)不信の念を抱いている, (…に)疑念がある((of ...)).

(dĭs-lĕk'sē-ə) pronunciation
A learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to recognize and comprehend written words.
[New Latin : DYS– + Greek lexis, speech (from legein, to speak).]
━━ n. 【医】失読症.
Dyslexia is a learning disability characterized by problems in reading, spelling, writing, speaking, or listening. In many cases, dyslexia appears to be inherited.

v., dread·ed, dread·ing, dreads.
  1. To be in terror of.
  2. To anticipate with alarm, distaste, or reluctance: dreaded the long drive home.
  3. Archaic. To hold in awe or reverence.
To be very afraid.

  1. Profound fear; terror.
  2. Fearful or distasteful anticipation. See synonyms at fear.
  3. An object of fear, awe, or reverence.
  4. Archaic. Awe; reverence.
  1. Causing terror or fear: a dread disease.
  2. Inspiring awe: the dread presence of the headmaster.
[Middle English dreden, short for adreden, from Old English adrǣdan, from ondrǣdan, to advise against, fear : ond-, and-, against; see un-2 + rǣdan, to advise.]

2014年11月24日 星期一

replica, petrified, hillock, delirious, hedgerow, delirium, petroglyph

A replica gun.
Ancient petroglyphs in Nevada. Photo: University of Colorado, Boulder
A group of 6,700-year-old carvings in Oregon just lost their title as oldest rock carvings in North America, LiveScience reports. Researchers just discovered that ornately designed petroglyphs in Nevada may be more than twice as old as the Oregon rocks.

Koolhaas, Delirious in Beijing
Certainly Chichikov was a thorough coward, for, although the britchka pursued its headlong course until Nozdrev's establishment had disappeared behind hillocks and hedgerows, our hero continued to glance nervously behind him, as though every moment expecting to see a stern chase begin. His breath came with difficulty, and when he tried his heart with his hands he could feel it fluttering like a quail caught in a net.

Vigilance About the Dangers of Delirium
Personal Health

Vigilance About the Dangers of Delirium

About 20 percent of hospital patients over 65 experience delirium-related complications, but with prompt recognition and proper management episodes can be shortened, suffering alleviated and costs reduced.



Line breaks: rep|lica
Pronunciation: /ˈrɛplɪkə

Definition of replica in English:


An exact copy or model of something, especially one on a smaller scale:a replica of the Empire State Building


mid 18th century (as a musical term in the sense 'a repeat'): from Italian, from replicare 'to reply'.

(dĭ-lîr'ē-əs) pronunciation
  1. Of, suffering from, or characteristic of delirium.
  2. Marked by uncontrolled excitement or emotion; ecstatic: delirious joy; a crowd of delirious baseball fans.
deliriously de·lir'i·ous·ly adv.
deliriousness de·lir'i·ous·ness n.


Pronunciation: /dɪˈlɪrɪəs/


  • in an acutely disturbed state of mind characterized by restlessness, illusions, and incoherence; affected by delirium: he became delirious and couldn’t recognize people
  • in a state of wild excitement or ecstasy:there was a great roar from the delirious crowd




[as submodifier]:Rose was deliriously happy


[名](複 〜s, -i・a 〔-i〕)[U][C]
1 《病理学》譫妄(せんもう)(状態), 意識の混濁(状態), 狂乱(状態).
2 熱狂, 興奮, 無我夢中.
(pĕt'rə-fī') pronunciation

v., -fied, -fy·ing, -fies. v.tr.
  1. To convert (wood or other organic matter) into a stony replica by petrifaction.
  2. To cause to become stiff or stonelike; deaden.
  3. To stun or paralyze with terror; daze.
To become stony, especially by petrifaction.
[Middle English petrifien, to harden, from Old French petrifier : Latin petra, rock (from Greek petrā) + Old French -fier, -fy.]


In "The Leopard," when the Prince is hunting near the fictional Donnafugata, really Santa Margherita, he looks out over the landscape and sees it "aridly undulating to the horizon in hillock after hillock, comfortless and irrational, with no lines that the mind could grasp, conceived apparently in a delirious moment of creation; a sea suddenly petrified when a change of wind had flung the waves into a frenzy."

Petrified Forest's  Painted Desert

Petrified Forest's
Painted Desert
How big is Arizona's Painted Desert? The Painted Desert stretches nearly 150 miles (240 kilometers) from the Grand Canyon southeast into the Petrified Forest National Park. The area's name was inspired by the colorful layers of sedimentary rock; the varied colors come from oxides of iron and manganese compounds in the soil, as well as sediments deposited without oxygen. The Painted Desert is just one of the features that make the Petrified Forest, established on this date in 1962, such a breathtaking tourist attraction. The park also contains vast numbers of petrified tree trunks, fossilized leaves and plants, and petroglyphs. There are fossils dating back some 225 million years, from the late Triassic Period, including remains of some of North America's earliest known dinosaurs.
"Nature is a petrified magic city." Novalis

Pronunciation: /ˈpɛtrə(ʊ)glɪf/


  • a rock carving, especially a prehistoric one.


late 19th century: from petro- 'rock' + Greek glyphē 'carving'