2013年9月29日 星期日

retard, retardant, consume, gallivant, louche

“Genji’s World in Japanese Wood-Block Prints” opens with some examples of earlier illustrations related to the original tale. Then it quickly plunges us into the strangely time-warped world of the Kunisadas, in which the “Rustic Genji” hero Mitsuuji, who lives in the 15th century, follows in the footsteps of his 11th-century counterpart, Prince Genji, wearing 19th-century styles and gallivanting through a latter-day Japan that Lady Murasaki wouldn’t recognize.

Coca-Cola apologises to family over ‘You Retard’ bottle cap message


Coca-Cola sorry over 'retard' bottle cap
Blake Loates shows a printed bottle cap with the words ‘You Retard’ (Picture: AP /The Canadian Press via Blake Loates)
Drinks company Coca-Cola has apologised to a family who found a ‘You Retard’ message printed inside a bottle cap.
Shocked Blake Loates, from Alberta, Canada, discovered the offensive message after purchasing a bottle of Vitamin Water.
‘We immediately thought, you have got to be kidding me?’ she told the Huffington Post Alberta.
‘We thought it might been a disgruntled employee or someone in a (bottling) plant playing a joke.
Ms Loates took a picture of the bottle cap and sent it to her father, Doug Loates, who then wrote a letter of complaint to the drinks firm.
Coca-Cola apologises to family over 'You Retard' bottle cap message 
Doug Loates wrote a letter of complaint to Coca-Cola (Picture: scribd)
Referring to his daughter Fiona, who has cerebral palsy, Mr Loates wrote: ‘Can you imagine if SHE had opened this bottle???
‘The ‘R’ word is considered a swear word in our family. We don’t use it. We don’t tolerate others using it around us.
‘We ARE over sensitive but you would be too if you had Fiona for a daughter!’
Coca-Cola apologised, blaming it on a competition where random French and English words were printed on their caps. With the r-word meaning ‘late’ or ‘delayed’ in French.
‘We did not mean to offend at all,’ said Shannon Denny, director of brand communications.

An air tanker dropping retardant on a wildfire near Mount Pleasant, Utah, on Monday. Firefighters have nearly contained the Dump Fire in that state.
Scott G. Winterton/Deseret News, via Associated Press

Wildfires Continue to Consume the West

With thousands of residents evacuated, firefighters are battling vast blazes in Colorado, Utah and New Mexico. Above, an air tanker dropped fire retardant in Utah.

retard


verb

Pronunciation: /rɪˈtɑːd/
[with object]
  • delay or hold back in terms of progress or development:his progress was retarded by his limp

noun

Pronunciation: /ˈriːtɑːd/
informal, offensive
  • a person who has a mental disability (often used as a general term of abuse).

Phrases



in retard

British formal behind in terms of development or progress:I was in retard of them in real knowledge

Derivatives



retardation


noun


retarder

noun


retardment

noun ( rare)

Origin:

late 15th century: from French retarder, from Latin retardare, from re- 'back' + tardus 'slow'

retardant[re・tard・ant]

  • 発音記号[ritɑ'ːrdnt]
[名]《化学》遅延反応剤.
━━[形]〈物が〉(効果などを)遅らせる.




retard[re・tard]

  • 発音記号[ritɑ'ːrd]
[動](他)((形式))〈成長・進歩などを〉遅くする;…を手間どらせる;…を阻止[妨害]する.
━━(自)〈潮の干満・天体の運行などが〉遅れる.
━━[名]
1 [U][C]遅れ, 遅延;妨害.
2 〔rítrd
retardate
[名]((米))発達遅滞児.
retardation
[名][U][C]1 遅延, 遅滞;妨害(物).2 知能の遅滞.3 《物理学》減速度(⇔acceleration).4 《音楽》掛留(けいりゅう). (またre・tárd・ment)
retarded
[形]知能の遅れた a mentally retarded pupil遅進児.
retarder
[名](

consume[con・sume]

  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[kənsúːm | -sjúːm]
[動](他)
1 …を消費[消耗]する, 使い果たす(use up);…を浪費する
consume hours in reading
読書に幾時間も費やす
consume a whole roll of film
フィルム1本を使い切る
This machine consumes 10 percent of all the power we use.
この機械はここでの使用電力の1割を食う.
2 ((形式))…を食べ[飲み]尽くす, (すっかり)平らげる
consume a bottle of whiskey
ウイスキーを1本空ける.
3 ((形式))〈火災・病気・悲嘆などが〉…を消滅させる, 破壊する
A huge fire consumed the entire block.
大火がその区画全体を焼き尽くした
Illness consumed his spirit.
病気で彼の快活さがなくなった.
4 〈嫉妬(しっと)・憎悪・野心などが〉〈人を〉夢中にさせる, 身を焦がす;〈人の心に〉食い入る;((受身または〜 -self))(感情に)かられる, 圧倒される((with ...))
be consumed with greed
欲の皮が張っている
The boy consumed himself with resentment.
少年は憤りにかられた.
━━(自)(←(他))
1 消費する
propensity to consume
《経済》消費性向(所得に対する消費支出の割合).
2 〈生物が〉衰弱する((away)).
[ラテン語consūmere(con-完全に+sūmereとる=完全にとる). △ASSUME, PRESUME, RESUME
con・súm・ing
[形]((限定))激しい;身を焦がすような.活動などを)遅らせるもの;《化学》抑制剤.
〕 ((米・軽蔑))知能の遅れた人.
[ラテン語retardāre (re-強意+tardāre遅くする). △TARDY
re・tard・er
[名](活動などを)遅らせるもの;《化学》抑制剤.


gallivant

Translate gallivant | into German | into Italian

verb

[no object, with adverbial] informal
  • go around from one place to another in the pursuit of pleasure or entertainment:she quit her job to go gallivanting around the globe

Origin:

early 19th century: perhaps an alteration of gallant

Spelling help

Spell gallivant with a double l.

Spelling tip

gallivanting leads to a louche lifestyle.



louche

Pronunciation: /luːʃ/

adjective

  • disreputable or sordid in a rakish or appealing way:the louche world of the theatre

Derivatives

loucheness

noun

Origin:

early 19th century: from French, literally 'squinting'

2013年9月28日 星期六

testy, exaggerated, icily, testily , exasperated, labyrinth

In Need of Talk Therapy
Investors were confused when the Fed decided not to curtail its stimulus efforts. Ben Bernanke became exasperated too, James B. Stewart writes.

The reports of my death is greatly exaggerated(有關我死亡的報告太誇張了)”。

這句的創始人是馬克吐溫



Google's Android the Talk of Barcelona
Wall Street Journal
By SHAYNDI RAICE A year after wireless carriers gave Google Inc. a testy reception at their big industry conference in Barcelona, the software company's Android operating system has become the star of the show. Android powers every significant device ...


I was one for a long time, and I know that obscurity and unpopularity are part of the job. Copy editors work late hours and can get testy. They never sign their work.



The ministerial-level negotiations in Beijing yesterday got off to a testy start, with Wu Yi, a vice-premier, complaining that exaggerated US reports about shoddy and unsafe Chinese products had tarnished China. "The US media hyped about the -quality of Chinese exports, causing serious damage to China's national image," she said.

 

Netanyahu Responds Icily to Obama Remarks

By ETHAN BRONNER
The speech prompted Israel's prime minister to push back testily and the Palestinians to call an urgent meeting.
News Analysis

For U.S., Matching Moral and Financial Support for Revolts Proves Difficult

By DAVID E. SANGER
President Obama left open how far the U.S. could go in matching its enthusiasm with concrete steps to support a transformation in the Middle East.

Reaction in Arab Capitals Is Muted and Mixed

By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK
President Obama's major speech on Middle East policy did not appear to make a deep impression in Arab capitals on Thursday.



The General in His High-Tech Labyrinth 
By BEN BRANTLEY 
Peter Sellars’s exasperatingly misconceived “Othello” stars Philip Seymour Hoffman as Iago and John Ortiz as the title character.



exasperate
(ĭg-zăs'pə-rāt'pronunciation
tr.v.-at·ed-at·ing-ates.
  1. To make very angry or impatient; annoy greatly.
  2. To increase the gravity or intensity of: "a scene . . . that exasperates his rose fever and makes him sneeze" (Samuel Beckett).
[Latin exasperāre, exasperāt- : ex-, intensive pref.; see ex- + asperāre, to make rough (from asper, rough).]
exasperatedly ex·as'per·at'ed·ly adv.
exasperater ex·as'per·at'er n.
exasperatingly ex·as'per·at'ing·ly adv.


testy
(tĕs') pronunciation
adj., -ti·er, -ti·est.
Irritated, impatient, or exasperated; peevish: a testy cab driver; a testy refusal to help.
[Alteration of Middle English testif, headstrong, from Old French testu, from teste, head, from Late Latin testa, skull. See teston.]
testily tes'ti·ly adv.
testiness tes'ti·ness n.

WORD HISTORY To the casual eye testy and heady seem to have no connection; a more thoughtful examination reveals that both words refer to the head. The head in heady is easy to see in both the form and meanings of the word. The earliest sense, first recorded in a work composed before 1382, is "headlong, headstrong," which is clearly a "head" sense; but so is the better-known current sense "apt to go to the head, intoxicating." To see the head in testy, we must look back to the Old French word testu, the source of our word. Testu is derived from the Old French word teste, "head" (Modern French tête). In English testy developed another sense, "aggressive, contentious," which passed into the sense we are familiar with, "irritable."





exasperate

Syllabification: (ex·as·per·ate)
Pronunciation: /igˈzaspəˌrāt/

Translate exasperate | into German | into Italian

verb

[with object]
  • irritate intensely; infuriate:this futile process exasperates prison officials (as adjective exasperated)she grew exasperated with his inability to notice anything

Derivatives



exasperatedly

adverb

Origin:

mid 16th century: from Latin exasperat- 'irritated to anger', from the verb exasperare (based on asper 'rough')

2013年9月26日 星期四

burnish, ebony, bona fides, singly, bound document

Today's #Dailychart reveals the biggest loss-making cars in Europe. Not all cars failed by accidents of poor design, ill-judged technological leaps or wildly optimistic production forecasts. VW knew its Bugatti Veyron, a quick and complex supercar made in tiny numbers, would not make money but hoped it might burnish the brand http://econ.st/18WkzEe

Chinese Leader Burnishing His Military Support
HONG KONG — The new Chinese leader, Xi Jinping, is using the armed forces to cement his political authority.

Mr. Obama traveled to the United States Military Academy to announce the most critical military decision of his presidency so far: he is sending 30,000 more troops to Afghanistan and setting a time frame for withdrawal beginning in July 2011. Like many a predecessor, Mr. Obama sought a setting that would burnish his bona fides.



A. J. Shaw, a college student home for the summer, and Thomas Lewis, a onetime farmer, left their seats and joined Mr. Scott in the pit room, a rectangular shed dominated by two waist-high concrete banks, burnished ebony by wood smoke, ash and grease.

A Tech Company’s Campaign to Burnish Its Brand
By STEPHANIE CLIFFORD
Intel’s new campaign beginning Monday in the U.S. is the first to focus on its brand rather than its products, and celebrates the company’s role in the future.


bona fi·des ('dēz, fīdz) pronunciation
n.
  1. (used with a sing. verb) Good faith; sincerity.
  2. (used with a pl. verb) Information that serves to guarantee a person's good faith, standing, and reputation; authentic credentials: "Sakharov's bona fides within the Soviet system . . . have given added weight to his message" (Christian Science Monitor).
[Latin bona fidēs, good faith : bona, feminine of bonus, good + fidēs, faith.]

n. 【法】((単複両扱い)) 善意.
bona fide




ebony (WOOD) 
noun [U]
a very hard dark-coloured wood of a tropical tree, used especially for making furniture

burnish
Show phonetics
verb [T]
1 LITERARY to rub metal until it is smooth and shiny

2 If you burnish something such as your public image, you take action to improve it and make it more attractive:
The company is currently trying to burnish its socially responsible image.Advanced Micro Devices Inc. is moving to burnish its image among gamers and other computer enthusiasts, responding to tough competition from two rival chip makers.
Bank of Taiwan Chairman Burnishes Bid to Clear Yuan Transactions
Businessweek
The central banks of Taiwan and China are discussing an agreement that would allow settlement of transactions on the island in the Chinese currency as relations warm between the former rivals. The agreement would allow banks to meet rising demand for ...


burnish

Syllabification: (bur·nish)
Pronunciation: /ˈbərniSH/
Translate burnish | into Italian

verb

[with object] (usually as adjective burnished)
  • polish (something, especially metal) by rubbing:highly burnished armor
  • enhance or perfect (something such as a reputation or a skill).

noun

[in singular]
  • the shine on a highly polished surface.

Derivatives

burnisher

noun

Origin:

Middle English: from Old French burniss-, lengthened stem of burnir, variant of brunir 'make brown', from brun 'brown'
burnish
[動](他)…をみがく, とぐ;…をなめらかにする, ぴかぴかさせる, のつや出しをする.━━(自)〈物が〉つやの出がよい, みがきがきく.━━[名]みがかれた表面;[U]つや, 光沢, なめら...
burnisher
[名]みがく人[物, 道具];(歯科用)研磨器.


Sprint Nextel's board is seeking a new chief executive to burnish the company's fortunes both on Wall Street and with investors who have grown increasingly impatient with the company's less-than-stellar performance, The New York Times reported.

Go to Article from The New York Times»


On the Cover of the Sunday Book Review


Review by DAVID KAMP
Eric Lax’s new book of interviews with Woody Allen, along with recent collections of Allen’s fiction and prose, helps burnish the director’s legacy.


The print-on-demand business is gradually moving toward the center of the marketplace. What began as a way for publishers to reduce their inventory and stop wasting paper is becoming a tool for anyone who needs a bound document. Short-run presses can turn out books economically in small quantities or singly, and new software simplifies the process of designing a book.

singly


  音節
sin • gly
発音
síŋgli
[副]
1 1つ[1人]だけになって, 単独に, 独力で, 単独で.
2 1つずつ, 1人ずつ, 個々に
consider each item singly
1項ずつ考える.


burnished Show phonetics
adjective LITERARY
smooth and shiny




bound


 
音節
bound1
発音
báund
レベル
大学入試程度
boundの変化形
bounded (過去形) • bounded (過去分詞) • bounding (現在分詞) • bounds (三人称単数現在)
boundの慣用句
be bound up in, I'll be bound., I'm bound to say, (全3件)
[動]bindの過去・過去分詞形.
━━[形]
1 縛られた;禁固された;((複合語))…に閉ざされた, 縛られた
bound hands
縛られた手
snow-bound
雪に閉じこめられた
desk-bound
机にへばりついて.
2 (…に)縛りつけられた, 拘束された((to ...));法的[道徳的]に束縛されている
He is bound to his company.
彼は会社に縛られている.
3 〈本が〉とじられた;((複合語))…で製本された
a leather-bound book
革装の本.
4 [be bound to do]
(1) …する義務がある
He was bound to write to her.
彼女に手紙を書かなければならなかった.
(2) ((必然))きっと…する;きっと…する運命にある
That plan is bound to cause problems.
その計画はきっと問題を起こす.
(3) …する決心をしている
He is bound to spend all of his money.
彼はあり金残らずはたくつもりだ.
5 便秘である.
6 《言語学》拘束の.

gaudy, tinker, handlebar, aloha shirts,

  The move is the latest in the high-margin, fast-food fries war, where tinkering with a beloved food can be risky. In the late '90s, Burger King reworked its french fry recipe, hoping to grab customers from McDonald's, only to see that version flop. It tinkered with the formula again in 2001. In 2011, Burger King changed its classic fries recipe yet again, making them slightly thicker and less salty. The year before, Wendy's replaced its fries with "Natural-Cut" fries with sea salt and potato skin left on.
A High-Tech Menagerie
Even before cloning and genetic tinkering, scientists have long meddled with animals, and it appears the benefits may outweigh the ethical quandaries.



Jose Goitia for The New York Times

Cuba Turns Clunkers Into Gold
By VICTORIA BURNETT
A new government rule allows Cubans to buy and sell used vehicles freely for the first time in half a century as part of President Raúl Castro’s economic plan.

Retailers Tweak Sites to Spur Sales
Online stores have long tinkered with website designs to boost business, but the strategy is becoming more important as Web retail has gotten increasingly competitive.


Tokoro added that aloha shirts have gaudy colors and patterns, and "the shirt ends up wearing you, not the other way around."
"An aloha shirt is definitely not for the company worker type who drives around in a hybrid electric car and takes his children to drive-in restaurants," Tokoro said. "An aloha shirt only looks perfect on a guy who has the air of a tinkerer who is always working on his clunker of a car."
photoEnvironment Ministry officials don Hawaiian shirts, known as Aloha shirts, on June 1 as a move to promote the "super cool biz" look, part of efforts to save power. (Asahi Shimbun file photo)photoPorters at the Shinagawa Prince Hotel in Tokyo wear aloha shirts with their trademark caps. (Asahi Shimbun file photo)



'Back to Blood'
By TOM WOLFE
Reviewed by THOMAS MALLON
Tom Wolfe's new novel is built around the gaudy clash of Miami's different ethnic and financial populations.

Handlebars
Unremarkable, in a Nice Way
The Suzuki V-Strom 650 Adventure has an enduring popularity, and for 2012 the company tinkered with the design. The bike has received a face-lift, a new engine, suspension and electronics.



handlebar
(hăn'dl-bär') pronunciation
n.
A cylindrical, straight or curved steering bar, usually fitted with handles at each end, as on a bicycle. Often used in the plural.

tinker

Syllabification: (tin·ker)
Pronunciation: /ˈtiNGkər/
Translate tinker | into French | into German | into Italian | into Spanish

noun

  • 1(especially in former times) a person who travels from place to place mending metal utensils as a way of making a living.
  • a person who makes minor mechanical repairs, especially on a variety of appliances and apparatuses, usually for a living.
  • British, chiefly derogatory a Gypsy or other person living in an itinerant community.
  • 2an act of attempting to repair something.

verb

[no object]
  • attempt to repair or improve something in a casual or desultory way, often to no useful effect:he spent hours tinkering with the car
  • [with object] archaic attempt to mend (something) by tinkering.

Phrases

not give a tinker's damn

informal not care at all.

Derivatives

tinkerer

noun

Origin:

Middle English (first recorded in Anglo-Latin as a surname): of unknown origin

tinker
  • [tíŋkər]
  • (tĭng'kər) pronunciation
    n.
  • A traveling mender of metal household utensils.
  • Chiefly British. A member of any of various traditionally itinerant groups of people living especially in Scotland and Ireland; a traveler.
  • One who enjoys experimenting with and repairing machine parts.
  • A clumsy repairer or worker; a meddler.

v., -kered, -ker·ing, -kers. v.intr.
  1. To work as a tinker.
  2. To make unskilled or experimental efforts at repair; fiddle: tinkered with the engine, hoping to discover the trouble; tinkering with the economy by trying various fiscal policies.
v.tr.
  1. To mend as a tinker.
  2. To manipulate unskillfully or experimentally.
[Middle English tinkere.]
tinkerer tin'ker·er n.


[名]
1 (あちこち歩き回る)鋳掛け屋;へたな職人;((主に米))よろず修繕屋, なんでも屋.
2 ((英・古風))いたずらっ子, きかん坊.
3 (へたな)修繕, いじくり回すこと
have a tinker at the radio
ラジオをいじくり回す.
4 ((スコット・アイル))ロマニー;放浪[浮浪]者;物ごい.
━━[動](自)
1 鋳掛け(屋)をする.
2 (…を)手直しする;へたに修繕する[いじくり回す], いじくり回して時間をつぶす((away, about/at, with ...))
tinker (away) at [=tinker with] broken clocks
壊れた時計をいじくり回す
tinker around in the garden
庭いじりをして時間をつぶす.
━━(他)
1 〈なべ・かまの〉鋳掛けをする.
2 〈機械などを〉へたに[間に合わせに]修繕する((up)).




gaudy
  • [gɔ'ːdi]
[形](-i・er, -i・est)
1 〈服・装飾などが〉けばけばしい;はでで俗っぽい.
2 〈文体などが〉美辞麗句を使った.
━━[名]((英))大祝宴:大学で毎年卒業生を招待して行う.

clunker
(clŭng'kər) pronunciation
n. Informal
  1. A decrepit machine, especially an old car; a rattletrap.
  2. A failure; a flop.


2013年9月25日 星期三

populism, brinkmanship, writer's block,run personality-driven populist campaigns




A number of new parties look set to contest the Czech general election in late October. Most of them run personality-driven populist campaigns. But at least one campaign is driving a positive cause: a new party is seeking to organise politically the country's Roma minority http://econ.st/18VwySj 

Good Populism, Bad Populism

By ROSS DOUTHAT

The most innovative ideas in the Republican Party are coming from the same contingent that's pushing the pointless budget brinkmanship.


MA-WANG SHOWDOWN: KMT legislator condemns Ma for ‘brinkmanship’

Outspoken Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) Legislator Lo Shu-lei (羅淑蕾) yesterday joined the chorus of condemnation against the party’s top officials for what she said was the political brinkmanship and behind-the-scenes maneuvering to oust Legislative Speaker Wang Jin-pyng (王金平).

Late Snags Push Back Greek Deal
Greek bailout talks entered a new round of brinkmanship, as euro-zone finance ministers scrapped a meeting to approve a new aid package.

Merkel’s Path: Brinkmanship for Debt Crisis

Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany seems to have adopted a strategy aimed at remaking the euro zone in her country’s likeness.




N.Y. Transit Brinkmanship
Seeking major concessions, the transit union chief threatened to widen a partial strike that started today to the entire city at midnight tonight.



brinkmanship

(brĭngk'mən-shĭp') pronunciation
also brinks·man·ship (brĭngks'-)
n.brink·man·ship (brĭngk'mən-shĭp')  also brinks·man·ship (brĭngks'-)brinkmanship. 釋義. N.


( 名詞noun ).p 不入虎穴焉得虎子之策略 邊緣政策開戰前先推進 n. - 霹靂進擊政策【事】 (把危急局勢推到極限的)
The practice, especially in international politics, of seeking advantage by creating the impression that one is willing and able to push a highly dangerous situation to the limit rather than concede.

1957 新字
The policy of a nation that pushes a dangerous situation to the limits of safety (the “brink”) before pulling back; an aggressive and adventurous foreign policy.[名][U]瀬戸ぎわ政策. 一不做二不休 給你死.


That word brinkmanship was modeled on the "gamesmanship" of Stephen Potter's 1947 book, The Theory and Practice of Gamesmanship or the Art of Winning Games Without Really Cheating. The sporting and humorous connotations of the suffix -manship applied to such a serious subject imply that the practitioner of brinkmanship is playing with catastrophe. Though the cold war is over, high-risk politics are not, and brinkmanship remains a vivid word to describe them.


本活動的緣起:一九六二年,發生古巴飛彈危機時,
美國總統甘迺迪的智囊,鉅細靡遺的將危機可能演變的所有狀況寫成劇本(scenario),然後巧妙的利用戰爭邊緣(Brinkmanship)的決策模型(Model),提供給甘迺迪總統做決策參考 ...
brinkmanship
Origin: 1956

How do you fight a war without going to war? After ten years of Cold War (1946) with the Soviet Union, that was a paradox we were still trying to resolve. But President Eisenhower's secretary of state, John Foster Dulles, had no doubts about it. "The ability to get to the verge without getting into the war is the necessary art," Dulles said in an interview early in 1956. "If you cannot master it, you inevitably get into war. If you try to run away from it, if you are scared to go to the brink, you are lost."

There was good reason to be scared. Both the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics were armed and dangerous. The United States had tested its first hydrogen bomb in 1952, the U.S.S.R. in 1953. Both sides had long-range aircraft to deliver the bombs. Neither side was deterred by the fear of "nuclear winter" (1983), an idea whose time would not come for thirty more years. In classrooms, the best we could do for our schoolchildren was to hold "duck and cover" drills so they could practice shielding themselves from the flash and blast of a distant atomic bomb.

Not every American favored going to the brink. Former governor Adlai Stevenson of Illinois, twice nominated as the Democratic candidate to run against Eisenhower, criticized Dulles in a speech in February 1956: "No, we hear the Secretary of State boasting of his brinkmanship--the art of bringing us to the edge of the nuclear abyss."

That word brinkmanship was modeled on the "gamesmanship" of Stephen Potter's 1947 book, The Theory and Practice of Gamesmanship or the Art of Winning Games Without Really Cheating. The sporting and humorous connotations of the suffix -manship applied to such a serious subject imply that the practitioner of brinkmanship is playing with catastrophe. Though the cold war is over, high-risk politics are not, and brinkmanship remains a vivid word to describe them.

Français (French)
art d'aller jusqu'aux limites du possible art of going until the limits of the possible one

Another way to make threats credible is to employ the adventuresome strategy of brinkmanship—deliberately creating a risk that if other players fail to act as one would like them to, the outcome will be bad for everyone. Introduced by Thomas Schelling in The Strategy of Conflict, brinkmanship "is the tactic of deliberately letting the situation get somewhat out of hand, just because its being out of hand may be intolerable to the other party and force his accommodation." When mass demonstrators confronted totalitarian governments in Eastern Europe and China, both sides were engaging in just such a strategy. Sometimes one side backs down and concedes defeat; other times, tragedy results when they fall over the brink together 边缘政策配合使用以逐渐提高发生冲突的机率他补充说儿童对边缘政策的理解 非常到位。 His 1960 book, The Strategy of Conflict, highlighted the importance of precommitment, brinkmanship and credible



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writer's block 作家"江郎才盡"感

[U](作家の)着想の行き詰まり, スランプ.


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populist

Syllabification: (pop·u·list)
Pronunciation: /ˈpäpyələst/
Translate populist | into Italian

noun

  • a member or adherent of a political party seeking to represent the interests of ordinary people.
  • a person who holds, or who is concerned with, the views of ordinary people.
  • (Populist) a member of the Populist Party, a US political party formed in 1891 that advocated the interests of labor and farmers, free coinage of silver, a graduated income tax, and government control of monopolies.

adjective

  • of or relating to a populist or populists:a populist leader

Derivatives



populism


Pronunciation: /-ˌlizəm/
noun


populistic


Pronunciation: /ˌpäpyəˈlistik/
adjective

Origin:

late 19th century: from Latin populus 'people' + -ist

appease, pity, permeate, vengeful, with a vengeance

Politics Permeates Anti-Corruption Drive in China
By DAVID BARBOZA
Some critics have wondered if Beijing’s crackdown on executives was an excuse by the Communist Party to eliminate rivals.





The Washington Post leads with a look at how the United States, along with other countries in the Northern Hemisphere are preparing for a second wave of swine flu, which could start hitting with a vengeance in the next few weeks.




Harry Potter and the Vengeful Malware
By BRAD STONE
Spammers are touting free viewings of the new Harry Potter movie online -- and delivering malware instead.

 appease, pity
Emma saw his anxiety, and wishing to appease it, at least for the present, said, and with a sincerity which no one could question --
"She is a sort of elegant creature that one cannot keep one's eyes from. I am always watching her to admire; and I do pity her from my heart."





The sale of the appliance business is bound to be emotional for many GE executives and for people in Louisville, Ky., where the business is located. But a sale would fit with Chief Executive Jeffrey Immelt's strategy of shedding slower-growing industrial businesses and focusing on higher-growth technology operations. A sale could also help appease critics who are calling for a more dramatic restructuring of the 120-year-old company, a chorus that grew noisier after GE's surprise first-quarter earnings disappointment and forecast reduction last month.


appease
verb [T] FORMAL DISAPPROVING
to prevent further disagreement in arguments or war by giving to the other side an advantage that they have demanded:
She claimed that the government had only changed the law in order to appease their critics.

appeasement
noun [U]
Appeasement of dictators, said the president, led to wide scale bloodshed.

shed



pity
n., pl. -ies.
  1. Sympathy and sorrow aroused by the misfortune or suffering of another.
  2. A matter of regret: It's a pity she can't attend the reception.

v., -ied, -y·ing, -ies. v.tr.
To feel pity for.
v.intr.
To feel pity.


vengeful
adj.
Desiring vengeance; vindictive.
Indicating or proceeding from a desire for revenge.
Serving to exact vengeance.
vengefully venge'ful·ly
adv.vengefulness venge'ful·ness n.



    vengeance



    発音
    ━━ n. 復讐(ふくしゅう), 仕返し.
    take [inflict] vengeance on [upon] …に復讐する.
    with a vengeance 猛烈に, 極端に, 徹底的に.

    per·me·ate (pûr'mē-āt') pronunciation

    v., -at·ed, -at·ing, -ates. v.tr.
    1. To spread or flow throughout; pervade: “Our thinking is permeated by our historical myths” (Freeman J. Dyson). See synonyms at charge.
    2. To pass through the openings or interstices of: liquid permeating a membrane.
    v.intr.
    To spread through or penetrate something.
    [Latin permeāre, permeāt-, to penetrate : per-, through; see per– + meāre, to pass.]
    permeant per'me·ant (-ənt) or per'me·a'tive ('tĭv) adj.
    permeation per'me·a'tion n.


    ━━ v. 浸透する, しみ込む; しみ透る; 普及する.
    per・me・a・ble
     ━━ a. 浸透性の, 浸透される ((by)).
    per・me・a・bil・i・ty n. 浸透性; 【物】導磁性, 透磁率.
    per・me・a・tion ━━ n.