2012年1月30日 星期一

liftoff , challenger, lots of ground to make up

Growth Accelerates, but U.S. Has Lots of Ground to Make Up

By CATHERINE RAMPELL

Whether the American economy, which grew last quarter at its fastest pace in a year and a half, can sustain that momentum is critical to millions of people out of work.





On Jan. 28, 1986, space shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, killing all seven crew members.

liftoff
(lĭft'ôf', -ŏf') pronunciation
n.
The initial movement by which or the instant in which a rocket or other such craft commences flight.


challenger
(chăl'ən-jər) pronunciation
n.
  1. One that challenges: a challenger of established authority.
  2. Sports. One who competes against the holder of a title or championship, as in boxing.

sit well with, abusive practices

State Department's use of the surveillance crafts isn't sitting well with the local government.

sit well with
Please, fit or suit, be acceptable to, as in I don't think that explanation sits well with the headmaster, or His sense of humor does not sit well with this elderly audience. [Early 1700s]




White Collar Watch: A Renewed Focus on a Financial Crisis Crackdown Although skepticism has been expressed about a new effort to investigate abusive practices that led to the financial crisis, Peter J. Henning argues that there is at least a chance we will see the government take a more aggressive stance in pursuing civil charges.

2012年1月27日 星期五

gaining traction, snowbound/China Bound

Davos Potpourri, Day 2: The Party Never Ends
To understand the World Economic Forum, you have to take in the first-hand accounts of the snowbound elite, as related through a barrage of Twitter messages from reporters and others involved in the conference.


Niche Sites Going After eBay
A host of Web sites like Gazelle and Glyde are gaining traction based on the premise that they make online buying and selling easier than eBay.


Economic Advisers Warn of No Quick Turnarounds

By BRIAN KNOWLTON
It will take time for the administration’s rescue efforts to gain serious traction, a top Obama adviser acknowledged.


WSJ
GM: Turnaround Has Traction
GM expects high fuel prices and weak consumer confidence to weigh on domestic sales this year, but the auto maker said its long-term turnaround plan is exceeding expectations "on virtually all counts."



traction
(HOLDING)
noun [U]
the ability of a wheel or tyre to hold the ground without sliding:
In deep snow, people should use snow tyres on their vehicles to give them better traction.



traction
(PULLING)
noun [U] SPECIALIZED
1 the pulling of a heavy load over a surface, or the power used in this:
steam traction

2 a form of medical treatment which involves using special equipment to pull gently an injured part of the body, especially an arm or leg, for a long period of time:
After her hip operation poor Mira was in/on traction for six weeks.


trac・tion


━━ n.(けん)引(力); (車輪などの)摩擦; 【医】(骨折治療の)牽引療法.
trac・tion・al ━━ a.
traction engine 牽(けん)引(機関)車.
trac・tive
 ━━ a. 牽引する.

snowbound
(snō'bound') pronunciation
adj.
Confined in one place by heavy snow.


"China Bound: A Fifty-year Memoir"by John Fairbank...
bound4 (bound) pronunciation
adj.
Headed or intending to head in a specified direction: commuters bound for home; a south-bound train.

2012年1月26日 星期四

pass for, orb, cape, arachnophobe, harness, bananas

'Mr. Peanut'

By ADAM ROSS
Reviewed by SCOTT TUROW
Adam Ross's daring first novel, "Mr. Peanut," is a bleakly convincing portrayal of the eternal contest that often passes for a marriage.

倫敦正在展出的一件金色的斗篷,是完全由蜘蛛絲編製而成的。為了織成這件斗篷,一共有超過一百萬隻馬達加斯加金寶珠蜘蛛(Madagascan Golden Orb Spiders)貢獻了它們的蛛絲。一起去看看。 這件金光閃閃的斗篷,就是神秘的蜘蛛絲斗篷。

Arachnophobe creates cape woven from spider silk

By Bryony Jones, CNN
January 26, 2012 -- Updated 1127 GMT (1927 HKT)
Millions of spiders create silk cape

STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • Cape and scarf made of spider silk on display at London's V&A Museum
  • Dozens of specially-trained handlers spent seven years collecting more than 1.2 million golden orb spiders
  • Bright yellow, extremely strong silk was harvested from the spiders, which were later released back into the wild
  • Cape is embroidered with spiders, brocade scarf is woven in traditional Malagasy style
London (CNN) -- A golden cape woven from the silk of 1.2 million Golden Orb spiders has gone on display at London's Victoria and Albert Museum.
The richly-embroidered garment -- its bright yellow hue is the natural color of the spider silk -- is the result of a seven-year project on the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar.
Using long poles, a team of 80 people worked to collect the spiders from their webs each day and harvest their silk before returning them to the wild.
The project was the brainchild of American fashion designer Nicholas Godley and British art historian and textile expert Simon Peers, who have both lived in Madagascar for many years.
"The idea of using spider silk to create garments goes back 300 years," Godley told CNN. "The last significant attempt to succeed was at the turn of the century, when a French Jesuit priest based in Madagascar, Jacob Paul Camboue, experimented with 'milking' spiders for their silk."
Peers had long been intrigued by the idea, and on a visit to his office, Godley's imagination was sparked when he spotted an unusual-looking tool which Peers explained was for collecting silk from spiders.
The cape has a mystical, ephemeral quality - just like a spider's web - but also a permanence
Nicholas Godley
"The idea never died, we kept revisiting it over the years, and eventually I shut my handbag factory so we could build a proper 'spidery' and experiment with harnessing spiders and harvesting their silk. We found that it worked.
"We were amazed -- you stand there watching it happen and you start to question your sanity. Is this really happening, or have I lost my bananas?
"We had 24 spiders harnessed up, the spindle was going, and silk was coming out. That was our eureka moment. We were over the moon, but it was just the beginning."
Scaling the project up proved a huge challenge -- only female Golden Orb spiders make silk. Hundreds of thousands of them were needed, and their cannibalistic nature meant the creatures had to be separated to prevent them from eating their neighbors.
Godley admits that the properties of spider silk -- and the practicalities and costs involved -- mean that industrial-scale production for use in textiles is unlikely ever to succeed.
"From a fashion perspective, it's impractical," he told CNN. "It's a natural fiber, and it shrinks, so you can't wash or dry clean it, and obviously it is hugely expensive to produce, so how would you begin to price it?"
Instead, they simply wanted to prove that it could be done, and to create two items which could help revive traditional Malagasy weaving techniques and embroidery skills, and to showcase the talents of people working on the island.
The four-meter-long brocade scarf, which was first shown at New York's Natural History Museum in 2009, was created using old Malagasy patterns, but as Godley explained, the inspiration for the cape, which made its debut at London's V&A Museum today, came from the spiders themselves.
A spiderweb is here today and gone tomorrow, but we have found a way to harness that and turn it into something lasting
Nicholas Godley
"After we finished the scarf, we wondered what to make next, and I really liked the idea of a cape, because of the fact that spiders cocoon their prey, wrapping them up, and I was intrigued by the thought of being cocooned in spider silk."
The cape is covered in images of spiders, plants and flowers, which took 6,000 hours to embroider, and those lucky enough to get up close have discovered that it is virtually weightless.
"We do a party trick where we get people to close their eyes and we put the tassels from the cape in one of their hands and ask them to guess which hand it is in. Half of them have no clue, and the other half get it wrong -- only a few guess, but only because of the warmth.
"The cape itself is like an invisibility cloak, you almost wouldn't know you were wearing it, and it has this mystical, ephemeral quality, just like a spider's web, but also a permanence.
"A spiderweb is here today and gone tomorrow, but we have found a way to harness that and turn it into something lasting."
But despite working so closely with them for so many years, Godley admits he is still afraid of spiders.
"I am fascinated by them, but still frightened of them: Spiders are poisonous, and they bite people," he said. "I am slowly trying to overcome it, but it hasn't stopped."

pass for
Be accepted as or believed to be, usually something that is not so. For example, Jean is 23 but could pass for a teenager, or They thought that copy would pass for an original. [Late 1500s]


orb[orb]

  • 発音記号[ɔ'ːrb]
[名]
1 ((文))球, 球体;天体
a crystal orb
水晶球
the celestial orbs
天体.
2 ((通例〜s))((詩))眼球, 目.
3 頂に十字架のついた宝珠;王権[統治権]の標章.
4 ((古))円;円形のもの, 輪.
5 《占星術》惑星・恒星の感応力の及ぶと考えられる範囲.
━━[動](他)
1 …を丸くする, 球形にする.
2 ((古))…を取り巻く.
━━(自)
1 軌道を運行する.
2 丸くなる, 球形になる.
[ラテン語orbis(円)]

arachnophobe

(ə-răk'nə-fō'bē-ə, -nō-) pronunciation
n.
An abnormal fear of spiders.

arachnophobe a·rach'no·phobe' n.
arachnophobic a·rach'no·pho'bic adj.

"We were amazed -- you stand there watching it happen and you start to question your sanity. Is this really happening, or have I lost my bananas?
bananas
(bə-năn'əz) pronunciation
adj. Slang
Crazy: "That's the horrible thing when you're bananas-nobody can know the awful things that are going on in your head" (Otto Friedrich). "City dwellers . . . are subjected to so much noise it drives them bananas" (New Yorker).

[From banana, worthless or crazy person, from BANANA.]

bananas[ba・nan・as]

  • 発音記号[bənǽnəz | -nɑ'ː-]
((米略式))[形]((主に叙述))気が変な;熱狂した
go bananas
頭がおかしくなる;激怒する.
━━[間]ばかな.

2012年1月25日 星期三

inrush, in flux, influx, volatility

One solution could be to increase capital reserves through rights offerings, which allow existing shareholders to buy new stock at a discount. But volatility in the financial markets amid Europe's sovereign debt crisis has damped investor interest.


The Risks in ECB's Crisis Moves
The European Central Bank's increasingly swollen balance sheet has helped bring a measure of calm to volatile markets, but some believe it could itself become a problem and bring more volatility to the 17-nation currency bloc.


IPO? Groupon Plans in Flux
Groupon canceled its roadshow and is reevaluating its plans to go public amid market volatility.


volatile[vol・a・tile]

  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[vɑ'lətl | vɔ'lətàil]

[形]
1 〈人・性質などが〉激しやすい, 怒りっぽい;〈情勢などが〉爆発寸前の;〈人・性質が〉気まぐれな, 移り気の, 快活な, 陽気な
volatile temper
激しやすい気質
a highly volatile economic situation
一触即発の経済情勢.
2 〈液体・油が〉揮発性の;爆発しやすい
volatile oil
揮発性油, (特に)精油(essential oil).
3 〈夢などが〉うつろいやすい, はかない, つかのまの.
4 《コンピュータ》〈メモリーが〉揮発性の:電源が切れるとデータが消えてしまう.
vòl・a・tíl・i・ty
[名]変動性
market 〜
市場変動性.

flux
  • [flʌ'ks]

[名]
1 (水の)流れ;(気体・液体の)流動.
2 [U](潮の)流入, 上げ潮
flux and reflux
潮の干満;(運命・勢力などの)消長, 栄枯.
3 とうとうたる水流, 氾濫(はんらん);(人・交通・言葉・談話などの)よどみない流れ.
4 [U](事物の)不断の変化[変遷], 流転, 確実性[目的, 方向性]のなさ, 変わりやすさ;(政局などの)不安定
in flux
変わりつつある.
5 [U][C]《病理学》(血液・体液の)異常流出;下痢, 瀉痢(しゃり);赤痢.
6 [U]《物理学》(電気・水などの)流量, 速度;(電気・磁気の)束(そく).
7 [U]《化学・冶金》融剤.
8 《数学》流量.
9fusion.
━━[動](他)
1 …を溶かす, 流動体にする, 流す.
2 …を溶剤で溶かし合わせる.
━━(自)
1 おびただしく流れる, 流出する;溶ける;流動する.
2 〈潮が〉さす, 満ちる.
3 変化する.
[ラテン語fluxus(流れ)(fluēre(流れる)の名詞形). △FLOW, FLUENT, FLUID, INFLUENCE, FLOOD, SUPERFLUOUS

influx
  • [ínflʌ`ks]

[名]
1 [U]流れ込み, 流入(⇔efflux)
the influx of a river into a lake
川が湖に流れ込むこと.
2 (人・物の)殺到, 到来, 流入((of ...))(⇔outflux)
an influx of tourists
押し寄せる旅行者たち.
3 (川の)合流点, 注入点;河口.



inrush of inspiration.....

in·rush (ĭn'rŭsh') pronunciation
n.
A sudden rushing in; an influx.

inrushing in'rush'ing adj. & n.


Meaning #1: an inflow
Synonyms: inpouring, inpour

2012年1月23日 星期一

anti-establishment, deception

Editorial: Mr. Gingrich’s Deceptions

Acting as the anti-establishment rebel secured his South Carolina victory.


An anti-establishment view or belief is one which stands in opposition to the conventional social, political, and economic principles of a society. The term was first used in the modern sense in 1958, by the British magazine New Statesman to refer to its political and social agenda.[1] The term can be distinguished from counterculture, a word normally used to describe artistic rather than political movements that run against the prevailing taste and values of the time.[citation needed]

for better or worse

Booming Mongolia

Mine, all mine

The country that is likely to grow faster than any other in the next decade, and how it is changing, for better or worse

for better or worse
Under good or bad circumstances, with good or bad effect. For example, For better or for worse he trusts everyone. This term became widely familiar because it appears in the marriage service of the Book of Common Prayer (1549): "With this ring I thee wed, for richer or poorer, in sickness and in health, for better or worse, til death do us part." [Late 1300s]

2012年1月21日 星期六

chest clip breaking, harlot, Babylon

Back Page

Love for sale: A Viennese prostitute, circa 1865.

Guidebooks to Babylon

By TONY PERROTTET

For anyone researching a "golden age" of vice, there is nothing quite as satisfying as a guide to local harlots.



clip
[名]
1 紙ばさみ(clipboard);クリップ;(書類・手紙などを留める)留め金具(paper clip)
a hair clip
ヘアピン.
3 (ピンで留める)宝石などの装飾品;ネクタイどめ.
4 自転車に乗る人がズボンを足首で締める用具.
clip2 (klĭp) pronunciation
n.
  1. Any of various devices for gripping or holding things together; a clasp or fastener.
  2. A piece of jewelry that fastens with a clasp or clip; a brooch.
  3. A cartridge clip.

Infant Car Seats Recalled by Britax Due to Laceration and Choking Hazards

WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, in cooperation with the firm named below, today announced a voluntary recall of the following consumer product. Consumers should stop using recalled products immediately unless otherwise instructed. It is illegal to resell or attempt to resell a recalled consumer product.

Name of Product: Chaperone Infant car seats

Units: About 23,000

Importer: Britax Child Safety Inc., of Charlotte, N.C.

Hazard: The harness chest clip can break and pose a laceration hazard. Due to its small size it also poses a choking hazard.

Incidents/Injuries: The firm has received four reports of the chest clip breaking. Injuries from three reports included minor lacerations and scratches to arms and a finger; and one report involved an infant placing the clip in his mouth.

Description: This recall involves Chaperone infant car seats with model numbers E9L95P2 (Red Mill), E9L95P3, E9L95P5 (Cowmooflage), E9L69N9 (Moonstone) manufactured between April 2009 and May 2010. The white serial label with the seat’s serial number, model number, and manufacture date can be found on the underside of the car seat.

Sold at: Mass and independent retailers nationwide and on the Britax website from June 2009 to October 2010 for about $230.

Manufactured in: China

Remedy: Consumers should immediately contact Britax for a free repair kit, which includes a replacement chest clip. Registered owners have been directly contacted by Britax. This product was also recalled by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Recall Notice: http://www-odi.nhtsa.dot.gov/recalls/results.cfm?rcl_id=10C006000&searchtype=quicksearch&summary=true&refurl=rss

Consumer Contact: For additional information, contact Britax at (888) 427-4829 anytime, or visit the firm's website at www.britax.com



Picture of Recalled Infant Car Seat

---

2012年1月20日 星期五

video-bugs into bookworms, witchcraft


Dear bookworms,

It's Winter Sale time at TASCHEN. Grab an amazing bargain from a large selection of display and slightly damaged books—up to 75% off!



Every September, millions of parents try a kind of psychological witchcraft, to transform their summer-glazed campers into fall students, their video-bugs into bookworms. Advice is cheap and all too familiar: Clear a quiet work space. Stick to a homework schedule. Set goals. Set boundaries. Do not bribe (except in emergencies).


bookworm

bóokwòrm[bóok・wòrm]

[名]
1 勉強家, 本好き, 「本の虫」.
2 《昆虫》シミ(紙魚)科の総称;(特に)コナチャタテ.

nascence,research,re- , reset, resettle


The Next Real Estate Crisis

By April, 2009, hundreds of thousands of option ARM mortgages will begin resetting, bringing on a fresh wave of foreclosures



Definition


The verb reset has 3 meanings:
Meaning #1: set anew
Meaning #2: set to zero
Meaning #3: adjust again after an initial failure
Synonym: readjust
v. tr. - 重新設定, 重新組合, 重新放置
n. - 重新設定, 重排, 重新組合
日本語 (Japanese)
v. - 置き直す, はめ直す, 研ぎ直す, 整骨する


resettle
verb [I or T]
to (be helped or forced to) move to another place to live:
His family originally came from Ireland, but resettled in the US in the 19th century.
The US government forcibly resettled the Native Americans in reservations.

resettlement
noun [U]
the resettlement of refugees


━━ vt. 再び定住させる[植民する] ((in)).
━━ vi. 再び植民する.
 re・settle・ment ━━ n. 再移住[定住].


nascence

(noun) A coming into being; birth.


Synonyms:
birth, nativity


Usage:

His groundbreaking research marked the nascence of a new discipline in the field of genetic engineering.







re-

pref.
Again; anew: rebuild.
Backward; back: react.
Used as an intensive: refine.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin.]

research

(rĭ-sûrch', rē'sûrch')

n.
Scholarly or scientific investigation or inquiry. See synonyms at inquiry.
Close, careful study.




v., -searched, -search·ing, -search·es. v.intr.

To engage in or perform research.




v.tr.
To study (something) thoroughly so as to present in a detailed, accurate manner: researching the effects of acid rain.
To do research for: research a magazine article.

[Obsolete French recerche, from recercher, to search closely, from Old French : re-, re- + cerchier, to search; see search.]

researchable re·search'a·ble adj.

researcher re·search'er or re·search'ist n.


research[re・search]
レベル:最重要
発音記号[risə'ːrtʃ, ríːsəːrtʃ]




[名](複 〜・es 〔-iz〕)


1 [U]((時に〜es))(…の)研究, 調査, 探究, 調べもの((after, into, on ...)). ▼researchesの前にmanyや数詞はこない


a good piece of research

1つのすぐれた研究


research in nuclear physics

原子物理学の研究


research and development

研究開発(略:R & D)


do research [=carry out research [researches]] on ...

…を研究[調査]する(▼×make researchとはいわない)


conduct research into the origin of the dispute

紛争の発端[由来]を調べる.


2 ((形容詞的))研究[調査]の


a research worker

研究員.


3 [U]研究能力, 研究意欲


a scientist of great research

大いに研究心のある科学者.


━━[動](自)(…を)調査研究する((into, on ...)).


━━(他)…を調査[研究]する, 〈論文・本を〉書く準備として調査[研究]する.


[中フランス語recerche (re-強意+cerche探す). △SEARCH]


re・search・a・ble

[形]



“研究的英文拼寫research=re+search。”創新、創造、合作,加上反復地探索,這就是研究的態度,“如果能夠做到這一點,我們都能做出成果。”


2012年1月19日 星期四

cerebrate, celebrate

cerebrate (verb) Use or exercise the mind or one's power of reason in order to make inferences, decisions, or arrive at a solution or judgments.
Synonyms:cogitate, think
Usage:As they surveyed the damage, Jonathan did not ask his father how he would fix the tree house, instead allowing him stare and cerebrate in silence.

cerebrate[cer・e・brate],CELEBRATE

  • 発音記号[sérəbrèit]
[動](自)頭を働かせる, 考える.
━━(他)…について考える.
[名][U]大脳作用, 頭脳活動;思考.


celebrate[cel・e・brate]

  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[séləbrèit]

[動](他)
1 〈特定の日・出来事を〉祝う, 祝賀[記念]する;〈祝典・儀式を〉挙行する, あげる, 行う
celebrate one's birthday [a victory]
誕生日[勝利]を祝う
celebrate Mass
ミサをとり行う.
2 ((形式))〈人・勲功などを〉(…として;…で)ほめたたえる, 賞賛[賛美]する((as ...;for ...));…を世に喧伝(けんでん)する
celebrate a hero in song
歌で英雄をたたえる.
━━(自)
1 式典[祭典]を挙行する, 式典をあげて記念する;宗教的儀式[ミサ, 聖体拝領]を行う.
2 ((略式))祝杯をあげる, お祭り騒ぎをする, 浮かれ騒ぐ.
[ラテン語celebrātus(celeber有名な+-ATE1=有名にする→祝賀する)]
cel・e・bra・to・ry〔sélbrtri | -tri〕
[形]
cél・e・brà・tor
[名]


2012年1月17日 星期二

train set, ration/ration cards


Putting forth the argument on behalf of Google, senior advocate Neeraj Kishan Kaul said, “It’s easy for people to say you can use filters. If we were to block the word sex, for instance, all data on ration cards, passports etc will get blocked in one go, as the word sex figures in all this data, so what wrong we are doing if this word is being used by any individual? It is difficult to analyse as to in what sense the word is being used.”


ration 配給
ration cards are cards or stamps that allowed the government to ration out food and supplies to that card or stamp holder when they were in short supply. ...

QUOTATION OF THE DAY

"This is all happening because my father didn’t buy me a train set as a kid."
WARREN BUFFETT, joking about his decision to buy a railroad, the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corporation.


A train set is a set, normally consisting of a train, a circle/oval of track and a controller. More modern variations, such as those made by Bachmann and Hornby (Both UK companies), can include a siding or two, digital control in replacement of analogue control and more than one train.

2012年1月16日 星期一

She can sit on my face anytime.

She can sit on my face anytime.
((米卑))彼女みたいないい女とならいつでもセックスしたい, 一手お手合わせしたくなるほどいい女だ.

玉燕的解釋 謝謝

一手 :(過)一招
手合わせ :交易、成交

如果(她)是像她一樣好的女人
我隨時想要和她發生關係
是那令人想和她過一手的女人


2012年1月15日 星期日

vagrancy,patter song

Under the pseudonym Boz, he wrote, “There is nothing we enjoy more than a little amateur vagrancy,” walking through London as though “the whole were an unknown region to our wandering mind.” Yet there was nothing remotely solitary about Dickens. One person who saw him in the highest spirits at a family party wrote that he “happily sang two or three songs, one the patter song, ‘The Dog’s Meat Man,’ and gave several successful imitations of the most distinguished actors of the day.”


vagrancy[va・gran・cy]

  • 発音記号[véigrənsi]

[名][U][C]
1 浮浪状態;放浪(生活).
2 (考えや話の)脱線, 空想.


patter[pat・ter2]

  • 発音記号[pǽtər]

[名][U][C]
1 (手品・サーカス・芝居などの)早口の口上[せりふ].
2 通語, 隠語.
━━[動](自)(他)(ほとんど意味も考えず)早口にしゃべる[朗唱する].

disparity, disorder, disarray, protracted and chaotic




Fear of Civil War Mounts in Syria as Crisis Deepens

By ANTHONY SHADID
The failure of an Arab League mission and a government as defiant as its opposition is in disarray have thrust Syria into what increasingly looks like a protracted and chaotic conflict.


新聞辭典
grim︰形容詞,殘酷的、嚴厲的、(口)糟糕的、討厭的。例句︰The music was grim.(這音樂糟透了。)
. That’s why senior tutors and myself will be teaching, so we can ensure there’s a parity of experience across the platforms.”


"This is a major problem," Suraya Dalil, Afghanistan’s acting public health minister, said. "More than 60 percent of Afghans are suffering from stress disorders and mental problems."「這是重大的問題,」阿富汗公共衛生代理部長蘇拉雅.達莉說。「逾6成的阿富汗人承受壓力障礙與精神問題之苦。」The picture is particularly grim in parts of the country where government healthcare workers are unable to provide basic services because of Taliban insurgency, she said. "Extreme poverty, insecurity, violence and gender disparities are the major factors contributing to worsening mental health in Afghanistan."她表示,這樣的局面在部分因神學士叛亂,使政府醫療照護人員無法提供基本服務的地區尤為嚴峻。「極度貧困、不安定、暴力與性別不平等是阿富汗精神健康問題惡化的主因。」



disorder(dĭs-ôr'dər) pronunciation
n.
  1. A lack of order or regular arrangement; confusion.
  2. A breach of civic order or peace; a public disturbance.
  3. An ailment that affects the function of mind or body: eating disorders and substance abuse.
tr.v., -dered, -der·ing, -ders.
  1. To throw into confusion or disarray.
  2. To disturb the normal physical or mental health of; derange.
  • [disɔ'ːrdər]
[名]
1 [U]無秩序, 混乱, 混雑, 乱脈
fall into disorder
混乱に陥る
throw ... into disorder
…を混乱に陥らせる
The kitchen was in disorder.
台所は乱雑になっていた
The box contained a vast number of letters in great disorder.
箱にはおびただしい数の手紙がひどく乱雑に詰め込まれていた.
2 不規則, 無規律, 不法(行為);[U][C]((しばしば〜s))秩序撹乱(かくらん)(行為), 治安紊乱(びんらん)行為;(社会的・政治的)無秩序, 混乱, 騒動, 騒擾(そうじょう)
There have been no student disorders on this campus.
この大学では学園紛争がなかった.
3 [U][C](心身機能の)不調, 異常, 障害, 病気, 疾患
a liver disorder
肝臓異常
nervous disorders
神経障害
suffer from a mental disorder
精神障害にかかっている.
━━[動](他)
1 …の秩序を乱す, を乱雑にする, 混乱させる, 撹乱する.
2 〈心身の〉異常を起こさせる, 調子を狂わせる.

shavings, curl up, dig up, Speak French

Newt's Latest Mitt Attack: "He Speaks French"

Gingrich follows liberal group’s lead, digs up old Olympic footage to make the John Kerry connection.



Speak French/Greek 表示說的話別人不懂

Antiquarian booklovers happy not to turn a new page
Between audiobooks and electronic readers like the Kindle, there's no doubtthe publishing industry is turning increasingly digital. Still, for manyreaders, nothing beats curling up with a book – and for some, the olderthe book, the better.
The DW-WORLD Articlehttp://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew3zb1I44va89pI0


Dr Zhang had previously invented a method to clean groundwater and contaminated soil using iron nanoparticles. While effective, such nanoparticles are expensive: about $100 a kilogram, which can prohibit their use in developing countries.

Dr Zhang, who is from China and who went to college in Shanghai, thought iron shavings, which have a large surface area, may provide a cheap alternative. Scrap iron currently costs about 20 cents a kilogram in China. His idea was to treat industrial wastewater by passing it through the iron shavings, and then treat it as municipal wastewater. First, the non-biodegradable industrial chemicals are attracted to the surface of the iron shavings, where they react by sharing electrons with the iron and become degraded. (The iron gets oxidised in the process.) Then, any biodegradable contaminants that remain are neutralised by the second step.



shavings
Curly wafers of wood produced when trimming wood with a plane; used as bedding for horses. See also sawdust.

IN BRIEF: The trimmings left over after cutting one's hair or beard.

2012年1月14日 星期六

multifaceted, micro level/management, Working Conditions

“Chrome OS moves the playing field to the cloud,” said Ray Valdes, an analyst at Gartner. “But Microsoft is a multifaceted company. They have a systematic effort to put a lot of their technology portfolio in the cloud as well.”


January 13, 2012 -- 3:00 p.m. EST

TECHNOLOGY Apple Details Working Conditions at Factories
Apple said its annual inspection of suppliers found they were in compliance with its maximum 60-hour work week only 38% of the time and 108 facilities didn't pay proper overtime. In an interview, CEO Tim Cook said it hopes to improve conditions by 'monitoring these plants at a very, very micro level.'



Berlinale Reflects the Multifaceted World of Young People

Since 1978, the Berlinale International Film Festival has dedicated a
special section to youth films, known as Generation.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew07hfI44va89pI4

Ernestine Stodelle, 95, Modern Dancer, Dies
Ms. Stodelle had a multifaceted career in modern dance as a performer, author and teacher.

multi-faceted

adjective
having many different parts:
It's a multi-faceted business, offering a range of services.
multifaceted
adj.
Having many facets or aspects. See synonyms at versatile.

2012年1月12日 星期四

mumbo-jumbo, gibberish,double dutch, crisscross


jumbo (ˈdʒʌmbəʊPronunciation for jumboPronunciation for jumbo)

Definitions

noun

  1. informal
    1. a very large person or thing
    2. ((as modifier) a jumbo box of detergent
  2. See jumbo jet

    noun

    1. informal a type of large jet-propelled airliner that carries several hundred passengers

Word Origin

C19: after the name of a famous elephant exhibited by P. T. Barnum, from Swahili jumbe chief
Jumbo

You have also written that poetry represents "the
mysteries of the irrational perceived through rational words. "
But many feel that the "irrational" has little place in an age
when the exact knowledge of science has begun to plumb the most
profound mysteries of existence. Do you agree?


This appearance is very deceptive. It is a journalistic
illusion. In point of fact, the greater one's science, the
deeper the sense of mystery. Moreover, I don't believe that any
science today has pierced any mystery. We, as newspaper
readers, are inclined to call "science" the cleverness of an
electrician or a psychiatrist's mumbo jumbo. This, at best, is
applied science, and one of the characteristics of applied
science is that yesterday's neutron or today's truth dies
tomorrow. But even in a better sense of "science"-- as the
study of visible and palpable nature, or the poetry of pure
mathematics and pure philosophy-- the situation remains as
hopeless as ever. We shall never know the origin of life, or
the meaning of life, or the nature of space and time, or the
nature of nature, or the nature of thought.

double dutch
1. Language that cannot be understood, gibberish, as in They might have been speaking double Dutch, for all I understood. This usage dates from the 1870s (an earlier version, however, had it as high Dutch) and is heard less often today than the synonym double talk.
2. A game of jump rope in which players jump over two ropes swung in a crisscross fashion.


mum·bo jum·bo or mum·bo-jum·bo (mŭm'bō-jŭm') pronunciation
n., pl., -bos, or -bos.
  1. Unintelligible or incomprehensible language; gibberish.
  2. Language or ritualistic activity intended to confuse.
  3. A complicated or obscure ritual.
  4. An object believed to have supernatural powers; a fetish.

[Perhaps of Mandingo origin .]


mumbo jumbo (ˈmʌmbəʊPronunciation for mumbo jumbo)

Definitions

noun

Word forms: plural, mumbo jumbos
  1. foolish religious reverence, ritual, or incantation
  2. meaningless or unnecessarily complicated language
  3. an object of superstitious awe or reverence

Word Origin

C18: probably from Mandingo mama dyumbo, name of a tribal god