2011年11月30日 星期三

giving SB a break, willpower, self-discipline, self-indulgence, self-renewing

Greg Walton and Carol Dweck write in The New York Times: When people believe that willpower is fixed and limited, their willpower is easily depleted. But when people believe that willpower is self-renewing — that when you work hard, you’re energized to work more; that when you’ve resisted one temptation, you can better resist the next one — then people successfully exert more willpower. It turns out that willpower is in your head.

The research suggests that giving ourselves a break and accepting our imperfections may be the first step toward better health. People who score high on tests of self-compassion have less depression and anxiety, and tend to be happier and more optimistic. Preliminary data suggest that self-compassion can even influence how much we eat and may help some people lose weight.

This idea does seem at odds with the advice dispensed by many doctors and self-help books, which suggest that willpower and self-discipline are the keys to better health. But Kristin Neff, a pioneer in the field, says self-compassion is not to be confused with self-indulgence or lower standards.

giving s/b a break

1. Give someone a chance or special consideration. For example, She begged the professor for an extension on her term paper, saying "Please give me a break." [c. 1900] Also see get a break.
2. give me a break. Stop trying to fool or upset or bother me. For example, Don't tell me the party's been postponed again--give me a break! This interjection is usually uttered with semihumorous exasperation. [Slang; late 1900s]

or will pow·er (wĭl'pou'ər) pronunciation
The strength of will to carry out one's decisions, wishes, or plans.

2011年11月29日 星期二

doozy, annual, seiannual

'BFF,' 'Zombie Bank': Actual New Entries in the Dictionary
The New Oxford American Dictionary has released its annual list of added words, and it's a doozy. Abbreviations like BFF (best friend forever) and TTYL ...

semiannual Pronunciation (adjective) Occurring or payable twice each year.
Usage:Our semiannual family vacation to France usually occurs in December and July.

n. Slang, pl., -zies.
Something extraordinary or bizarre: "Among the delicious names taken by, or given to, minor political parties in the United States . . . are these doozies: Quids, Locofocos, Barnburners, Coodies, Hunkies, Bucktails" (Saturday Review).

[Possibly blend of DAISY and Duesenberg, a luxury car of the late 1920s and 1930s.]

pregnant (MEANING),beam (SMILE), reverie

In one of the classic scenes in American cinema, young Benjamin Braddock is attending a cocktail party celebrating his graduation from college and entry into adult life. His internal reverie on his future is interrupted by Mr. McGuire, who says he has one word of advice for him. After a pregnant pause McGuire says, “Plastics!” Then he beams at the self-evident brilliance of this remark. Benjamin does not know what to say in reply.

pregnant silence

The Blizzard

A group of four mountaineers struggle up a mountain path during a horrendous blizzard. It has been snowing for three days and the men are dispirited and ready to give up. One by one they stop walking, giving in to the snow and sure death. The leader endeavors to push on, but he too, stops in the snow. A strange woman (possibly the Yuki-onna of Japanese myth) appears out of nowhere and attempts to lure the last conscious man to his death - give into the snow and the storm, she urges him on, into reverie, into sleep, into certain death. But finding some heart, deep within, he shakes off his stupor and her entreaties, to discover that the storm has abated, and that their camp is only a few feet away.

pregnant (MEANING)
filled with meaning or importance which has not yet been expressed or understood:
There followed a pregnant pause in which both knew what the other was thinking but neither knew what to say.


━━ a. 妊娠している; 満ちた, はらんだ ((with)); 意味深長な, 含畜のある; 創意に満ちた.
 ━━ n.
preg・nant・ly ━━ ad. 意味深長に.

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beam (SMILE)
verb [I]
to smile with obvious pleasure:
She beamed with delight/pleasure at his remarks.
The child beamed at his teacher as he received the award.
[+ speech] "I'm so pleased to see you, " he beamed (= said as he smiled).

She gave a beaming (= wide and happy) smile.

reverie, -y[rev・er・ie, -y]

  • 発音記号[révəri]

1 [U][C]((形式))(…の)空想, 幻想, 夢想((about ...));((古))妄想(もうそう)
be lost in (a) reverie
2 《音楽》夢想曲.

2011年11月28日 星期一

agglutination, morphem

IT was the peculiar genius of Paul Celan to be able to strip language of its normal socioeconomic occasions without cutting the lines that lead language to the heart. For all the celebrated difficulty of Celan's poems - dense constellations of morphemes, word elements packed like molecules - they are hard only when you try to think about them. At first touch (what William Carlos Williams called, in a noble phrase, the poem's ''intention to impress'') Celan's poems come to us from a warm sense of life, of paying attention and taking care.

ag·glu·ti·na·tion (ə-glūt'n-ā'shən) pronunciation
  1. The act or process of agglutinating; adhesion of distinct parts.
  2. A clumped mass of material formed by agglutination. Also called agglutinate.
  3. Physiology. The clumping together of red blood cells or bacteria, usually in response to a particular antibody.
  4. Linguistics. The formation of words from morphemes that retain their original forms and meanings with little change during the combination process.

[動] tnèit〕 (他)(自)
1 接着[膠着(こうちゃく)] させる[する].
2 《言語学》〈語・構文などを〉膠着によって形成する.
3 〈赤血球・細菌を[が]〉凝集させる[する].
━━[名] tnt〕 接着物, 膠着物.


  • 発音記号[mɔ'ːrfiːm]

[名]《言語学》形態素:意味をもつ最小の言語単位. ⇒FORMATIVE[名]2

2011年11月27日 星期日

'hijacking', extensive, have one's say

From a selection of photographs compiled by Hopper and gallerist Tony Shafrazi—more than a third of them previously unpublished—this extensive volume distills the essence of Hopper's brilliantly prodigious photographic career.

On this date in 1971, "D.B. Cooper" — real name unknown — boarded a Northwest Orient flight in Portland, Oregon. Carrying a black briefcase that he said held a bomb, he hijacked the plane, demanding and receiving $200,000 when the plane touched down at Seattle-Tacoma. He then ordered the plane back up in the air and parachuted out somewhere over southwestern Washington. Except for $5,880 of the loot found on the banks of the Columbia River in 1980, no trace was ever found of the man or the money. The drama series Prison Break featured a character suspected by the show's hero, Michael Scofield, of being the mysterious hijacker.

Japan Wants More Say Over US Troops on Okinawa
Voice of America
November 26, 2011 Japan Wants More Say Over US Troops on Okinawa Steve Heman | Tokyo Japan's foreign minister is promising Okinawans that Tokyo will press Washington to give Japanese authorities more jurisdiction over US forces on the island. ...

1 ((one's 〜))言いたいこと, 言うべきこと
have one's say
2 ((略式))発言の権利, 発言の順番[機会];((the (last) 〜))決定権
have one's say in ...
give a say about ...
have the last say on ...
3 ((主に方言))話, 談話
have a say with ...
4 ((古))言うこと, 言ったこと, 格言, ことわざ.
1 ((驚き))まあ;((喜び))よかった, うれしい;((抗議))なんだ.
2 ((相手の注意を引いて))おい, ちょっと.
3 ((あいさつ))やあ.
[古英語secgan. アイスランド語segja(言う)と同系. △SAGA, SAW3

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hijack Show phonetics
verb [T]
1 to take control of an aircraft or other vehicle during a journey, especially using violence:
Two men hijacked a jet travelling to Paris and demanded $125 000.

2 DISAPPROVING to take control of or use something that does not belong to you for your own advantage:
He resents the way his ideas have been hijacked by others in the department.

hijack Show phonetics
noun [C or U] (ALSO hijacking)
when someone uses force to take control of an aircraft or other vehicle:
The hijack ended with the release of all the plane's passengers unharmed.

hijacker Show phonetics
noun [C]

━━ v., n. 乗っ取り[取る], ハイジャック(する); 強奪(する).
hi・jack・ee ━━ n. ハイジャックの被害者.
hi・jack・er ━━ n. ハイジャックの犯人; (貨物などの)強奪犯人.
hi・jack・ing ━━ n. ハイジャック(事件), 乗っ取り.

October 18, 2007 2:23 PM PDT

Reports: China 'hijacking' Google, Yahoo, Microsoft search sites

Ticked off that the United States gave the Dalai Lama the prestigious Congressional Gold Medal this week, China may be taking out its aggression by "hijacking" American search engines.

There's speculation that the Dalai Lama's recent award from President Bush (their meeting, pictured above) has prompted Net users in China to be rerouted from U.S. search sites to Baidu.

(Credit: White House)

Over at Search Engine Land, Danny Sullivan reports that numerous users trying to access Google, Yahoo, or Microsoft search engines from within China or using Chinese Internet service providers are being redirected to Chinese-owned search engine Baidu.

Sullivan says it's not exactly clear how that process is working, but he cites a news report from 2002 that indicates this sort of thing has happened in China before. At the time, a Baidu official denied having any part in the rerouting.

So is the Chinese government to blame? After all, its extensive attempts at censoring what its citizens view on the Internet have been well-documented.

It's worth noting, however, that the reported redirects may not have any direct link to the Dalai Lama events. The Associated Press reported earlier this week that Beijing has been ramping up its filtering of political sites in an attempt to stifle political dissent leading up to the Communist Party Congress, a meeting in which leaders are selected to serve under the president for the next five years.


  1. Large in extent, range, or amount.
  2. Of or relating to the cultivation of vast areas of land with a minimum of labor or expense.
extensively ex·ten'sive·ly adv.
extensiveness ex·ten'sive·ness n.

cracker, craquelure


craquelure (krăklʊr'), hairline surface cracking of paintings into characteristic patterns determined by age, climatic conditions, and the materials used in the work. Cracking was so common in works by 18th-century English painters that it became known as craquelure anglaise. Forgers and restorers often imitate craquelure to enhance the look of authenticity in their works. 法文 20世紀收入英文畫中一些小裂紋

(krăk'ər) pronunciation
  1. A thin crisp wafer or biscuit, usually made of unsweetened dough.
  2. One that cracks, especially:
    1. A firecracker.
    2. A small cardboard cylinder covered with decorative paper that holds candy or a party favor and pops when a paper strip is pulled at one or both ends and torn.
    3. The apparatus used in the cracking of petroleum.
    4. One who makes unauthorized use of a computer, especially to tamper with data or programs.
  3. Offensive.
    1. Used as a disparaging term for a poor white person of the rural, especially southeast United States.
    2. Used as a disparaging term for a white person.

2011年11月26日 星期六

fare, Aldous, class warfare, amicable, farewell

'We have been conducting a very nasty policy of double standards'

After almost a year of the so-called Arab Spring, some countries have fared better than others, says the German Green party spokeswoman for foreign affairs, Kerstin Müller, in this Deutsche Welle interview.


[間]((文または古風))さようなら, ごきげんよう, いざさらば. ▼長い旅路などの別れに言いかわす.
1 別れの言葉[あいさつ]
make one's farewell s
2 [U][C](…への)別れ, いとまごい((to ...));別れのつどい, 送別[歓送]会
take one's farewell of [=say [bid] farewell to] ...
He waved a farewell to his friend.
━━[形]((限定))別れの, 送別の;最後の. ⇒FARE(自)3
a farewell party
a farewell drink
a farewell address

(fâr) pronunciation

intr.v., fared, far·ing, fares.
  1. To get along: How are you faring with your project?
  2. To go or happen: How does it fare with you?
  3. To travel; go.
  4. To dine; eat.
  1. A transportation charge, as for a bus.
  2. A passenger transported for a fee.
  3. Food and drink; diet: simple home-cooked fare.

[Middle English faren, from Old English faran.]

farer far'er n.


  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[féər]

1 乗車料金[賃]. ⇒PRICE[類語]
a taxi [a bus, a train, an air] fare
タクシー[バス, 鉄道, 航空]料金
a reduced fare
a single [a double] fare
a fare dodger
All fares, please.
What is the fare to Chicago and back?
2 乗客;(特にタクシーの)客.
3 [U]((主に文))(レストランなどの)料理, 食事;(テレビなどの)出し物
a bill of fare
(1) 〈人が〉やっていく, 暮らしていく
He is faring well in school.
(2) ((itを主語として))〈事が〉(…にとって)(うまく, まずく)運ぶ((with ...))
It fared poorly with him.
2 食べる, 食事をする;食べ物をもてなされる.
3 ((古))旅する
fare forth

First Name Origin:


Gender: Masculine

Usage: English
Pronounced: AWL-dus

Possibly a short form of names beginning with the Germanic element ald "old". The author Aldous Huxley was a famous bearer of this name.

Montague Aldous , Robert Aldous , Lucette Aldous , Mick Aldous , Alan Aldous

am·i·ca·ble (ăm'ĭ-kə-bəl) pronunciation
Characterized by or exhibiting friendliness or goodwill; friendly.

[Middle English, from Late Latin amīcābilis, from Latin amīcus, friend.]

amicability am'i·ca·bil'i·ty or am'i·ca·ble·ness n.
amicably am'i·ca·bly adv.

SAid和David Barsamian對談錄"文化與抵抗"( Culture and Resistance: Conversations With Edward)梁永安譯,台北:立緒,2004
「巴薩米安(David Barsamian)科羅拉多州博爾德市「替代性電台」(
Alternative Radio)的創辦人及台長。他最近期的作品包括了…….《階級福利》(Class Walfare)」
這是錯誤的,《階級戰爭》(Class Warfare)才對。 
這個字眼的歷史,請參考本其紐約時報周日雜誌WILLIAM SAFIRE專文。其中談從「階級鬥爭」到「階級戰爭」:
Class warfare began as class struggle. In their 1848 ''Communist Manifesto,'' Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote, ''The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggle'' -- in German, Klassenkämpfen. Kampf is translated as ''struggle,'' short of Krieg, ''war.'' But in 1852, the battle was rhetorically escalated in The Times of London: ''Lord Henry Lennox thinks that the pressure of taxation is unequal, and he hopes for an amicable settlement of our fatal class warfare.'' (Sounds as if Lord Henry is running for office today.) Aldous Huxley in 1927 denounced ''those who would interpret all social phenomena in terms of class warfare.''