2011年9月29日 星期四

lay on the line, to the fore

@MrDisclosure: Tell-All Tweeter The recent omnipresence of celebrity start-up backer Ashton Kutcher has helped bring the issue of investor conflict to the fore. According to TechCrunch, it has also led to the creation of Mr. Disclosure (@MrDisclosure), a new Twitter Bot whose tag line reads "I tweet when investors don't disclose their investments in their tweets."


to the fore
In, into, or toward a position of prominence, as in A new virtuoso pianist has come to the fore. [First half of 1800s]
---

Berlin raises economic forecast but warns of more job losses

The German economy could be bouncing back from the worst crisis the nation
has seen since the end of World War II. The news, however, is not all good,
as more and more jobs are put on the line.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew235mI44va89pI6

put on the line
Meaning #1: expose to a chance of loss or damage
Synonyms: risk, lay on the line

2011年9月28日 星期三

joss, fugitive, murderer

A Hijacker, a Longtime Fugitive and, Now, a Prisoner

By JAMES BARRON

George Wright, a convicted murderer who was among a group of hijackers who got away with $1 million in 1972, was finally taken into custody in Portugal on Monday.





joss
(jŏs) pronunciation
n.
A Chinese image in a shrine.

[Pidgin English, from Javanese deyos, from Portuguese deos, god, from Latin deus.]


  • 発音記号[dʒɑ's | dʒɔ's]
[名](中国人の祭る)神像, 偶像
a joss house
(中国の)寺院, 廟堂(びょうどう)
a joss stick
線香.

prop up, shore up ruble, long-serving ,





For a country where half of all grandparents look after their grandchildren every day – one in eight for more than nine hours a day – the strike call threatens to disrupt the working lives of a significant proportion of the population and expose the extent to which this unpaid work is propping up the economy.
對於一個半數祖父母都得每天照顧孫兒的國家而言──8分之1的祖父母每天當保母的時間超過9小時──這項罷工號召可能威脅到全國大部份人口的正常職場生活,同時也暴露出這份無給職工作對支撐國家經濟的重要程度。

Moscow Moves to Calm Investors
Top Russian officials sought to reassure investors alarmed by the sudden removal of long-serving Finance Minister Alexei Kudrin, predicting a rebound for the ruble even as the central bank said it spent $2.36 billion on Monday to shore up the slumping currency.

prop
To support by placing something beneath or against; shore up.

prop up 助ける, 支える, 支持する

2011年9月27日 星期二

brewski, spread


Facebook Launches Own PAC

The move is the social media giant's latest bid to spread its influence from Silicon Valley to Washington.






Practical Traveler

B & Bs Seek to Be a Guy Thing

By MICHELLE HIGGINS

Bed-and-breakfasts are starting to man up, doing away with the lace bedspreads and trading high tea for brewskies.


brewski
n. Slang, pl., -skies, or -skis.
  1. Beer.
  2. A serving of beer.

[BREW + -ski, -sky, n. suff. (from Russian -skiĭ , perhaps modeled on RUSSKY).]


Russky

n., pl., -skies.
Offensive. A Russian.

[Russian russkiĭ, Russian, from Rus', Rus. See Rus.]

2011年9月26日 星期一

baobab , ruling class

The loss of a baobab

Wangari Maathai

The Nobel peace prize winner took on Kenya's ruling class



Adansonia
African Baobab (Adansonia digitata) tree in Bagamoyo, Tanzania near the Kaole ruins
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Bombacoideae
Genus: Adansonia
L.[1]
Species

See Species section

Adansonia is a genus of eight species of tree, six native to Madagascar, one native to mainland Africa and the Arabian Peninsula and one to Australia. The mainland African species also occurs on Madagascar, but it is not a native of that island.

The devil can quote Scripture for his own ends, untouchable


In August, Warren Buffett wrote a New York Times op-ed advocating higher taxes on the rich; last week, the president mentioned Buffett by name while proposing higher tax rates for millionaires—an idea that the administration is calling the “Buffett Rule.” It wasn’t the first time someone has used Buffett’s untouchable reputation for his own ends.


untouchable
(ŭn-tŭch'ə-bəl) pronunciation
adj.
  1. Not to be touched.
  2. Out of reach; unobtainable.
  3. Being beyond the reach of criticism, impeachment, or attack.
  4. Loathsome or unpleasant to the touch.
n. often Untouchable
A member of the class that is excluded from and considered unclean and defiling by the four Hindu castes.

untouchability un·touch'a·bil'i·ty n.
untouchably un·touch'a·bly adv.


***


The devil can quote Scripture for his own ends


The proverb alludes to the temptation of Christ by the Devil (matthew iv) when the latter quotes a passage from Psalm xci.

The devil can cite Scripture for his purpose. An evil soul producing holy witness Is like a villain with a smiling cheek.
[1596 Shakespeare Merchant of Venice i. iii. 93]
Thus Candour's maxims flow from Rancour's throat, As devils, to serve their purpose, Scripture quote.
[1761 C. Churchill Apology 15]
Is any one surprised at Mr. Jonas making such a reference to such a book for such a purpose? Does any one doubt the old saw that the Devil (being a layman) quotes Scripture for his own ends.
[1843 Dickens Martin Chuzzlewit xi.]
The versatile personage in our popular proverbs, who‥quotes Scripture for his own ends.
[1937 ‘C. Dickson’ Ten Teacups xiii.]
The devil can quote Scripture, as we all know, so why not a politician?
[1997 Washington Times 25 July A4]


耶穌禁食三退魔誘

  1. 那時,耶穌被聖神領往曠野,為受魔鬼的試探。
  2. 衪四十天四十夜禁食,後來就餓了。
  3. 試探者就前來對衪說:「你若是天主子, 就命這些石頭變成餅吧!
  4. 衪回答說:「經上記載:『人生活不只靠餅,而也靠天主口中所發的一切言語。』」
  5. 那時,魔鬼引衪到了聖城,把衪立在聖殿頂上,
  6. 對衪說:「你若是天主子,就跳下去,因經上記載:『衪為你吩咐了自己的天使,他們要用手托著你,免得你的腳碰在石頭上。』」
  7. 耶穌對他說:「經上又記載:『你不可試探上主, 你的天主!』」
  8. 魔鬼又把衪帶到一座極高的山頂上,將世上的一切國度及其榮華指給衪看。
  9. 對衪說:「你若俯伏朝拜我,我必把這一切交給你。 」
  10. 那時,耶穌就對他說:「去吧! 撒殫! 因為經上記載:『你要朝拜上主,你的天主,唯獨事奉衪!』」
  11. 於是魔鬼離開了衪,就有天使前來伺候衪。

2011年9月25日 星期日

2011年9月24日 星期六

uncork, consolidate, raise hackles

China Consolidates Grip on Rare Earths
New York Times
By KEITH BRADSHER BEIJING — In the name of fighting pollution, China has sent the price of compact fluorescent light bulbs soaring in the United States. Matt Rourke/Associated Press The price of compact fluorescent light bulbs has risen drastically in ...


WASHINGTON — President Obama met with the Dalai Lama on Thursday, welcoming the exiled Tibetan spiritual leader to the White House for a low-profile meeting that nonetheless raised the hackles of China.
Google Voice may raise more hackles with privacy advocates, and perhaps regulators, than it does with competitors. The service would allow Google, which already collects vast amounts of data about the behavior of Internet users, to gather information on their calling habits.
“It raises two distinct problems,” said Marc Rotenberg, executive director of the Electronic Privacy Information Center. “In the privacy world, it is increased profiling and tracking of users without safeguards. But the other problem is the growing consolidation of Internet-based services around one dominant company.”




Taiwan
to consolidate DRAM makers; China offers PC subsidy as part of stimulus; and EU negotiations on telecom rules stall. ...



“I would hesitate to uncork the Champagne just yet,” Professor McGlinchey said by telephone. “What he is doing is typical of any new leader trying to remove the legacy of a predecessor and consolidate his hold on power.”




uncork
verb [T]
to open a bottle by pulling out its cork (= cylindrical piece of soft wood used to close it):
"Who's for some more wine?" asked Polly, uncorking another bottle.

consolidate
verb [I or T]
1 to become, or cause something to become, stronger and more certain:
The success of their major product consolidated the firm's position in the market.
She hoped that marriage would consolidate their relationship.
The party consolidated its hold on power during its term of office.
The company has been expanding rapidly and I feel it's now time to consolidate (= stop growing and make our present position stronger).

2 to combine several things, especially businesses, so that they become more effective, or to be combined in this way:
The two firms consolidated to form a single company.

consolidated
adjective
consolidated trading/accounts

consolidation
noun [C or U]
The company is entering a period of consolidation (= becoming better and stronger at what it does).
We have seen a similar consolidation (= joining together) of booksellers and distributors.

consolidate[con・sol・i・date]
  • 発音記号[kənsɑ'lədèit | -sɔ'l-]

[動](他)
1 〈権力・地位などを〉固める, 強固にする, 強化する;〈人望を〉高める
consolidate one's leadership
指導力を強化する.
2III[名]([副])]〈会社・土地などを〉合併する, 統合整理する;…をまとめて(…に)する((into ...));〈借金などを〉まとめて整理する
consolidate one's profits [debts]
収益[負債]を整理統合する.
━━(自)(←(他))
1 固まる, 強固になる.
2I([副])]合同[合併]する.
━━[形]=consolidated.
[ラテン語. con-共に+solidus固定した+-ATE1=合わせて固定する]
con・sól・i・dà・tor
[名]

hackle
n.
  1. Any of the long, slender, often glossy feathers on the neck of a bird, especially a male domestic fowl.
  2. hackles The erectile hairs along the back of the neck of an animal, especially of a dog.
    1. A tuft of cock feathers trimming an artificial fishing fly.
    2. A hackle fly.
tr.v., -led, -ling, -les.
To trim (an artificial fishing fly) with a hackle.

idiom:
get (one's) hackles up
  1. To be extremely insulted or irritated.
[Middle English hakell, cloak, skin, plumage, possibly from Old English hacele, cloak, mantle.]
━━ n. すきぐし; (鶏・犬などの)首の回りの毛.
get …'s hackles up / make …'s hackles rise 人をいきり立たせる.
with one's hackles up [rising] いきり立って; 戦おうと身構えて.
━━ vt. (麻・亜麻を)すきぐしですく.

hybrid, renminbi, like no other


As an MSNBC Host, Sharpton Is a Hybrid Like No Other

By ALAN FEUER

In his 6 p.m. news show on MSNBC, Al Sharpton will be both a maker and a deliverer of the news.

China has begun paying subsidies of as much as 60,000 renminbi 人民幣, or $8,784, a car to makers of electric and hybrid vehicles on a trial basis in five cities, The Associated Press reported from Shanghai.

Separately, private buyers of such cars can get subsidies of 3,000 renminbi from dealers. The subsidies will be available in Shanghai, Changchun, Shenzhen, Hangzhou and Hefei. The cities are locations of headquarters for major automakers.

The program aims to “help promote faster technological innovation of automotive technology,” the Ministry of Finance said.




hybrid[hy・brid]

  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[háibrid]

[名]
1 (動植物の)雑種;(人間の)混血児[種]
a hybrid variety of sheep
雑種の羊.
2 (異質の要素の)合成物.
3 《言語学》混種語:異なった言語に由来する要素が結合してできた語(例:courtship仏語+英語, because英語+仏語). ⇒BLEND[名]2, CONTAMINATION 3, PORTMANTEAU WORD 汽車中油電共同型

━━[形]〈動植物が〉雑種の;〈人が〉混血の;〈単語が〉混種の
hybrid securities
複合証券.
[ラテン語hybrida(豚と猪(いのしし)の混種)]

2011年9月23日 星期五

snowboarder, named for, minty

The Olympic gold medalist Shaun White will endorse   Whitemint gum, an addition to the Stride line.

A Minty Chewing Gum, Named for a Snowboarder

By ANDREW ADAM NEWMAN

The Olympic gold medalist Shaun White will endorse Whitemint gum, an addition to the Stride line.






snowboard
(snō'bôrd', -bōrd') pronunciation
n.
A board resembling a small surfboard and equipped with bindings, used for descending snow-covered slopes on one's feet but without ski poles.

intr.v., -board·ed, -board·ing, -boards.
To use a snowboard.

snowboarder snow'board'er n.



open up, score, lively, all over, out-of-home, mess up

Paul McCartney Opens Up About Classical Projects, Musical Training

In advance of his first-ever ballet score premiere, Sir Paul McCartney gets to the heart of his musical processes in a lively conversation with WQXR's David Garland. The former Beatle considers the challenges and appeal of writing the orchestral score for Ocean’s Kingdom which opens at New York City Ballet on Thursday night.


In Advertising

An ad from BAM's new campaign.

An ad from BAM's new campaign.

Campaign Spotlight
New Campaign Lets BAM Hit You All Over
By STUART ELLIOTT

To mark its 150th anniversary, the Brooklyn Academy of Music, known as BAM, is introducing a campaign using print, out-of-home and online advertising as well as social media.

Netflix to Break Business in Two

By ELIZABETH A. HARRIS

Reed Hastings said Netflix's DVD-by-mail service would be split apart and renamed Qwikster, and he said he "messed up" in handling recent changes to pricing and subscription services.

mess up

1. Create disorder in; muddle or ruin. For example, On rainy days the children really mess up the house, or He had a way of messing up his own business. [c. 1900]
2. Make a mistake, especially from nervousness or confusion, as in He messed up and took the wrong dossier to the meeting, or Jill swore she would never mess up again. [Colloquial; early 1900s]
3. Beat up, manhandle, as in Joe got messed up in a barroom brawl. [Slang; early 1900s]




out-of-home

Term describing advertising media that must be viewed outside the household and is not available in the home, such as bus-shelter advertising, shopping-cart displays, billboards, painted displays, transit advertising and sky writing. See also in-home.




all over
adv.
  1. Over the whole area or extent: a cloth embroidered all over with roses.
  2. Everywhere: searched all over for her missing key.
  3. In all respects: Carefree and fun-loving-that's him all over.
idiom:

be all over

  1. To attack verbally; reprimand severely.

open up

1. Spread out, unfold, as in A green valley opened up before us. [Early 1800s]
2. Begin operation, as in The new store opens up next month. [Late 1700s]
3. Begin firing, begin attacking, as in The artillery opened up at dawn, or, figuratively, The speaker opened up fiercely on the opposition. [1930s] Also see open fire.
4. Speak freely and candidly, as in At last the witness opened up and told what happened. " Colloquial; c. 1920]
5. Make an opening by cutting, as in The surgeon opened up the patient's chest.
6. Become available or accessible, as in With new markets opening up all the time we hope to see our revenues increase dramatically. [Mid-1800s]
7. Increase the speed of a vehicle, as in Let's see how fast the car will go if you open it up. [Colloquial; c. 1920]
8. Open the door, let me (or us) in, as in Open up! This is the police. [Mid-1900s] Note that in all of these usages except def. 4 and 7, up serves as an intensifier, that is, it emphasizes the verb open.

badminton, knocked out of , shuttlecock

Wang Shixian knocked out of badminton's Japan Open
AFP
TOKYO — World number two Wang Shixian crashed out to Juliane Schenk in the women's singles quarter-finals at the Japan Open on Friday as her top seeded compatriot Wang Yihan battled her way into the semis. The Asian Games gold medallist let a narrow ...


Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles), who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by a net. Players score points by striking a shuttlecock with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their opponents' half of the court. Each side may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. A rally ends once the shuttlecock has struck the floor.

shúttlecòck[shúttle・còck]


[名]
1 (バドミントン・羽根突きの)羽根, シャトルコック.
2 [U]羽根突き遊び.
━━[動](他)…を行ったり来たりさせる.
━━(自)やりとりされる.

Battledore and Shuttlecock. 1854, from the John Leech Archive[1]




beat back, arms measure

US Senate beats back Taiwan arms measure
AFP
WASHINGTON — The US Senate on Thursday defeated an effort to force President Barack Obama to sell Taiwan some 66 F-16 fighter jets instead of upgrading the island's existing fleet of combat aircraft. Senators voted 48-48 on a proposal by Republican ...



beat back

Force to retreat or withdraw, as in His findings beat back all their arguments to the contrary. This phrase was often used in a military context (and still is), as in Their armies were beaten back. [Late 1500s]


2011年9月20日 星期二

hell, miser, misery, skinflint, populace, forcible, staying power

HPV Vaccine Remark Has Staying Power

When alarms about vaccines are raised, even spurious alarms like the one about HPV by Representative Michele Bachmann last week, vaccination rates tend to drop.



"What? You don't know skinflint Plushkin who feeds his people so badly?"

"Of course I do!" exclaimed the fellow, and added thereto an uncomplimentary expression of a species not ordinarily employed in polite society. We may guess that it was a pretty apt expression, since long after the man had become lost to view Chichikov was still laughing in his britchka. And, indeed, the language of the Russian populace is always forcible in its phraseology.




"None of it for me," repeated Sobakevitch as he wiped his hands on his napkin. "I don't intend to be like a fellow named Plushkin, who owns eight hundred souls, yet dines worse than does my shepherd."

"Who is Plushkin?" asked Chichikov.

"A miser," replied Sobakevitch. "Such a miser as never you could imagine. Even convicts in prison live better than he does. And he starves his servants as well."



populace[pop・u・lace]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[pɑ'pjuləs | pɔ'p-]

an class="prog_meaning">[名]((通例the 〜))((集合的))((形式))
1 大衆, 民衆, 庶民.
2 (ある地域の)全住民.

miser[mi・ser]

  • 発音記号[máizər]

[名]守銭奴;けちん坊, 欲張り.

misery[mis・er・y]

  • レベル:大学入試程度
  • 発音記号[mízəri]

[名](複 -ies)[C][U]
1
(1) 悲惨, みじめさ, 不幸;窮乏;精神的苦痛
live in misery
悲惨な生活を送る
look the picture of misery
悲痛そのものという顔つきだ
to complete the misery
泣きっ面に蜂(はち)で.
(2) [C]((通例-iesで単数扱い))みじめ[不幸]なこと
the miseries of mankind
人類の苦難.
2 ((方言))(病気による)苦痛;(患部の)痛み.
3 [C]((英話))みじめでぐちの多い人, 不平家.
put a person out of his misery
(1) ((略式))〈人に〉知りたがっていることを知らせる, 〈人を〉安心させる.
(2) 〈動物を〉(治る見込みがないので)安楽死させる, 楽にさせてやる.

hell
(hĕl) pronunciation
n.
    1. often Hell The abode of condemned souls and devils in some religions; the place of eternal punishment for the wicked after death, presided over by Satan.
    2. A state of separation from God; exclusion from God's presence.
  1. The abode of the dead, identified with the Hebrew Sheol and the Greek Hades; the underworld.
    1. A situation or place of evil, misery, discord, or destruction: "War is hell" (William Tecumseh Sherman).
    2. Torment; anguish: went through hell on the job.
    1. The powers of darkness and evil.
    2. Informal. One that causes trouble, agony, or annoyance: The boss is hell when a job is poorly done.
  2. A sharp scolding: gave the student hell for cheating.
  3. Informal. Excitement, mischievousness, or high spirits: We did it for the sheer hell of it.
    1. A tailor's receptacle for discarded material.
    2. Printing. A hellbox.
  4. Informal. Used as an intensive: How the hell can I go? You did one hell of a job.
  5. Archaic. A gambling house.
intr.v. Informal, helled, hell·ing, hells.
To behave riotously; carouse: out all night helling around.

interj.
Used to express anger, disgust, or impatience.

idioms:

for the hell of it

  1. For no particular reason; on a whim: walked home by the old school for the hell of it.
hell on Informal.
  1. Damaging or destructive to: Driving in a hilly town is hell on the brakes.
  2. Unpleasant to or painful for.
hell or (or and) high water
  1. Troubles or difficulties of whatever magnitude: We're staying, come hell or high water.
hell to pay
  1. Great trouble: If we're wrong, there'll be hell to pay.
like hell Informal.
  1. Used as an intensive: He ran like hell to catch the bus.
  2. Used to express strong contradiction or refusal: He says he's going along with us-Like hell he is!

[Middle English helle, from Old English.]

WORD HISTORY Hell comes to us directly from Old English hel. Because the Roman Church prevailed in England from an early date, the Roman-that is, Mediterranean-belief that hell was hot prevailed there too; in Old English hel is a black and fiery place of eternal torment for the damned. But because the Vikings were converted to Christianity centuries after the Anglo-Saxons, the Old Norse hel, from the same source as Old English hel, retained its earlier pagan senses as both a place and a person. As a place, hel is the abode of oathbreakers, other evil persons, and those unlucky enough not to have died in battle. It contrasts sharply with Valhalla, the hall of slain heroes. Unlike the Mediterranean hell, the Old Norse hel is very cold. Hel is also the name of the goddess or giantess who presides in hel, the half blue-black, half white daughter of Loki and the giantess Angrbotha. The Indo-European root behind these Germanic words is *kel-, "to cover, conceal" (so hell is the "concealed place"); it also gives us hall, hole, hollow, and helmet.

[名]
1 [U][C]((時にa 〜))((略式))ひどい体験[待遇], 生き地獄;修羅場;(子供などの)大騒ぎ;[U]((俗))きびしい叱責(しっせき)[非難]
a hell on earth
この世の地獄
a living hell
生き地獄
catch [get] hell
((米話))大目玉を食う.
2 [U]((単数形))((しばしばH-))
(1) 地獄(⇔heaven).
(2) 冥土(めいど);地獄の住人.
3 悪の神々, 悪魔, 悪鬼.
4 賭博(とばく)場(gambling hell);魔窟(まくつ).
5 ((略式))((ののしり・悪口・後悔などを表す強意語))(▼下品で乱暴な表現)
the hell
断じて
Go to hell!
くたばれ;ほっておいてくれ
What [How, When, Where, Who, Why] the [in] hell ...?
いったい何が[どうして, いつ, どこで, だれが, なぜ]…か.
a [the, one] hell of a ...
((話))非常に悪い…;どえらい…;非常に…, ものすごく…(▼よい意味にも用いる)
a hell of a noise
うるさくてたまらない音
a hell of a lot of money
けたはずれの大金
a hell of an attractive woman
ものすごく魅力のある女性.
all hell breaks loose
((略式))上を下への騒ぎになる.
... as hell
((主に米話))猛烈に…, すごく…
mad as hell
かんかんに怒った.
be hell for ...
〈時間などに〉厳格である, やかましい.
be hell on ...
((俗))〈人に〉つらく当たる;〈物・事に〉損害を与える.
come hell or high water
((略式))何事があろうとも, どんな困難にも負けずに.
from hell
((略式))((名詞のあとに用いて))ひどく不快な, いやみな.
full of hell
((略式))すごく陽気な, すごく力のこもった.
get the hell out (of ...)
((略式))(場所から)急いで逃げる.
give a person hell/make a person's life hell
〈人を〉どなりちらす;〈人を〉ひどい目に合わせる.
go to hell in a handbasket
((米俗))落ちぶれる, みるみるだめになる.
hell and high water
たいへんな苦労.
hell on wheels
((米略式))強引な人, やり手.
hell's bells [((英))teeth]
((話))ちくしょう, いまいましい.
hell to pay
((話))大変なめんどう, 一大事
There'll be hell to pay.
めんどうなことになるぞ.
(just) for the hell of it
((略式))腹立ちまぎれに;おもしろ半分に.
knock [beat] the hell out of a person
〈人を〉さんざん打ちのめす.
like (the) hell
(1) ((語句のあとに置いて))((略式))死にもの狂いで;ひどく, 非常に
work like hell
死にもの狂いで働く
hurt like hell
ひどいけがをする.
(2) ((語句・文の前に置いて))((話・皮肉))絶対…(で)ない.
merry hell
大変な面倒, ひどい苦痛.
play hell doing
((話))…するのにひどく苦労する.
play hell with .../((英))play merry hell with ...
((略式))〈物・事に〉損害を与える, …をめちゃくちゃにする;((略式))…をひどくしかる.
raise hell
大騒ぎする, 騒ぎを引き起こす.
scare the hell out of a person
((略式))〈人を〉(恐怖で)縮み上がらせる.
shoot to hell
((話))だいなしになる.
(the) hell out of a person
〈人を〉徹底的に[ひどく]…する(▼annoy, beat, irritateなどのあとに用いる).
to hell
本当に;ぜひとも.
▼hope, wishのあとに用いる.
to hell and back [gone]
((俗))(行けないような)遠い所へ, どこまでも;永遠に.
to hell with ...
((話))…なんかくそくらえだ.
when [till, until] hell freezes (over)
((略式))((強い否定))決して[絶対に]…でない[しない].
▼地獄の火は永遠に熱く燃えるとされることから.
━━[間]((驚き・いらだちなど))
Oh, hell!
ちくしょう;やれやれ
Hell, no.
とんでもない.
━━[動](自)((俗))らんちき騒ぎをする;ふしだらな生活を送る.
[古英語hell. 原義は「おおい隠されている所」. △CELL


Dante's inferno
Bettmann / CORBIS

The Inferno
In the 14th century, Florentine Dante Alighieri brought together biblical, mythological, historical, and contemporary figures in his Inferno, the cultural influence of which can hardly be overstated. The Inferno, the first part of his epic poem, La Divina Commedia, has Virgil (who described the underworld in the Aeneid) guiding Dante through nine circles of a Christian Hell. As he spirals down, he sees all sorts of those who have sinned — adulterers, murderers, t


Read more: http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,2065275,00.html#ixzz1Je3J6KLh





skinflint
(skĭn'flĭnt') pronunciation
n.
One who is very reluctant to spend money; a miser.

stand to gain

Employees finished a production platform that would service Brazil's new offshore fields, located beneath 6,000 feet of water.
Sergio Moraes/Reuters

Americas Stand to Gain from New Fields

Western oil companies looking to exploit untapped fields will find plenty throughout countries in the Americas, like Brazil, above, that offer greater political stability.


stand to gain 一定獲利

stand to (自)
(1) 《軍事》(敵の夜襲にそなえて)(戦闘)待機する.

n. 1. the state of readiness for action or attack.

2. the formal start to a day of military operations.



[stand to ...] (2) 〈主張などに〉固執する, 〈約束などを〉守る.
(3) 〈人・主義などを〉支持する.
(4) 〈仕事などに〉励み続ける.


━━(他)
[stand ... to]
《軍事》〈部隊を〉(夜襲にそなえて)部署につかせて待機させる.

2011年9月19日 星期一

take-home, take home five Emmys

'Modern Family' Takes Home Five Emmys

By BRIAN STELTER

The Emmy Awards telecast on Sunday night ended the same way it did last year, with "Modern Family" and "Mad Men" being named the best comedy and drama, respectively, on television.




take-home

pronunciation

IN BRIEF: adj. - (of salary or wages) remaining after all deductions including taxes.

2011年9月18日 星期日

pigin, japanese speaking party


Breakthrough in Belgian government deadlock

Feuding political parties in Belgium have had a major development in talks
to form a government. Fifteen months after elections, Dutch and
French-speaking parties have reached a crucial agreement on electoral
boundaries.


洋涇濱、火星文

基礎教育必須以本國語文為最根本最重要的教學重點,先學好中文再論其他。趕時髦,啟蒙階段教英語,台灣一無英語環境,更缺乏合格師資,徒增孩子們的負擔和煩惱。出發點或是想讓孩子們具備雙語能力,結果他們學會了兩種語文:洋涇濱、火星文。

洋涇濱、
pidg·in (pĭj'ən) pronunciation
n.
A simplified form of speech that is usually a mixture of two or more languages, has a rudimentary grammar and vocabulary, is used for communication between groups speaking different languages, and is not spoken as a first or native language. Also called contact language.

[From PIDGIN ENGLISH.]

pidginization pidg'in·i·za'tion n.
pidginize pidg'in·ize' v.

2011年9月17日 星期六

gauge of gloom, The R-word index



recess
n.
    1. A temporary cessation of the customary activities of an engagement, occupation, or pursuit.
    2. The period of such cessation. See synonyms at pause.
  1. A remote, secret, or secluded place. Often used in the plural.
    1. An indentation or small hollow.
    2. An alcove.

v., -cessed, -cess·ing, -cess·es. v.tr.
  1. To place in a recess.
  2. To create or fashion a recess in: recessed a portion of the wall.
  3. To suspend for a recess: The committee chair recessed the hearings.
v.intr.
To take a recess: The investigators recessed for lunch.

[Latin recessus, retreat, from past participle of recēdere, to recede. See recede1.]

[名](複 〜・es)
1 [U][C]休み;休憩, 休廷, 休会, 休校;(法廷・議会などの)休会[休廷]期間;((米))(学校の)休憩時間(((英))break)
a spring recess
春休み
an hour's recess for lunch
一時間の昼休み
at recess
休憩時間に
during the noon recess
昼休み中に
be in recess
休暇[休会, 休廷]中である
take a [go into] recess
休む;休会する.
2 (海岸・山岳などの)凹(おう)部, 引っ込んでいる部分, (部屋などの)凹所, 床の間;《解剖学》空洞, 凹所
a recess under the staircase
階段の下の空所.
3 ((〜es))奥深い所, 隠所;(心の)奥底;奥義
in the innermost recesses of one's heart
心の深奥では[に].
━━[動](他)
1 …を奥まった所に置く[隠す];…に凹所を作る, をへこませる
recess a bookshelf into the wall
本棚を壁に埋め込む.
2 ((米))…を休会させる, 中断させる.
━━(自)((米))休憩する, 休会[休廷, 休校]する.
[ラテン語recessus(引きさがること, ひっこんだ場所). △RECEDE


recession
n.
  1. The act of withdrawing or going back.
  2. An extended decline in general business activity, typically two consecutive quarters of falling real gross national product.
  3. The withdrawal in a line or file of participants in a ceremony, especially clerics and choir members after a church service.
[Latin recessiō, recessiōn-, from recessus, past participle of recēdere, to recede. See recede1.]
recessionary re·ces'sion·ar'y adj.

re·ces·sion2 (rē-sĕsh'ən) pronunciation
n. Law
The act of restoring possession to a former owner.
[名]
1 [U][C]((主に米))一時的不景気, 景気後退.
2 [U]撤退, 後退, 退去;(宗教儀式のあとの)退場.
3 (壁などの)引っ込んだ部分, 凹(おう)所, くぼみ.
[名][U](所有権の)返還, 還付.

The R-word index

Up means down

The Economist’s gauge of gloom

IT HAS been a thoroughly wretched summer in the rich world: weak growth, dismal jobs numbers and plunges in stockmarkets. Now there is yet another cause for concern.
The Economist’s informal R-word index tracks the number of newspaper articles that use the word “recession” in a quarter. The index has the advantage of being timely: data for the articles are available immediately, whereas first estimates of GDP are typically released four weeks after the end of the quarter. If not foolproof, it boasts a decent record: previous incarnations of the index pinpointed the start of American recessions in 1990 and 2007.
The latest iteration counts articles published in the Financial Times and the Wall Street Journal. It shows the index declining steadily from a peak in early 2009, with just a brief pause during the summer of 2010. September, however, has brought a change in the weather. Measured at a quarterly rate, the index has visibly turned up since the start of this month. The chances that a slowdown will become a recession still hang in the balance. But the hacks are getting anxious.




2011年9月16日 星期五

"forever" stamps, Postal Service Is Nearing Default

美國郵政給電子郵件搞得快破產.....

Postal Service Is Nearing Default as Losses Mount

By STEVEN GREENHOUSE

The agency is so low on cash that it will not be able to make a $5.5 billion payment due this month and may have to shut down entirely this winter unless Congress acts to stabilize its finances.



Spotlight:

A Forever Stamp
A Forever Stamp
Why is the word 'forever' printed on some US postage stamps? Usually postage stamps show the price paid on the stamp's corner. When you see a stamp with the word "forever" on it, that stamp is good for use on any one-ounce, first-class letter mailed in the US, no matter how much prices may have increased since the stamp was purchased. The 2011 series of "forever" stamps includes the images of Gregory Peck, Ronald Reagan, Barbara Jordan, Helen Hayes, Alan Shepard, Mark Twain and Owney the Postal Dog. Many Asian cultures mark this year as the Year of the Rabbit. It will be commemorated in a Lunar New Year stamp available at the post office starting today, January 22. The price for first-class stamps stands at $.44, but it is expected to increase later this year. Since their introduction in 2007, "forever" stamps make up nearly 85% of all stamps sold.

Quote:

"Be like a postage stamp. Stick to one thing until you get there." Josh Billings

2011年9月15日 星期四

widescale, woodland, unchecked

Muntjac deer (Image: BBC)Unchecked deer 'harm woodlands'

Woodlands without effective widescale management systems in place are more likely to be damaged by the UK's growing deer population, a study suggests.


widescale

[edit] English

[edit] Adjective

widescale (comparative more widescale or widerscale, superlative most widescale)

  1. Large enough so as to affect or involve all or most of the relevant area

2011年9月13日 星期二

establishment, war-tested, redraw lines,


Libya’s War-Tested Women Redraw Lines

The Libyan rebels’ unlikely victory over Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi has put a traditional society’s women into roles they never would have previously imagined.



As Perry Rises, G.O.P. Elite Look Toward Romney

The rising presidential candidacy of Gov. Rick Perry of Texas is exciting many Republican voters but creating unease in some quarters of the party’s establishment.


establishment
  • [istǽbliʃmənt]

[名]
1 [U]設立, 創設, 確立, 制定;立証
the establishment of a new university
新しい大学の設置
establishment of diplomatic relations
外交関係の樹立.
2 ((形式))設立[確立, 立証]されたもの;制度, 秩序;((the 〜))((集合的))((単数・複数扱い))…界, 体制, (学校・病院などの)社会的機関, 公共施設
an educational establishment
教育機関
a financial establishment
金融機関
the military establishment
軍事体制, 軍部
the medical establishment
医学界.
3 ((the E-))((集合的))((単数・複数扱い))(既成の)権力機構, 体制;エスタブリッシュメント, 体制派, 支配者層. ▼しばしば侮辱的に用いる
The Establishment usually resists new ideas.
体制側は新しい考えにいつも抵抗する.
4 (家具・土地・使用人などを含む)住居, 家, 世帯.
5 (従業員・商品・設備などを含む)事業所, 店舗, 食堂, ホテル.
6 [U](官庁・会社・軍隊の)常備編制, 常置人員
the peace [the war] establishment
平時[戦時]編制.
7 ((the 〜))国教会;(特に)英国国教会, スコットランド長老派教会;[U](教会を)国教会にすること.

testosterone, sensitive, fatherhood

In Study, Fatherhood Leads to Drop in Testosterone

By PAM BELLUCK

The study suggests that men's bodies evolved hormonal systems that helped them commit to their families.



QUOTATION OF THE DAY
"A dad with lower testosterone is maybe a little more sensitive to cues from his child, and maybe he's a little less sensitive to cues from a woman he meets at a restaurant."
PETER GRAY, an anthropologist at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, on a study finding that fatherhood decreases testosterone levels.



Study: Men Turned Off by Women's Tears
The smell of women's tears reduced men's testosterone levels and made them less interested in pictures of pretty ladies.


testosterone
  • [testɑ'stəròun | -tɔ's-] 睪丸激素?...
[名][U]《生化学・薬学》テストステロン:男性ホルモンの一種.

doily, macho guys, testosterone-packed

2011年9月12日 星期一

charlatan, guru, a hint of embarrassment

The White House social secretary, Letitia Baldrige, Mrs. Kennedy tells Mr. Schlesinger, loved to pick up the phone and say things like “Send all the White House china on the plane to Costa Rica” or tell them they had to fly string beans in to a state dinner. She quotes Mr. Kennedy saying of Lyndon B. Johnson, his vice president, “Oh, God, can you ever imagine what would happen to the country if Lyndon was president?” And Mr. Kennedy on Franklin D. Roosevelt: “Charlatan is an unfair word,” but “he did an awful lot for effect.”



Drucker liked to say that people used the word guru because the word charlatan was so hard to spell. A century after his birth Drucker remains one of the few management thinkers to whom the word “guru” can be applied without a hint of embarrassment.

He also said people only called him a guru because they weren't sure how to spell "charlatan".

荷蘭文Management goeroe Peter Drucker zei het ooit eens tegen mij toen ik nog in San Francisco woonde : je moet nooit een voorspelling doen. ...


He cited Peter Drucker, one of the 20th century's finest business thinkers: "Often we use the word guru because the word charlatan is too long. .

gu・ru


━━ n. 【ヒンドゥー教】教師, 導師; 指導者.

A guru (Sanskrit: गुरु, Hindi: गुरु, Bengali: গুরু) is a person who is regarded as having great knowledge, wisdom and authority in a certain area, and who uses these abilities to guide others. It also means "teacher" or "guide" in the religious sense, and is commonly used in Sikhism, Buddhism and Hinduism as well as in some new religious movements.


charlatan
noun [C] DISAPPROVING
a person who pretends to have skills or knowledge that they do not have, especially in medicine

char・la・tan


━━ n. 山師; やぶ医者.
char・la・tan・ism ━━ n. いかさま.
char・la・tan・ry ━━ n. 知ったかぶり, ほら.