2011年8月29日 星期一

weakened, get over, weakness/inadequacy, go through sth


A Weakened Irene Sweeps Northward
In India, Dynamism Wrestles With Dysfunction
In Gurgaon and elsewhere in India, economic growth is often the product of a private sector’s improvising to overcome government inadequacies.

The worst financial crisis since the Depression isn't over, yet it's time to put the best brains to work at reconstructing the financial regulatory structure so we don't go through this again.


go through sth (EXPERIENCE) phrasal verb
to experience a difficult or unpleasant situation:
I've been going through a bad patch recently.
You'd think his children would be more sympathetic towards him after all he's gone through (= the many bad things he has experienced).

go through sth (PRACTISE) phrasal verb
to do something in order to practise or as a test:
I'd like you to go through that manoeuvre again and then bring the car to a halt next to the kerb.


inadequacy
(ĭn-ăd'ĭ-kwə-sē) pronunciation
n., pl., -cies.
  1. The quality or condition of being inadequate.
  2. An instance of being inadequate; a failing or lack.


Taxpayers on hook as some bailed-out firms prove frail
With CIT in bankruptcy, U.S. is faulted for investing in weakened companies
(By Tomoeh Murakami Tse, The Washington Post)


weak

adj., weak·er, weak·est.
  1. Lacking physical strength, energy, or vigor; feeble.
  2. Likely to fail under pressure, stress, or strain; lacking resistance: a weak link in a chain.
  3. Lacking firmness of character or strength of will.
  4. Lacking the proper strength or amount of ingredients: weak coffee.
  5. Lacking the ability to function normally or fully: a weak heart.
  6. Lacking aptitude or skill: a weak student; weak in math.
  7. Lacking or resulting from a lack of intelligence.
  8. Lacking persuasiveness; unconvincing: a weak argument.
  9. Lacking authority or the power to govern.
  10. Lacking potency or intensity: weak sunlight.
  11. Linguistics.
    1. Of, relating to, or being those verbs in Germanic languages that form a past tense and past participle by means of a dental suffix, as start, started; have, had; bring, brought.
    2. Of, relating to, or being the inflection of nouns or adjectives in Germanic languages with a declensional suffix that historically contained an n.
  12. Unstressed or unaccented in pronunciation or poetic meter. Used of a word or syllable.
  13. Designating a verse ending in which the metrical stress falls on a word or syllable that is unstressed in normal speech, such as a preposition.
  14. Tending downward in price: a weak market for oil stocks.
[Middle English weike, from Old Norse veikr, pliant.]
SYNONYMS weak, feeble, frail, fragile, infirm, decrepit, debilitated. These adjectives mean lacking or showing a lack of strength. Weak is the most widely applicable: “These poor wretches … were so weak they could hardly sit to their oars” (Daniel Defoe). Feeble suggests pathetic or grievous physical or mental weakness or hopeless inadequacy: a feeble intellect; a feeble effort. Frail implies delicacy and inability to endure or withstand: “an aged thrush, frail, gaunt, and small“ (Thomas Hardy.). What is fragile is easily broken, damaged, or destroyed: a fragile, expensive vase; a fragile state of mind after the accident. Infirm implies enfeeblement: “a poor, infirm, weak, and despis'd old man” (Shakespeare). Decrepit describes what is weakened, worn out, or broken down by hard use or the passage of time: a decrepit building slated for demolition. Debilitated suggests a gradual impairment of energy or strength: a debilitated constitution further weakened by overwork.


weaken
tr. & intr.v., -ened, -en·ing, -ens.
To make or become weak or weaker.

weakener weak'en·er n.


羅彥傑

"For management to just say go and have a cup of coffee and get over tiredness, it cheapens the whole issue," Australian Medical Association Vice President Steven Hambleton told Reuters.
「管理階層只是喊著去喝杯咖啡來克服疲倦,貶低了整個議題。」澳洲醫學會副會長史蒂芬.漢貝登說。
"We are talking about serious issues here, and this is not just a serious suggestion at all. It can’t be a weakness to say you’re dog tired," he said.
「我們討論的是嚴肅議題,這卻完全不是一個嚴肅的建議。說自己累到動彈不得,不能算是個缺點,」他說。
get over:片語,度過、克服。例句:You will soon get over your shyness.(你會很快克服害羞的。)
dog tired(dog-tired ):形容詞,指累到動彈不得、筋疲力盡的。例句:I am so dog tired each time I get back home. (每次我回到家,都累到動彈不得。)




2011年8月27日 星期六

going, going..., end-game, train-lover, A China hedge?

North Korea’s train-lover
A China hedge? (2)



End-game in Libya
Going, going… (119)


go
() pronunciation

v., went (wĕnt), gone (gôn, gŏn), go·ing, goes (gōz). v.intr.
  1. To move or travel; proceed: We will go by bus. Solicitors went from door to door seeking donations. How fast can the boat go?
  2. To move away from a place; depart: Go before I cry.
    1. To pursue a certain course: messages that go through diplomatic channels to the ambassador.
    2. To resort to another, as for aid: went directly to the voters of her district. See synonyms at resort.
    1. To extend between two points or in a certain direction; run: curtains that go from the ceiling to the floor.
    2. To give entry; lead: a stairway that goes to the basement.
  3. To function properly: The car won't go.
    1. To have currency.
    2. To pass from one person to another; circulate: Wild rumors were going around the office.
  4. To pass as the result of a sale: The gold watch went to the highest bidder.
  5. Informal. Used as an intensifier when joined by and to a coordinate verb: She went and complained to Personnel.
  6. Used in the progressive tense with an infinitive to indicate future intent or expectation: I am going to learn how to dance.
    1. To continue to be in a certain condition or continue an activity: go barefoot.
    2. To come to be in a certain condition: go mad; hair that had gone gray.
    3. To continue to be in effect or operation: a lease with one year to go.
    4. To carry out an action to a certain point or extent: Your parents went to great expense to put you through college.
  7. To be called; be known: Our friend William often goes by Billy.
    1. To be customarily located; belong: The fork goes to the left of the plate. Where do the plates go?
    2. To be capable of entering or fitting: Will the suitcase go into the trunk of your car?
    1. To pass into someone's possession: All the jewelry went to her heirs.
    2. To be allotted: How much of your salary goes for rent?
  8. To be a contributing factor: It all goes to show us that the project can be completed on time.
    1. To have a particular form: as the saying goes.
    2. To be such, by and large: well behaved, as big dogs go.
    1. To extend in time: The story goes back to the Middle Ages.
    2. To pass by; elapse: The day went pleasantly enough until I received your call.
    1. To be used up or finished: My interest in such things has gone.
    2. To be discarded or abolished: All luxuries will have to go.
    1. To become weak; fail: His hearing has started to go.
    2. To give way; break up: The dam is about to go.
  9. To cease living; die.
    1. To happen or develop; fare: How are things going?
    2. To have a successful outcome: creativity that made the advertising campaign really go.
  10. To be suitable or appropriate as an accessory or accompaniment: a color that goes beautifully with your complexion.
    1. To have authority: Whatever I say goes.
    2. To be valid, acceptable, or adequate.
  11. Informal. To excrete waste from the bladder or bowels.
  12. Informal. To begin an act: Here goes!
  13. Obsolete. To walk.
v.tr.
  1. To proceed or move according to: I was free to go my own way.
  2. To traverse: Only two of the runners went the entire distance.
  3. To engage in: went skiing.
  4. Informal.
    1. To bet: go $20 on the black horse.
    2. To bid: I'll go $500 on the vase.
  5. Informal.
    1. To take on the responsibility or obligation for: go bail for a client.
    2. To participate to (a given extent): Will you go halves with me if we win the lottery?
  6. To amount to; weigh: a shark that went 400 pounds.
  7. Sports. To have as a record: went 3 for 4 against their best pitcher.
  8. Informal. To enjoy: I could go a cold beer right now.
  9. To say or utter. Used chiefly in verbal narration: First I go, "Thank you," then he goes, "What for?"
n., pl., goes.
  1. The act or an instance of going.
  2. An attempt; an effort: had a go at acting.
  3. The time or period of an activity.
  4. Informal. Energy; vitality: had lots of go.
  5. Informal.
    1. The go-ahead.
    2. often Go The starting point: "And from Go there was something deliciously illicit about the whole affair" (Erica Abeel).
    3. Informal. A situation in which planned operations can be effectuated: The space mission is a go.
adj.
Informal. Functioning correctly and ready for action: All systems are go.

reactive, reactivity, mauvaise honte

台灣龍頭醫院台大醫院發生致命疏失,將愛滋病患器官移植到病患上,共有5病患受害。怎麼會發生如此疏失?除了台大醫院在確認捐贈者時檢驗結果時,通報台大醫檢師講的是「reactive」(陽性),接話的器捐移植小組協調師誤聽為「non-reactive」(陰性)外,移植團隊未在手術前二次確認,造成如此遺憾。

男子的器官由台大和成大進行移植手術,成大表示,手術前曾至衛署器捐中心做二度確認,發現台大登錄於該中心資料,捐贈者是愛滋陰性。

reactive

(rē-ăk'tĭv) pronunciation
adj.
  1. Tending to be responsive or to react to a stimulus.
  2. Characterized by reaction.
  3. Chemistry & Physics. Tending to participate readily in reactions.
    [形]
    1 反作用を示す, 反発する;反動[復古]的な.
    2 〈化学物質が〉よく反応する.
    3 《電気》リアクタンス(reactance)の.
reactively re·ac'tive·ly adv.
reactiveness re·ac'tive·ness or re'ac·tiv'i·ty n.

Reactivity may refer to:
  • Reactivity (chemistry), the rate at which a chemical substance tends to undergo a chemical reaction
  • Reactive programming, a property of an execution model whereby changes are automatically propagated through a dataflow network
  • Reactivity (psychology), a phenomenon which occurs when subjects alter their performance due to their awareness of being observed
  • Nuclear chain reaction, a basic parameter describing kinetics and dynamics of nuclear reactors

See also

Mauvaise honte - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster ...

Jacques Barzun《古典的,浪漫的,現代的》一段:非常謝謝rl 和小讀者


2005/6/13 我在網路simon university 受教於rl 和 小讀者,真是非常謝謝…….

首先貼文請教Jacques Barzun《古典的,浪漫的,現代的》一段我以為是重點。

『「……他們不怕犯錯誤,不怕成為他們自己,不怕被愚弄。現代的自我極端害怕這三樣東西。它受害於法國人所說的「低劣的羞愧」。……」
(雅克.巴尊(Jacques Barzun)《古典的,浪漫的,現代的》 (Classic, Romantic, and Modern).. 侯蓓譯.,江蘇教育出版社,2005,p.107)

問:能還原「低劣的羞愧」乎?
re: 問:能還原「低劣的羞愧」乎?』

rl 找來一整段,只欠東風:
『目前只找到前段(詳見Homepage所示位址):

Barzun had this to say: The first striking trait of the modern ego is self-consciousness. I say self-consciousness rather than self-awareness, because I believe that in spit of much heart-searching, the modern ego is more concerned with the way it appears in others' eyes than with learning fully about itself and admitting its troubles fearlessly. The romantics were introspective, too, but they did not fear ridicule as we do, which is why we accuse them of indecently exposing their innermost souls. They were often wrong about the value of what they had to say, but they were unafraid of being wrong, of being themselves, and of being duped. The modern ego is desperately afraid of all three. 』 -----


謝謝rl,能找到這網頁真不錯,真有用…….
小讀者留言:『It suffers from what the French call mauvaise honte. 』
hc:『小讀者真是厲害。告訴我們這真是google本事?』

小讀者留言:『嘿嘿說出來就不值錢啦
這本書小讀者有, 但一時沒空找.
google之外, 還有其他搜尋方法, 比方...別忘了Amazon的全文檢索功能... 』
--
hc認為將 mauvaise honte 翻譯成「低劣的羞愧」是錯誤的:字面義 ill shame 意思為false shame 或 painful diffidence。這有點像「假裝虛懷若谷(謙虛)」或「壓抑自己得意處」……

除了查辭典,我用google print查 mauvaise honte 真是美不勝收,看來丁丁和rl的專欄都應該應景發專文…. 』
Homepage: http://www.print.google.com/print?q=mauvaise+honte&btnG=Search+Print

2011年8月24日 星期三

Place, barque, farewell, jet lag, embarked on a mass gastric cancer screening program



Place 有時指街/廣場
晚至泰維斯托克地方( Tavistock Place)的小戲院聽戲,甚易了解。餘此後將常往也。十一月一曰星期日晴上午赴徐子俊君處,與遊溫德渥茲卡門( Garman ...

◤ JeudiDelacroix ◢
Avez-vous une idée de quel lieu aurait pu inspirer ce "Paysage : une rivière avec une barque et deux arches d'un pont en ruine" ? Un indice : il s'agirait d'une vue la Seine près de Paris...
Can you guess from where this "Landscape : a river with a barque and two arches of a ruined bridge" might have been drawn? Here is a hint: it could represent the Seine close to Paris...
⋯⋯更多



Pope embarks on his first visit to the Middle East

11.06. - George Bush Embarks on Farewell Tour of Europe

Europe will be welcoming a new US President next year, but will it have an
effect on trans-atlantic trade ties?

The DW-WORLD Article





barque 

Pronunciation: /bɑːk/ 

NOUN

1sailing ship, typically with three masts, in which the foremast and mainmast are square-rigged and the mizzenmast is rigged fore and aft.
1.1literary A boat.



Origin

Middle English: from Old French, probably from Provençal barca, from late Latin barca'ship's boat'.

 em・bark

━━ vi. 乗船する; 飛行機に乗り込む ((on)); 船出する ((for)); (事業に)乗り出す ((on, upon)).

━━ vt. 船に乗せる; 従事させる ((in, on)); 投資する.
 em・bar・ka・tion ━━ n. 乗船, 搭乗; 貨物の積み込み; 積み荷; 着手 ((on, upon)).
 embarkation card 出国カード.


(embark on/upon) Begin (a course of action):she embarked on a new career
embarkv.-barked-bark·ing-barksv.tr.
  1. To cause to board a vessel or aircraft: stopped to embark passengers.
  2. To enlist (a person or persons) or invest (capital) in an enterprise.
v.intr.
  1. To go aboard a vessel or aircraft, as at the start of a journey.
  2. To set out on a venture; commence: embark on a world tour.
[French embarquer, from Late Old French, probably from Medieval Latin imbarcāre : Latin in-, in- + barca, boat.]
embarkation em'bar·ka'tion or em·bark'ment n.

fare・well  

━━ int., a., n. さようなら; 告別の(あいさつ).
 bid [say] … farewell / bid [say] farewell to … …に別れを告げる.


gastric
adjective SPECIALIZED
relating to the stomach:
gastric juices
a gastric ulcer

gastritis 
noun [U] SPECIALIZED ━━ n. 胃炎.
an illness in which the stomach walls become swollen and painful


gastric━━ a. 胃の(近くの).
 gastric cancer 胃がん.
In terms of cancer screening, Japan once was the world leader. Regrettably, however, it now lags far behind other industrialized countries. In the 1960s, Toshio Kurokawa (1897-1988)--a professor of medicine at Tohoku University who later assumed the presidency of the Sendai-based university and also that of the Japan Academy--and his team embarked on a mass gastric cancer screening program in Miyagi Prefecture.



 gastric juice 胃液.
 gastric mill 【動】胃咀嚼(そしゃく)器.
 gastric ulcer 胃潰瘍(かいよう).


This voluntary recall is intended to address a quality issue. In in-vitro tests, the disintegration time of some tested samples in gastric fluid-like ...美國在1999年仍然有45,000名這種病人必須接受一種極端的減肥手術-胃迴路手術(Gastric Bypass)。這種手術的目的在於先使用胃間隔術使胃容量減至十分之一左右,再把這個縮小的胃接到小腸,同時使小腸的有效吸收長度剩下一公尺左右(正常者4至5公尺長)。這種手術是現在公認最為有效的減肥方法,在美國已蔚為主流。


jet lag noun [U]
the feeling of tiredness and confusion which people experience after making a long journey in an aircraft to a place where the time is different from the place they left:
Every time I fly to the States, I get really bad jet lag.jet lag: hastens death in aged rats, as do rotating schedule shifts (story)

Monster founder McKelvey resigned from its board. The career-services company said he declined to be interviewed in its options probe. McKelvey's counsel said he misunderstood earlier questions due to illness and jet lag.

jet-lagged 
adjective




place
(Abbr. Pl.) A public square or street with houses in a town.
(通例P-))広場;(短い)通り, 街区, …. ▼しばしば地名に用いる. (略:Pl.
Irving Place アービング町.

2011年8月22日 星期一

Schadenfreude, make a good buy


What’s Schadenfreude in Chinese?

Disarray in the West generates mixed reactions in Asia




German newspapers were falling over themselves with "Schadenfreude". The Financial Times Deutschland dubbed the aristocrat "Baron Cut-and-Paste" on its front page -- and with a cheeky superscript "1" next to the headline to indicate a footnote.
德國報紙簡直是竭盡「幸災樂禍」之能事。德國金融時報就在頭版戲稱這位貴族之後為「剪貼伯爵」,還在新聞標題旁用俗氣的上標寫著代表論文註腳的數字1。




Police Target Student Drug Use
They were just four words typically text-messaged to his cellphone -- "What are the numbers?" -- but to a teenage pot dealer at one of Montgomery County's elite high schools they were part of a code used by students interested in making a buy.
(By Dan Morse, The Washington Post)


make a good buy

buy (PAY FOR) Show phonetics
verb [I or T] boughtbought
to obtain something by paying money for it:
Eventually she had saved enough money to buy a small car.
[+ two objects] He bought his mother some flowers/He bought some flowers for his mother.
There are more people buying at this time of the year so prices are high.
The company was set up to buy and sell shares on behalf of investors.
I bought my camera from/INFORMAL off a friend of mine.
UK We bought in (= bought for future use) lots of tinned food in case of heavy snow.
McDowell was trying to buy into the newspaper business (= buy a part of it to have some control over it).
What will we have to do to buy her silence (= to make her not tell anyone what she knows)?

buy Show phonetics
noun
a good/bad buy to be worth/not be worth the price:
This jacket is a really good buy, at £20.

buyer Show phonetics
noun [C]
1 someone who buys something expensive such as a house:
He's still looking for a buyer for his house.

2 someone whose job it is to decide what will be bought by a company:
She's the buyer for a stylish boutique in Dublin.

schadenfreude[scha・den・freu・de]

  • 発音記号[ʃɑ'ːdnfrɔ`idə]
[名][U]他人の不幸や災難を喜ぶこと.
[ドイツ語]

2011年8月17日 星期三

menopause , meno-, oestrogen





《中英對照讀新聞》Soy does not ease the menopause 大豆不會緩解更年期症狀

◎國際新聞中心

Soy appears to do nothing to relieve the symptoms of menopause, scientists say, despite the high hopes of many. A study involving nearly 250 US women found soy tablets did not abate hot flushes or bone density loss. The tablets were no better than placebo over the two-year-long investigation, Archives of Internal Medicine reports. But experts said other studies have shown soy can ease menopause symptoms.

科學家說,大豆(俗稱黃豆)似乎不會緩解更年期症狀。內科醫學檔案報導,一份涉及近250名美國女性的研究發現,大豆碇並不會緩解熱潮紅或骨質密度流失,在為期兩年的調查期間,效果也沒有比安慰劑好。但專家說,其他研究顯示,大豆可緩解更年期症狀。

The dose given in the latest trial was twice that normally ingested by people with soy-rich diets. Soy products like tofu contain natural plant oestrogens and experts have suggested that these might help women going through the menopause whose own oestrogen levels are dwindling.

在最新這份試驗中(參與者攝取)的大豆量,是一般飲食富含大豆者正常攝取量的兩倍。豆腐等大豆製品含天然植物雌激素,專家認為,雌激素或能幫助女性度過自體雌激素日漸減少的更年期。

The researchers from the University of Miami say their work suggests soy is not a candidate, although they stress that they only looked at soy isoflavone tablets rather than other dietary sources of soy.

邁阿密大學研究人員表示,他們的研究顯示,大豆並不是候選人,不過他們強調,他們只觀察大豆異黃酮素碇,而不是其他的大豆飲食來源。

They recruited 248 menopausal women to take part in their study and randomly allocated them to one of two groups: soy or placebo. The soy group received 200mg of soy isoflavone tablets daily for two years. During the follow-up, no significant differences were found between the two groups regarding changes in bone loss.

他們募集248名更年期女性參與研究,並隨機將她們分為兩組:大豆組與安慰劑組,大豆組每天吃200毫克大豆異黃酮素,為期兩年。在追蹤期間,兩組的骨質流失程度並沒有很大的差異。

新聞辭典

abate:動詞,減輕。例句:The storm has started to abate. (暴風雨開始緩和下來了。)

relieve:動詞,減緩。例句:She was given a shot of morphine to relieve the pain.(她打了一針嗎啡減輕疼痛。)

ingest:動詞,吸收、攝取。例句:She ingested large amounts of information very quickly.(她在短時間迅速吸收大量資訊。)


menopause

(mĕn'ə-pôz') pronunciation
n.
  1. The permanent cessation of menstruation, occurring usually between the ages of 45 and 55.
  2. The period during which such cessation occurs.

[New Latin mēnopausis : MENO- + Greek pausis, pause; see pause.]

menopausal men'o·paus'al adj.
  • [ménəpɔːz]

[名]((the 〜))閉経期, 更年期.
[フランス語ménopause (MENO-+PAUSE=月のものがなくなること)]
mén・o・páusal
[形]閉経[更年]期の;若々しさを失った;〈母親が〉(体外受精で)超高齢出産の.






meno-[men・o-]

  • 発音記号[ménou-, -nə-]
「月」
menophania
初潮.

or men-
pref.
  1. Menstruation: menarche.
[mənɑ'ːrki] [名]月経開始期, 初潮.

  1. Menses:
  2. [ménsiːz]

[名](複)((単数・複数扱い))月経.
[ラテン語mensis「月」の複数形mēnsēs]

  1. menorrhagia.

[Greek, from mēn, month.]


oestrogen[oes・tro・gen]

  • 発音記号[éstrədʒən | íːs-]

[名]=estrogen.

  • [éstrədʒən]

[名][U]《生化学》エストロゲン:卵胞[発情]ホルモンの総称
estrogen replacement therapy
(更年期の)エストロゲン補充療法.
ès・tro・gén・ic
[形]発情促進の, 発情させる.

Neets, end up, acronym, wordsmith

Wordsmiths take aim at simplifying acronyms for Army
Stars and Stripes
Even though warfighter is found in some dictionaries, it's not in Webster's Dictionary. Robin Williams in character of Adrian Cronauer in the movie “Good Morning Vietnam,” 1987. AP Photo/Touchstone Pictures “Excuse me, sir. Seeing as how the VP is such .




Over the past decade, the government has focused on helping those young people likely to end up not in employment, education or training - so-called Neets.


NEET
is an acronym for the government classification for people currently "Not in Employment, Education or Training". It was first used in the United Kingdom but its use has spread to other countries, including Japan, China, and South Korea.



end up
Arrive at, result in, finish. For example, He thought he'd end up living in the city, or We don't know how Nancy will end up. [First half of 1900s] Also see wind up.

2011年8月16日 星期二

troubled waters, decommissioned


2. Troubled Waters: Why China's Navy Makes Asia Nervous

By Austin Ramzy / Dalian

The acquisition of a decommissioned Soviet carrier, at a time of naval tension in Asia, heralds Beijing's growing territorial ambition




troubled
adj Definition: anxious
Antonyms: carefree, unperturbed, unworried


  • [trʌ'bld]

[形]
1 〈顔・声などが〉不安そうな, 当惑した, 〈心などが〉乱れた, 心の安まらない, (…で)苦しんで, 悩んで((with, by ...))
wear a troubled look
心配そうな顔をする.
2 問題を抱えた, 困難な, 〈海などが〉荒れた, 〈世相が〉騒然とした
a troubled child
問題児.


  • [wɔ'ːtər, wɑ't- | wɔ'ː-]

[名]
1 [U]水
fresh [sea] water
淡水[海水]
hard [soft] water
硬水[軟水]
standing [running] water
たまり[流れる]水(▼次の用法に注意:The house did not have running water. その家には水道は引いてなかった)
boiling water
熱湯
drinking water
飲料水
hot water
turn on the water
(蛇口をひねって)水を出す
wash one's face in cold water
冷水で顔を洗う
add more water to the tea
お茶に湯をつぎたす(▼英語には「湯」に当たる一語がないので状況によって「湯」の意にもなる).
2 ((the 〜s))(健康によい)鉱(泉)水
drink the waters
鉱水を飲む
take the waters
((英))鉱水を飲む;温泉にはいる.
3 [U]水量, 水位, 水深, 潮;水面;水路, 海路
at high [low] water
高潮[低潮]に
above [under] water
水面上[下]に
boats on the water
水面に浮かぶ舟.
4 ((〜s))領海, 近海, 水域;((通例the 〜s))流れる[波立つ]水;海, 湖, 川;洪水
territorial [Mexican] waters
領海[メキシコ水域]
the river's mighty waters
川の勢いよい流れ
cross the waters
海を渡る
His house looked over the water.
彼の家からは海が見渡せた
Still waters run deep.
((ことわざ)) 静かな流れは深い;考えの深い人はむやみに口をきかない(▼「黙っている人は油断ならない」の意でも用いる).
5 [U][C]生体の分泌[排出]液, 体液(涙・汗・尿・よだれ・羊水など)
hold one's water
小便をこらえる
one's waters break
(妊婦が)破水する
break a woman's waters
(助産婦などが)女性を破水させる.
6 [U]水剤, 化粧水;水溶液;((複合語))…水
quinine water
キニーネ水
barley water
大麦のせんじ汁
rosewater
ばら香水.
7 《化学》(分子中の)水
water of hydration
水和水
water of crystallization
結晶水.
8 [U](船の)浸水, 漏水
make [take in] water
浸水[漏水]する.
9 《金融》株の水増し評価額;水増し株(の発行).
10 (ダイヤの)透明度, 品質;(一般に)品質, 品位, 優秀性
an orchestra of the first water
一流オーケストラ.
11 (織 物・金属板の)波模様, 波紋.
12 [U]水彩絵の具;[C]水彩画.

2011年8月15日 星期一

dauphin, catastrophic presidency, dealmaker



WHEN the man likely to become China’s next president meets an African oil executive, you would expect the dauphin to dominate the dealmaker. Not...


Kiss
given to a Poet
Margaret, daughter of James I. of Scotland and wife of Louis XI. (when only dauphin), kissed the mouth of Alain Chartier “for uttering so many fine things.” Chartier, however, was a decidedly ugly man, and, of course, was asleep at the time.
The tale is sometimes erroneously told of Ronsard the poet.

RL:
En.
outrageous
Source: William Shakespeare : King Henry VI Part 1 Act V. Scene 4
Enter CARDINAL BEAUFORT, attended CARDINAL. Lord Regent, I do greet your Excellence
With letters of commission from the King.
For know, my lords, the states of Christendom,
Mov'd with remorse of these outrageous broils,
Have earnestly implor'd a general peace
Betwixt our nation and the aspiring French;
And here at hand the Dauphin and his train
Approacheth, to confer about some matter.

【rl譯】莎士比亞:《亨利六世》上篇第五幕第四景
波福紅衣主教入場,偕侍從 紅衣主教 總督大人,我帶著詔書
前來向閣下致意。
諸位大人,鑑於許多基督教國家
憐憫(多年)爭執所引起的種種暴亂,
誠摯懇求全面和平
於我國和有抱負的法國之間;
很快地,法國皇太子和隨從
就要到來,磋商一些事宜。


DAUPHIN: Porte les enfants sur son dos.
"海豚兒童波特在他的背上。" machine translation


dauphin (DAW-fin)

noun: An heir apparent in business, politics, etc.

Etymology
From the title of the eldest son of a king of France and the direct heir to the throne, from 1350 to 1830. The title came from the dolphins that adorned the coat of arms, from Old French daulphin (dolphin), from Latin delphinus, from Greek delphin, from delphus (womb), from the shape of the organ. Earliest documented use: 1485.

Usage
"James Murdoch's elder brother, Lachlan, long regarded as the dauphin, resigned his positions at News Corp and retreated to Australia in 2005." — Peter Wilby; The Sun King's Long Goodbye; New Statesman (London, UK); Feb 10, 2011.

"Bush's memoir should prompt renewed reflections upon his catastrophic presidency. It is really a saga of how a dauphin could take the leading power in the world and leave it crippled." — Jacob Heilbrunn; George Bush's Unmemorable Memoir; The National Interest (Washington, DC); Nov 8, 2010.

2011年8月13日 星期六

derring-do, decorations galore

In spite of such horrors, and in spite of such feats as bicycling over 500km in under 72 hours to find a radio operator, Captain Wake was having the time of her life. She was still only 26, a woman among 7,000 (mostly) admiring men, carrying out daily acts of derring-do and revelling in a job she had plainly been born for. Although she lived with the constant possibility of capture, it held no fear for her, and she did not yet know that her husband, rather than betray her, had been arrested by the Gestapo, tortured and killed. Decorations galore—from Britain, France, America and Australia—awaited her, but life would never be as good again.





derring-do

(dĕr'ĭng-dū')
n.
Daring or reckless action.

[Misinterpretation of earlier derrynge do, misprint of Late Middle English dorryng do, daring to do, from Middle English durring don, daring to do : durring, present participle of durren, to dare (from Old English durran; see dare) + don, to do; see do1.]


decoration

[名]
1 [U]飾りつけ, 装飾;[C]装飾物
stage decoration
舞台装飾.
3 勲章, メダル
a military decoration
軍人勲章.
galore

(gə-lôr', -lōr') pronunciation
adj.
In great numbers; in abundance: "with balloons and hot dogs . . . and fireworks galore" (Anne Armstrong).

[Irish Gaelic go leór, enough : go, adv. particle + leór, enough (from Old Irish lour , alteration of roar).]


2011年8月12日 星期五

bracken, pinnately, dryish, geayish


He had cut the rough turf and bracken, leaving the grey, dryish soil bare.

http://www.fullbooks.com/England-My-England1.html




bracken

n.
  1. A widespread, often weedy fern (Pteridium aquilinum) having large, triangular, pinnately compound fronds and often forming dense thickets.
  2. An area overgrown with this fern.
[Middle English braken, probably of Scandinavian origin.]


pin·nate (pĭn'āt') pronunciation
also pin·nat·ed ('tĭd)
adj.
Resembling a feather; having parts or branches arranged on each side of a common axis: a polyp with a pinnate form; pinnate leaves.

[Latin pinnātus, feathered, from pinna, feather.]
pinnately pin'nate'ly adv.

adj. - 羽狀的

日本語 (Japanese)
adj. - 羽状の, 翼のある

FROND
n. - 植物體

日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 葉, 葉状体


bracken
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Pteridopsida
Order: Dennstaedtiales
Family: Dennstaedtiaceae
Genus: Pteridium


n. - 歐洲蕨

日本語 (Japanese)
n. - ワラビ, ワラビの茂み

Soft Power, go anywhere

幾年什麼"軟實力"在台灣滿天飛 這Soft Power是反諷


The Media Equation

News Corp.'s Soft Power in the U.S.

By DAVID CARR

A division of the News Corporation has twice come under investigations in the United States, but neither went anywhere.

2011年8月11日 星期四

earth shattering, wellness, momentous



Downgrading our politics

Standard & Poor’s decision to downgrade America’s credit rating is momentous


CEOs look to 'wellness managers'
The philosophy behind the leadership work is hardly earth shattering. A consultancy called the Energy Project, based in the U.S. and the U.K., shows people how to renew themselves by eating a better diet, exercising, spending time with their families and doing the things that matter to them most: Going to church or volunteering for a charity.

momentous
(mō-mĕn'təs) pronunciation
adj.
Of utmost importance; of outstanding significance or consequence: a momentous occasion; a momentous decision.





earth-shattering
pronunciation

IN BRIEF: Momentous; Of great importance.

2011年8月10日 星期三

a triple-A rated, on hand, on its hands

France Fights to Keep Its Rating
France is still a triple-A rated country—but it has a fight on its hands to convince markets.


on hand
1. In one's possession, available, as in The business needs to have enough cash on hand. [c. 1100]
2. Present, as in Jim was always on hand to help. [Mid-1800s]
3. Soon, imminent. See at hand, def. 2.

habit, parliament, ingrained, (tough-) (cross-) grained


habit :習慣;習性:習慣成自然,逐漸變為第二天性。好習慣稱為德行,壞習慣稱為毛病。拉丁文稱作 habitus

(hăb'ĭt) pronunciation
n.
    1. A recurrent, often unconscious pattern of behavior that is acquired through frequent repetition.
    2. An established disposition of the mind or character.
  1. Customary manner or practice: a person of ascetic habits.
  2. An addiction, especially to a narcotic drug.
  3. Physical constitution.
  4. Characteristic appearance, form, or manner of growth, especially of a plant or crystal.
  5. A distinctive dress or costume, especially of a religious order.
habit, religious :會衣:修會會士的制服。


    A riding habit.

tr.v., -it·ed, -it·ing, -its.
To clothe; dress.

[Middle English, clothing, from Old French, clothing, behavior, custom, from Latin habitus, from past participle of habēre, to have.]
SYNONYMS habit, practice, custom, usage, use, wont, habitude. These nouns denote patterns of behavior established by continual repetition. Habit applies to a behavior or practice so ingrained that it is often done without conscious thought: "Habit rules the unreflecting herd" (William Wordsworth). Practice denotes an often chosen pattern of individual or group behavior: "You will find it a very good practice always to verify your references, sir" (Martin Joseph Routh). Custom is behavior as established by long practice and especially by accepted conventions: "No written law has ever been more binding than unwritten custom supported by popular opinion" (Carrie Chapman Catt). Usage refers to an accepted standard for a group that regulates individual behavior: "laws ... corrected, altered, and amended by acts of parliament and common usage" (William Blackstone). Use and wont are terms for customary and distinctive practice: "situations where the use and wont of their fathers no longer meet their necessities" (J.A. Froude). Habitude refers to an individual's behaving in a certain way rather than a specific act: "His real habitude gave life and grace/To appertainings and to ornament" (Shakespeare).

parliament
(pär'lə-mənt) pronunciation
n.
  1. A national representative body having supreme legislative powers within the state.
  2. Parliament The national legislature of various countries, especially that of the United Kingdom, made up of the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
[Middle English, a meeting about national concerns, from Old French parlement, from parler, to talk. See parley.]



ingrained[in・grained]

  • レベル:社会人必須
  • 発音記号[ingréind]

[形]
1 〈偏見・迷信・気性・習慣などが〉深くしみ込んだ;根深い;生得の, 生まれつきの
an ingrained habit
身についた習慣
ingrained prejudice
根深い偏見.
2 〈よごれが〉糸[繊維]の中までしみ込んだ.
in・grain・ed・ly〔inréinidli, -réind-〕
[副]

grained[grained]

  • 発音記号[gréind]

[形]
1 ((通例複合語))粒が…の
coarse-grained salt
あら塩.
2 木目[石目]のある, 木目塗りの.
3 粒状の, ざらざら[ぶつぶつ]した;〈獣皮が〉毛を抜いた.
4 ((通例複合語))性質[性分, 気質]が…の
a tough-grained writer
不屈の根性を持つ文筆家.
 
 
 
cross-grained (adjective) Difficult to deal with.
Synonyms:contrarious
Usage:Gabriel Grub was an ill-conditioned, cross-grained, surly fellow—a morose and lonely man, who consorted with nobody but himself.
 

2011年8月9日 星期二

2011年8月6日 星期六

Blimps , hiding, wipe the floor with

Talking to people in the Home Guard, including Blimps and quite wealthy businessmen, I find everyone completely pro-Russian, though much divided in opinion about the Russian capacity to resist. Typical conversation, recorded as well as I can remember it: -

Wholesale poulterer: “Well, I hope the Russians give them a bloody good hiding.”

Clothing manufacturer (Jewish): “They won’t. They’ll go to pieces, just like last time. You’ll see.”

Doctor (some kind of foreigner, perhaps refugee): “You’re absolutely wrong. Everyone’s underrated the strength of Russia. They’ll wipe the floor with the Nazis.”

Wholesale grocer: “Damn it, there’s two hundred bloody millions of them”.




In British and New Zealand slang a "hiding" may refer to a sound beating. Come here Rangi, I am gonna give you such a hiding.

hiding[hid・ing2]

  • 発音記号[háidiŋ]

[名]((略式))
1 むち打つこと
give a child a hiding
子供を打ちすえる.
2 完敗
get quite a hiding
完敗する
give a good hiding to ...
…を打ち負かす.
be on a hiding to nothing
((英略式))成功の見込みがまったくない, 勝ち目がない.

Clothing manufacturer: “Yes, but they’re not organised”, etc., etc., etc.

mop up the floor

Also, wipe the floor with. Defeat thoroughly, overwhelm, as in The young boxer said he was sure to mop up the floor with his opponent, or I just know we'll wipe the floor with the competition. [Late 1800s]

((俗))〈人を〉たたきのめす, やっつける.

Cólonel Blímp[Cólonel Blímp]

((英))初老の尊大な反動主義者. ▼特に職業軍人・役人についていう.


George Orwell and Tom Wintringham made especially extensive use of the term "blimps", Orwell in his articles[3] and Wintringham in his books How to Reform the Army and People's War, with exactly the above meaning in mind.

In his 1941 essay "The Lion and the Unicorn", Orwell referred to two important sub-sections of the middle class, one of which was the military and imperialistic middle class, nicknamed the Blimps, and characterised by the "half-pay colonel with his bull neck and diminutive brain". He added that they had been losing their vitality over the past thirty years, "writhing impotently under the changes that were happening".[4]