2011年5月31日 星期二

necrology, electrocution, dynamo

Necrology buffs should note the bizarre, grisly deaths by blast-furnace in the very cruel "The Cone" (1895), and by electrocution in "The Lord of the Dynamos" (1894) -- featuring a one-man cult of dynamo worship which culminates in "a Martyrdom and a Human Sacrifice."



A dynamo (from the Greek word dynamis; meaning power), originally another name for an electrical generator, generally means a generator that produces direct current with the use of a commutator.

necrology (nuh-KROL-uh-jee, neh-)

noun:
1. A list of those who have died during a specific period.
2. An obituary.

Etymology
From Greek necro- (dead) + -logy (account). Earliest documented use: 1728.

Usage
"The fare structure is one reason Independence Air has joined a necrology of low-cost carriers that stretches over four decades." — Marc Fisher; We Loved That Airline To Death; Washington Post; Jan 5, 2006.

2011年5月30日 星期一

widget, 'People Widget'


Google Adds 'People Widget' to Gmail
PC Magazine
Over the next couple weeks, Google is rolling out the People Widget, which will make it easier than ever to see contextual information about your contacts. By William Fenton When Google isn't getting into your wallet, they're tinkering with your inbox. ...




A year ago at the same event, Kim put a lot of the emphasis on “widgets,” simple programs that appear on TV screens and exploit a format developed in an alliance with Yahoo. This year, he stressed that widgets are helpful but not sufficient; programmers need a more powerful development environment that they understand already.
The best candidate, Kim suggested, is Adobe Systems’ Flash format, which is already used to bring animations and video to Web sites. And not some stripped-down version of the technology, either, but technology that is capable of playing games and other sophisticated content. So Intel and Adobe announced plans to adapt its Flash Player 10 technology to consumer-electronics devices by the first half of 2010.




widget

n.
  1. A small mechanical device or control; a gadget.
  2. An unnamed or hypothetical manufactured article.
[Perhaps alteration of GADGET.]


以“widget”(小工具)這個詞為例﹐
如果你在谷歌上快速搜索這個詞﹐排在最前面的鏈接是蘋果(Apple)和雅虎(Yahoo)的工具指引﹐隨後則是維基百科(Wikipedia)。即便不打開這些鏈接﹐你也能輕鬆猜到﹐這個詞如今指的是網站上的某種附加功能。

用現在對這個詞的理解對比下2009版Merriam-Webster詞典(免費網絡版或印刷版)裡面的解釋:“為了假設例子所考慮的未標題文章“。什麼?這部字典也沒有提供例句來解釋一下。

2009 版American Heritage詞典(你可以通過Dictionary.com網站免費查閱)的解釋較為貼近當前。該字典對widget的解釋是“一個運行一些簡單功能 的程序﹐例如提供天氣預報或股票報價﹐可以通過電腦桌面、網頁、手機或訂閱電視服務使用”。不過﹐同樣沒有提供例句。

擁有295年曆史的 《牛津英語詞典》(Oxford English Dictionary)網絡版的情況更為糟糕。這個詞條的落款是“2003年11月添加的暫定解釋”﹐其解釋如下:“電腦屏幕上的一個視覺符號﹔圖形用戶 界面上的的一個圖形設備﹔啟動此類設備時相關操作涉及的軟件和數據﹐尤其是共同組成一個工具。”

共同組成一個工具?過去的6年時間﹐《牛津英語詞典》的編輯們難道都沒有機會更新一下這繞口的解釋?

最後﹐我轉向一個新的網絡詞典Wordnik。關於“widget”一詞的解釋同樣也是過時的。不過﹐在相關解釋的下面是一串來自於Twitter和一些科技刊物的例句﹐非常好地詮釋了這個詞語的含義和當前用途。真是很棒!


2011年5月29日 星期日

Indy 500, Memorial Day. rear-view mirror. trophy

Spotlight:

The Indy 500 Trophy
The Indy 500 Trophy
How large is the Indianapolis Motor Speedway? The world's largest spectator sporting facility (it seats 250,000), the Indianapolis Motor Speedway covers 1,025 acres — the oval itself covers 253 acres. Today marks the centennial year of the Indy 500 car race; the world's largest single-day spectator sport event has been held on the Sunday before Memorial Day almost every year since 1911, only skipping 1917-18 and 1942-45, while America was at war in Europe. In the first Indy 500, winner Ray Harroun's Marmon racecar became the first known automobile to sport what would become known as a rear-view mirror. Thirty-three of the world's best drivers will compete today for the chance to get their name on the Borg-Warner Trophy. The flag drops and the cars take off at 12:00 noon ET.

Quote:

"I watched the Indy 500, and I was thinking that if they left earlier they wouldn't have to go so fast." Steven Wright

2011年5月28日 星期六

Civil Associations Act

通過「人民團體法部分條文修正案」

Taiwan makes it legal to advocate communism

TAIPEI — Taiwan's legislature has made it legal to advocate communism, changing a law that was a legacy of the island's long Cold War with the mainland, local media reported Saturday.

Lawmakers on Friday amended the Civil Associations Act, removing an article that had made it illegal for organisations to promote communism, the Liberty Times and other newspapers said.

full well, ananym

Quote:

"You know full well as I do the value of sisters' affections: There is nothing like it in this world." Charlotte Brontë


full well
Very well, exceedingly well, as in You know full well how much this costs. [c. 1700]

ananym (AN-uh-nim)

noun
A name formed by reversing letters of another name, often used as a pseudonym.

Etymology
From Greek ana- (back) + -onym (name)

Examples:
  • Talk show host Oprah's production company is named Harpo.
  • Doctor Seuss (Theodore Geisel) wrote many books under the name Theo LeSieg.
  • Samuel Butler wrote a satirical novel Erewhon (near reverse of Nowhere).


Usage
"Rongis was an ananym - so named by an employee of the stagecoach company whose own name was Ali Signor." — John McPhee; Rising from the Plains; Farrar, Straus and Giroux; 1986.

dotage, dote, tops the charts, in the same boat

Happy Birthday Bob Dylan

A curious dotage

Mr Dylan just turned 70. He still tours, and tops the charts—but is he a golden oldie, or a tarnished one?


Dylan, who will be 70 on May 24th, ought to be in McCartney’s boat, but somehow finds himself in Lennon’s. His albums have been getting more successful, not less. “Modern Times”, released in 2006, went to number one in America, the first Dylan album to do so since “Desire” 30 years earlier. His last set of new songs, “Together Through Life” (2009), went to number one both in America and in Britain, where he hadn’t topped the chart for 39 years. No living person had ever returned to number one after such a long gap.


dotage
('tĭj) pronunciation
n.
A deterioration of mental faculties.

[Middle English, from doten, to dote.]


dote
(dōt) pronunciation
intr.v., dot·ed, dot·ing, dotes.
To show excessive fondness or love: parents who dote on their only child.

[Middle English doten.]

doter dot'er n.


idiom:

in the same boat

  1. In the same situation as another or others.





2011年5月26日 星期四

nautical almanac

A nautical almanac is a publication describing the positions of a selection of celestial bodies for the purpose of enabling navigators to use celestial navigation to determine the position of their ship while at sea. The Almanac specifies for each whole hour of the year the position on the Earth's surface (in declination and Greenwich hour angle) at which the sun, moon, planets and first point of Aries is directly overhead. The positions of 57 selected stars are specified relative to the first point of Aries.

Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/nautical-almanac#ixzz1NYa15iOU

nautical
[形]海員の;船舶の;海上の, 航海[海事]の
nautical terminology
海事[航海]用語.

diffident, confident, self-assured

The self-portrait is curiously contradictory. Blair is ruthless but at times diffident.


self-assured (adjective) Showing poise and confidence in your own worth.
Synonyms:self-confident
Usage:He's a self-assured negotiator, and his confidence helps him make sales that no one else can.



dif·fi·dent (dĭf'ĭ-dənt, -dĕnt') pronunciation
adj.
  1. Lacking or marked by a lack of self-confidence; shy and timid. See synonyms at shy1.
  2. Reserved in manner.

[Middle English, from Latin diffīdēns, diffīdent-, present participle of diffīdere, to mistrust : dis-, dis- + fīdere, to trust.]

diffidently dif'fi·dent·ly adv.

adj.
  1. Lacking or marked by a lack of self-confidence; shy and timid. See synonyms at shy1.
  2. Reserved in manner.

[Middle English, from Latin diffīdēns, diffīdent-, present participle of diffīdere, to mistrust : dis-, dis- + fīdere, to trust.]

diffidently dif'fi·dent·ly adv.
[形](自分の能力・適性について)自信のない((about, of ...));気おくれしている, はにかみがちな;控え目な.
dif・fi・dent・ly
[副]自信がなさそうに, おずおずと.



confident
adj.
  1. Marked by assurance, as of success.
  2. Marked by confidence in oneself; self-assured. See synonyms at sure.
  3. Very bold; presumptuous.
  4. Obsolete. Confiding; trustful.

[Latin cōnfīdēns, cōnfīdent-, present participle of cōnfīdere, to rely on. See confide.]

confidently con'fi·dent·ly adv.

epistemological

epistemology[e・pis・te・mol・o・gy]


  • [ipìstəmɑ'lədʒi | -mɔ'l-]

[名]《哲学》認識論.
e・pìs・te・mo・lóg・i・cal epistemological probability
[形]
e・pis・te・mol・o・gist
[名]

2011年5月25日 星期三

Chancellor, Speaker, Lords,Members

As part of a state visit, US President Barack Obama has given a keynote address to both houses of the British Parliament, gathered at London's Westminster Hall. Here is his speech in full, with analysis from the BBC's deputy political editor, James Landale.

"My Lord Chancellor, Mr Speaker, Mr Prime Minister, my Lords, and Members of the House of Commons:


  • [tʃǽnsələr | tʃɑ'ːn-]

[名]
1 ((C-))((英))((称号))大法官, 高官;大蔵大臣(Chancellor of the Exchequer)
Lord (High) Chancellor [=Chancellor of England]
((英))(最高司法官で上院議長を兼ね国璽(こくじ)を保管する)大法官
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
((英))ランカスター公領相.
2 ((米))衡平法裁判所の裁判官.
3 ((時にC-))(ドイツなどの)首相.
4 (国王・貴族などの)秘書;大使館の1等書記官.
5 ((米))(州立大学システムの分校の)総長(▼分校を含む大学システム全体の総長はPresidentが普通. 大学によっては分校の長にもPresidentを使う);((英))大学の総長(▼名誉職で実務は副総長が執る).
6 ((米))公立学校システムの教育長(school chancellor).
7 《カトリック》教皇庁尚書(しょうしょ)院長;司教区尚書係.
[アングロフランス語←後ラテン語cancellārius. cancellīは「格子戸」で, cancellāriusの原義は「判事席の前の格子戸近くに座っていた役人」]

SPEAKER

  • [spíːkər]

[名]
1 話す[語る]人;話者;演説家, 講演者, (ある言語の)話し手, 話者((of ...));雄弁家
a good [a poor] speaker
雄弁家[訥弁(とつべん)家]
a native speaker
母語話者.
2 ((通例the S-))(米国・英国の下院の)議長
Mr. Speaker!
((呼びかけ))議長.
3 スピーカー;拡声器(loudspeaker).
4 (雄弁術練習のための)演説選集.
be on speakers
((英))=be on SPEAKING terms.
speak・er・shìp
[名][U]議長の職[任期].

2011年5月23日 星期一

beauteous, commoner

Mohamed Reza Pahlevi, the Shah of Iran, divorced from beauteous Princess Fawzia, sister of Egypt's tubby King Farouk, announced that his next wife would be a commoner, pretty Soraya Esfandiari, 19, granddaughter of a tribal chief. The wedding date: Dec. 27, birthday of Mohamed.


beauteous

(byū'tē-əs) pronunciation
adj.
Beautiful, especially to the sight.

beauteously beau'te·ous·ly adv.
beauteousness beau'te·ous·ness n.


revolving door, lobbying

Obama Presses Israel to Make ‘Hard Choices’

President Obama repeated his call for Palestinian statehood based on Israel’s pre-1967 borders adjusted for land swaps in a speech to the nation’s foremost pro-Israel lobbying group.



Japan’s Andy Warhol politics

日本的陳年問題之ㄧ
" Japan’s Andy Warhol politics"可不是“旋转门” 這可能是誤譯

政坛“旋转门”害惨日本
The perils of Japan’s Andy Warhol politics



The revolving door is the movement of personnel between roles as legislators and regulators and the industries affected by the legislation and regulation and on within lobbying companies. In some cases the roles are performed in sequence but in certain circumstances may be performed at the same time. Political analysts claim that an unhealthy relationship can develop between the private sector and government, based on the granting of reciprocated privileges to the detriment of the nation[1][2] and can lead to regulatory capture.



lobbying GROUP 利害關係的遊說團體

2011年5月21日 星期六

foolhardy, space tourist

Frugal Traveler Blog

The Mediterranean on a Budget: The Voyage Begins

By SETH KUGEL
Thursday was the beginning of what sounds like a foolhardy adventure: high season in the Mediterranean on a budget.



Circus chief to be space tourist


Guy Laliberte   
Guy Laliberte will become the seventh private citizen to go to the ISS

The founder of Cirque du Soleil, the circus performance group, is set to become Canada's first space tourist in September.
Guy Laliberte, 49, will travel to the International Space Station (ISS) on a Russian Soyuz for a flight estimated to cost at least $25m (£15m; 18m euros).
The Quebec-based billionaire will become the seventh private citizen to visit the ISS since April 2001.
Past visits by paying space tourists have lasted from a week to 13 days.

Laliberte has said in past interviews he wanted to travel into space one day.
He follows in the footsteps of other successful entrepreneurs, including California businessman Dennis Tito and American software executive Charles Simonyi.
Mr Simonyi, the latest tourist to visit the ISS, took his second trip in March, spending an estimated $60m (£37m; 42m euros) on both space voyages.
Laliberte has built a fortune estimated at $2.5bn (£1.5bn; 1.8bn euros) from the Montreal circus, which has grown into a global organisation with $700m (£432m; 495m euros) in sales.
The flights are organised through the Virginia-based company Space Adventures.


foolhardy
(fūl'här') pronunciation
adj., -di·er, -di·est.
Unwisely bold or venturesome; rash. See synonyms at reckless.

[Middle English folhardi, from Old French fol hardi : fol, fool; see fool + hardi, bold; see hardy1.]
foolhardily fool'har'di·ly adv.
foolhardiness fool'har'di·ness n.


2011年5月19日 星期四

ins and outs, going all out, all-in

HEARD ON THE STREET
Going All-In on LinkedIn
Help wanted: To explain the rocket-fuelled IPO of LinkedIn. Welcome to dot-com mania, part two.




all out

With all one's strength, ability, or resources; not holding back. For example, They are going all out to make the fund-raiser a success. This seemingly modern term dates from about 1300, when it meant "completely" or "wholly." It now refers to making a great effort and is also used adjectivally, as in an all-out effort. This usage became current in America in the late 1800s, with reference to races and other kinds of athletic exertion. In the mid-1900s it gave rise to the phrase to go all outgo whole hog.






Ins and Outs of Using Gadgetry
By DAVID POGUE

Presenting some basics of modern technology that may help any BlackBerry or PC user.

ins and outs

1. The intricate details of a situation or process. For example, It takes a newcomer some time to learn the ins and outs of the legislative process, or David really knows the ins and outs of how this engine works. This usage alludes to the tortuous windings and turnings of a road or path. [Second half of 1600s]
2. Those with position and influence and those without, especially those in office versus those who are not, as in "Juan stood well both with Ins and Outs" (Byron, Don Juan, 1823). [Mid-1700s]


2011年5月16日 星期一

go into a rage, clock up, aggressive and bad driving


《中英對照讀新聞》Polish Catholic Church to pray against road rage 波蘭天主教會將祈禱避免開車時發飆
◎羅彥傑
Poland’s Catholic Church will hold a day of prayer for the nation’s drivers in an attempt to use the Christian spirit to quell road rage.
波蘭天主教會將替全國駕駛人舉辦一天的祈禱會,希望利用基督教精神來抑制開車發飆的狀況。


Along with nationwide prayers on Sunday the Church has also organised a two-day retreat for drivers where they can reflect upon their attitude when they get behind a wheel.
除了週日全國性的祈禱活動外,教會也替駕駛人安排兩天的避靜,讓他們在這裡反省自己開車時的態度。
Aggressive and bad driving make a significant contribution to the high death-rate on Polish roads, one of the worst in the developed world.
挑釁與不良的駕駛,是波蘭道路交通死亡率高的重要因素之一,而波蘭在這方面也是已開發世界中,表現最糟糕的國家之一。
A survey by the OECD-affiliated International Transport Forum for 2009 found there were 12 deaths on Polish roads for every 100,000 inhabitants while the UK clocked up just 3.9 despite having more cars and a greater road network than Poland.
根據「歐洲合作開發組織」旗下的「國際交通論壇」2009年調查發現,波蘭平均每10萬名居民中,就有12人死於道路上,而英國儘管汽車比波蘭多,道路交通網絡規模比波蘭大,僅記錄3.9人死於道路。
"Many of us behave like pagans when we’re driving," said Father Marian Midura, the organiser of the prayer day.
「我們之中有許多人在開車時,行徑就像異端一樣,」祈禱日活動主辦人米杜拉神父說。
新聞辭典
road rage:片語,指開車時態度囂張,罔顧交通規定,或對其他駕駛人和行人造成威脅的行為。
reflect upon:片語,深思、反省。例句:Please reflect upon your actions.(請你反省一下自己的行為。)
clock up:片語,達到、記錄(比賽等的時間、距離或其他項目)。例句:The old car has clocked up another 50,000 kilometers.(這輛舊車又開了5萬公里。)Record accumulated hours, miles, or points. For example, It won't be easy to clock up 1,000 flying hours, or Brian clocked up a record number of baskets this year. [Mid-1900s]






go

v., went (wĕnt), gone (gôn, gŏn), go·ing, goes (gōz). v.intr.
  1. To move or travel; proceed: We will go by bus. Solicitors went from door to door seeking donations. How fast can the boat go?
  2. To move away from a place; depart: Go before I cry.
    1. To pursue a certain course: messages that go through diplomatic channels to the ambassador.
    2. To resort to another, as for aid: went directly to the voters of her district. See synonyms at resort.
    1. To extend between two points or in a certain direction; run: curtains that go from the ceiling to the floor.
    2. To give entry; lead: a stairway that goes to the basement.
  3. To function properly: The car won't go.
    1. To have currency.
    2. To pass from one person to another; circulate: Wild rumors were going around the office.
  4. To pass as the result of a sale: The gold watch went to the highest bidder.
  5. Informal. Used as an intensifier when joined by and to a coordinate verb: She went and complained to Personnel.
  6. Used in the progressive tense with an infinitive to indicate future intent or expectation: I am going to learn how to dance.
    1. To continue to be in a certain condition or continue an activity: go barefoot.
    2. To come to be in a certain condition: go mad; hair that had gone gray.
    3. To continue to be in effect or operation: a lease with one year to go.
    4. To carry out an action to a certain point or extent: Your parents went to great expense to put you through college.
  7. To be called; be known: Our friend William often goes by Billy.
    1. To be customarily located; belong: The fork goes to the left of the plate. Where do the plates go?
    2. To be capable of entering or fitting: Will the suitcase go into the trunk of your car?
    1. To pass into someone's possession: All the jewelry went to her heirs.
    2. To be allotted: How much of your salary goes for rent?
  8. To be a contributing factor: It all goes to show us that the project can be completed on time.
    1. To have a particular form: as the saying goes.
    2. To be such, by and large: well behaved, as big dogs go.
    1. To extend in time: The story goes back to the Middle Ages.
    2. To pass by; elapse: The day went pleasantly enough until I received your call.
    1. To be used up or finished: My interest in such things has gone.
    2. To be discarded or abolished: All luxuries will have to go.
    1. To become weak; fail: His hearing has started to go.
    2. To give way; break up: The dam is about to go.
  9. To cease living; die.
    1. To happen or develop; fare: How are things going?
    2. To have a successful outcome: creativity that made the advertising campaign really go.
  10. To be suitable or appropriate as an accessory or accompaniment: a color that goes beautifully with your complexion.
    1. To have authority: Whatever I say goes.
    2. To be valid, acceptable, or adequate.
  11. Informal. To excrete waste from the bladder or bowels.
  12. Informal. To begin an act: Here goes!
  13. Obsolete. To walk.
v.tr.
  1. To proceed or move according to: I was free to go my own way.
  2. To traverse: Only two of the runners went the entire distance.
  3. To engage in: went skiing.
  4. Informal.
    1. To bet: go $20 on the black horse.
    2. To bid: I'll go $500 on the vase.
  5. Informal.
    1. To take on the responsibility or obligation for: go bail for a client.
    2. To participate to (a given extent): Will you go halves with me if we win the lottery?
  6. To amount to; weigh: a shark that went 400 pounds.
  7. Sports. To have as a record: went 3 for 4 against their best pitcher.
  8. Informal. To enjoy: I could go a cold beer right now.
  9. To say or utter. Used chiefly in verbal narration: First I go, "Thank you," then he goes, "What for?"
n., pl., goes.
  1. The act or an instance of going.
  2. An attempt; an effort: had a go at acting.
  3. The time or period of an activity.
  4. Informal. Energy; vitality: had lots of go.
  5. Informal.
    1. The go-ahead.
    2. often Go The starting point: "And from Go there was something deliciously illicit about the whole affair" (Erica Abeel).
    3. Informal. A situation in which planned operations can be effectuated: The space mission is a go.
adj.
Informal. Functioning correctly and ready for action: All systems are go.
[動](went 〔wént〕, gone 〔n | n〕, 〜・ing)(自)
1I([副])]
(1) 行く, 進む
go (at) ten miles per [an] hour
時速10マイルで進む
Who goes there?
だれだ(▼歩哨(ほしょう)の誰何(すいか)
The trucks go roaring along the road.
トラックがうなりをあげて道を進む.
(2) ((到達場所などを示す語句を伴って))(…へ)行く, 向う((to ...))
go from Tokyo to London
東京からロンドンへ行く
go abroad
外国へ行く
go to the movies [the party]
映画[パーティー]に行く.
(3) ((目的を示す語句を伴って))(…をしに)行く((for, on ...));[II to do/doing](…しに)行く
go hiking [swimming, shopping]
ハイキング[泳ぎ, 買い物]に行く(▼スポーツ, 行楽など移動を伴う行為に限られ, go+to doの形にはしない)
go fishing in the lake
湖へ釣りに行く(▼前置詞はtoでないことに注意)
go for a ride [a walk]
乗馬[散歩]に行く
go on a picnic [a journey]
ピクニック[旅]に出かける
She has gone to visit her parents.
両親に会いに行った.
(4) ((交通手段を示す語句を伴って))(…で)行く((by, on ...))
go by bicycle [bus, car]
自転車[バス, 車]で行く
go by air [land, sea]
飛行機で[陸路を, 海路を]行く
go on foot [horseback]
歩いて[馬で]行く.
[語法]
(1) go to ... には成句化して無冠詞のものがあり, ふつう「場所」より「目的」を表す:go to school [church]学校[教会]へ行く[に通う](▼それぞれ勉学, 礼拝を目的として行くことで, theがつくと別の目的で行くことを意味する)/go to bed寝る/go to (((米))the) hospital病院へ(治療に)行く.
(2) 会話ではgo to do ...のtoを省くこともある:I have to go put on my bathing suit. 水着を着てこなくっちゃ.
2 去る, 出かける;出発する
I must [have to] be going now.
もうおいとましなければなりません
The boat has just gone.
船は出たばかりだ
On your marks! Get set! Go!
位置について, 用意, ドン.
3I([副])]〈土地などが〉(…まで)伸びる, 広がる;〈温度などが〉(…に)達する((to ...))
How far does this road go?
この道はどこまで伸びていますか
The curtains went to the floor.
そのカーテンは床まであった
The temperature went to zero.
温度が零度になった.
4 〈機械などが〉働く, 作動する;〈鐘などが〉鳴る, 打つ;音を立てる;〈脈が〉鼓動する;〈動物などが〉鳴く
The fan won't go.
扇風機がどうしても作動しない
It goes by electricity.
それは電気で動く
His pulse is going rapidly.
彼の脈は速い
There goes the bell.
ベルが鳴っている
The clock has just gone six.
時計が6時を打ったところだ
Cows go “moo. ”
牛は「モー」と鳴く
The gun went bang.
バンと銃声がした.
5 〈事が〉運ぶ, 進展する
How did your speech go?
あなたの演説はどうでしたか
My research is going well.
私の調査[研究]はうまくいっている
How goes (it)?
((略式))どうですか, 景気はどうですか, いかがお過ごしですか(▼How are you doing?の意の決まり文句. 主語と述語動詞の転倒が見られるのは古い英語の名残り).
6 〈物などが〉なくなる, 消える;((must, have to, canとともに))取り除かれる;〈人の健康・機能などが〉だめになる;((must, have to, canとともに))〈人が〉首になる;死ぬ
The pie went fast.
パイはすぐ平らげられた
Our confidence in him is gone.
彼への信頼は消えた
Poverty must go.
貧困はなくさなければならない
This old computer will have to go.
この古いコンピュータは処分しなくてはならない
His eyesight is going.
彼は視力が衰えつつある
He may go at any time.
彼は今にも死ぬかもしれない(▼この意味ではしばしばbe goneで完了後の状態を表す)
When I came back my purse was gone.
帰ってきたとき, 私の財布はもうなかった(▼移動・方向・目的地などを含意する場合はhave gone:Where have all the children gone?「子供たちはみんなどこへ行ってしまったの」).
7 〈時間などが〉過ぎる, 経つ
The time [The vacation] went quickly.
時間[休み]はまたたく間に過ぎていった.
8 (身ぶりなどを)する, ふるまう;動作をする
When he eats, he goes like this.
食べるとき彼はこんなふうにする
Go easy with [on] him.
やつは加減[注意]して扱え.
9I([副])]〈貨幣などが〉流通[通用, 流布]している;〈事が〉承認[信用]されている;(…の名で)知られている((by, under ...));〈事・言葉が〉決定的[有効]である
go by [under] the name of Tate
テイトという名で通っている
US banknotes go anywhere.
米ドル紙幣はどこでも通用する
At these parties, anything goes.
こういうパーティーではどんなことでも許される
What the boss says goes.
ボスの言葉がおきてだ.
10I[副]]〈金などが〉(…に)費される;〈賞・財産などが〉(…に)与えられる((on, to ...));〈時間が〉(…するのに)費やされる((in doing))
All his spare money goes on books.
余ったお金はすべて本にあてられる
The property went to her.
財産は彼女のものとなった.
11I([副])/II[形]]〈物が〉(ある金額で)売れる, 売られる((for, at ...))
A double with private bath goes for 75 pounds.
バスつきの2人部屋は75ポンドです
The building went cheap.
その家は安値で売れた
Going! Going! Gone!
(せりで)売れるぞ, 売れるぞ, それ売れた.
12I[副]](…の手段に)訴える, 頼る((to ...))
go to war [blows]
戦争[腕力]に訴える
go to court [law]
法に訴える
go to a person for help
人の力を借りる.
13I[副]][II[名][[形]]](…に)なる(become);(ある状態に)至る, 及ぶ((to, into ...))
go mad
発狂する
He went white with fear.
心配で顔が青ざめた(▼連結詞としてのgoはmadの類語, および色彩語と共に用いられる場合が多い)
go out of print [date]
絶版[時代遅れ]になる
go from bad to worse
ますます悪くなる(▼go ...は本来の状態をはずれる変化を表し, ふつう思わしくない状態になることを意味する)
Britain went Labour in 1997.
英国は1997年労働党政権になった.
14I[副]/II[形]](ある状態のままを)続ける;(ある状態に)ある
go hungry
腹をすかせている
go armed
武装している
go with child
妊娠中である
His crime goes unreported.
彼の犯罪は報告されないままである.
15I([副])]〈物が〉(ある場所に)納まる, 置かれる((in, on, into ...));〈数・量などが〉(…に)等しい, 含まれる((to, into ...))
Where do the cups go?
茶わんはどこに置くのですか
Three into six goes twice.
6を3で割ると2になる
My clothes won't go into this small suitcase.
この小さなスーツケースには私の衣類は納まらない.
16I([副])/II that節]〈ことわざ・話などが〉(…と)言う, 書いてある;〈表現・文句などが〉(…と)なっている
The story goes that ...
その話はこういう筋だ
I'll sing that song for you. It goes like this.
その歌をあなたに歌ってあげましょう, こんなふうなんです.
17II to do](…するのに)役立つ, 資する
qualities that go to make a hero
英雄の資質
This goes to show how naive we were.
これで我々がいかに世間知らずだったかがわかる.
18I[副]](…と)調和する, 合う((with ...))
Your tie doesn't go with your coat.
ネクタイが上着と合わない.
19 [as A go]〈Aの〉一般的な基準と比較して, 〈A〉としては. ▼Aは(複数)名詞
as the world goes
世間並みに言えば;世間一般の人々と比べると
As politicians go, he's honest.
政治家としては, 彼は誠実だ.
20 [be going to do]((未来・予定・意志・確実性など))
(1) …しようとしている
He is going to paint.
今絵を描くところです
It's going to rain.
今にも雨が降りそうだ.
(2) …するつもり[予定]である
What are you going to do with it?
それをどうなさるおつもりですか
Her daughter was going to see the doctor.
彼女の娘は医者に診せることになっていた(▼was going toは通例それが実現されない[なかった]という含みがある)
She is saving her money because she's going (to go) to Spain next month.
来月スペインへ行くので彼女は貯金しています(▼be going to goは単にbe goingですませることが多い).
(3) …するだろう
It's going to rain tomorrow.
あしたは雨になるだろう.
(4) ((話者の決意))…させるつもりである
You are going to do as I tell you.
言いつけたとおりにするんだよ(▼くだけた言い方ではbe gonna doになることもある).
21II doing]((話))((非難・軽蔑))(…する)ようなことをする
Don't (you) go telling me lies.
うそなんかつくな.
22 ((略式))排便[排尿]する
I have to go.
トイレに行きたい.
23II do]((米話))((覚悟・衝動性))す早く[必死に, 思い切って]…する. ▼go and doのandの省略された形でgoは原形でのみ用いる. ⇒成句
Go tell him yourself.
自分で行って話してこい.
━━(他)
1 ((ふつう否定文))((米略式))…をがまんする, 耐える
I can't go this heat.
この暑さにはがまんできない.
2 ((略式))〈金額を〉(…に)賭(か)ける((on ...));〈人と〉〈金額を〉賭ける(bet)
I'll go you three dollars on the game.
そのゲームに3ドル賭けよう.
3 〈土地が〉〈作物を〉産出する.
4 ((略式))〈食べ物を〉食べられる, 味わえる.
5 ((話))言う
He goes, “Where?” and she goes, “Here. ”
彼が「どこ」と言うと彼女は「ここ」と言う.
Don't go there.
((略式))その話はするな, そこに話をもっていこうとしてもだめだ.
go about
(1) 歩き[動き]回る;(通例好ましくないことを習慣的に)して回る((doing)).
(2) ((通例進行形))〈うわさなどが〉広まる.
(3) ((英))〈船が〉針路を転じる;《軍事》回れ右をする.
(4) (人と)つき合う((together/with ...)).
(5)
[go about ...]
〈仕事などに〉取りかかる, 精を出して…する((doing)).
(6) …を歩き[動き]回る.
(7) 〈うわさ・病気が〉〈場所に〉広がる.
go across
(自)
(1) (場所へ)渡る, 行く;(人に)近づく((to ...)).
(2) 〈話などが〉(人に)伝わる, 理解される((to ...)).
(3) (考えなどを変えて)(…に)移る, 転向する((to ...)).
(4)
[go across ...]
〈橋・川などを〉渡る, 越える.
go after ...
〈仕事などを〉求める, 〈賞などを〉ねらう, 目指す;〈犯人などを〉追跡する;…を攻撃する;〈男性が〉〈女性の〉あとを追い回す.
go against ...
(1) 〈人が〉〈人・希望などに〉反対する, 逆らう.
(2) 〈物・事が〉〈考え・方針などに〉反する, に合わない;〈人・事に〉不利に働く
That goes against my beliefs.
それは私の信念に合わない.
go ahead
(1) どんどん進む;(…より)先に行く((of ...)).
(2) ((go ahead and doで))思い切って…する;((命令形))どうぞ, さあ
Go ahead and tell me.
さあ話してごらん
“Can I borrow the book?” “Go ahead. ”
「その本を借りてもいいですか」「どうぞ, どうぞ」.
(3) (仕事などを)進める, 行う((in, with ...));〈仕事などが〉はかどる.
go (all) out
(…を得ようとして)できる限り努力する, がん張る((for, to do ...)).
go along
(1) 〈人が〉行く, 進む, (仕事などを)進める, 続ける((with ...));〈仕事などが〉はかどる(get along).
(2) (人に)ついて行く, 同行する;〈事が〉(事と)同時に生じる;〈物が〉(サービス・おまけなどで)(…に)つく((with ...)).
(3) (人・意見などに)賛成する, 協力する((with ...))
I have to go along with him on this plan.
この計画では彼に同調しなければならない.
(4) ((命令形))
Go along (with you)!
((英略式))あっちへ行け, よせ, ばかを言うな.
go and do
((略式))
(1) …しに行く
Go and see what he's doing.
彼が何をしているか見てきなさい(▼((米))ではしばしばandが省略される). ⇒(自)23
(2) ((話))愚かにも…する
He's gone and done what I told him not to do.
愚かにもしてはいけないと言ったことを彼はした
Go and be miserable.
勝手にひどい目にあうがいい.
go around
(1) 歩き回る;一周する;(習慣的に)して回る((doing));角を回る, 回り道をする.
(2) 〈食べ物などが〉(すべての人に)行き渡る;〈メモなどが〉回覧される
Are there enough chairs to go around?
みんなが座れるだけのいすがありますか.
(3) (家などを)訪問する((to ...));見て回る, 巡回する
go around to his house
彼の家にちょっと立ち寄る.
(4) ((しばしば進行形))〈うわさ・病気などが〉広まる.
(5) (人と)付き合う((together/with ...)).
(6) 〈車輪・テープなどが〉回転する;〈考え・曲などが〉(頭の中で)ぐるぐる回る;〈頭が〉くらくらする.
━━
[go around ...]
(7) …の周りを回る[巡る];〈塀などが〉…を囲う;〈角などを〉回る, 避けて通る;((比喩的))〈人を〉避ける
The earth goes around the sun.
地球は太陽の周りを回る.
(8) 〈建物・国などを〉巡回[見物]する.
(9) ((しばしば進行形))〈うわさ・病気などが〉…に広まる.
(10) 〈物が〉〈人々に〉行き渡る;〈メモなどが〉〈人々に〉回覧される.
(11) 〈考え・曲などが〉〈頭(の中)を〉ぐるぐる回る.
go at ...
((略式))
(1) …に襲い[飛び]かかる, …を攻撃する.
(2) 〈仕事などに〉熱心に[精力的に]取りかかる.
(3) 〈(通例驚くほどの)値段で〉売られる. ⇒(自)11
go away
(1) 立ち去る(▼「外出する」はgo out);(休日などで遠くへ)出かける;新婚旅行に出かける.
(2) (…を)持ち逃げする((with ...));(…と)駆け落ちする((together/with ...)).
(3) ((命令形))あっちへ行け.
(4) 〈痛み・悩み・においなどが〉消える;〈雨などが〉止む.
(5) ((進行形))〈馬・走者が〉先頭を切る.
(6) ((略式))(考えを)抱く, 信じる((with ...)).
go back
(1) 戻る, 帰る;〈軍隊などが〉退却する;〈学校・生徒が〉(休暇が終わって)新学期にはいる;(ストライキのあと)職場に戻る.
(2) 〈家系・慣習などが〉(過去に)さかのぼる;〈人・思い出などが〉(過去を)回顧する, (…まで)戻る((to ...)).
(3) (元の話題・習慣などに)戻る;〈事が〉(元の状態に)戻る;(別れた相手と)復縁する((to ...));((否定文))〈人が〉元の状態に戻る.
(4) 〈土地が〉(…まで)広がっている, 延びている((to ...)).
(5) 〈買った[借りた]物が〉(元に)戻される, 返される((to ...)).
(6) 〈時計が〉(夏時間から標準的に)戻される.
(7) (…について)再検討[再考]する((over ...)).
go before
(1) 〈事が〉先にある, 先んじる;((文))先に死ぬ;
━━
[go before ...]
(2) …に先立つ, 先んじる;((文))…の先に死ぬ.
(3) …の前に出頭する;〈問題が〉…に提出される.
go between ...
…の間へはいる, 間に(うまく)収まる;仲裁[仲立ち]をする. ⇒GO-BETWEEN
go beyond ...
…の範囲を越える;…をしのぐ, …にまさる;〈人に〉(難しくて)理解できない
go beyond the call of duty
義務以上のことをする
That's going beyond a joke.
笑いごとではすまなくなる.
go by
(1) 〈人・行列などが〉通り過ぎる;〈時間などが〉経過する
My vacation went by quickly.
休暇はあっという間に過ぎた.
(2) 〈機会などが〉過ぎ去る, 見逃がされる;〈人の言動が〉影響しない;〈人の過失が〉見過ごされる
let a chance go by
チャンスを逃がす.
(3) (短時間)訪問する, 立ち寄る.
━━
[go by ...]
(4) ⇒(自)1(4), 9
(5) …に従う, を信用する;…に基づいて判断する
go by the rules
型通りにやる
Don't go by what the newspapers say.
新聞のいうことを信用するな.
(6) …(のそばなど)を通り過ぎる.
(7) …に(短時間)立ち寄る.
(8) 〈動力などで〉動く, 進む.
(9) 〈人の言動などが〉〈人に〉影響しない.
go down
(1) 降りる, 下がる;〈通りなどが〉下り坂になる.
(2) 〈太陽などが〉沈む;〈船が〉(人と共に)沈没する, 〈人が〉(船と共に)沈む((with ...));〈飛行機が〉墜落する;〈人が〉倒れる, 〈ボクサーが〉ダウンする;〈人が〉身をかがめる((on ...));〈家などが〉崩壊する.
(3) 〈食物・薬などが〉のどを通る.
(4) 〈値段・質が〉下がる;〈人・物・事が〉(価値・評価などが)下がる((in ...));〈仕事・商売が〉落ち込む;(試験に)落第する((in ...)).
(5) 〈風・火などが〉おさまる;〈温度・熱・水位などが〉下がる;〈量・大きさが〉減る;〈タイヤなどが〉空気が抜ける;〈人が〉(…に)音を低くする, 〈音が〉低くなる((to ...)).
(6) ((英))(期末休暇・退学などで)大学を去る, 帰郷する;(…を)卒業する((from ...));(都会から田舎・北から南などに)行く, 下る((to ...)).
(7) (歴史などに;…として)記録される, 伝わる((in ...;as ...));〈話などが〉書きとられる
He'll go down in history as the greatest scientist of this century.
彼は今世紀最大の科学者として歴史に残るだろう.
(8) ((略式))〈説明などが〉(人に)受け入れられる((with ...))
That plan went down well with the committee members.
その計画は委員たちに受け入れられた.
(9) 敗北する;(…に)屈する((to, before ...));(スポーツで)下位リーグ[ランク]に落ちる
The countryside went down to the guerrillas.
その地方はゲリラの手に落ちた.
(10) (急性の病気で)倒れる, 寝込む((with ...)).
(11) 〈土地・道路などが〉(…まで)広がる, 延びる;〈本(の内容)などが〉(…の時点・範囲まで)下る, 及ぶ((to ...)).
(12) ((略式))(店などに)ちょっと立ち寄る((to ...)).
(13) 〈コンピュータが〉(一時的に)止まる.
(14) 《ブリッジ》宣言したトリック数を取れない.
(15) ((米俗))〈事が〉起こる, 生じる.
(16) ((俗))刑務所にぶち込まれる.
━━
[go down ...]
(17) 〈階段・丘などを〉降りる;〈道などに沿って〉旅をする.
(18) ((略式))〈店などに〉ちょっと立ち寄る.
go for ...
(1) ⇒(自)1 (3), 11
(2) …を取りに行く;…を呼びに行く
Shall I go for a doctor?
医者を呼びに行きましょうか.
(3) …を得ようと努める, めざす
go for a job
仕事を求める.
(4) …を攻撃する, 激しく非難する. ▼受身可
The watchdog went for the prowler.
番犬はあき巣ねらいに飛びかかった.
(5) …を支持する, …に賛成する
Young people go for his idealism.
若者たちは彼の理想主義を支持している.
(6) ((略式))…を好む, …に熱を上げる
Do you go for modern music?
現代音楽は好きですか.
(7) ((話))((ふつう現在形))〈事が〉…の場合にも当てはまる, …についても言える
What the teacher said about the girls goes for the boys, too.
先生が女の子について言ったことは男の子にも当てはまる.
(8) …として通る[通用する], 考えられる.
(9) ((much, littleなど程度を表す語句を伴って))(…だけ)役に立つ
All my work went for nothing.
私のやったことはすべてむだとなった.
(10) …の目的に使われる, 代用になる
material that goes for silk
絹の代用品.
(11) ((略式))〈人に〉有利に働く.
(12) …になるつもりである
He is going for a lawyer.
彼は弁護士をめざしている.
go for it
((略式))((しばしば命令形))(困難を承知で)全力でやってみる.
go forth
((文))
(1) 出発する.
(2) 〈命令などが〉出される.
go forward
(1) 前進する.
(2) 〈仕事などが〉進む.
(3) (…を)遂行する((with ...)).
(4) 〈提案・名前などが〉(委員会などに)提出される((to ...)).
(5) 〈時計が〉(夏時間のため一時間)進められる.
go home
(1) 帰宅[帰国]する.
(2) ((命令形))(スローガンとして)(この国から)出て行け.
(3) ((話))死ぬ;〈植物が〉枯れる.
(4) 的中する, 成果を収める.
go in
(1) 〈人が〉中にはいる;〈物が〉中に収まる, ぴったり合う.
(2) 〈太陽・月などが〉雲間にはいる.
(3) ゲーム[競技]に参加する;《クリケット》〈チームが〉攻撃にはいる, 〈打者が〉打席にはいる;《軍事》攻撃[爆撃]を始める
Go in and win!
(応援などで)がんばれ.
(4) 仕事[勉学]を始める;〈学校・劇などが〉始まる.
(5) 〈話・情報などが〉理解される.
(6) 〈建物・設備などが〉造られる.
(7) ((略式))グループ[団体]に加わる.
━━
[go in ...]
(8) 〈人が〉〈建物などに〉はいる;〈物が〉〈場所に〉はいる, 収まる, ぴったり合う. ⇒(自)15
(9) 〈時間・金などが〉…に費やされる, 当てられる. ⇒(自)10
(10) 〈組織・グループなどに〉加わる
go in the army
陸軍にはいる.
go in and out
〈光が〉点滅する.
go in for ...
(1) 〈競技などに〉参加する;〈試験などを〉受ける.
(2) …を好む, 趣味とする
go in for sports
スポーツを好む.
(3) …に携わる, …を職業とする;…を目指す;…を習慣にする.
(4) …に賛成する, …を支持する.
go into ...
(1) …にはいる;〈軍隊・警察などが〉〈紛争の現場に〉出動する;〈仕事などに〉就く;〈病院などに〉(一時的に)はいる.
(2) …を詳しく論じる[調査する]. ▼受身可
The details have not yet been gone into.
その細部には立ち入らなかった.
(3) 〈職業などに〉就く, 従事する;〈団体・グループなどに〉加わる, はいる
go into business [society, politics]
実業界[社交界, 政界]にはいる.
(4) 〈服などを〉着る
go into mourning
喪服を着る;喪に服する.
(5) 〈ある状態に〉なる, 陥る;〈人・物が〉〈動作を〉(思わず)始める(⇒(自)13)
go into a rage
激怒する.
(6) 〈車などが〉…にぶつかる.
(7) 〈時間・金が〉…に使われる.
(8) 〈引き出しなどに〉手を入れて探る. ▼受身可
(9) 〈選挙・競技などに〉参加する.
(10) 〈本などが〉〈新版などで〉出版される
go into a third edition
第3版が出版される.
(11) 〈物が〉…に収まる;〈数が〉…に含まれる. ⇒(自)15
(12) 〈貯金を〉使ってしまう.
go in with ...
〈人に〉加わる, と組む((on ...)).
go it
((英古風))
(1) ((ふつう進行形))むちゃくちゃをする, やりすぎる.
(2) 急ぐ, ぶっ飛ばす. ▼過去形はdid go it.
(3) ((ふつう命令形))猛烈な勢いでやる
Go it!
やれ.
go it alone
((略式))独力[ひとり]でやる.
go off
(1) 〈火器が〉発射される, 〈爆弾が〉爆発する;〈警報機などが〉嗚り出す.
(2) ((well, badlyなどの副詞(句)を伴って))〈事が〉運ぶ, 行われる
The party went off beautifully.
パーティーは大成功だった.
(3) 〈人が〉意識を失う, 失神する;((略式))((しばしばgo off to sleep))眠る;死ぬ;〈人が〉突然(…の状態に)なる[陥る]((into ...))
The children have already gone off (to sleep).
子供たちはもう寝てしまった.
(4) 立ち去る, 出奔する;(…を)持ち逃げする;((略式))(…と)駆け落ちする((with ...)).
(5) ((しばしば脚本のト書きで))〈俳優が〉退場する.
(6) 〈品物などが〉売り切れる.
(7) 〈道などが〉(の方向に)分かれる;〈人・運動などが〉わき道にそれる, 脱線する((to, in ...));((略式))非常識な行動をする.
(8) ((英))〈飲食物が〉腐る, 悪くなる;((英略式))(質が)悪くなる;〈人の〉(力量が)衰える.
(9) 〈電灯などが〉消える.
(10) ((英))〈痛みが〉なくなる.
━━
[go off ...]
(11) ((英略式))…を嫌いになる, やめる
He has gone off smoking.
彼はタバコをやめた.
(12) …からはずれる
go off the rails
脱線する.
go off on a person
〈人に〉腹を立てる, 雷を落とす, 〈人を〉怒る.
go on
(1) 先へ進む[行く], (次の段階などに)進む, 移る((to ...)).
(2) (…を)続ける((with ...));(…し)続ける((doing));続いて次に(…)する((to do));(活動・習慣などを)そのまま続ける((in ...));進み[歩み]続ける;〈活動・状態などが〉続く;〈道路・山・川などが〉続く, 延びる
She went on talking about her boy friend.
彼女はボーイフレンドのことを話し続けた(▼She went on to talk ...だと「次にボーイフレンドのことを話し始めた」の意).
(3) ((略式))(…について)しゃべりまくる((about ...));((英))(人を)叱りまくる, ののしる((at ...));(人に;…するように)求め続ける((at ...;to do))
He frequently goes on at his children.
しばしば子供たちを叱りつけている.
(4) (…のように)(悪く)ふるまう, 行動する((like ...)).
(5) ((英略式))((しばしば進行形))〈事が〉(うまく)いく;〈人が〉(事などで)(うまく)いく((with, in ...));(人と)(仲よく)やっていく((with ...)).
(6) ((ふつう進行形))起こる, 発生する, 行われる
Something is going on in the park.
公園で何かが起きて[行われて]いる.
(7) 〈俳優が〉舞台に出る;〈選手が〉試合に出る.
(8) 〈時間が〉過ぎ去る.
(9) (食べ物・金などを)やりくりする, 都合する((for ...)).
(10) 〈明かりが〉つく;〈ガス・水道などが〉使えるようになる.
(11) 〈衣服などが〉着られる;〈靴・手袋などが〉ぴったり合う.
(12) 《クリケット》投球番につく.
(13) ((略式))((説得・激励))さあやれ;((英話))((反語的に不信を表して))ばか言え, まさか
Go on! You're just teasing me.
うそ言え, かついでいるんだろう.
━━
[go on ...]
(14) ⇒(自)1 (3), (4), 10, 15
(15) …の世話になる, 援助を受ける
go on unemployment[((英))go on the dole]
失業手当を受ける.
(16) ((主に否定文))((略式))〈物・事を〉好む.
(17) 〈薬を〉服用する.
(18) 〈活動・仕事などを〉始める;〈職業に〉就く.
(19) 〈会などの〉会員になる, 〈名簿に〉載る.
(20) 〈衣服などが〉〈人に〉着られる, ぴったり合う.
(21)
[go upon ...]
〈情報などに〉基づいて行動[判断]する.
(22) (遊園地などで)〈乗り物に〉乗る.
go on before
(1) ((ふつう進行形))先頭に立って進む. ▼もと賛美歌の文句から.
(2)GO before (1).
go on (for) ...
((ふつう進行形))〈年齢・時間に〉近づく
He is going on (for) seventy.
彼はそろそろ70歳だ
It's going on (for) midnight.
もうそろそろ夜の12時だ.
go out
(1) (…から;…へ)出て行く((of ...;to, into ...));(食事・映画などに)外出する((for, to ...));(…しに)出かける((to do, and do, doing)).
(2) (外国へ)渡航する, 移民する((to ...)).
(3) 社会[社交界]に出る;〈女性が〉(…に;として)働きに出る((to ...;as ...)).
(4) (人と)つき合う, デートに行く((with ...)).
(5) 〈政党が〉政権の座から降りる;〈内閣などが〉辞職する;〈服装・理論などが〉すたれる
Long hair has gone out.
長髪はすたれた.
(6) 〈火・明かりが〉消える;〈怒り・活気などが〉(…から)消える((of ...));((略式))気を失う, 眠る;((略式・婉曲))〈人が〉死ぬ.
(7) 〈海(の潮)が〉ひく;((文))〈時節が〉終わる, 暮れる.
(8) (運動チームなどへ)入部を目指す((for ...));((略式))(…しようと)できるだけ努力する((and do)).
(9) ((英))(…を要求して)ストライキをする((for ...)).
(10) 〈書類・招待状などが〉(…に)発送される((to ...));〈ニュースなどが〉(…から)(公式に)伝えられる((from ...));((しばしばgo out on the airで))〈テレビ・ラジオ番組が〉放映[放送]される.
(11) 《スポーツ》〈チームなどが〉(トーナメントなどで)敗退する((of ...));《ゴルフ》(18ホールのうち)前半9ホールのプレーを終える, アウトをプレーする.
(12) 〈愛情・同情などが〉(…に)注がれる((to ...))
My sympathies went out to the deceased.
故人に同情した.
(13) 〈金が〉使われる, 出ていく.
go over
(1) 越える, 上[上空]を行く.
(2) (人の家などに)ちょっと立ち寄る;(対岸・島などに)渡る;(外国に)渡航[移住]する;(人・物に)近づく((to ...));(…しに)行く((to do, and do))
Shall we go over and [to] play tennis?
テニスをしに行かないか.
(3) (別のやり方などに)移る;転向する, 改宗する;(裏切って)(敵側に)身を投じる;(放送で)(別の局・レポーターなどに)切り換わる((to ...)).
(4) 〈計画・演説などが〉(人・委員会などに)(うまく)受け入れられる((with ...))
Their first song didn't go over.
彼らの最初の歌はヒットしなかった.
(5) 〈車・船などが〉ひっくり返る, 転覆する;〈壁などが〉倒れる.
━━
[go over ...]
(6) …を越えて行く, …の上空を行く.
(7) 〈出費が〉〈収入などを〉越える.
(8) …をよく調べる[検討する, 考える];視察する, 捜索する(▼受身可).
(9) 〈せりふ・学科などを〉復習する;〈説明・作業などを〉繰り返す;〈合計などを〉検算する;…にさらに目を通す, を再読する. ▼受身可.
(10) 〈部屋・車などを〉きれいにする, (検査して)修理する. ▼受身可.
(11) 〈絵・写真などに〉手を加える, を修正する. ▼受身可.
(12) 〈人の失敗などを〉再三持ち出す.
(13) ((しばしばgo over a person's headで))(さらに上の上司に相談して)〈上司の〉頭越しに行う.
go round
((英))=GO around.
go through
(1) 〈人・物が〉通り[突き]抜ける, くぐり抜ける.
(2) 〈法案などが〉承認[可決]される, 通過する;〈取引などが〉まとまる.
(3) 〈バケツの底・ズボンなどが〉穴があく, 抜ける.
(4) 〈人・チームなどが〉(試合で)(…まで)勝ち進む.
━━
[go through ...]
(5) 〈場所を〉通り[突き]抜ける, 横切る, 〈都市・国を〉通過する, 経由する.
(6) 〈苦しさなどを〉経験[体験]する, 切り抜ける. ▼come throughが「困難を切り抜けたからりっぱだ」という評価を表すのに対しgo throughは客観的な意味のみをもつ;受身可.
(7) …を詳しく調査[検討]する;(…を求めて)…を捜す((for ...));〈演技・劇の場面などを〉よく練習[復習]する. ▼受身可.
(8) (金・食物などを)使い果たす. ▼受身可.
(9) 〈仕事・予定などを〉全部済ませる, やり通す, 終える. ▼受身可.
(10) 〈本が〉〈版を〉重ねる.
(11) 〈人の〉許可[承認]を受ける.
(12) 〈人生を〉うまく過ごす;〈時間を〉過ごす.
(13) 〈うわさ・病気などが〉…に広がる.
(14) 〈場所を〉きれいにする, 掃除する.
go through with ...
…をやり抜く, 成し遂げる.
▼受身可.
go together
(1) 〈人が〉いっしょに行く;〈事が〉同時に生じる, 相伴う.
(2) 〈物・事が〉つり合う, 〈色などが〉調和する;〈人が〉気が合う
Cheese and wine go together.
チーズとワインは合う.
(3) ((略式))つき合う, 恋人同士である.
go to it
((略式))((ふつう命令文))どんどんやる, 勢いよく始める.
go toward ...
〈金が〉…に使われる.
go under
(1) 〈船・人が〉沈む, 〈人が〉もぐる;〈太陽が〉沈む.
(2) 失敗する, 破産する;破滅する;(…に)負ける, 屈する((to ...)).
(3) (麻酔・ガスなどで)意識がなくなる.
━━
[go under ...]
(4) ⇒(自)9
(5) 〈グループ・種類などに〉属する, 入る.
(6) 〈土地・森林などが〉〈機械・機具で〉手が加えられる, 変えられてしまう.
go up
(1) (…に)上る, 昇る, 登る;(人・物に)近づく, 達する((to ...)).
(2) ((話))〈価格・温度・成績などが〉(…に)上がる;〈数量などが〉(…に)増す;〈人が〉(…に)音を高くする, 〈音が〉(…まで)高くなる((to ...)).
(3) 〈人(の地位)が〉上がる, 出世する;〈人が〉(評価が)上がる((in ...));(スポーツで)上位リーグ[ランク]に上がる.
(4) ((英))大学にはいる, (学期の初めに)大学に帰る;〈生徒が〉進級する;(首都・主要都市・北へ)行く((to ...))
go up to London
ロンドンへ行く.
(5) (試験などに)応募する((for ...)).
(6) ((話))〈建物などが〉(爆発によって)破壊される;〈希望・計画などが〉吹っ飛ぶ
The car went up in flames.
車は焼失した.
(7) 〈爆弾などが〉爆発する;〈音が〉とどろく;〈歓声などが〉上がる.
(8) ((話))〈建物などが〉建てられる.
(9) 〈役者が〉せりふを忘れる, とちる.
(10) 〈タイヤなどが〉(空気で)膨らむ.
(11) (多くの人々の前で)(表彰などを受けに)進み出る.
(12) 〈土地・道などが〉(…まで)上る, 延びる;〈本(の記述)などが〉(時点・範囲まで)さかのぼる, 達する((to ...)).
(13) 〈幕が〉上がる, 開く;〈照明が〉つく.
(14) (賭(か)け金などの)金額を上げる.
(15)


plant of a university, plant, fiasco, red-handed


Facebook's Anti-Google Fiasco
Wall Street Journal
By L. GORDON CROVITZ Facebook was caught red-handed last week being socially unfriendly to Google, its Silicon Valley competitor. It hired a public relations firm to plant negative stories about Google's privacy policies, and then it tried to hide its ...


plant


  1. Botany.
    1. Any of various photosynthetic, eukaryotic, multicellular organisms of the kingdom Plantae characteristically producing embryos, containing chloroplasts, having cellulose cell walls, and lacking the power of locomotion.
    2. A plant having no permanent woody stem; an herb.

    1. A building or group of buildings for the manufacture of a product; a factory.
    2. The equipment, including machinery, tools, instruments, and fixtures and the buildings containing them, necessary for an industrial or manufacturing operation.
  2. The buildings, equipment, and fixtures of an institution: the entire plant of a university.
  3. A person or thing put into place in order to mislead or function secretly, especially:
    1. A person placed in a group of spectators to influence behavior.
    2. A person stationed in a given location as a spy or observer.
    3. A misleading piece of evidence placed so as to be discovered.
    4. A remark or action in a play or narrative that becomes important later.
  4. Slang. A scheming trick; a swindle.
plant

[]

1 (動物に対して)植物, 草木(animal);(樹木に対して)草, 草本(herb)tree

garden plants
園芸植物

a tropical plant
熱帯植物

a house plant
室内用鉢植え植物

a potted plant
鉢植え, 鉢物.

2 苗, 苗木;つぎ穂(slip)

rice plants
稲の苗.

3
(1) ((通例複合語で))工場

a chemical plant
化学工場

a nuclear energy plant
原子力発電所.

(2) 機械, 装置一式;(学校・病院などの)施設

a heating plant
暖房装置

an enormous university plant
マンモス大学の施設.

4 [U](生産のための)設備, 施設, プラント. 建物・敷地, 時に人員も含める.

5 ((略式))たくらみ, ペテン, わな, おとり;盗品.

6 (劇場や見せ物などの)「さくら」;回し者, 密偵, スパイ.

7 《演劇》伏線.

marcher,logger, sport shooter, erupted into deadly clashes

Israeli Troops Fire as Marchers Breach Borders

By ETHAN BRONNER

Israel's borders erupted into deadly clashes as thousands of Palestinians marched from Syria, Lebanon, Gaza and the West Bank.





Chinese protest against Japan is small but heated
Los Angeles Times
Marchers outside the Japanese Embassy in Beijing rally against the detention of a Chinese fishing crew. Beijing, wary of demonstrations, keeps a close eye. ...



Truce between loggers and environmentalists in Canada?

Earlier this year Canadian loggers and environmentalists signed a landmark
agreement hailed as a model of sustainable forestry management. But a fresh
lawsuit suggests not everyone is happy with the deal that was cut.

The DW-WORLD.DE Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew61g9I44va89pI1#6011248



Father of teen shooter goes on trial for negligence

A sport shooter whose teenage son killed 15 people during a high school
rampage last year has gone on trial in Stuttgart, refueling calls for
Germany's gun laws to be tightened further.

The DW-WORLD.DE Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew61g9I44va89pI4

build, enthusiasts’ hobby


The editor in chief of Wired magazine hopes to turn autonomous drones from an enthusiasts’ hobby into the future of commercial aircraft.

(hŏb'ē) pronunciation
n., pl., -bies.
An activity or interest pursued outside one's regular occupation and engaged in primarily for pleasure.

[Middle English hobi, hobyn, small horse, hobby horse, perhaps from Hobin, Hobby, nickname for Robert.]

hobbyist hob'by·ist n.

hob·by2 (hŏb'ē) pronunciation
n., pl., -bies.
Any of several small falcons of the genus Falco, formerly used for catching small birds or game.

[Middle English hobi, from Old French hobe, hobel.]






Model building
as a hobby involves the creation of models either from kits or from materials and components acquired by the builder.

書名/作者 Building experiments : testing social theory / David Willer, Henry A. Walker
出版項 Stanford, Calif. : Stanford Social Sciences, c2007