2011年4月30日 星期六

Homo Homini Award, Homo homini lupus, arrant, Leviathan


But rather than going on to give Mr Gates the considerable praise he is due for turning Microsoft into a corporate Leviathan as its chief executive, the book instead dwells on the clashes that the two men got into over the size of their respective ownership stakes while they were still working together—arguments that were stoked by Mr Gates’s fear that his partner was not sufficiently committed to making Microsoft a success. In the end, Mr Allen, who has already suffered two bouts of cancer, decided to leave to pursue other projects.



捷克人权组织People in Need在四海一家电影节开幕式上将今年的人权奖Homo Homini Award授予目前仍被中国警方秘密拘押的中国知识分子刘晓波,以表彰他为和平促进中国民主所作出的贡献。同时受到表彰的还有零八宪章的所有签署者。
M. Jackson 皮膚多狼瘡
lupus
n.
  1. Systemic lupus erythematosus.
  2. Any of various chronic skin conditions characterized by ulcerative lesions that spread over the body. No longer in scientific use.

[Medieval Latin, from Latin, wolf.]



Homo homini lupus is a latin phrase meaning "man is a wolf to man." First attested in Plautus' Asinaria ("lupus est homo homini"), the sentence was drawn on by Thomas Hobbes when he wrote "Man to Man is an arrant Wolfe" in the opening line of the De cive, Epistola dedicatoria section of Leviathan as a concise expression of his view of human nature. The phrase is sometimes translated as "man is man's wolf", which can be interpreted to mean that men prey upon other men.

It is widely referenced when discussing the horrors of which humans are capable.


Leviathan
[名]
1 《聖書》レビヤタン:海にすむ巨大な怪獣〈《聖書》ヨブ記41:1〉.
2 巨大なもの[船, クジラ];((比喩))全体主義国家.
3 ((L-))『リバイアサン』:Thomas Hobbes著の政治哲学論(1651).
[後ラテン語←ヘブライ語līwyāthān(lawaねじれる, 巻く+-than=ねじれた尾を持つヘビ)]

arrant
adj.

Completely such; thoroughgoing: an arrant fool; the arrant luxury of the ocean liner.

[Variant of ERRANT.]

arrantly ar'rant·ly adv.

2011年4月29日 星期五

man and wife

Prince William, Kate Now Man and Wife

But Kate won't be known as Princess Catherine.

READ FULL STORY




man and wife: married couple

by the looks

John Darkow / Columbia Daily Tribune / Cagle Cartoons


by the look of things

It is an introduction to your first impression of something.

by the look of it 看樣子, 看起來...

2011年4月28日 星期四

學外國語,要年紀輕出去才好 (胡適之先生)



學外國語,要年紀輕出去才好

先生今天再看給福特基金會的信稿,覺得這是小孩子寫的英文,不能用的;….自己來寫。因而談起『現在一般出國的留學生,都是年紀太大了。學外國語,要年紀輕出去才好。像丁文江、葉公超、溫源寧、我,都是年輕出國的。…….

--胡適之先生晚年談話錄 (143 1961/2/20)

up-and-coming, percussionist

Deutsche Welle presents highlights recorded live at the Beethovenfest,
including star performers and up-and-coming talent like percussionist
Martin Grubinger and the Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen. Download for
free!

The DW-WORLD.DE Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew6azzI44va89pIe



percussionist

[名]打楽器奏者

up-and-coming
(ŭp'ən-kŭm'ĭng)
adj.
Showing signs of advancement and ambitious development: an up-and-coming executive; an up-and-coming neighborhood.

up-and-comer up'-and-com'er n.

2011年4月27日 星期三

Society of Friends

"…….我常說,我要是信徒,不入天主教,便入貴格會。天主教是非常嚴格的,具備各種宗教的儀式貴格會和天主教完全不同,沒有神父,沒有任何儀式。他的教堂都是很簡單甚至破舊的房子,裏面只有木板凳,不像基督教堂那麼講究,有沙發。貴格會會員到後,便低著頭,閉起眼睛默坐,坐一個鐘頭都不說話。有時有些會員偶然站起來說幾句話,說自己得了靈感。…….."

--胡適之先生晚年談話錄 (258-59 1961/12/6)

對貴格的推崇 可參考: 《哲學書簡》伏爾泰




Friends, Society of :公誼會;貴格會;教友派:為基督教派之一支,十七世紀中葉由福克斯( George Fox )成立於英國,反對形式上的宗教,注重所謂「內心之光」。

2011年4月25日 星期一

respondent, correspondent


Times/USC Dornsife poll: A cap on pensions and a later retirement age -- even for current public employees -- are supported by respondents.



respondent
[形]
1 応答する;(…に)応じる, 反応する((to ...)).
2 《法律》被告の立場にある.
━━[名]
1 ((形式))応答者;回答者.
2 《法律》被上訴人;(離婚訴訟の)被告.

correspondent

[名]
1 (新聞・定期刊行物・テレビ局などの)通信員;特派員(special correspondent);(新聞・雑誌などへの)投書家
a Moscow correspondent
モスクワ通信員.
2 文通者, 通信者
a good [a tireless] correspondent
筆まめな人
a bad [a poor] correspondent
筆無精な人.
3 (商社などの)地方代理店;地方駐在員.
4 対応[一致]するもの;類似物.
━━[形]((形式))(…に)一致する, 合致する, 対応する((to, with ...)).
cor・re・spond・ent・ly
[副]符号[相当]して.

2011年4月24日 星期日

turn-of-the-last-century

20 世紀最初幾年:

Zora and Me. By Victoria Bond and T. R. Simon. 2010. Candlewick, $16.99 (9780763643003). Gr. 5–8.

Told in the immediate first-person voice of 10-year-old Carrie, Zora Neale Hurston’s best childhood friend, each chapter in Bond and Simon’s story evokes the famous African American writer’s early years in turn-of-the-last-century Florida.

swimmingly, handy habit


Singapore's financial rise


Singapore's financial rise Going swimmingly

The city-state has a handy habit of taking advantage of financial upheaval

swimmingly,
(swĭm'ĭng-lē) pronunciation
adv.
With great ease and success: Things are going swimmingly.

HANDY

(hăn') pronunciation
adj., -i·er, -i·est.
  1. Skillful in using one's hands; manually adroit. See synonyms at dexterous.
  2. Readily accessible: found a handy spot for the hammer.
  3. Useful; convenient: a handy tool.




Houston, we have a problem, spaceflight

With 'Coolest Job Ever' Ending, Astronauts Seek Next Frontier
By KENNETH CHANG As the space shuttle program comes to an end, it is a time of great uncertainty for those whose job involves spaceflight.


Houston, we have a problem

Meaning

Originally a genuine report of a life-threatening fault. Now used humorously to report any kind of problem.

Origin

'Houston, we have a problem' is right up there with 'Beam me up Scotty' at the top of the spaceflight-related quotations tree. In fact, both are slight misquotations.

Houston, we have a problemJohn Swigert, Jr. and James Lovell who, with Fred Haise Jr., made up the crew of the US's Apollo 13 moon flight, reported a problem back to their base in Houston on 14th April, 1970. 'Houston, we have a problem' is often credited to the project's leader Lovell. Actually, not only did Lovell not say the phrase, he wasn't even the first not to say it, if you see what I mean.

Swigert and then Lovell (almost) used the phrase to report a major technical fault in the electrical system of one of the Service Module's oxygen tanks:

Swigert: 'Okay, Houston, we've had a problem here.'
Duke: 'This is Houston. Say again please.'
Lovell: 'Houston, we've had a problem. We've had a main B bus undervolt.'

Houston, we have a problem'Houston, we have a problem' was used later as the tagline for the 1995 film - Apollo 13. It is the dialogue of the film. edited for dramatic effect, that is now best remembered:

Uh, this is Houston. Uh, say again, please?
Houston, we have a problem. We have a main bus B undervolt.

The issue of the film brought about a renewal in the use of the line and, from then onwards, it began being used in non-spaceflight contexts. The first example of such that I can find is as the title of a none too favourable review in the Los Angles Times, July 1995, of a restaurant called Houstons:

Houston('s), we have a problem - Houston's is yet another slick corporate package, the antithesis of a mom-and-pop restaurant.

The phrase was used again, in 2001, to report the health and addiction problems of the singer Whitney Houston. More recently still, it has been called out of retirement, as "Wii have a problem", for use in stories about injuries caused by over-enthusiastic use of the Nintendo game console.

2011年4月23日 星期六

hold on, cover

Hold on Mr. President: Covering the Presidency
ABC 記者到哈佛大學的演講題目 (1987/4/17) hold on 和 covering 似乎都有點雙關語的味道




hold on

1. Also, hold on to. Maintain one's grip, cling, as in Hold on to your hat in this wind, or The early Christians held on to their beliefs despite strong opposition. [Early 1500s]
2. Continue to do something, persist, as in Please hold on for a while longer. [Late 1800s]
3. Stop, wait, as in Hold on! We can't go past this gate. [Mid-1800s]
4. Remain on a telephone line, as in If you can hold on a minute I'll go and find her. [Late 1800s]


cook, entrepot, too many cooks

Broken pieces of fuel rods have been found outside of Reactor No. 2, and are now being covered with bulldozers, he said. The broken pieces may be from spent fuel rods in the spent-fuel pools, rather than from the reactors themselves. Hydrogen explosions have flung them out of the reactor building.

“They’re running bulldozers around to bury the stuff so it doesn’t cook people going by,” he said.




entrepot
(AHN-truh-po) pronunciation

noun: A place, such as a warehouse, port, or trading center, to which goods are brought for distribution to other parts of the world.

Etymology
From French entrepôt (warehouse), from entreposer (to store), from entre (among) + poser (to place). Earliest documented use: 1721.

Usage
"Jerusalem is a city that has never made anything but history. It is not an entrepot, a manufactory, a place of finance, or a crossroads." — Barnaby Rogerson; Holy City, Murky History; The Independent (London, UK); Jan 21, 2011.


TOO MANY COOKS
Who is to blame for the condition of the California public education system, once one of the best in the country, asks The Economist. Local and state officials can plausibly blame state voters. Citizens passed Proposition 13, which cut schools' main revenue source: property taxes. To restore lost services, voters then passed Proposition 98, which dictated that schools each year receive the same funds as last year, adjusted for increase in students and personal income per capita. The state legislature then had to find money to comply with Proposition 98, though Proposition 13 and other initiatives had sapped major revenue streams. So the legislature put yet another measure on the ballot, Proposition 111, with the intent to make Proposition 98 more flexible. John Mockler, an expert in California education since the 1960s, said Proposition 111 finally made the overall structure for education funding incomprehensible. He compares the resulting package of legislation to the general theory of relativity, quantum physics, and the federal tax code in complexity, and reckons he is currently one of ten people alive who understand California school finance. This information is from the PEN NewsBlast.

cook
(kʊk) pronunciation


v., cooked, cook·ing, cooks. v.tr.
  1. To prepare (food) for eating by applying heat.
  2. To prepare or treat by heating: slowly cooked the medicinal mixture.
  3. Slang. To alter or falsify so as to make a more favorable impression; doctor: disreputable accountants who were paid to cook the firm's books.
v.intr.
  1. To prepare food for eating by applying heat.
  2. To undergo application of heat especially for the purpose of later ingestion.
  3. Slang. To happen, develop, or take place: What's cooking in town?
  4. Slang. To proceed or perform very well: The band really got cooking after midnight.
n.
A person who prepares food for eating.

phrasal verb:

cook up Informal.

  1. To fabricate; concoct: cook up an excuse.
idiom:

cook (one's) goose Slang.

  1. To ruin one's chances: The speeding ticket cooked his goose with his father. Her goose was cooked when she was caught cheating on the test.

[Middle English coken, from coke, cook, from Old English cōc, from Vulgar Latin *cōcus, from Latin cocus, coquus, from coquere, to cook.]


2011年4月22日 星期五

in vitro, fertilisation, implant, electrode/ pacemaker/ pacer

Acer: off the pacer/Acer:不再是領導廠商


2011年04月22日 12:40 PM
Lex:宏碁路在何方?
Lex_Acer: off the pacer
英國《金融時報》 Lex專欄


It's never pretty when a company goes through an existential crisis. Shares in Acer, the world's third-largest maker of personal computers, have lost close to half their value this year, as management has dithered between chasing scale or profitability in the face of weak demand. Last week's downgrade to second-quarter shipment forecasts – a mere two weeks after the new executive team hinted at an upgrade – suggests that the company still lacks a sense of direction.


一家公司在生死攸關之際,看上去都不會太美。全球第三大個人電腦製造商宏碁(Acer)的股價今年幾乎下跌了一半。面對疲弱需求,該公司管理層在追逐規模還是保持盈利性之間猶豫不決。上周宏碁下調二季度銷量預期——就在兩週前新的管理團隊還暗示會上調預期——表明該公司仍缺乏方向感。
Barbara Campbell is part of a worldwide experiment testing whether electrodes implanted in the eye can restore sight.


In vitro suit: Japan doctor implanted wrong egg in woman

Mcclatchy Newspapers

Feb. 20, 2009, 8:56PM

  • In Vitro Fertilization Can't Reverse Aging's Effects

  • In vitro fertilization, which thousands of women undergo each year in the hope that it will give them the same odds of having a baby as when they were younger, cannot fully turn back the biological clock, researchers are reporting today.
    (By Rob Stein, The Washington Post)

  • From the archive: Test-tube babies

    The 30th anniversary of in-vitro fertilisation approaches. Here's how we addressed the moral debate in 1981

implant

v., -plant·ed, -plant·ing, -plants. v.tr.
  1. To set in firmly, as into the ground: implant fence posts.
  2. To establish securely, as in the mind or consciousness; instill: habits that had been implanted early in childhood.
  3. Medicine.
    1. To insert or embed (an object or a device) surgically: implant a drug capsule; implant a pacemaker.
    2. To graft or insert (a tissue) within the body.
v.intr. Embryology

To become attached to and embedded in the uterine lining. Used of a fertilized egg.

n. (ĭmPRIMARY_STRESSplăntSECONDARY_STRESS)

Something implanted, especially a surgically implanted tissue or device: a dental implant; a subcutaneous implant.

[Middle English implanten, from Medieval Latin implantāre : Latin in-, in; see in-2 + Latin plantāre, to plant (from planta, a shoot; see plant).]

implantable im·plant'a·ble adj.

in vitro


[L.] literally within a glass, i.e. outside the living body; observable in a test tube; in an artificial environment.



fertile (REPRODUCTION)
adjective
1 describes animals or plants that are able to produce (a lot of) young or fruit:
People get less fertile as they get older.
NOTE: The opposite is infertile.

2 describes a seed or egg that is able to develop into a new plant or animal

fertility
noun [U]
a fertility symbol
declining fertility rates

fertilize, UK USUALLY fertilise
verb [T]
to cause an egg or seed to start to develop into a new young animal or plant by joining it with a male cell:
Bees fertilize the flowers by bringing pollen.
Once an egg is fertilized by the sperm, it becomes an embryo.

fertilization, UK USUALLY fertilisation
noun [U]
In humans, fertilization is more likely to occur at certain times of the month.

pacemaker/ pacer
(pās''kər) pronunciation
n.
  1. Sports. One who sets the pace in a race. Also called pacer, pacesetter.
  2. A leader in a field: the fashion house that is the pacemaker. Also called pacesetter.
    1. A part of the body, such as the mass of muscle fibers of the sinoatrial node, that sets the pace or rhythm of physiological activity.
    2. Any of several usually miniaturized and surgically implanted electronic devices used to stimulate or regulate contractions of the heart muscle.
  3. Biochemistry. A substance that regulates a series of related reactions.
pacemaking pace'mak'ing adj. & n.




2011年4月21日 星期四

The Beetle, The Beetles

At home with the Beatles - unique photos of the Fab Four go under
the hammer

A woman from Reading has decided to auction off a unique collection of
photos of The Beatles.

The DW-WORLD.DE Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew5n0dI44va89pI7

德國大眾公司在上海車展(4月21~4月28日)上展出了“
全新一代甲殼蟲(The Beetle)”。該車還在柏林和紐約同時首發。這是繼1938年第一代“甲殼蟲”及1998年“新甲殼蟲(New Beetle)”之後發布的第三代甲殼蟲……

2011年4月19日 星期二

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenator

「葉克膜」並不是醫師名字,而是一套冷冰冰的醫療儀器,全名是Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenator,中文翻譯為「體外膜氧合」,又名「體外維生系統」,英文縮寫「ECMO」,直接音譯就是「葉克膜」。

葉 克膜是一種體外循環的醫療輔助器,也就是人工心臟和人工肺臟的組合體。適合用於心臟手術後心衰竭、急性心肌炎、急性肺栓塞、急性心肌梗塞、心因性休克、呼 吸窘迫症等急重症病患為主。但癌症末期、惡性腫瘤、後天免疫缺乏症,或合併多器官衰竭的病人並不適用。因為葉克膜裝機後,關鍵在於讓心、肺臟可以部分或完 全休息,降低心臟負荷,靜待心肺功能自行修復,或器官移植的機會。換言之,「葉克膜」只能維持住病患生命跡象,等病情有起色時,不需依賴「葉克膜」維持, 即可予以拔除,但無法治癒疾病。

1972年美國密西根州立大學教授勞勃巴列(Robert H.Bartlett)是全球第一個使用葉克膜的醫師。台灣雖遲至1994年才跟進,至今也迅速累積上千名案例,高居全球第二。由於台灣的操作技術自成體 系,研發出不少臨床專業的療法,勞勃巴列也曾特地來台交換心得。

葉克膜一炮而紅後,更多家屬要求醫院裝置葉克膜為親人救命,而技術已超越國 際水準的台灣,成功存活率也只占三、四成。由此可見葉克膜並非萬能,儘管其「任勞任怨」,仍有其侷限性。雖有裝機長達半年的案例,但不可否認,裝機時間愈 長,出現併發症機率愈高,癒後也愈不利;甚至有併發氣胸、血栓等風險,不少急重症病患裝機後宣告不治,仍占多數比例。

葉克膜常使用在急救、搶救生命這種時間限制下,往往醫療團隊在一瞬間得決定裝機與否,葉克膜就像在「扮演上帝的角色」,而醫療團隊就像是「向上帝買時間」 、 「與死神拔河」,為醫療團隊爭取更多時間,作進一步診斷和治療。

台 大醫院外科醫師柯文哲表示:「該不該裝葉克膜?目前仍很兩難。」因此,台灣健保制度定義出葉克膜裝機原則,就是評估個案心肺功能需為可恢復者,或是「急性 心肺衰竭」的急重症病患,暫時取代其心、肺功能而爭取搶救時間者,優先裝機;反之,若已確立病情屬不可恢復、即使裝機後仍無法存活,或將來不適合接受心肺 移植者,即不適予裝機。

國軍桃園總醫院心臟外科主任劉光益表示:「葉克膜裝機後,心肺功能什麼時候會恢復?如同爬山,要爬上去才看得到!能 否完全恢復?任誰也不敢保證。」所以,與其說葉克膜是「高科技」,還不如說是「高經濟」,健保承擔了費用支出,才使台灣人民有機會使用這種昂貴的醫療儀 器。本院心臟血管外科成立發展已屆三年,開心手術已達百台以上,心臟輔助裝置如葉克膜,治療水準亦相對進步。未來可能要再做科學性探討與分析,評估哪些病 人有用或沒用,進而予ECMO知識標準化、明文化,以造福更多急性心肺衰竭的病人,重獲生命。

2011年4月17日 星期日

learn the ropes, crapulent

HTC has also set several records in Taiwan, and was listed as the most profitable company last year, while co-founder and chairwoman Cher Wang is currently the island's richest person.

Like many Taiwanese firms, HTC started as a contract manufacturer for major foreign brands such as Microsoft and only began developing its own brand of handsets in 2006.

The theory sounds nice -- learn the ropes, then launch your own product -- but so far only a handful of elite Taiwan companies such as computer maker Acer have managed to get it right.

"Others who tried ended up hurting themselves and typically saw their shares fall by half," Wang said.




learn the ropes

Meaning

Learn something new.

Origin

A nautical term, from the days of sailing ships when new recruits had to learn how to tie knots and which rope hauled up which sail. After which of course they would know the ropes.




---


crapulent (KRAP-yuh-luhnt)

adjective
Sick from excessive drinking or eating.

Etymology
From Late Latin crapulentus (very drunk), from Latin crapula (drunkenness), from Greek kraipal (hangover, drunkenness).

Usage
"A doctor examining one of his more crapulent patients said to him, 'Your body is a temple and your congregation is too large.'" — Dale Turner; Guarding Our Health Lets Us Better Serve in Role God Intended; The Seattle Times; Apr 26, 2003. "1975: Ever in search of new dining experiences, Vancouverites get crapulent on goblets of beer and fat drumsticks at the Mediaeval Inn." — Liz Hodgson; The Curve Theme Restaurants; Vancouver Sun (Canada); Feb 26, 2000.

2011年4月16日 星期六

kicks out sb over slapping cure, waterworks

Taiwan kicks out Chinese writer over slapping cure
The Independent
Taiwan's government on Thursday ordered a Chinese writer to leave the island after he claimed that slapping a person's body can cure chronic disease. Xiao Hongci drew criticism when he claimed that his "slapping therapy" had healing powers at a ...



"Japan's environment-related standards are too demanding, and we are not manufacturing products that meet those standards," a company official said.

Similar experiences were heard from Chinese makers of waterworks equipment, electric products and auto parts that were attending the China Import and Export Fair, which opened in Guangzhou on Friday.



wáterwòrks[wáter・wòrks]

[名](複)
1 ((単数・複数扱い))水道;((単数扱い))浄水所, 給水所.
2 ((単数・複数扱い))((話))涙, 涙腺(るいせん)
turn on the waterworks
泣く, 涙を流す.
3 ((複数扱い))((略式))泌尿器.
4 ((通例, 単数扱い))噴水.


2011年4月15日 星期五

marquee, running into head winds

Google hits snags on government email contracts
The Seattle Times
Google's big push to supply email services to governments around the country is running into head winds both from federal agencies and its marquee client, Los Angeles City Hall. By David Sarno LOS ANGELES — Google's big push to supply email services ...



marquee
(mär-kē') pronunciation
n.
  1. A large tent, often with open sides, used chiefly for outdoor entertainment.
  2. A rooflike structure, often bearing a signboard, projecting over an entrance, as to a theater or hotel. Also called marquise.
adj.
Being an athlete of exceptional skill and popularity: The team is hoping to sign a marquee player.

[French marquise, marquise, marquee. See marquise.]


2011年4月14日 星期四

appliqued quilt



applique
(ăp'lĭ-kā') pronunciation
n.
A decoration or ornament, as in needlework, made by cutting pieces of one material and applying them to the surface of another.

tr.v., -quéd, -qué·ing, -qués.
To decorate by cutting pieces of one material and applying them to the surface of another.

[French, past participle of appliquer, to apply, from Latin applicāre, to affix. See apply.]



Drop in Deadly V.A. Hospital Infections

Study Finds Drop in Deadly V.A. Hospital Infections

By KEVIN SACK

An effort to reduce the spread of infections is showing good results and may have broad implications nationwide.



V.A. Hospital

United States Department of Veterans Affairs: Definition from ...
Established in 1989, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides ....
Direct medical and hospital care given to veterans in the early days of the ...

2011年4月9日 星期六

nuptial, homeowners look to cash in, rake in

London homeowners look to cash in on the royal nuptuals (sic)

The countdown is on: Only three weeks to go until the UK comes to a
standstill for the marriage of Prince William and Kate Middleton. London
home-owners are set to rake in about 114 million euros from rental income
over the royal wedding weekend.

The DW-WORLD.DE Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew9mfbI44va89pI9

ennui, tedium, supplant, nuptial


nuptial
(nŭp'shəl, -chəl) pronunciation
adj.
  1. Of or relating to marriage or the wedding ceremony.
  2. Of, relating to, or occurring during the mating season: the nuptial plumage of male birds.
n.
A wedding ceremony. Often used in the plural.

[Middle English nupcialle, from Old French nuptial, from Latin nūptiālis, from nūptiae, wedding, from nūpta, feminine past participle of nūbere, to take a husband.]

nuptially nup'tial·ly adv.


A Hot Idea for the Ultra-rich Falls Short

A Hot Idea Falls Short at Goldman
Goldman's private marketplace opened to institutions and ultra-rich investors with high expectations in 2007, aiming to avoid many of the disclosure and regulatory requirements of public stock markets, but investors never showed up and the market withered.

nominative relative pronown

H. G. Wells的英文文法的問題: 主格関係代名詞nominative relative pronown

“The Work, Wealth, And Happiness Of Mankind” (H. G. Wells)

這本書的要點有:
威爾斯論人類問題 台北:進學 1971 (可能是中國的版本 無譯者名)

As his novels indicate, Wells was hostile to the Victorian social and moral orders. His criticism became explicit as his involvement with radical causes grew. Wells as prophet wrote Anticipations (1901), Mankind in the Making (1903), and A Modern Utopia (1905). He joined the Fabian Society, a socialist group that included George Bernard Shaw and Sydney Webb, in 1903; after an unsuccessful attempt four years later to turn Fabianism to mass propaganda and political action, Wells resigned. The New Machiavelli (1911), a novel, was a response to his experience in the society.

我查胡適與 H. G. Wells
結果是胡適 (1915)指他1911年的小說有文法問題 nominative relative pronown 的用法問題

胡適日記全集 - Google 圖書結果

二六、韋兒斯行文有誤 HG Wells seems to have the habit of omitting the nominative relative pronoun "that" or "which" after the impersonal "it". ...

---

這英文文法的問題或許是小(非) 問題

Instead, welcher/e/es may be used, which is seen to be more formal, and only common in interdependent multi-relative clauses, or as a mnemonic to German pupils to learn to distinguish das from daß (it is the first of these if you can say dieses, jenes or welches instead). The relative pronoun (文法》関係代名詞 )is never omitted in German. On the other hand, in English, the phrase

The young woman I invited for coffee yesterday is my cousin's fiancée.

completely omits the use of a relative pronoun.
nominative
[形]1 《文法》主格の;主語の.2 指名[推薦, 任命]された.3 〈証券などが〉記名の.━━[名]《文法》主格;主語;主格形態.

2011年4月8日 星期五

proto-simian, social intelligence and conscience

In “SuperCooperators,” Nowak argues that two of his mechanisms, indirect reciprocity and group selection, played an important role in human evolution. Think of a proto-simian trying to figure out whether to trust another in an exchange: Should I provide sex now for food and protection later? The proto-simian may have observed the behavior of its prospective partner, or it may not have; chances are good that others have, though. Reputation becomes important. The proto-­simian evolves into a hominid, with a bigger brain allowing for more precise communication about reputation. Moral instincts evolve to produce shame, guilt, trust, empathy; social intelligence and conscience are born. Before you know it, Yogi Berra is summing it all up: “Always go to other people’s funerals, otherwise they won’t come to yours.” Language, cognition and morality, Nowak argues, are evolutionary spinoffs of the fundamental need of social creatures to cooperate.




proto
or prot-
pref.
  1. First in time; earliest: protolithic.
  2. First formed; primitive; original: protohuman.
  3. Proto- Being a form of a language that is the ancestor of a language or group of related languages: Proto-Germanic.
  4. Having the least amount of a specified element or radical: protoporphyrin.

[Greek prōto-, from prōtos.]



simian
(sĭm'ē-ən) pronunciation
adj.
Relating to, characteristic of, or resembling an ape or a monkey.

n.
An ape or a monkey.

[From Latin sīmia, ape, probably from sīmus, snub-nosed, from Greek sīmos.]



bodysurfing accident, swear off

'The Uncoupling'

By MEG WOLITZER
Reviewed by JINCY WILLETT

This novel's women swear off sex after a school decides to stage Aristophanes' "Lysistrata."(此古希臘戲劇是關於女性掌權....有翻譯本)





swear off

Pledge to renounce or give up, as in I've sworn off cigarettes. This expression was first used for abjuring liquor in the first half of the 1800s but has since been broadened to just about anything.




'Say Her Name'

By FRANCISCO GOLDMAN
Reviewed by ROBIN ROMM

Francisco Goldman's passionate, moving novel takes as its subject his tragically short marriage to the fiction writer Aura Estrada, who died in a bodysurfing accident in 2007, when she was 30.



Bodysurfing is the art and sport of riding a wave without the assistance of any buoyant device such as a surfboard or bodyboard. Bodysurfers typically equip themselves only with a pair of specialized swimfins that stay on during turbulent conditions and optimize propulsion.

To get on the wave, bodysurfers must pick a direction, swim, kick, or paddle hard, use their back or an outstretched arm, and ride the wave in a streamline position. Left and right turns can be performed by digging the shoulder into the wave, causing the person to slide to the side of the wave. After catching a wave, in order to exit the wave a person must drop the head and a very rapid tumble turn will exit the person out of the wave. Care must be taken to execute the maneuver with no hesitation, flipping the feet over as quickly as possible. Always ensure the water is deep enough so that no injury is brought about by the head, neck, and shoulders when hitting the sand. A variation of this is to roll over the shoulder rather than directly 'head-over-feet'. Simple techniques include spins, barrel rolls, and the ever-popular getting pounded or 'dumped' - colloquially known by surfers as 'eating carrots'.


2011年4月7日 星期四

experiment, experience



experience
[名]

1 (一つ一つの具体的な)経験, 体験
have a pleasant [a bitter] experience
楽しい[苦い]経験をする
An experience early on taught me that he was very kind.
ずっと前の経験から彼がとても親切な人だということがわかった.
2 [U](一般的に)(…の)経験, 体験((in ...))
three years' experience in business
3年間の実務経験
learn by [from] experience
経験から学ぶ
gain [get] one's experience in writing
書く経験を積む
speak from experience
経験に基づいて話す
do work experience with ...
(会社などで)実習する
Experience shows that ...
経験によると…
It takes time to acquire experience.
経験(を積む)には時間がかかる
Experience is the mother of science.
経験は学問の母.
3 [U](経験によって得た)知識, 知恵, 技能.
4 ((〜s))体験[経験]談;宗教的体験談.
━━[動](他)
1 …を経験[体験]する, 感じる
experience pain
苦痛を覚える
experience a rush [a flood] of energy
活力がわき起こるのを感じる.
2III that節/wh-節]〈…ということを〉経験によって知る, (身にしみて)わかる
experience how lonely it is to be left alone
ひとり放っておかれることがどんなに寂しいかしみじみ悟る.
[ラテン語experientia(experient十分に試みる+-ia=試みによる知識)]



experiment
[名] 〔ikspérmnt〕 [U][C](…の)実験, (実地に行う)試み, 試験((in, on, upon, with ...)). ▼inは実験分野, on [upon]は実験対象, withは実験材料・手段を表す. ⇒TRIAL[類語]
an experiment in physics
物理学実験
experiments on living animals
動物生体実験
on experiment
試験的に;実験に基づいて
by way of experiment [=as an experiment]
試みに
make [do, carry out, conduct, perform] an experiment
実験をする.
━━[動] 〔ekspérmènt | iks-〕 (自)(…で)実験する, (…を)試みる, 試す((on, upon, with ...))
experiment with driving a submarine by nuclear power
原子力で潜水艦を推進する実験をする
experiment on rabbits
ウサギを使って実験する
experiment with electricity
電気の実験をする
experiment with drugs
薬品を試用する;((米俗))薬(やく)(ヘロインなど)をやってみる.
[中ラテン語experīmentum(experīrī試みる+-mentum動作を示す名詞語尾=試み). △EXPERIENCE

2011年4月6日 星期三

coliseum/colosseum/ colossus

coliseum/colosseum
also col·os·se·um (kŏl'ĭ-sē'əm) pronunciation
n.
A large amphitheater for public sports events, entertainment, or assemblies.

[Medieval Latin Colisēum, an amphitheater in Rome, Italy, variant of Latin Colossēum, from neuter of colossēus, gigantic, from colossus, huge statue. See colossus.]


Coliseum
Theatre in London, built in 1904. Its seating capacity (2354) and stage are the largest in London and it was the first theatre to have a revolving stage. It is the home of English National Opera.



colossus
(kə-lŏs'əs) pronunciation
n., pl., -los·si (-lŏs'ī'), or -los·sus·es.
  1. A huge statue.
  2. Something likened to a huge statue, as in size or importance: a colossus of bureaucracy.

[Latin, from Greek kolossos.]





you can't put new wine in old bottles'舊瓶不能裝新酒'嗎?

you can't put new wine in old bottles'舊瓶不能裝新酒'嗎?

2011年4月4日 星期一

The Magistrate of Peach Blossom Spring

第二讲:桃花源的长官/縣令? (The Magistrate of Peach Blossom Spring)


spring

[名]
1 [C][U]春
late in (the) spring [in late spring]
晩春に
in the spring of 1997
1997年の春に.
2 ばね, ぜんまい, スプリング, 発条
an air [a hydraulic] spring
空気[水圧]ばね
the toy dog worked by a spring
ぜんまい仕掛けの犬のおもちゃ.
3 ((しばしば〜s))泉, わき水, 水源地;元, 源, 源泉;(行為などの)原動力, 動機, 動因
sulphur [hot] springs
硫黄泉[温泉]
the springs of the national character
国民性の原動力.
4 ((通例a 〜))飛ぶ[はねる]こと;飛び立つこと;はね返り, 反動, 弾力のある動き, はねる動作;活力;[U][C]弾力, 弾性
make a spring at ...
…に飛びかかる
with a spring in one's step
弾むような足取りで.
5 ((文))初めの段階, 初期, 青春, 成長期.
6 (マストの)割れ, 裂け目, (板の)ゆがみ, そり.
7 《海事》もれ口, 漏水箇所;係留索.
8 《建築》(アーチの)起拱(ききょう)点, 迫元(せりもと).
9 《狩り》コガモの小さな群れ.
━━[形]
1 春の, 春らしい, 春特有の;春向きの
spring flowers
春咲きの花
spring rains
春雨.
2 ばねのある, ばね仕掛けの.
3 泉の[から出る].
━━[動](sprang 〔sprǽ〕 or((米・豪))sprung 〔spr〕, sprung)(自)
1I[副]]飛ぶ, はねる, 踊る, 飛び上がる, 急に[突然]動く[行動する];〈キジなどが〉飛び立つ
spring into a pool
プールに飛び込む
spring to one's feet
さっと立ち上がる
The burglar sprang at me.
強盗が飛びかかってきた
A question sprang to his lips.
質問が口をついて出た.
2I([副])]急に(…に)なる((into, to ...));急にはじける, はね返る;〈地雷などが〉爆発する;[II[形]]はね返って(…に)なる
spring into existence
にわかに出現する
spring into action [to life]
急に活気づく
spring to attention
(兵士が)さっと気をつけの姿勢をとる
Wild flowers sprang into bloom everywhere.
野生の花が至る所に咲き始めた
The window sprang shut [open].
窓がぱたんと閉まった[ぱっと開いた].
3 (…から)突然現れる, 急に生じる[起こる]((up/from ...));〈植物が〉芽を出す;〈水・血・涙などが〉奔出する, 急に流れ出す, 〈火花・火などが〉ぱっと光り出す((up, forth, out))
New nations sprang up like mushrooms.
新興国が雨後の竹の子のように誕生した
The sweat sprang out on his brow.
汗が彼の額から吹き出た
Where did you spring from?
どこから現れたんだい.
4 〈感情などが〉(…を源として)発する, (…から)生じる;〈人が〉(…の)出である((from ...))
spring from the Imperial family
皇室の出である
Fear always springs from ignorance.
恐怖は常に無知から生じる.
5 〈尖塔(せんとう)が〉高くそびえる;〈アーチが〉上に伸びて行く.
6 〈板が〉そる;〈機械・構造物の一部が〉はずれる, ゆるむ.
7 ((豪・米略式))(…を)おごる((for ...)).
━━(他)
1 …をはねさせる, 飛び上がらせる;〈野鳥などを〉飛び立たせる;〈わな・錠・ふたなどを〉ばねではね返らせる;[V[名][形]]…をはね返らせて(…に)する
spring a mouse trap
ネズミ取りをはね返らせる
He sprang the door of the cage open.
かごの戸をぱたんと開けた.
2 〈弾性のあるものを〉曲げる;…をはずす, ゆるめる, 〈板などを〉そらせる, 曲げる, …を裂く, 割る;〈漏れ穴を〉生じさせる
spring a leak
水漏れする
Our ship sprung her mast during the tempest.
暴風雨で船のマストが折れた.
3 …を(人に)急に持ち出す[始める], だしぬけに示す[言い出す]((on ...))
spring a joke
突然冗談を言う
He likes to spring surprises on us.
私たちがびっくりするようなことをだしぬけに言うのが好きだ.
4 ((まれ))…を飛び越える.
5 ((略式))〈囚人を〉脱獄させる((from ...));〈人を〉軍務から解放する.
6 《海事》…を桟橋の係留位置から離す[に入れる].
7 〈車などに〉スプリングを取りつける;〈地雷を〉爆発させる.
8 ((英略式))〈金を〉出す;〈ある量を〉買い込む;((英俗))…を買う余裕がある.
[古英語springan. 原義は「突然わき出る」. 「春」は「芽が出る時」. △ドイツ語springen(とび出る)]

2011年4月3日 星期日

Madonna , franciscan, acts of mercy

the McManus Distinguished Business Lecture Series

這筆五萬美金的" 講座"捐贈 讓我知道這所底特律的聖母大學的商學院(在中國有EMBA課程)
文中說戴明博士生前也當過the McManus Distinguished Business Lecture Series (1989年開始)的講師....
[PDF]

McManus

- [ 翻譯此頁 ]
檔案類型: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - 快速檢視
28 Mar 2011 ... The McManus Distinguished. Business Lecture Series. Free, and open to the public
, this lecture series was established in 1989 by Michael F. ...

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名詞解釋:

Madonna It. ): (1) 聖母抱耶穌像。 (2) 聖母:原為義大利文,即英文之 Our Lady

franciscan :方濟會士;方濟會的。

mercy (1) 慈悲;憐憫:人雖犯罪,天主對人卻慈悲為懷,憐惜眾生。 (2) 功德;哀矜;施捨;援助;關懷:人應有同情心,盡力滿足他人的需要,這也是正義和愛德之要求。

mercy, corporal works of :物質援助;物質的佈施或施捨;(有)形哀矜:如捐款給窮人。詳見 works of mercy, corporal

mercy, spiritual works of :精神援助;精神方面的佈施或施捨;(精)神哀矜:如為病人祈禱早日痊癒。詳見 works of mercy, spiritual



The Sisters of St. Felix of Cantalice, or Felician Sisters, are one branch of the Third Order of St. Francis. The active-contemplative order was founded in Warsaw, Poland, in 1843, by Sophia Truszkowska, and named for a shrine of St. Felix, a 16th century Franciscan saint especially devoted to children. The Felician Sisters have always sought to harmonize a deep spiritual and community life with dedication to diverse acts of mercy. In North America, the Felician Sisters have ministered primarily to Polish Americans since their arrival from Poland in 1874. Their Foundress, Mother Mary Angela Truszkowska, was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1993.

Most Felician Sisters maintain the religious garb of their Foundress, Blessed Mary Angela Truszkowska, consisting of a brown habit (beige during summer months), scapular, (jacket at specified times), headdress, black veil, collar, Felician wooden crucifix suspended on tape or cord, and simple ring received at final profession. This remains a discipline in the Krakow, Przemyśl and Warsaw provinces in Poland, as well as the Livonia and Enfield provinces in North America.

As of the beginning of 2005, there were just under 2,000 professed members of the Felician Sisters.

----

McManus Foundation presents $50,000 to Madonna


gal, peak ground acceleration

According to data recorded by seismometers at the lowest floors of the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant and released by TEPCO on Friday, the No. 2 reactor building suffered tremors of 550 gals, 1.25 times stronger than the maximum standard of 438 gals. (A gal is a unit that measures peak ground acceleration in earthquakes).


GAL
(gal)

(mechanics) The unit of acceleration in the centimeter-gram-second system, equal to 1 centimeter per second squared; commonly used in geodetic measurement. Formerly known as galileo. Symbolized Gal. gallon

2011年4月2日 星期六

get into/Lazy Londoners fail to get into the Olympic Spirit

Lazy Londoners fail to get into the Olympic Spirit

When London was awarded the 2012 Olympic Games, organizers pledged to get
two million more people in the UK involved in sports and physical activity.
But that goal appeared to be too ambitious and was downgraded to one
million.

The DW-WORLD.DE Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ew9f8fI44va89pI7



get into

1. Become involved in, as in He got into trouble by stealing cars, or I don't want to get into the long history of this problem. [Early 1700s]
2. Put on clothes, as in Wait till I get into my suit. [Late 1600s]
3. Take possession of one, cause to act differently or inappropriately, as in You're leaving it to the animal shelter? What has got into you? or I don't know what gets into you children. [Late 1800s]
4. See be into. Also see subsequent entries beginning with get into.