2013年9月27日 星期五

tranche, vamp, fabricate, improvise





It has been a long time coming. But then the fifth assessment of the state of the global climate by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), a United Nations body, was a behemoth of an undertaking. The first tranche of the multi-volume #IPCC report was released in Stockholm on September 27th. And it is categorical in its conclusion: climate change has not stopped and man is the main cause http://econ.st/1bLtFod



 IMF approves next tranche of bailout money to Greece

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has agreed to release the next
installment of bailout money to Greece. The institution deemed the
debt-stricken country's reform efforts "impressive."


bailout tranche
Papandreou warns of EU's demise should Greece fail to pass austerity
measures

The Greek prime minister struggled to unite his party behind him on
Thursday amid discontent over austerity measures. He needs to get the bill
passed, if Greece is to get the latest tranche of an EU/IMF bailout.

The DW-WORLD.DE Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=ewb3mvI44va89pI3




fabricate (verb) Make up something artificial or untrue.
Synonyms:cook up, invent, manufacture
Usage:Did Harold really wrestle a bear, or did he fabricate the story to impress us?

tranche

Syllabification: (tranche)
Pronunciation: /träNSH/

noun

  • a portion of something, especially money:they released the first tranche of the loan

Origin:

late 15th century: from Old French, literally 'slice'

tranche

pronunciation

IN BRIEF: n. - A portion of something (especially money).


vamp[vamp1]

  • 発音記号[vǽmp]
[名]
1 (靴の甲からつま先をおおう)つま革, わく革.
2 つぎ, はぎ, ぼろ隠し;つぎはぎ細工.
3 ((略式))《ジャズ》即席伴奏.
━━[動](他)
1 〈靴に〉(新しい)つま革をつける.
2 …につぎを当てる;…を修繕する.
3 ((略式))〈古いものを〉新しく見せる, 手直しする;〈うわさなどを〉でっち上げる, 作り上げる((up))
vamp up a new collection from some old poems
古い詩数編から新しい歌集をつくる.
4 《ジャズ》〈伴奏などを〉即席に演奏する((up)).
━━(自)
1 《ジャズ》即席演奏する.
2 いろいろ尋ねてようすをさぐる((around)).
vamp・er
[名]
(vămp) pronunciation
n.
  1. The upper part of a boot or shoe covering the instep and sometimes extending over the toe.
    1. Something patched up or refurbished.
    2. Something rehashed, as a book based on old material.
  2. Music. An improvised accompaniment.

v., vamped, vamp·ing, vamps. v.tr.
  1. To provide (a shoe) with a new vamp.
  2. To patch up (something old); refurbish.
  3. To put together; fabricate or improvise: With no hard news available about the summit meeting, the reporters vamped up questions based only on rumor.
  4. Music. To improvise (an accompaniment, for example) for a solo.
v.intr. Music
To improvise simple accompaniment or variation of a tune.

[Middle English vampe, sock, from Old French avanpie : avaunt, before; see vanguard + pie, foot (from Latin pēs).]
vamper vamp'er n.

vamp2 (vămp) pronunciation Informal.
n.
A woman who uses her sex appeal to entrap and exploit men.


v., vamped, vamp·ing, vamps. v.tr.
To seduce or exploit (someone) in the manner of a vamp.

v.intr.
To play the part of a vamp.

[Short forVAMPIRE .]
vampish vamp'ish adj.
vampishly vamp'ish·ly adv.
vampy vamp'y adj.

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