2013年2月15日 星期五

buckle, buckler, hack, olla, scrap, lentil, made away, blackening

buckler Pronunciation (noun) Armor carried on the arm to intercept blows.
Usage:As soon as he deflected his opponent's blow with his buckler, he went on the offensive, slashing away with his sword.

Unsurprisingly, perhaps, some buckle under the weight of these great acting clans. In 2010 Danjuro’s son, Ebizo Ichikawa XI, was beaten up in a Tokyo nightclub brawl. The incident led to his suspension from kabuki and the blackening of the family name. For weeks afterwards, Ebizo had to endure the sort of media circus that accompanies Hollywood scandals, and repeated questions about whether his nirami would survive the assault. His career has yet to recover completely.

Perhaps more significantly, eight million people in the United States looked up their congressional representatives through Wikipedia and, it is claimed, went on to protest about Sopa and Pipa. Wikipedia paints a picture of jammed switchboards at Capitol Hill and servers buckling under the weight of email from protestors.

The designers Margherita Maccapani Missoni, left, and Angela Missoni greeted guests last week at a Target store in New York.
Thomas Concordia/Getty Images for Target

Missoni’s Line Crashes Target’s Web Site

Target’s web site buckled Tuesday under the demand for a limited-edition line by designers Margherita and Angela Missoni, seen above at a Target store in New York.


black • en
blackened (過去形) • blackened (過去分詞) • blackening (現在分詞) • blackens (三人称単数現在)
1 …を黒くする;…を暗くする.
2 〈人格・名誉などを〉汚す, 中傷する.
3 〈魚・肉を〉香辛料をまぶして外側を強火で焼く. ▼内側は柔らかい.

  1. A clasp for fastening two ends, as of straps or a belt, in which a device attached to one of the ends is fitted or coupled to the other.
  2. An ornament that resembles this clasp, such as a metal square on a shoe or hat.
  3. An instance of bending, warping, or crumpling; a bend or bulge.

v., -led, -ling, -les. v.tr.
  1. To fasten with a buckle.
  2. To cause to bend, warp, or crumple.
  1. To become fastened with a buckle.
  2. To bend, warp, or crumple, as under pressure or heat.
  3. To give way; collapse: My knees buckled with fear.
  4. To succumb, as to exhaustion or authority; give in: finally buckled under the excessive demands of the job.
phrasal verbs:
buckle down
  1. To apply oneself with determination.
buckle up
  1. To use a safety belt, especially in an automobile.
[Middle English bokel, from Old French boucle, from Latin buccula, cheek strap of a helmet, diminutive of bucca, cheek.]

hack2 (hăk) pronunciation
  1. A horse used for riding or driving; a hackney.
  2. A worn-out horse for hire; a jade.
    1. One who undertakes unpleasant or distasteful tasks for money or reward; a hireling.
    2. A writer hired to produce routine or commercial writing.
  3. A carriage or hackney for hire.
  4. Informal.
    1. A taxicab.
    2. See hackie.

(ŏl'ə, ō') pronunciation
  1. Southwestern U.S. A rounded earthenware pot or jar, used especially for cooking or for carrying water.
  2. An olla podrida.
[Spanish, from Old Spanish, from Latin, variant of aula, aulla, pot, jar.]
REGIONAL NOTE The unglazed earthenware olla, a large crock or jar, was used for generations in southwestern parts of the United States where Spanish language and culture predominate, particularly in south Texas and California. The olla was usually used to store water on a patio and was wrapped in burlap to keep the water cool.



《堂吉訶德》楊絳譯 台北:聯經,1988
《堂吉訶德》屠孟超譯 南京:譯林,1995




IN a village of La Mancha, the name of which I have no desire to
call to mind, there lived not long since one of those gentlemen that
keep a lance in the lance-rack, an old buckler, a lean hack, and a
greyhound for coursing. An olla of rather more beef than mutton, a
salad on most nights, scraps on Saturdays, lentils on Fridays, and a
pigeon or so extra on Sundays, made away with three-quarters of his