2010年11月30日 星期二

2010年11月29日 星期一

naval exercise, artillery barrage

U.S., South Korea kick off naval exercises

SEOUL--A joint U.S.-South Korean naval exercise involving a U.S. aircraft carrier group kicked off Sunday in the Yellow Sea as diplomatic efforts to ease tensions continued following North Korea's deadly artillery barrage last week. (November 29) [more]

2010年11月27日 星期六

preface, postface , afterword/epilogue

ep·i·logue ep·i·log (ĕp'ə-lôg', -lŏg') pronunciation
also
n.
    1. A short poem or speech spoken directly to the audience following the conclusion of a play.
    2. The performer who delivers such a short poem or speech.
  1. A short addition or concluding section at the end of a literary work, often dealing with the future of its characters. Also called afterword.

[Middle English epiloge, from Old French epilogue, from Latin epilogus, from Greek epilogos, conclusion of a speech : epi-, epi- + logos, word, speech.]





pref·ace (prĕf'ĭs) pronunciation
n.
    1. A preliminary statement or essay introducing a book that explains its scope, intention, or background and is usually written by the author.
    2. An introductory section, as of a speech.
  1. Something introductory; a preliminary: An informal brunch served as a preface to the three-day conference.
  2. often Preface The words introducing the central part of the Eucharist in several Christian churches.
tr.v., -aced, -ac·ing, -ac·es.
  1. To introduce by or provide with a preliminary statement or essay.
  2. To serve as an introduction to.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin praefātiō, praefātiōn-, from praefātus, past participle of praefārī, to say before : prae-, pre- + fārī, to speak.]

prefacer pref'ac·er n.



----

A postface is the opposite of a preface, a brief article or explanatory information placed at the end of a book. Sometimes general information about a book and the people for whom it was written is at the back of the book in a postface. In ancient Chinese works, the postface is called 序/叙言. Afterwords are quite often used in books so that the non-pertinent information will appear at the end of the literary work, and not confuse the reader.

Some may regard this entry as a joke based on Caroll Fisher Saller's comment in her book "The Subversive Copy Editor" that you can't put the preface at the end of the book. After all, it's not called a "postface."

However, one authentic example of a postface can be found in the 1954 book, "Dali's Mustache: A Photographic Interview," by Salvador Dali and Philippe Halsman. While the main body of the work is a collaboration, each author gets a few words to himself, Dali in the preface and Halsman in the postface.

catch on, black magic, push bottom

Amazon Alone in U.K. Black Friday Sales
Amazon.com's attempts to export Black Friday—one of the busiest and most discounted pre-Christmas shopping days in the U.S—into the U.K. hasn't caught on with the wider retail sector.

 

 

BlackBerry Rivals Push RIM's Buttons
BlackBerry maker Research In Motion may hint this week at strategy changes to meet the dual challenges of a $99 iPhone from Apple and Palm's Pre.


push bottom
(′pu̇sh ′bət·ən) (computer science) A small rectangle on a graphical user interface whose selection initiates immediate action.

black magic

悪魔術, 妖術.
black

下降頭

catch on

1. Understand, as in Aunt Mary doesn't catch on to any jokes. The verb to catch alone was used with this meaning from Shakespeare's time, on being added in the late 1800s. Also see get it, def. 2.
2. Become popular, as in This new dance is really beginning to catch on. [Late 1800s]

2010年11月24日 星期三

The domino effect

.多米諾效應恐慌籠罩歐洲


The domino effect is a chain reaction that occurs when a small change causes a similar change nearby, which then will cause another similar change, and so on in linear sequence. The term is best known as a mechanical effect, and is used as an analogy to a falling row of dominoes. It typically refers to a linked sequence of events where the time between successive events is relatively small. It can be used literally (an observed series of actual collisions) or metaphorically (complex systems such as global finance, or in politics, where linkage is only a hypothesis).

-piezo

目前已是數位影像及列印領導品牌之一的Epson,為慶祝微針點壓電式噴墨技術(Micro Piezo technology)商用發展開始迄今20週年,昨日在日本長野展開為期兩天的獨家新聞發表會,會中展示最新Epson ME Office系列印表機、發表全新專業打樣印表機,並特別預先公開即將上市的Epson SurePress商用標籤印表機。

-piezo
pref.
Pressure: piezoelectricity.

[From Greek piezein, to press tight, squeeze.]

Ponzi scheme / participating in the fraud

Madoff Trustee Sues UBS for $2 Billion
The trustee recovering money for victims of Bernard Madoff's Ponzi scheme is seeking $2 billion from UBS through a lawsuit that accuses the Swiss banking giant of participating in the fraud.



par·tic·i·pate (pär-tĭs'ə-pāt') pronunciation

v., -pat·ed, -pat·ing, -pates. v.intr.
  1. To take part in something: participated in the festivities.
  2. To share in something: If only I could participate in your good fortune.
v.tr. Archaic
To partake of.

[Latin participāre, participāt-, from particeps, particip-, partaker : pars, part-, part; see part + capere, to take.]

participative par·tic'i·pa'tive adj.
participator par·tic'i·pa'tor n.

an itch /itching to book a trip

Timing is everything. Korea is trying to woo tourists through a "Visit Korea" ad campaign. But this week wasn't ideal for the Korean Tourism Organization to run ads in the U.S. on networks like CNBC. With stocks oscillating wildly, partly on worries of Korean conflict, traders probably weren't itching to book a trip.


itch
n.
  1. An irritating skin sensation causing a desire to scratch.
  2. Any of various skin disorders, such as scabies, marked by intense irritation and itching.
  3. A restless desire or craving for something: an itch to travel.

v., itched, itch·ing, itch·es. v.intr.
    1. To feel, have, or produce an itch.
    2. To have a desire to scratch.
  1. To have a persistent, restless craving.
v.tr.
  1. To cause to itch.
  2. To scratch (an itch).

[Middle English yicche, from Old English gicce, from giccan, to itch.]

call Apple home, call one's own

Some RIM Sales Staff Now Call Apple Home
Apple isn't only poaching corporate customers from BlackBerry maker Research In Motion, it's hiring RIM's sales people. In the past 18 months, at least five members of RIM's enterprise-sales team have left the company to join Apple.


call one's own
Claim or regard something as one's possession or under one's control, as in Victorian wives had almost nothing to call their own. This expression, dating from about 1600, today is often used in a negative context, as in the example. It also appears in can't call one's time one's own,常恨此身非所有 which dates from the 18th century and means one spends much of one's time in someone else's service, as in The hours in this job are terrible; I can't call my time my own.

Lancet Oncology, acupuncturist

衛生署日前核准抑制腫瘤新生血管的標靶藥物,用於治療非鱗狀非小細胞肺癌。今年度「刺針腫瘤醫學期刊」(Lancet Oncology)發表研究成果,首度證實,此抗血管新生標靶藥物合併化療,可提升中位存活期達14.6個月。 台北榮民總醫院胸腔部胸腔腫瘤科主任蔡俊明表示,他所參與 ...
Acupuncturist Treats 40 Players in 4 Cities
Acupuncturist Treats 40 Players in 4 Cities
針灸師acupuncturist


lan·cet (lăn'sĭt) pronunciation
n.
  1. Medicine. A surgical knife with a short, wide, pointed double-edged blade, used especially for making punctures and small incisions. Also called lance.
  2. Architecture.
    1. A lancet arch.
    2. A lancet window.
[Middle English, from Old French, diminutive of lance, lance. See lance.]
pronunciation

IN BRIEF: A sharp two-edged surgical instrument.

pronunciation The nurse used a lancet to extract just a drop of blood from the patient's finger.

read-made, ready meal, TV dinner

ready meal1979
=TV dinner
n.
A frozen prepared meal, usually packaged in a disposable serving tray, that needs only to be heated before serving.

Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/tv-dinner#ixzz16Br1hxhu





1915
read-made
or read·y·made (rĕd'ē-mād')
adj.
  1. Already made, prepared, or available: ready-made clothes.
  2. Handy or expedient, especially because of familiarity, frequent use, or preplanning: a raft of ready-made excuses.


Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/ready-made#ixzz16BqcVYrU

2010年11月23日 星期二

代某光通信部品與次系統台商徵高階品管主管

代某光通信部品與次系統台商徵高階品管主管

本刊版主剛從中國回來 一周來未更新

代某光通信部品與次系統台商徵高階品管主管
請將履歷等資訊寄
hcsimonl@gmail.com



鍾 漢清
Hanching Chung (or HC/ hc)
網址:http://www.deming.com.tw
台灣戴明圈: A Taiwanese Deming Circle
http://demingcircle.blogspot.com/
地址:台北市新生南路三段88號2樓
電話:(02) 23650127

2010年11月14日 星期日

full-year

Siemens gave a bullish outlook and said it will gain market share and grow faster than its competitors in 2011, as it posted a record full-year result.

answerable

They were answerable only to themself.

answerable
adj.
  1. Subject to being called to answer; accountable. See synonyms at responsible.
  2. That can be answered or refuted: an answerable charge.
  3. Archaic.
    1. Suitable.
    2. Corresponding.
answerability an'swer·a·bil'i·ty or an'swer·a·ble·ness n.
answerably an'swer·a·bly adv.
[形]
1 ((叙述))(人に)責めを負う((to ...));(行為に)責任のある((for ...))
a government answerable to the people
国民に対して責任を負う政府
He is answerable to me for his behavior.
彼は私に対して自分の行為の責任がある.
2 〈質問などが〉答えることのできる.
3 (…に)比例する, 相関する((to ...)).
4 ((古))(…に)一致する, 適合する, かなう((to ...)).
àn・swer・a・bíl・i・ty
[名]

vocal music 歌樂

The noun vocal music has one meaning:

Meaning #1: music that is vocalized (as contrasted with instrumental music)

1. 歌樂
注音一式 ㄍㄜ ㄩㄝˋ
漢語拼音   yu 注音二式 g  yu
相似詞 笙歌 相反詞 
凡由人聲所表現的音樂,統稱為「歌樂」。

political action committee, PACs

Looking to 2012, Republicans Vie for Big Donors

By MICHAEL LUO

Some potential candidates are pursuing outsize contributions using state political action committees, which, unlike federal PACs, have no spending limits.



political action committee
n. (Abbr. PAC)
A committee formed by business, labor, or other special-interest groups to raise money and make contributions to the campaigns of political candidates whom they support.

2010年11月11日 星期四

a raise, a hit

Google is giving its 23,000 employees a 10% raise, as the competition for talent in Silicon Valley heats up.

Nintendo took a hit to its results from the strong yen. But unlike at other Japanese companies, reduced exports weren't the main villain. The bigger problem was the company's unusually large pile of cash in foreign currencies.



raise

n.
  1. The act of raising or increasing.
  2. An increase in salary.



pronunciation

IN BRIEF: To increase the amount of.

pronunciation If you really do put a small value upon yourself, rest assured that the world will not raise your price. — Unknown from www.zaadz.com

2010年11月8日 星期一

Hasta la vista, decry, disparage, depreciate, derogate, belittle, minimize, downgrade.

Hasta la Vista, Arnold: What Is Schwarzenegger's Legacy?

By Kevin O'Leary / Los Angeles

As both candidates to succeed him decry his record, the former Hollywood superstar may have left them a road map on what they shouldn't try to save the state



http://www.answers.com/topic/hasta-la-vista-performed-by-various-artists
Hasta la vista => see you next time!


decry

tr.v., -cried, -cry·ing, -cries.
  1. To condemn openly.
  2. To depreciate (currency, for example) by official proclamation or by rumor.

[French décrier, from Old French descrier : des-, de- + crier, to cry; see cry.]

decrier de·cri'er n.

SYNONYMS decry, disparage, depreciate, derogate, belittle, minimize, downgrade. These verbs mean to think, write, or speak of as being of little value or importance. Decry implies open denunciation or condemnation: A staunch materialist, he decries economy. Disparage often implies the communication of a low opinion by indirection: Many critics disparage psychoanalysis as being a pseudoscience. To depreciate is to assign a lower than customary value to someone or something: Some musicologists depreciate Liszt's compositions. Derogate implies a detraction that impairs: People often derogate what they don't understand. Belittle and minimize mean to make less important, but minimize strongly implies the minimum level: He belittled the child's attempts to draw. She tried to minimize my accomplishment. To downgrade is to minimize in importance or estimation: Her rival downgraded the painting, calling it decorative but superficial.

2010年11月7日 星期日

bullet train, caling back, affordability and practicality



2010年11月08日 07:20 AM

中国反思高铁建设计划
Beijing reviews high-speed rail plans




China’s Ministry of Railways is conducting a review of the country’s ambitious high-speed rail proposals after an influential state-backed think-tank raised questions over the affordability and practicality of the planned network. 中国铁道部正对中国雄心勃勃的高铁计划做出重新评估。此前,一家颇具影响力的、有政府背景的智囊机构质疑,中国是否有能力负担计划中的高铁网络,以及该网络是否实用。
In a report submitted by the China Academy of Science to the State Council, experts urged a rethink of the emphasis on massive infrastructure investment, particularly the bullet train expansion programme. 在中国科学院(CAS)提交给国务院的一份报告中,专家们敦促相关方面进行反思:是否应把重点放在大规模基础设施投资、尤其是放在高铁扩张计划上。
One of the concerns expressed in the report is the unsustainable level of debt that has propelled rail building projects across the country, particularly since the government launched its stimulus package in late 2008 to combat the effects of the global economic crisis. 这份报告表达的一项担忧是,推动铁路建设的举债规模已达到不可持续的水平,特别是自2008年底政府出台刺激计划对抗全球经济危机影响以来。
The report found that the acceleration of infrastructure investment triggered by the stimulus package has caused a lack of integration between transport services across the country, leaving highways, subways, train stations and airports not properly connected. 报告发现,刺激计划导致的基础设施投资加速,已造成全国各交通服务之间缺乏系统整合,高速公路、地铁、火车站和机场之间缺乏适当的连接。
Wen Jiabao, China’s premier, has seen the report and asked for further discussion of current high-speed rail plans, say people familiar with the matter. 知情人士称,中国总理温家宝已看到这份报告,并要求相关方面对目前的高铁计划做出进一步讨论。
The review – and possible scaling back – come as provincial officials appear to have caught bullet train fever. 在相关方面重新评估、并可能缩减高铁计划规模之际,中国各省官员似乎患上了高铁“狂热症”。
Local governments have between them asked for Beijing’s permission to expand the high-speed rail network by as much as 80 per cent above the already ambitious approved targets, according to analysts and Chinese media reports. 根据分析人士和中国媒体报道所称,各地方政府要求中央政府允许它们在已获批的宏伟目标基础上,把高铁网络建设规模总共再扩大至多80%。
Under the current plan, the central government has authorised a high-speed network that will reach 16,000km by 2020 and service more than 90 per cent of the population. 根据目前的计划,中央政府批准到2020年时建成1.6万公里高铁网络,为90%以上的中国人口提供服务。
But as part of the stimulus the government more than doubled its planned investments in railways for 2009 and 2010 and now expects to have 13,000km of high-speed track by the end of 2012. That will give China more high-speed rail capacity – trains that travel at more than 250km an hour – than the rest of the world put together, according to data from the International Union of Railways and Nomura, the investment bank. 然而,作为刺激计划的一部分,中央政府把2009年和2010年的铁路建设计划投资增 加了一倍以上;这样,到2012年底,中国便有望铺设1.3万公里高铁轨道。国际铁路联盟(IUR)和投资银行野村证券(Nomura)的数据显示,这将 让中国的高铁运输能力超过世界其余地区的总和。高铁是指时速超过250公里的列车。
But with dozens of new lines scheduled to open in the next two years, the high-speed connections already in operation are being carefully scrutinised. 但是,考虑到将有数十条计划中的新建高铁线路在未来两年启用,目前已投入运营的高铁线路正受到密切审视。
Critics point out that bullet train services, such as the 1,000km Wuhan to Guangzhou connection that opened this year, are operating at less than half their full capacity and will never make enough money to repay the huge bank loans used to build them. 批评人士指出,高铁线路——例如今年启用的1000公里长的武广高铁——目前的上座率还不到一半,它们永远不可能创造足够多的利润来偿清银行提供的巨额建设贷款。

译者/汪洋

use spending bills to block some of its provisions

G.O.P. Plans to Use Purse Strings to Fight Health Law

By ROBERT PEAR

Republicans acknowledge that they do not have the votes to repeal President Obama's health care overhaul, but they plan to use spending bills to block some of its provisions.



1 [U][C](食糧などの)供給, (…への)支給, 提供, 人員配置, 定員((for ...))
public provision for the poor
貧民に対する公の食糧支給.
2 [U](予測される危険などに対する)準備, 用意((for, against ...))
make provision for the future
将来に備える
He made financial provisions for his family.
彼は家族の経済的な備えをした.
3 支給量;用意[準備]された物;設備;貯蔵品, たくわえ, ストック.
4 ((〜s))食糧, 糧食.
5 (法律などの)条項;(…という)規定, 条款, ただし書き((that節)).
6 [U]《キリスト教》叙任, 叙階;聖職直任.
━━[動](他)(…のために)…に食糧を供給準備する.
pro・vi・sion・ment
[名][U]食糧供給.
《英語で準備、供給、提供の意》コンピューターネットワークや通信事業などの分野において、利用者の要求に迅速に対応できるよう、あらかじめ設備やインフラを用意し、必要な分を必要な時にサービス提供すること。インターネットの接続サービス、サーバーや大規模な記憶装置の利用などがある。重要な技術要素として、ハードウエアの物理的構成によらず、統合したり分割したりして利用する仮想化が挙げられる。

heaped praise on, duel of definitions

Obama sets Japan, S.Korea on duel of definitions
ABS CBN News
WASHINGTON - US President Barack Obama is certain to heap praise on South Korea and Japan as he attends back-to-back summits but some experts see a subtle ...




heap
n.
  1. A group of things placed or thrown, one on top of the other: a heap of dirty rags lying in the corner.
  2. Informal. A great deal; a lot. Often used in the plural: We have heaps of homework tonight.
  3. Slang. An old or run-down car.
tr.v., heaped, heap·ing, heaps.
  1. To put or throw in a pile.
  2. To fill completely or to overflowing: heap a plate with vegetables.
  3. To bestow in abundance or lavishly: heaped praise on the rescuers.

[Middle English, from Old English hēap.]

SYNONYMS heap, bank, mound, pile, stack. These nouns denote a group or collection of things lying one on top of the other: a heap of old newspapers; a bank of thunderclouds; a mound of boulders; a pile of boxes; a stack of firewood.

culture wars/culture shock

n School Efforts to End Bullying, Some See Agenda

Lessons to teach acceptance of homosexuality, which have gained urgency after suicides, are causing culture wars.


The China Boom on U.S. Campuses

A wave of Chinese undergraduates is choosing American colleges, and coping with culture shock. Li Wanrong from southern China is a Drew University freshman.

2010年11月6日 星期六

Assyrian, Christian traditions, Aramaic

Blending wine and Christian traditions in Turkey

Southeast Turkey is home to one of the oldest Christian civilizations in the world. The Assyrians, whose Aramaic language was spoken by Christ, lived in this region and converted to Christianity. But their descendants have found themselves caught up in the decades old conflict between the Turkish government and Kurdish separatists.

As a result, many have fled the region. That's had a disastrous effect on their ancient Christian traditions – for example, winemaking. But as Dorian Jones reports from the town of Midyat, a few families are still producing wine and there's hope that the fortunes of the Assyrian Christians are changing.

2010年11月5日 星期五

unfettered availability of sophisticated hacking tools

《中英對照讀新聞 》China Called a Hacker’s Marketplace 中國被稱為駭客的市集

◎陳成良

China’s rapid emergence as a hotspot for criminal hacking activities is enabled by the open and unfettered availability of sophisticated hacking tools, according to security researchers attending the Black Hat conference this week.

精密駭侵工具公開且唾手可得,使得中國快速崛起,成為犯罪駭侵活動的熱點,據本週參加「黑帽」大會的安全研究人員指出。

Many of the hacking tools are inexpensive, highly customizable, and easy to use. Most of the early users of the malware products have sought to steal online gaming accounts inside China. But now experts are seeing much broader use of such tools.

許多這些駭侵工具價格不貴、高度客製化,且容易使用。惡意軟體的多數初期使用者,曾設法竊取中國境內的線上電玩帳號。不過,如今專家發現這類工具運用範圍更廣泛。

Hackers in China are developing malicious software "almost like a commercial product", said Val Smith, founder of Attack Research, a Los Alamos, N.M.-based security firm. The products come complete with version numbers, product advertising, end-user license agreements and 24-hour support services, he said.

中國駭客正把惡意軟體當成「幾乎有如商業產品」般地開發,總部設於新墨西哥州洛薩拉摩斯的資安公司「Attack Research」創辦人瓦爾‧史密斯說。這些產品完整附帶版本號碼、產品廣告、末端用戶授權聲明以及24小時支援服務,他說。

They are "rapidly deploying very easy to use tools for cutting edge exploits," Smith said . "Their community is huge because [the malware] is easy to use," while at the same time many of the exploits are very advanced, he added.

他們正在「迅速布建極易使用的尖端破壞工具」,史密斯說。「他們的社群規模龐大,因為『惡意軟體』容易使用」,而在此同時,許多破壞的手法非常先進,他補充說。

新聞辭典

unfettered:形容詞,自由的;不受限制或拘禁的;未戴鐐銬的。例句:I want to fly, I want to be an unfettered bird.(我想飛,想成為一隻無拘無束的小鳥。)

malware:指的是「malicious software」,又稱為惡意程式、流氓軟體或黑心軟體。

cutting edge:最前線、尖端,例句:California is on the cutting edge of trends that spread nationwide.(加州走在全美流行的尖端。)

2010年11月1日 星期一

usurer, loan shark, moneylender, shylock

usurer Pronunciation (noun) Someone who lends money at excessive rates of interest.
Synonyms:loan shark, moneylender, shylock
Usage:She could not get a loan from a bank and resorted to borrowing the money from a usurer at an exorbitant rate.



[名]高利貸し.

look good , feel-good

按下看大圖
漫畫來源: Ted Goff


They can look good in a variety of
different styles! Both but look at your face shape.



feel-good
(fēl'gʊd')
adj.
Characterized by or designed to encourage a feeling of often superficial happiness or satisfaction: "Everything about Fassbinder ran contrary to Hollywood notions of feel-good entertainment" (Edward Guthmann).

afterword/epilog, foreword/preface

Can Obama Change the Game Again?

By John Heilemann and Mark Halperin

To win a second term, Barack Obama will need a new strategy. A new paperback afterword from John Heilemann and Mark Halperin, the authors of 'Game Change,' discusses the President's re-election campaign




pref·ace (prĕf'ĭs) pronunciation
n.
    1. A preliminary statement or essay introducing a book that explains its scope, intention, or background and is usually written by the author.
    2. An introductory section, as of a speech.
  1. Something introductory; a preliminary: An informal brunch served as a preface to the three-day conference.
  2. often Preface The words introducing the central part of the Eucharist in several Christian churches.
tr.v., -aced, -ac·ing, -ac·es.
  1. To introduce by or provide with a preliminary statement or essay.
  2. To serve as an introduction to.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin praefātiō, praefātiōn-, from praefātus, past participle of praefārī, to say before : prae-, pre- + fārī, to speak.]

prefacer pref'ac·er n.


foreword
A preface or an introductory note, as for a book, especially by a person other than the author.
[名](本などの)はしがき, 序言, 序文((to ...)).


ep·i·logue ep·i·log (ĕp'ə-lôg', -lŏg') pronunciation
also
n.
    1. A short poem or speech spoken directly to the audience following the conclusion of a play.
    2. The performer who delivers such a short poem or speech.
  1. A short addition or concluding section at the end of a literary work, often dealing with the future of its characters. Also called afterword.

[Middle English epiloge, from Old French epilogue, from Latin epilogus, from Greek epilogos, conclusion of a speech : epi-, epi- + logos, word, speech.]



afterword
[名](本・論文などの)後記, 後書き, 跋(ばつ). ⇒FOREWORD