2009年1月31日 星期六

sitter, model

1. on Page 31:
" ... sitter comes to think he looks like his portrait. Remember Picasso's reply to Gertrude Stein's friends when they told him that ... "


sitter Show phonetics
noun [C]
1 someone who is having their portrait (= picture of their face or body) painted

2 a babysitter
See at babysit.

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model

One that serves as the subject for an artist, especially a person employed to pose for a painter, sculptor, or photographer.

model (PERSON) Show phonetics
noun [C]
a person who wears clothes so that they can be photographed or shown to possible buyers, or a person who is employed to be photographed or painted:
a fashion/nude model
She's going out with a male model.
I worked as an artist's model when I was a student.
See also supermodel.

model Show phonetics
verb [I or T] -ll- or US USUALLY -l-
to wear fashionable clothes, jewellery, etc. in order to advertise them:
Tatjana is modelling a Versace design.
I used to model when I was younger.

sit・ter

━━ n. 着席者; (写真・肖像画の)モデル; 〔話〕 楽な仕事; =baby-sitter; 〔話〕 (サッカーでの)易しいシュート.
sitter-in n.pl. sitters-in) 〔英〕 =baby-sitter; 座り込みに参加する人.
sit


niggle, defining personalities, rob the market of liquidity


on Page 31:
" ... there remains a niggling worry. I recall the first of Wolfgang Kohler's William James Lec- tures at Harvard, The Place of Values in a World of Facts"


Helmut Schmidt turns 90 

The former German chancellor and statesman Helmut Schmidt celebrates his 90th birthday this Tuesday in Hamburg. In 1974 the Social Democrat replaced Willy Brandt and went on to govern the-then West Germany for eight years. Schmidt's tenure included a Cold War missile standoff, economic turbulence, student protests, and his firm stance on murders by German urban militants known as the Baader-Meinhof Gang. In 1977 on Schmidt's orders German commandos freed Lufthansa passengers and crew at Mogadishu after a hijacking by Palestinian extremists. In 1982 Schmidt's coalition was ousted by the Christian Democrat Helmut Kohl. Schmidt quit politics to concentrate on his work as co-publisher of the weekly newspaper Die Zeit. The 90-year-old Schmidt also plays piano and has recorded concertos of both Mozart and Bach. Current Chancellor Angela Merkel has described Schmidt as one of Germany's defining personalities.


A Senate proposal to combat speculation in energy markets could have damaging unintended effects, a top U.S. federal regulator warned. Trading-exchange officials say the measure could rob the market of liquidity.




rob Show phonetics
verb [T] -bb-
1 to take money or property illegally from a place, organization or person, often using violence:
The terrorists financed themselves by robbing banks.
My wallet's gone! I've been robbed!
They robbed the company of £2 million.

2 If someone is robbed of something they deserve or want, it is taken away from them:
A last-minute injury robbed me of my place on the team.

robber Show phonetics
noun [C]
someone who steals:
The robbers shot a policeman before making their getaway.

robbery Show phonetics
noun [C or U]
the crime of stealing from somewhere or someone:
The gang admitted they had committed four recent bank robberies.
He is in prison for armed robbery.

liquid (MONEY)
adjective
in the form of money, rather than investments or property, or able to be changed into money easily:
She has very few liquid assets as most of her wealth is tied up in stocks and shares.

liquidity
noun [U]

li・quid・i・ty



━━ n. 【経済】流動性, 流動資産の保有.
liquidity preference 【経済】(ケインズ経済学の)流動性選好.
liquidity ratio 【金融】流動性比率.





personality
noun
1 [C or U] the type of person you are, which is shown by the way you behave, feel and think:
She has a very warm personality.
He is well qualified for the job, but he does lack personality (= he is a boring person).

2 [C] a famous person:
The show is hosted by a popular TV personality.



niggle (WORRY) Show phonetics
verb [I or T]
to worry someone slightly, usually for a long time:
I just can't remember his name - it's been niggling (me) for a couple of weeks.

niggle Show phonetics
noun [C]
a small doubt or worry:
Don't you feel even a slight niggle about the morality of your experiments?

niggling Show phonetics
adjective [before noun]
a niggling doubt/fear

clout, clod, driving force

The Wall Street Journal says there have been more than 70,000 layoffs this week alone, something President Obama called "a continuing disaster for America's working families." He urged passage of his stimulus bill, issued executive orders to increase the clout of unions, and appointed Joe Biden to head a task force on rescuing the middle class.



The New York Times leads locally with the news that nearly $5 billion worth of development projects in the city have been put on hold or cancelled due to the recession. Development projects have been a driving force in New York City's economy, and their loss signifies unemployment for many of the city's thousands of unionized workers.



driving
adjective [before noun]
1 strong and powerful and therefore causing things to happen:
Driving ambition is what most great leaders have in common.
She was always the driving force behind the scheme.

2 driving rain/snow rain/snow that is falling fast and being blown by the wind:
Driving snow brought more problems on the roads last night.

clout

(klout) pronunciation
n.
  1. A blow, especially with the fist.
    1. Baseball. A long powerful hit.
    2. Sports. An archery target.
  2. Informal.
    1. Influence; pull: “Women in dual-earner households are gaining in job status and earnings … giving them more clout at work and at home” (Sue Shellenbarger).
    2. Power; muscle.
  3. Chiefly Midland U.S. A piece of cloth, especially a baby's diaper.
tr.v., clout·ed, clout·ing, clouts.
To hit, especially with the fist.
[Middle English, probably from Old English clūt, cloth patch.]


Ne'er cast a clout till May be out
With most phrases and sayings the meaning is well understood but the origin is uncertain. With this one the main interest is the doubt about the meaning. So, this time, we'll have the origin first.
Origin
'Ne'er cast a clout till May be out' is an English proverb. The earliest citation is this version of the rhyme from Dr. Thomas Fuller, Gnomologia, 1732, although it probably existed in word-of-mouth form well before that:
"Leave not off a Clout Till May be out.
Meaning
Let's look first at the 'cast a clout' part. The word 'clout', although archaic, is straightforward. Since at least the early 15th century 'clout' has been used variously to mean 'a blow to the head', 'a clod of earth or (clotted) cream' or 'a fragment of cloth, or clothing'. It is the last of these that is meant in 'cast a clout'. This was spelled variously spelled as clowt, clowte, cloot, clute. Here's an early example, from the Early English Miscellanies in Prose and Verse, circa 1485:
"He had not left an holle clowt, Wherwith to hyde hys body abowte."
So, 'ne'er cast a clout...' simply means 'never discard your [warm winter] clothing...'.
hawthornThe 'till May be out' part is where the doubt lies. On the face of it this means 'until the month of May is ended'.
There is another interpretation. In England, in May, you can't miss the Hawthorn. It is an extremely common tree in the English countryside, especially in hedges. Hawthorns are virtually synonymous with hedges. As many as 200,000 miles of hawthorn hedge were planted in the Parliamentary Enclosure period, between 1750 and 1850. The name 'Haw' derives from 'hage', the Old English for 'hedge'.
The tree gives its beautiful display of flowers in late April/early May. It is known as the May Tree and the blossom itself is called May. Using that allusion, 'till May is out' could mean, 'until the hawthorn is out [in bloom]'.

clod

(klŏd)
n.
  1. A lump or chunk, especially of earth or clay.
  2. Earth or soil.
  3. A dull, stupid person; a dolt.
[Middle English, variant of clot, lump. See clot.]
The Great Clod 大塊(噫氣) - Gary Snyder --待hc討論



ooting for, gobble sth up


Google Gobbled Up 90 Percent Of All US Search Growth In 2008
TechCrunch - Atherton,CA,USA
by Erick Schonfeld on January 28, 2009 Google ended the year with 63.5 percent market share of all search queries performed in the US, estimates comScore. ...


EBay
is set to gobble up a large chunk of the Korean auction site and Internet retailer Gmarket.


UK surfers still rooting for Google

這篇我原要當"英文人行道" blog的教材
現在英國-美國的英文混雜使用
譬如說 "root for"是美國說法 英國用"support" (正如英國用 supports) 而美國用 fans...
marketer 是市場行銷 通有無的人:market (MAKE AVAILABLE)

goodwill
noun [U]
friendly and helpful feelings:
The school has to rely on the goodwill of the parents to help it raise money.
Releasing the hostages has been seen as a gesture of goodwill/a goodwill gesture.



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gobble (EAT) Show phonetics
verb [I or T] INFORMAL
to eat food too fast:
She gobbled her dinner (down/up).



gobble sth up phrasal verb INFORMAL
to use a lot of your supply of something, usually money:
The mounting legal costs quickly gobbled up their savings.


UK surfers still rooting for Google

Majority still want Google to lead in five years despite privacy issues

The majority of UK internet users want Google to maintain its position as the leading search engine in five years' time, despite the recent controversy surrounding its privacy practices.

"This data shows how confident searchers are of Google and how much goodwill the search [company] has won," said Andrew Girdwood, head of search at digital marketing agency Bigmouthmedia.

"Marketers using Google should treat this goodwill with care but also look to harness it effectively for their own campaigns."

A Bigmouthmedia survey asked participants two similar, but quite different questions: whether they thought Google would still be the leading search engine in five years; and whether they wanted Google to be leading search engine in five years.

In the first instance 61 per cent of respondents indicated that Google would retain its dominance. Only eight per cent said 'no' and the remaining 32 per cent were 'unsure'.

However, when asked whether they wanted Google to be the leading search engine in five years, only 53 per cent responded 'yes' and 40 per cent were 'unsure'.

"Google faces a huge challenge in not being seen as trying to gobble up the world," said Danny Sullivan, editor-in-chief of Search Engine Land.

"I suspect the best way to counter concerns is to be open in advance of any moves, hear feedback and be shown as actually responsive by making some changes.

"I think recent moves with the cookies and log data retention is an example of this, although it is sadly countered by StreetView being rolled out without any heads-up that it was coming to warn the public."

The survey results suggest that, despite public relations issues surrounding the negative reactions to its policy in China, its methods of selling ads and the DoubleClick acquisition, Google still enjoys the support of the general public and will do for the foreseeable future.

(Ian Williams, vnunet.com 26 Jul 2007)

foreign

British Workers Protest Hiring of Foreign Laborers
LONDON, Jan. 30 -- Hundreds of British energy workers walked off the job Friday to protest the use of foreign labor on British job sites, the latest sign of an increasing backlash against foreign workers amid the global recession.
(By Kevin Sullivan, The Washington Post)


Definition

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foreign PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
adjective
1 belonging or connected to a country which is not your own:
Spain was the first foreign country she had visited.
foreign languages
His work provided him with the opportunity for a lot of foreign travel.

2 FORMAL foreign to Something can be described as foreign to a particular person if it is unknown to them or not within their experience:
The whole concept of democracy, she claimed, was utterly foreign to the present government.

3 describes an object or substance which has entered something else, possibly by accident, and does not belong there:
a foreign object/substance
foreign matter

foreigner PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C]
a person who comes from another country