2008年11月30日 星期日

ciborium

"My idea in designing the Memorial," Gilbert Scott wrote, "was to erect a kind of ciborium to protect a statue of the Prince; and its special characteristic was that the ciborium was designed in some degree on the principles of the ancient shrines. These shrines were models of imaginary buildings, such as had never in reality been erected; and my idea was to realise one of these imaginary structures with its precious materials, its inlaying, its enamels, etc. etc."

The Albert Memorial was not the first revivalist design for a canopied statue in a Gothic style - the Scott Monument in Edinburgh had been designed by George Meikle Kemp over twenty years earlier.

ciborium(L.):聖體盒:保存聖體的金屬器皿。


worth your salt

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worth your salt
good at your job:
Any accountant worth their salt should be aware of the latest changes in taxation.

Meaning

To be effective and efficient; deserving of one's pay.

Origin

Worth one's saltSodium chloride, a.k.a. salt, is essential for human life and, until the invention of canning and refrigeration, was the primary method of preservation of food. Not surprisingly, it has long been considered valuable.

To be 'worth one's salt' is to be worth one's pay. Our word salary derives from the Latin salarium, (sal is the Latin word for salt). There is some debate over the origin of the word salarium, but most scholars accept that it was the money allowed to Roman soldiers for the purchase of salt. Roman soldiers weren't actually paid in salt, as some suggest. They were obliged to buy their own food, weapons etc. and had the cost of these deducted from their wages in advance....

2008年11月28日 星期五

astrophysics

Edwin E. Salpeter, Leader in Astrophysics Study, Dies at 83

astro・physics

━━ n. 天体物理学.
astro・physical ━━ a.
astro・physicist ━━ n.

Apulée , Ovid, Ovidius

注意到法國用Apulée
可是我在Wikipedia article "Ovid". 的法文版找不到此種說法 這可能是將Apuleius
Wikipedia article "Apuleius". 混淆了ㄅ
日本強調應直接從拉丁文翻譯

オウィディウスPublius Ovidius Naso, 紀元前43年3月20日 - 紀元17年)は古代ローマ、「アウグストゥスの世紀」に生きた詩人オヴィディウス(ドイツ式)、オーヴィッド(英語式)とも記されることがあるが、ラテン語を日本語でカタカナ表記する方式の違いであり、どれが正しいというものではない。


日本的大學出版社仍在翻譯出版他的作品
『哀歌(悲しみの歌)』Tristia
  • 『悲しみの歌; 黒海からの手紙』 木村健治訳、京都大学学術出版会、1998年。

Pakistani

More on the Attacks

Pakistani

n. - 巴基斯坦人
adj. - 巴基斯坦的, 巴基斯坦人的

*Advent (CHRISTMAS)


Dialogue | 28.11.2008 | 05:30

Portrait of the Catholic Organization Adveniat

Advent is a time of quiet reflection and anticipation

In the 6th century, Pope Gregory decreed there should be four Advent Sundays before Christmas, referring to the four thousand years which – in the Church’s view – mankind had to wait for the return of its savior. Adveniat is a Catholic organization in Germany with a similar name.
advent
n.
  1. The coming or arrival, especially of something extremely important: the advent of the computer.
  2. Advent
    1. The liturgical period preceding Christmas, beginning in Western churches on the fourth Sunday before Christmas and in Eastern churches in mid-November, and observed by many Christians as a season of prayer, fasting, and penitence.
    2. Christianity. The coming of Jesus at the Incarnation.
    3. Christianity. See Second Coming.

[Middle English, the Advent season, from Old French, from Latin adventus, arrival, from past participle of advenīre, to come to : ad-, ad- + venīre, to come.]

Advent (CHRISTMAS) Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic Hide phonetics
noun [U]
the period of four weeks before Christmas
將臨期(Advent)-聖誕日之前四個主日,是基督教教會年曆的開始。這是一個靈修、悔罪、等候和準備的節期,直到聖誕節達到高潮,歡樂慶祝救主降臨。


English

維基百科,自由的百科全書

教會年曆

將臨期降臨節(拉丁文: Adventus;英文:Advent)是基督宗教教會的重要節期,是歡慶耶穌聖誕前的準備期與等待期,亦可算是教會的新年。拉丁文Adventus意指即將到來,意義上除了古代希伯來人等待彌賽亞(救主)到來之外,另也包括基督徒等待耶穌的再次降臨。

將臨期起自聖誕節前四週,由最接近11月30日主日算起直到聖誕節。西方基督教教會曆一年始於將臨期的第一主日(東正教教會曆一年則始於9月1日。)

將臨期的節慶,主要為羅馬天主教聖公宗信義宗所緊守。整個將臨期一般採用的禮儀顏色紫色藍色。但降臨第三主日,俗稱「喜樂主日」,可用粉紅色

教會都會在將臨期放一個花環,裡面有三枝紫色的蠟燭、一枝粉紅色的蠟燭以及一枝白蠟燭,叫作將臨花環,每一主日燃點一枝蠟燭。

[編輯] 主日

將臨期一共有四個主日:



[編輯] 外部連結



n. - 基督降臨, 降臨節

日本語 (Japanese)
n. - キリストの降臨, 降臨節

Dansk (Danish)
n. - advent

Nederlands (Dutch)
advent, aankomst van belangrijk iets/iemand

Français (French)
n. - venue, arrivée, avènement, (Relig) l'avent

Deutsch (German)
n. - Beginn, Aufkommen, Advent

Ελληνική (Greek)
n. - έλευση, ερχομός, (αρχική/πρώτη) εμφάνιση, (θρησκ.) νηστεία (4 εβδομάδων) προ των Χριστουγέννων

Italiano (Italian)
Avvento, venuta

Português (Portuguese)
n. - Advento (m) (Rel.)

Русский (Russian)
приход, прибытие, рождественский пост

Español (Spanish)
n. - advenimiento

Svenska (Swedish)
n. - advent, ankomst


advent:(1)將臨期:耶穌聖誕前四週的準備期,以便迎接耶穌的來臨。將臨期第一主日為教會禮儀年的開始。(2)再臨:基督第二次來臨。拉丁文作 adventus。

Advent of Christ:耶穌來臨:一般指世界末日時,耶穌第二次來臨審判世人。而耶穌第一次來臨是指祂(兩千年前)在巴勒斯坦降生成人、傳佈福音、救贖世人。

advent wreath:將臨期花環;將臨圈:是由冬青樹或其它樹葉所作的花環,附有四支蠟燭;將臨期在聖堂彌撒中或家中(晚餐時)點燃;將臨期第一主日點一支,第二主日點兩支,以此類推。到聖誕節時,將此花環置於聖誕像前。此風始自民間預備迎接聖誕節之用。

Adventism:再臨派;復臨派;安息日教派:基督新教派之一,主張基督即將再臨。十九世紀米勒(William Miller 1782-1849)倡行於美國,其中以基督復臨安息日會 Seventh Day Adventists 教徒最多。--財團法人基督復臨安息日會臺安醫院Taiwan Adventist Hospital

2008年11月27日 星期四

dojo

A dojo (道場 dōjō?) is a Japanese term which literally means "place of the Way". Initially, Dojo were adjunct to temples. The term can refer to a formal training place for any of the Japanese do arts but typically it is considered the formal gathering place for students of a martial arts style to conduct training, examinations and other related encounters.

valium

Brace Yourselves, German Zoo Announces New Polar Bear Twins

Germany's supply of valium is being increased after news that not one but
two new polar bear cubs were born at the Nuremberg animal park on
Wednesday, Nov. 26.

The DW-WORLD Article
http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=evzr4yI44va89pI0

Val・i・um


━━ n.pl. ~, ~s) 【商標】バリウム ((精神安定剤)).

2008年11月26日 星期三

be bursting (coming apart )at the seams 


Some of the mega-buyouts that private equity shops labored to assemble during the go-go years of the credit boom are coming apart at the seams, according to Breakingviews.

Go to Article from Breakingviews via The New York Times»


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seam (JOIN) Show phonetics
noun [C]
a line where two things join, especially a line of sewing joining two pieces of cloth or leather:
The bags we sell have very strong seams, so they will last for years.
My old coat is coming/falling apart at the seams (= the stitches are coming out).
FIGURATIVE Their marriage is coming/falling apart at the seams (= likely to fail).

seamed Show phonetics
adjective LITERARY
covered in lines:
The old man's face was seamed and wrinkled.

seamless Show phonetics
adjective
seamless stockings/tights





2007

Quality Times No.119, May 6, 07;品質時報第119期:07年5月6(週日 ).

博華:「我最近看到 將有英國的出版社會出版此書Bursting at the Seams by Jeffrey Sachs.

Bursting at the Seams一詞 如何翻譯比較好呢?

-----

2007 Reith Lectures已第四講了:


burst at the seams(人口、問題)快撐破了......爆滿啦;超負荷運轉…..
Be filled to or beyond normal capacity. For example, On her wedding day the church was bursting at the seams, or That was a wonderful meal, but I`m bursting at the seams. This expression alludes to rupturing the seams of a garment too tight for the wearer and is generally used hyperbolically. Also see come apart at the seams.

burst at the seams INFORMAL
to be completely full:
When all the family come home the house is bursting at the seams.
(from Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary)

be bursting at the seams 〔話〕 はち切れそうである, (人などで)あふれている. ph. (片語 phrase) . 擠滿
There were so many people that the hall was bursting at the seams. 人多極了,會堂擠得水洩不通。

例:华尔街投行担心员工出错
STAFF SHORTAGES RAISE FEARS OF BANK ERRORS By David Wighton and Ben White in New York (FT / Wednesday, June 06, 2007 ) Top investment banks are struggling to cope with the record volume of deals and their overworked staff are in danger of making costly mistakes, according to senior executives.

The banks have failed to hire aggressively, partly because they did not think the boom would last this long, and they now privately admit they are suffering from serious staff shortages. “We are bursting at the seams. You can see the fatigue on the bankers' faces,” the head of investment banking at a leading Wall Street bank said.

“My worry is that people will start cutting corners, will not do the due diligence and will damage the brand.”

英國《金融時報》大衛•懷頓(David Wighton)、本•懷特(Ben White)紐約報導

200766 星期三 譯者/何黎

投資銀行的高管們表示,目前頂級投行正疲於應對創紀錄的交易量,員工工作過度,可能會犯下代價昂貴的錯誤。

投資銀行未能進行大舉招募,部分原因是它們沒想到交易熱潮會持續如此之久,如今它們私下承認,自己正面臨嚴重的員工短缺。

一家主要華爾街銀行的投行業務主管表示:“我們在超負荷運轉。銀行職員們滿面倦容。”

“我擔心,人們會開始走捷徑,不去做盡職調查,這將有損公司品牌。”

"Daughter of the Queen of Sheba"on the Big Screen

A Reporter's Life Story on the Big Screen
Jacki Lyden (Bill O'Leary) You may know Jacki Lyden from her many on-air years reporting for NPR ... but did you know that her life is the stuff of movies? Lyden's 1997 memoir "Daughter of the Queen of Sheba" is about to get a big-screen treatment -- with Oscar nominee Amy Adams (of "Junebug" and...
(Reliable Source, washingtonpost.com)

Queen of Sheba

  • Born: c. 10th century B.C.
  • Birthplace: Sheba (now Yemen or Ethiopia)
  • Died: c. 10th century B.C.
  • Best Known As: The wealthy queen who tested Solomon

Queen of Sheba was an ancient name for Abyssinia, a kingdom on the Red Sea in the vicinity of modern Ethiopia and Yemen. The Queen of Sheba is best known for a story in the Bible's book of Kings: at the head of a caravan of riches, she visits Israel's King Solomon to test his legendary wisdom. After Solomon successfully answers her riddles, the queen showers him with gifts. According to Ethiopian tradition the queen returned to Sheba and bore a son by Solomon, Menelik I, who was the beginning of the Ethiopian royal dynasty.

certificate, token of appreciation, coin

Token of appreciation

KOHEI WATANABE

THE ASAHI SHIMBUN

2008/11/26


photoToken of appreciation

A priest at Nagano's Zenkoji temple displays a gift from the Dalai Lama--presented by the Tibetan spiritual leader at a Nov. 6 meeting in Tokyo--to acknowledge the temple's support prior to the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. Zenkoji in April withdrew from its planned role as starting point for the Japan leg of the Olympic torch relay, citing China's crackdown on Tibetan protesters. The Dalai Lama said he appreciated the action, because it placed Buddhist principles above other factors, according to a temple official.(IHT/Asahi: November 26,2008)



Chinese Families May Have 2nd Child

Families who lost their only child in the earthquake can apply for a certificate to have another child, the government said. As many as 10,000 children died.


certificate was found in the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary at the entries listed below.

to・ken


━━ n. しるし, 証拠; 特徴; 記念品, 形見; 【コンピュータ】トークン; 名目貨幣; 代用コイン; 〔英〕 商品引換券.
by the same token / by this token その証拠に; 同じ理由で; そのうえ.
in token of / as a token of …の証拠[しるし,記念]として.
━━ a. 内金としての; 名ばかりの.
token bus network 【コンピュータ】トークン・バス・ネットワーク.
to・ken・ism ━━ n. 建前主義 ((特に,人種[性]差別撤廃に形ばかり賛成すること)).
token money 代用[名目]貨幣.
token passing 【コンピュータ】トークン・パッシング.
token payment 内払い ((契約締結・債務承認の証拠としての)); (わずかな)形だけの支払い.

coin


━━ n. 硬貨, 貨幣; 〔話〕 金.
pay (…) (back) in his [her] own [in the same] coin (人に)しっぺ返しする.
the other side of the coin (物事の)反面.
two sides of the same coin 同じ事の裏表.
━━ vt. (貨幣を)鋳造する; (新語を)造る.
coin one's brains 頭を使って金をもうける.
coin money [it] / coin it in 〔話〕 ((普通進行形で)) どしどし金をもうける.
to coin a phrase こんな言葉はありませんが ((新造語を使う言い訳)); 〔戯言〕 陳腐な言い方ですが.
coin・age ━━ n. 貨幣鋳造; ((集合的)) 貨幣; 貨幣制度; (新)造語; (新語などの)案出, 創出.
coinage metal 【化】貨幣金属, 銅族元素.
coin box 料金箱; 〔英〕 公衆電話機[ボックス].
coined word 新造語.
coin・er ━━ n. 貨幣鋳造者; 新語新造者; 〔英〕 にせ金作り ((人)).
coin-operated ━━ a., n. 硬貨を入れて動かす, 硬貨で操作する機械.
coin telephone 〔米〕 公衆電話.


token ring network 【コンピュータ】トークンリング・ネットワーク.
token strike (短時間の)名目スト.
token vote 〔英〕 (議会の)仮支出決議.