2008年8月31日 星期日

salty, a Taste of Things to Come

近日讀Time 周刊之MICHAEL ELLIOTT說:台海將成多事之春,令人憂心:Asia Has a Taste of Things to Come--Unless the U.S. can calm things, rivalry between China and Japan will grow February 20, 2005


salty
ˈsɔːlti,ˈsɒlti/
adjective
  1. 1.
    tasting of, containing, or preserved with salt.

    "the bacon will be quite salty"

    synonyms:salt, salted, salinebrinybrackishMore
  2. 2.
    (of language or humour) down-to-earth; coarse.

    "her wild ways and salty language shocked the local gentry"

    synonyms:livelyvigorousspiritedcolourfulsparklingMore

taste



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━━ v. 味わう, (…の)味をみる; (…の)味を感じる, 味がわかる; (…の)味[風味,気味]がある ((of)); 食べる, 飲む; 経験する.
━━ n. 味, 風味, 味覚; (普通a ~) ひと口[なめ]; 試食 ((of)); (a ~) 経験 ((of)); 好み, 嗜好, 趣味 ((for, in)); 審美眼 ((for)); 趣, 風情.
a bad [nasty] taste in the [one's] mouth 悪いあと味[印象].
in good [bad, poor] taste 上[下]品で.
to taste 好みに応じて.
to …'s taste 人の好みに合って.
taste bud 【解】(舌面の)味蕾(みらい).
taste・ful ━━ a. 風流な; 上品な.
taste・ful・ly ad.
taste・ful・ness n.
taste・less ━━ a. 味のない, 趣[品]のない.
taste・less・ly ad.
taste・less・ness n.
tast・er ━━ n. 味[酒]きき ((人)).
tast・y ━━ a. うまい; 趣味のよい; 〔話〕 面白い; 〔英話〕 (女性が)性的魅力のある.
tast・i・ly ad.
tast・i・ness n.taste
n.
    1. The sense that distinguishes the sweet, sour, salty, and bitter qualities of dissolved substances in contact with the taste buds on the tongue.
    2. This sense in combination with the senses of smell and touch, which together receive a sensation of a substance in the mouth.
    1. The sensation of sweet, sour, salty, or bitter qualities produced by or as if by a substance placed in the mouth.
    2. The unified sensation produced by any of these qualities plus a distinct smell and texture; flavor.
    3. A distinctive perception as if by the sense of taste: an experience that left a bad taste in my mouth.
  1. The act of tasting.
  2. A small quantity eaten or tasted.
  3. A limited or first experience; a sample: “Thousands entered the war, got just a taste of it, and then stepped out” (Mark Twain).
  4. A personal preference or liking: a taste for adventure.
    1. The faculty of discerning what is aesthetically excellent or appropriate.
    2. A manner indicative of the quality of such discernment: a room furnished with superb taste.
    1. The sense of what is proper, seemly, or least likely to give offense in a given social situation.
    2. A manner indicative of the quality of this sense.
  5. Obsolete. The act of testing; trial.

taste was found in the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary at the entries listed below.

double or quits, vein (MOOD) , tiding

Perhaps because of the speedy denouement this time around, so far there is no sign of the sorts of reckless cover-ups that ultimately brought previous rogue traders low: no fraudulent financial records or desperate double-or-quits on bad bets in the hope of recouping mounting losses.

幾年前的筆記

楊憲益先生翻譯蕭伯納(George Bernard Shaw)著的 Caesar and Cleopatra【網路上有主文】 採中英對照,「另一序幕」(AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE PROLOGUE)【網路上主文稱為Act I】對話開始,許多字看似簡單,然而還是得多查辭典(用【】表示)。


Belzanor. By Apis, Persian, thy gods are good to thee.
the Persian. Try yet again, O captain. Double or quits! 隊長,再來一次。要麼輸雙份,要麼兩不欠。

double or quits 美國 double or nothing いちかばちかの勝負. high stake games 最後豪賭 要嗎欠債加倍 要嗎一筆勾消



Belzanor. No more. I am not in the vein. 不來了。我手氣不好。
the Sentinel (poising his javelin(標槍)as he peers over the wall). Stand. Who goes there?
They all start, listening. A strange voice replies from without.
Voice. The bearer of evil tidings.
Belzanor (calling to the sentry). Pass him.


vein (MOOD) noun [S or U] v. tr. - 使成脈絡, 像脈絡般分佈於。日本語 (Japanese) n. - 静脈, 血管, 気質, 葉脈, 翅脈, 気分, 鉱脈。a style or a temporary mood: 兩例
The opening scene is very violent, and the rest of the film continues in (a) similar vein.
After laughing over the photo, they began to talk in (a) more serious vein about the damaging effect it could have on his career.

【start之中文「v. intr. - 出發, 起程, 發生, 開始, 著手, 啟動v. tr. - 使開始, 開始, 發起, 引起, 創辦n. - 出發, 出發時間, 出發點, 起始, 最初」,似乎都未將A sudden and involuntary movement: bolt, jump, startle. See move/halt.和A startled reaction or movement.翻譯。】

tiding n. - 一條新聞, 消息, 音信; (Japanese) n. - 便り】

Bats in the belfry, credentials


Biden Is Obama's Pick for VP
CHICAGO, Aug. 22 -- Sen. Joseph R. Biden Jr. (D-Del.), a two-time presidential candidate who has collected substantial foreign policy credentials in his three decades in the Senate, will be announced Saturday morning as Sen. Barack Obama's running mate, a Democratic source said Friday night.
(By Anne E. Kornblut, Michael D. Shear and Anita Kumar, The Washington Post)

belfry

(bĕl'frē) pronunciation


n.
, pl. -fries.
  1. A bell tower, especially one attached to a building.
  2. The part of a tower or steeple in which bells are hung.

[Middle English belfrei, from Old North French belfroi, alteration of Old French berfrei, berfroi.]

belfried bel'fried adj.

WORD HISTORY The words bell and belfry seem obviously related, but in fact the bel– portion of belfry had nothing to do with bells until comparatively recently.

Belfry goes back to a compound formed in prehistoric Common Germanic. It is generally agreed that the second part of this compound is the element *frij–, meaning “peace, safety.” The first element is either *bergan, “to protect,” which would yield a compound meaning “a defensive place of shelter,” or *berg–, “a high place,” which would yield a compound meaning “a high place of safety, tower.”

Whatever the meaning of the original Germanic source, its Old French descendant berfrei, which first meant “siege tower,” came to mean “watchtower.” Presumably because bells were used in these towers, the word was applied to bell towers as well. The Old North French alteration belfroi, which reminded English speakers of their native word belle (our bell), entered Middle English with the sense “bell tower,” first recorded in 1272.



Bats in the belfry

Meaning

Crazy; eccentric.

Origin

Bats in the belfryBats are, of course, the erratically flying mammals and 'belfries' are bell towers, sometimes found at the top of churches. 'Bats in the belfry' refers to someone who acts as though he has bats careering around his topmost part, i.e. his head.

It has the sound of a phrase from Olde Englande and it certainly has the imagery to fit into any number of Gothic novels based in English parsonages or turreted castles. In fact, it comes from the USA; nor is it especially old. All the early citations are from American authors and date from the start of the 20th century. For example, this piece from the Ohio newspaper The Newark Daily Advocate, October 1900:

To his hundreds of friends and acquaintances in Newark, these purile [sic] and senseless attacks on Hon. John W. Cassingham are akin to the vaporings of the fellow with a large flock of bats in his belfry."

Ambrose Bierce, also American, used the term in a piece for Cosmopolitan Magazine, in July 1907, describing it as a new curiosity:

"He was especially charmed with the phrase 'bats in the belfry', and would indubitably substitute it for 'possessed of a devil', the Scriptural diagnosis of insanity."

The use of 'bats' and 'batty' to denote odd behaviour originated around the same time as 'bats in the belfry' and they are clearly related. Again, the first authors to use the words are American:

1903 A. L. Kleberg - Slang Fables from Afar: "She ... acted so queer ... that he decided she was Batty."

1919 Fannie Hurst - Humoresque: "'Are you bats?' she said."

There have been several attempts over the years to associate the term 'batty' with various people called Batty or Battie, notably the 18th century physician William Battie. He was a governor of the Bethlem Hospital, a.k.a. Bedlam, and physician to St Luke's Hospital for Lunaticks, where he wrote A Treatise on Madness. Despite those illustrious credentials, it was bats rather than Battie that caused scatterbrained people to be called 'batty'.


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credentials PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
plural noun
the abilities and experience which make someone suitable for a particular job or activity, or proof of someone's abilities and experience:
All the candidates had excellent academic credentials.
She was asked to show her press credentials.

cre・den・tial


━━ n. (pl.) 信任状; 推薦状; 人物[資格]証明書.

n.
  1. That which entitles one to confidence, credit, or authority.
  2. credentials Evidence or testimonials concerning one's right to credit, confidence, or authority: The new ambassador presented her credentials to the president.
tr.v. Usage Problem., -tialed, -tial·ing, -tials.

To supply with credentials: “trained, professional, credentialed child care” (Lee Salk).

[From Medieval Latin crēdentiālis, giving authority, from crēdentia, trust. See credence.]

USAGE NOTE The use of the participle credentialed to refer to certified teachers and other professionals is well established (She became credentialed through a graduate program at a local college), but its more general use to mean “possessing professional or expert credentials” is still widely considered jargon. The sentence The board heard testimony from a number of credentialed witnesses was unacceptable to 85 percent of the Usage Panel.


presentation of credentials 遞交國書