2008年6月29日 星期日

chemurgy, activist


Better living through chemurgy

Jun 26th 2008 | NEW YORK
From The Economist print edition

Efforts to replace oil-based chemicals with renewable alternatives are taking off

Illustration by David Simonds
FORTY years ago Dustin Hoffman’s character in “The Graduate” was given a famous piece of career advice: “Just one word…plastics.” It was appropriate at the time, given that the 1960s were a golden age of petrochemical innovation. Oil was cheap and seemed limitless. Since then, scientists have kept on coming up with wondrous new products made from petroleum that helped to ensure, in the words of one corporate slogan, better living through chemistry. Even so, someone offering advice to today’s promising graduates might invoke a different, uglier word: chemurgy.
This term, coined in the 1930s, refers to a branch of applied chemistry that turns agricultural feedstocks into industrial and consumer products. It had several successes early in the 20th century. Cellulose was used to make everything from paint brushes to the film on which motion pictures were captured. George Washington Carver, an American scientist, developed hundreds of ways to convert peanuts, sweet potatoes and other crops into glue, soaps, paints, dyes and other industrial products. In the 1930s Henry Ford started using parts made from agricultural materials, and even built an all-soy car. But the outbreak of the second world war and the shift to wartime production halted his experiment. After the war, low oil prices and breakthroughs in petrochemical technologies ensured the dominance of petroleum-based plastics and chemicals.



Taiwan activist deported by China

TAIPEI, Taiwan (AP) — China has deported a pro-independence Taiwanese activist who wanted to cheer athletes from Taiwan at the Olympics.
Yang Hui-ju says Beijing immigration officials searched her bag and confiscated her valid visa.
Returning to Taipei on Saturday night, she was greeted by associates wearing T-shirts emblazoned with the slogan, "Taiwan, My Country."
Taiwan and China split amid civil war in 1949. China claims the island a part of its own territory. Taiwan competes at the Olympics under the name of "Chinese Taipei."


chem・ur・gy



━━ n. 農産化学.??
Wikipedia article "Chemurgy".

農業化學加工   Chemurgy


activism
 Show phonetics
noun [U]
the use of direct and noticeable action to achieve a result, usually a political or social one:
black/student activism
The levels of trade union and political activism in this country have greatly declined in the past fifteen years.

activist Show phonetics
noun [C]
a person who believes strongly in political or social change and works hard to try and make this happen:
He's been a trade union/party activist for many years.
a gay activist

Hu Jia 胡佳(維權人士 Rights Activist)

pass, long pass, the authorities

日本通運/『TOYOTA LONG PASS EXPRESSによる自動車部品輸送』が(社 ...

日本通運/『TOYOTA LONG PASS EXPRESSによる自動車部品輸送』が(社)日本物流団体連合会の第9回「物流環境大賞」を受賞 - 『TOYOTA LONG PASS EXPRESSによる自動車


LONG PASS 可能是傳長(遠)球
這TOYOTA LONG PASS EXPRESS 指用火車長途 快速運送汽車部落品等


Nigerian Authorities Prevent NGOs From Helping Niger

Many non government organisations are operating in Niger, but their job is getting more difficult. Now the medical aid organisation Doctors without Borders is forced to leave the country.


the authorities 公權力
Nigerian Authorities 奈及利亞 當局


authority Show phonetics
noun
1 [U] the moral or legal right or ability to control:
The United Nations has used/exerted/exercised its authority to restore peace in the area.
We need to get the support of someone in authority (= an important or high-ranking person).
They've been acting illegally and without authority (= permission) from the council.
[+ to infinitive] I'll give my lawyers authority (= permission) to act on my behalf.
He's got no authority over (= ability to control) his students.
She spoke with authority (= as if she was in control or had special knowledge).

2 [C] a group of people with official responsibility for a particular area of activity:
the health authority
the local housing authority

3 [C] an expert on a subject:
She's a world authority on 19th-century Irish history.

the authorities plural noun
the group of people with official responsibility for a particular area:
I'm going to report these holes in the road to the authorities.

local authority group noun [C] UK
the group of people who govern an area, especially a city







pass

vi. (不及物動詞 intransitive verb)
  1. 前進;通過;經過;超過
  2. 你不能過去。停在原處。
  3. (路)延伸;(消息)傳開[Q]
  4. 終止,消失;離開,死亡[(+away)]
  5. 疼痛消失了。
  6. (球類運動中)傳遞[(+to)]
  7. (時間)推移,流逝;變化,轉化[Q][(+from/to/into)]
  8. 這十天很快就過去了。
  9. (考試等)及格;通過;被批准
  10. 法案最終通過了。
    他德語考試及格了,但英語沒及格。
  11. (財產,權力等)轉讓;相傳[Q][(+to/into)]
  12. 不叫牌,放棄叫牌
  13. (事情)發生
  14. 我不知道他們之間發生了什麼事。
vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)
  1. 經過,穿過,越過,超過
  2. 我們走過幾家商店才到了理髮店。
  3. 超出,超越(能力,範圍,限度等)
  4. 傳遞;傳達;傳(球)[O1][(+to)]
  5. 請把鹽遞給我。
  6. 度過(時間等)
  7. 通過(考試;檢查等);使及格;批准(議案等)
  8. 這項議案是一九○八年通過的。
  9. 使(貨幣等)流通;傳播(謠言等)
  10. 宣佈(判決等);提出(批評,意見等)[(+on/upon)]
  11. 他不肯對委員會的決定作任何評論。
  12. 排泄;通(大,小便)
n. (名詞 noun)
  1. 穿過,經過[C]
  2. 通行證;護照;入場證[C]
  3. 沒有通行證不得通過。
  4. 及格;及格分數[C]
  5. 他英語考試得了個及格分數。
  6. 傳球動作[C]
  7. 山隘;關口;海峽[C]
  8. 困境,難關[S]
  9. 過去她身陷困境時,總是請姨媽幫忙。
  10. 一次操作,一次動作[C]
  11. 勾引手段,過分舉動[(+at)]

dissolute Falstaff, Vice, miles gloriosus

Falstaff
Meaning #1: a dissolute character in Shakespeare's plays
Synonym: Sir John Falstaff

Wikipedia article "Falstaff"

Definition

dissolute PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
adjective LITERARY ━━ a. 放蕩(ほうとう)な, 身を持ちくずした.
(of a person) living in a way that other people strongly disapprove of; immoral:
He led a dissolute life, drinking and womanising till his death.




Vice, the, a stock character in medieval morality plays; he is a cynical kind of fool in the service of the Devil, and tries to tempt others in a comical but often sinister manner. The Vice is believed to be the ancestor of some later dramatic villains like Shakespeare's Iago, and of some more comic characters like his Falstaff.

miles gloriosus

('lās glôr'ē-ō'səs, glōr'-) pronunciation
n., pl. mi·li·tes glo·ri·o·si ('lĭ-tās glôr'ē-ō'sē, glōr'-).

A bragging and often cowardly soldier, especially as a stock character in comedy.

[Latin mīles glōriōsus, after Mīles Glōriōsus, a comedy by Plautus.]

Mīlēs glōriōsus (‘the boastful soldier’), Roman comedy by Plautus;


turn sth around/round, on the table

Tommy Hilfiger has taken its plans for a possible initial public offering off the table, and instead plans to focus on expansion after turning around its U.S. business.

Go to Article from Reuters via The New York Times»

Definition

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turn sth around/round phrasal verb [M]
to change an unsuccessful business, plan or system so that it becomes successful:
The new management team turned the ailing company around in under six months.

turnaround Show phonetics
noun [S] (UK ALSO turnround)
1 when a business, plan or system suddenly becomes successful:
The chairman, Tony Bramall, was responsible for the turnaround in the company's fortunes.

2 any change from one thing to its opposite:
What a turnaround - at halftime they were losing 3-0, but in the end they won 4-3.

Definition

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on the table
If a plan or suggestion has been put/laid on the table, it has been made available for people to hear, read or discuss.

outstanding (NOT FINISHED)

The NYT leads with a potential deal between the U.S. and Europe that would allow American law enforcement and security agencies to access information about European citizens. Credit card transactions, travel histories and internet browsing habits might be shared, but there are still about half a dozen outstanding issues to be dealt with.



outstanding (NOT FINISHED)

Definition

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outstanding (NOT FINISHED) Show phonetics
adjective
not yet paid, solved or done:
$450 million in outstanding debts
There are still a couple of problems outstanding.

insider dealing, grapple with sth (PROBLEM)

Lawsuits Accuse EADS
Of Insider Trading

Class-Action Status
Sought in U.S. Cases
Following French Probes
By DANIEL MICHAELS

U.S. tort lawyers are taking up a challenge that French prosecutors and stock-market regulators have been grappling with for almost two years: Proving that executives and core shareholders of Airbus parent European Aeronautic Defence & Space Co. knowingly traded on insider information, and weren't simply bad managers.



As Wall Street grapples with its latest, increasingly bloody round of job cuts, DealBook surveys layoffs from the years past.

Definition


grapple was found in the Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary at the entries listed below.




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insider dealing noun [U] (ALSO insider trading)
the illegal buying and selling of company shares (= a financial part of the ownership of a company) by people who have special information because they are involved with the company


The unlawful practice of using information that comes from a source “inside” the business but is not available to the general public to trade on the stock market. This activity is prohibited by law and is policed by the Securities and Exchange Commission.

  • In the mid-1980s, several revelations of insider trading rocked Wall Street.

  • in・sid・er

    ━━ n. 内部の人, 仲間; 主流[体制]派; 内幕に通じた人, インサイダー.
    insider dealing [trading] インサイダー取引.

    pince-nez, top hat

    Inside the museum is a portrait of Alphand (whose park designs include the Bois de Boulogne, the Parc Monceau and the Parc Montsouris, as well as the Vallée Suisse) in a top hat, his pince-nez hanging from his black overcoat.


    A top hat or top-hat (sometimes also known by the nickname "topper") is a tall, flat-crowned, broad-brimmed hat worn by men throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries. Now, it is usually worn only with morning dress or evening dress, or as a specific popular cultural fashion statement, such as by guitarist Saul Hudson.
    Wikipedia article "Top hat".

    pince-nez

    (păns'', pĭns'-) pronunciation


    n., pl. pince-nez (-nāz', -nā'). ] n. 鼻めがね.

    Eyeglasses clipped to the bridge of the nose.

    [French : pincer, to pinch (from Old French pincier; see pinch) + nez, nose (from Latin nāsus).]

    Wikipedia article "Pince-nez".

    2008年6月28日 星期六

    seal your fate, seal the deal, Strike a Deal

    Novelist Ryotaro Shiba (1923-1996) once noted that "being able to compromise wisely" was a superior political ability. I believe "compromise" here means the same as "agreement." To strike a wise compromise, one must have the wisdom to draw concessions out of the negotiating partner, as well as the ability to bury one's differences for the broader perspective. Lacking either of these attributes, one cannot really hope to seal the deal.


    Google and Creator of ‘Family Guy’ Strike a Deal




    seal (MARK) Show phonetics
    noun [C]
    an official mark on a document, sometimes made with wax, which shows that it is legal or has been officially approved:
    The lawyer stamped the certificate with her seal.

    seal Show phonetics
    verb [T]
    to make an agreement more certain or to approve it formally:
    The two leaders sealed their agreement with a handshake.

    seal your fate
    If an action, event or situation seals your fate, nothing can stop some unpleasant thing happening to you:
    From the moment she stepped into the busy road her fate was sealed.

    Decide what will become of one, as in The letter of rejection sealed his fate; he'd have to apply to other medical schools.

    This term employs seal in the sense of "permanently fix or fasten something," a usage dating from the mid-1600s.

    2008年6月27日 星期五

    hive off

    Investors seem to think UBS has something up its sleeve -- and it may be a sale of some kind.

    Shares in the troubled Swiss bank have risen 9.7 percent over the past two days, as analysts began speculating that it had hired an adviser to explore strategic options. On Wednesday, The New York Post reported that UBS has hired Lazard as an adviser to review its businesses.

    UBS has already faced pressure from shareholders, including the activist fund Olivant Advisers, to hive off its flourishing wealth-management unit from its considerably more troubled investment banking business.


    phrasal verb:

    hive off

    1. To set apart from a group: hived off the department into another division.




    out and about, up and about

    Salman Rushdie, Out and About
    Dave Weich, Powells.com

    In the wake of Ayatollah Khomeini's infamous death sentence, Salman Rushdie gained international renown as a champion of free speech and a challenger of fundamentalist hegemony. Among the virtues shrouded by the author's sudden iconic status, however, were a relentless sense of humor and a developing body of fiction virtually unrivaled among contemporary writersSalman Rushdie.



    out and about
    active; doing the things you usually do
    The doctor says she's making a good recovery and she should be out and about in a few days' time.
    I'm glad to see you're out and about again.



    Idioms:

    up and about


    Also, up and around; up and doing. Active again, especially after an illness or rest, as in They had her up and about just one day after surgery, or I'm so glad you're up and around; we need your help, or It's time to be up and doing. [Early 1800s]

    do (cook)

    At KCF, We do chicken right!

    do
    to cook or prepare food
    Who's doing the food for your party?
    [+ two objects]I'll do you some scrambled eggs.

    done
    Show phonetics
    adjective [after verb]
    Are the vegetables done (= Have they finished cooking) yet?
    "How would you like your steak done?"
    "Well-done (= Cooked for a long time), please."

    Compare medium (VALUE); rare (COOKED)

    2008年6月26日 星期四

    bridge, crisis, ratification, plagiarism

    要是换一张不像他那样引人注目的面孔,那么别人很可能看到的只有鼻子。就是在他的脸上,人们最先看到印象最深的也是他的鼻子。伊尔瑟·卢宾说那是个“巨型 鼻”,奥斯卡接着说,是个“大象鼻子”。英格丽说:“你简直可以把你这个鼻子架在水上过河了。”(他的鼻梁很宽。)[5]


    [5]“ 鼻梁”在英语中与“桥” 是同一个字,均为 bridge。

    Israeli Political Crisis Overshadows Rice’s Trip
    Commentators said that a police investigation of Prime Minister Ehud Olmert of Israel seemed quite serious.

    overshadow

    Pilots at Delta Air Lines and the Northwest Airlines have approved a collective bargaining agreement. Ratification has been an element of Delta's efforts to achieve a smooth integration when it acquires Northwest later this year.

    Go to Article from The Associated Press via The New York Times»



    France Sees Irish No-Vote As Wake-Up Call

    French President Nicolas Sarkozy has called Ireland's "no" to the
    EU's Lisbon Treaty a call to change the way Europe was being
    constructed. But he has also urged other states to continue the
    ratification process.

    To read this article on the DW-WORLD website, just click on the
    internet address below:
    http://newsletter.dw-world.de/re?l=evynjmI44va89pI0



    Clinton accuses Obama of plagiarism

    US Democratic presidential hopefuls Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton
    have debated in Texas, the largest state contest left in the race for
    the party's nomination. The sharpest words came from Clinton who now
    finds herself behind in the nomination process. She accused Obama of
    plagiarism for taking a portion of a speech from Massachusetts governor
    Deval Patrick. Obama defended his use of Patrick's words, saying he is
    co-chair of his campaign and that Patrick asked him to use the passages.
    Clinton's attack was greeted with boos from the Austin, Texas audience.
    The Texas primary will be held on March 4.

    pla・gia・rize



      
    ━━ v. (他人の文章・考案などを)盗む, 剽窃(ひょうせつ)する ((from)).
     pla・gia・rism ━━ n. 剽窃(物).
     pla・gia・rist ━━ n. 剽窃者.
     pla・gia・ry
     ━━ n. 剽窃(者).


     rat・i・fy



      
    ━━ vt. 批准する.
    ratification



    ratify Show phonetics
    verb [T] FORMAL
    (especially of governments or organizations) to make an agreement official:
    Many countries have now ratified the UN convention on the rights of the child.
    The decision will have to be ratified (= approved) by the executive board.

    ratification Show phonetics
    noun [U] FORMAL

    cri・sis



      
    ━━ n. (pl. cri・ses  ) 危機, 重大な局面; (病気の)境目; 転機.
     crisis center 電話緊急相談センター.
     crisis line 〔米〕 =hot line.
     crisis management (雇用者・政府などのストライキ・暴動などに対する)危機管理.

    bridge



    -->
    ━━ n. 橋; 船[艦]橋; 鼻柱; 歯橋; (バイオリンなどの)こま; (めがねの)橋梁(りょう)部; (放送劇などの場面間の)つなぎ音楽; 【トランプ】ブリッジ; (ビリヤードの)キュー架; 【化】架橋; 【石油】棚; 【電気】ブリッジ(回路); 【コンピュータ】ブリッジ ((ネットワークの橋渡し)); 【服】ブリッジ ((最高級品と一般の顧客を橋渡しするためのやや安価に設定した商品)).
    build bridges (between) (…の)橋渡しをする.
    burn one's bridges (behind one) 背水の陣を敷く.
    cross one's bridges when one comes to them / not cross one's bridges before one comes to them 取り越し苦労をしない.
    ━━ vt. 橋をかける; 橋渡しをする.
    bridge over (一時的に)しのがせる.
    bridge・head 橋頭堡(ほ); 足がかり ((for)).
    bridge loan つなぎ融資 (bridging loan).
    bridge of boats 浮き橋, 舟橋.
    Bridge of Sighs (the ~) 嘆きの橋 ((Veniceにある橋;昔罪人が刑務所に入るときに渡った)).
    bridge rectifier 【電子工】ブリッジ整流器.
    bridge・ware 【コンピュータ】ブリッジウェア ((「橋渡し」用のソフトウェア)).
    bridge・work 架橋工事; 架工義歯.
    bridg・ing ━━ n. 【コンピュータ】ネットワークを橋渡しすること.
    bridge loan (銀行の)つなぎ資金融資.
    bridge product 【コンピュータ】=bridgeware.