2017年4月16日 星期日

halfway, contrivance, transfix, incidence, coincide, coincidence,near miss

North Korean Missile Launch Fails, and a Show of Strength Fizzles

By CHOE SANG-HUN, DAVID E. SANGER and WILLIAM J. BROAD

The timing was an embarrassment for Kim Jong-un, because the launch appeared to have been intended to coincide with the approach of a fleet of American warships.


An official youth unemployment rate of 28% and inflation running at 42% a year, both aggravated by American and European economic sanctions, have helped to turn many Iranians to hard drugs. According to Iran's own figures, 2m Iranians in a population of 75m are addicted, the world's highest incidence http://econ.st/19l91Yy
 
As Confrontation Deepens, Iran's Path Is Unclear
As another day of defiance, concessions and ominous threats transfixed Tehran, the situation had all the hallmarks of a standoff.

Experts Call North Korean Missile Launch a Failure

Some experts said the test undercut the North Korean campaign to come across as a fearsome adversary able to hurl deadly warheads halfway around the globe.

It is the Age of Machinery, in every outward and inward sense of that word; the age which, with its whole undivided might, forwards, teaches and practises the great art of adapting means to ends. Nothing is now done directly, or by hand; all is by rule and calculated contrivance.


Top Story

A Red-Letter Day for Layoffs

Economists say steep job cuts at Caterpillar, Sprint, and Pfizer may only signal the halfway point




There are several such passages of vivid recollection: the sudden feeling once, on some mountainside, of being physically connected to everything; waking on a night of swarming stars; watching the desert dawn; being transfixed by Mark Rothko’s paintings: “dense pools of silent energy”. One could wish for more. If there is one criticism of this book, it is that there is an occasional sense of strain, of intellectual contrivance. Ms Maitland’s own experience is sometimes drowned in commentary, as though she were unsure of her audience. She can afford to relax. Many of her readers, religious or not, will be more than halfway with her.

That Akikusa survived such a hell hole is remarkable enough. But his story — which he detailed in a 2006 book, "Seventeen Years Old at Iwo To" — is a string of extraordinary coincidences and near-misses with death.

near miss, 



coincidence Show phonetics
noun
1 [C] an occasion when two or more similar things happen at the same time, especially in a way that is unlikely and surprising:
You chose exactly the same wallpaper as us - what a coincidence!
Is it just a coincidence that the wife of the man who ran the competition won first prize?
a series of strange/amazing coincidences

2 [U] chance or luck:
Just by coincidence, I met my old school-mate again fifty years later.
[+ that] It was pure/sheer coincidence that I remembered his phone number.
By some strange coincidence, he was passing the house just when it happened.

coincidental 
adjective
happening by coincidence

coincidentally
adverb
The highest scorers, coincidentally, were all women.



n.
  1. A narrowly avoided collision involving two or more aircraft, ships, boats, or motor vehicles.
  2. A missile strike that is extremely close to but not directly on target.
  3. Something that fails by a very narrow margin: Her campaign for the Senate was a near miss.
[Blend of NEAR THING and MISS1.]



halfway (QUITE) Show phonetics
adverb
not very, but satisfactorily:
Any halfway decent teacher should be able to explain the difference between transitive and intransitive verbs.

halfway (IN THE MIDDLE) Show phonetics
adjective, adverb
in the middle of something, or at a place which is equally distant from two other places:
York is halfway between Edinburgh and London.
I'd like you to look at the diagram which is halfway down page 27.
She started feeling sick halfway through dinner.
The management's proposals don't even go halfway towards meeting our demands.

contrive 
verb [T]
1 to arrange a situation or event, or arrange for something to happen, using clever planning:
Couldn't you contrive a meeting between them? I think they'd be ideally suited.
[+ to infinitive] Somehow she contrived to get tickets for the concert.

2 to invent and/or make a device or other object in a clever and possibly unusual way:
Do you think you could contrive something for hanging my clothes on until I can get a wardrobe?

contrivance 
noun [C or U] FORMAL
when someone contrives something:
DISAPPROVING Because of the timing, I'm sure the salary freeze is a deliberate contrivance, not a coincidence.
I think the meeting happened more by contrivance than chance.

contrived 
adjective DISAPPROVING
1 clever rather than honest:
His excuse sounded a bit contrived.

2 artificial and difficult to believe:
I enjoyed the film, but felt the ending was a bit contrived.

incidence

Pronunciation: /ˈɪnsɪd(ə)ns/
Translate incidence | into French | into Italian | into Spanish

noun

  • 1the occurrence, rate, or frequency of a disease, crime, or other undesirable thing:an increased incidence of cancer
  • the way in which the burden of a tax falls upon the population:the entire incidence falls on the workers
  • 2 [mass noun] Physics the intersection of a line, or something moving in a straight line, such as a beam of light, with a surface: the point of incidence of the beam

Origin:

late Middle English (denoting a casual or subordinate event): from Old French, or from medieval Latin incidentia, from Latin incidere 'fall upon, happen to' (see incident). sense 1 dates from the early 19th century




transfix (UNABLE TO MOVE) verb [T] LITERARY
to make a person or animal seem unable to move or stop looking at something because they are so interested, surprised or frightened, usually because their interest in or fear of something is so strong:
The conference delegates were transfixed by her speech.

transfixed 
adjective
Rabbits transfixed in the glare of car headlights are common victims on the roads.

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