2009年5月25日 星期一

fortuitous (2), unfortunate, malapropism

. on Page 7:
"... His comment on the unfortunate Dr Price can stand as a general comment on the whole philosophical and literary tradition which was promoting social change: Wholly unacquainted ..."



fortuitous (1)


adj.
  1. Happening by accident or chance. See synonyms at accidental.
  2. Usage Problem.
    1. Happening by a fortunate accident or chance.
    2. Lucky or fortunate.

[Latin fortuītus.]

fortuitously for·tu'i·tous·ly adv.
fortuitousness for·tu'i·tous·ness n.

USAGE NOTE In its best-established sense, fortuitous means “happening by accident or chance.” Thus, a fortuitous meeting may have either fortunate or unfortunate consequences.

For decades, however, the word has often been used in reference to happy accidents, as in The company's profits were enhanced as the result of a fortuitous drop in the cost of paper.

This use may have arisen because fortuitous resembles both fortunate and felicitous.

Whatever its origin, the use is well established in the writing of reputable authors. • The additional use of fortuitous to mean “lucky or fortunate” is more controversial, as in He came to the Giants in June as the result of a fortuitous trade that sent two players back to the Reds.


This use dates back at least to the 1920s, when H.W. Fowler labeled it a malapropism, but it is still widely regarded as incorrect.

fortuitous pronunciation

IN BRIEF: Occurring by chance. Also: lucky.

pronunciation After their hard work, they knew that it was not merely fortuitous that they got a good grade on the project. ━━ a. 偶然(発生)の; 好運な.

for・tu・i・tous・ly ━━ ad.
for・tu・i・tous・ness ━━ n.
for・tu・i・ty
 ━━ n. 偶然(性); 思いがけない出来事.



Fortuitous Loss

Loss occurring by accident or chance, not by anyone's intention. Insurance policies provide coverage against losses that occur only on a chance basis, where the insured cannot control the loss; thus the insured should not be able to burn down his or her own home and collect.

Insurance is not provided against a certainty such as wear and tear. Life insurance will not pay a death benefit if the insured commits suicide within the first two years that the policy is in force. Even though death is a certainty, the insured cannot buy a policy with the intention of suicide within the first two years.


fortuitous distortion 不規則失真,偶然失真 不規則畸變,偶發畸變

(communications) Distortion in a telegraph system which includes effects that cannot be classified as bias or characteristic distortion; it is a departure (for one occurrence of a particular signal pulse) from the average combined effects of bias and characteristic distortion; the direct opposite of systematic distortion.

unfortunate (UNSUITABLE) PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
adjective FORMAL
(of remarks or behaviour) unsuitable in a way which could cause embarrassment or offence:
The housing director's remark that 'the homeless could do more to help themselves' was unfortunate to say the least.


UNFORTUNATE

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unfortunate (UNLUCKY) PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
adjective
unlucky or having bad effects:
She has inherited her father's large nose, which is very unfortunate.
It was just unfortunate (that) he phoned exactly as our guests were arriving.

unfortunate PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C] FORMAL OR HUMOROUS
an unlucky person who is in a bad situation:
He was one of the poor unfortunates who invested in the company and now finds himself a few thousand pounds poorer.

unfortunately PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
adverb
Unfortunately, I didn't have my credit card with me or I'd certainly have bought it.


malapropos
adj.
inappropriate; out of place; inopportune; untimely 不合時宜的;不適當的
a malapropos remark 不適當的評論
http://home.kimo.com.tw/rwaylin_chang/wotd/wotd20050801.htm
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這類似得詞組,SU討論過。現在有answers.com
英文中常用的,都一網打盡。

mal•a•prop•ism (măl'ə-prŏp-ĭz'əm)
n. Ludicrous misuse of a word, especially by confusion with one of similar sound.
An example of such misuse.
n. - 詞語音讀誤用方面之幽默, 用詞錯誤可笑。日本語 (Japanese) n. - マラプロピズム


malapropism

A humorous confusion of words that sound vaguely similar, as in "We have just ended our physical year" instead of "We have just ended our fiscal year."

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