2008年10月25日 星期六

vesture,vest, vestment, body armor

USA Today leads with FBI statistics that show more than one-third of police officers killed last year were not wearing body armor. While most police officers have access to bullet-resistant vests, some estimate that up to 50 percent choose not to wear them, mostly because they're not exactly comfortable.


In a small journalistic coup Mr. Maher interviews a Roman Catholic priest in front of the Vatican, who laughingly agrees with him that the fundamental teachings of the Catholic Church are nonsense that are not to be taken literally. Mr. Maher, unfortunately, doesn’t press him on why he wears priestly vestments and presumes to exert religious authority.


McCain Puts New Strategist Atop Campaign

Facing growing dissatisfaction both inside and outside his campaign, Sen. John McCain ordered a shake-up of his team yesterday, reducing the role of campaign manager Rick Davis and vesting political adviser Steve Schmidt with "full operational control" of his bid for the presidency.
(By Dan Balz and Michael D. Shear, The Washington Post)


vest

n.
  1. A sleeveless garment, often having buttons down the front, worn usually over a shirt or blouse and sometimes as part of a three-piece suit.
  2. A waist-length, sleeveless garment worn for protection: a warm down vest; a bulletproof vest.
  3. A fabric trim worn to fill in the neckline of a woman's garment; a vestee.
  4. Chiefly British. An undershirt.
    1. Archaic. Clothing; raiment.
    2. Obsolete. An ecclesiastical vestment.

v., vest·ed, vest·ing, vests. v.tr.
  1. To place (authority, property, or rights, for example) in the control of a person or group, especially to give someone an immediate right to present or future possession or enjoyment of (an estate, for example). Used with in: vested his estate in his daughter.
  2. To invest or endow (a person or group) with something, such as power or rights. Used with with: vested the council with broad powers; vests its employees with full pension rights after five years of service.
  3. To clothe or robe, as in ecclesiastical vestments.
v.intr.
  1. To become legally vested.
  2. To dress oneself, especially in ecclesiastical vestments.

[French veste, robe, from Italian vesta, from Latin vestis, garment.]


vest・ment[ vstmnt ]
vestment」を新グローバル英和辞典でも検索する

[名]

1 外衣.

2 ((~s))衣服, 服装.

3 正服, 式服;《教会》法衣, 祭服.

4 (衣服のように)おおうもの



ves·ture
(vĕs'chər) pronunciation
n.
  1. Clothing; apparel.
  2. Something that covers or cloaks: hills in a vesture of mist.
tr.v., -tured, -tur·ing, -tures.

To cover with vesture; clothe.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin *vestītūra, from Latin vestītus, past participle of vestīre, to clothe, from vestis, garment. See vest.]



ves・ture


━━ n. 衣服; おおい (covering).


就像在《威尼斯商人》中,羅蘭佐精彩地向潔西嘉描述的那樣
,心靈中音樂的力量經歷了漫長的蕭索時期後,終於復蘇了。(布魯姆(Allan Bloom)《走向封閉的美國精神》缪青、宋麗娜等譯,北京:中國社會科學出版社,1994,第66頁。案:名字改成朱生豪翻譯的。)

我對於此翻譯,也有兩意見:「心靈中音樂的力量」似乎應該改成「音樂對於心靈的力量」。
更有(教育)意思的是將莎士比亞原文和朱生豪的翻譯拿來讀讀(其評論非本文主旨)。

LORENZO
Sweet soul, let's in, and there expect their coming.
親愛的,我們進去,等著他們回來吧。
And yet no matter: why should we go in?
不,還是不用進去。
My friend Stephano, signify, I pray you,
Within the house, your mistress is at hand;
我的朋友斯丹法諾,請你進去通知家裏的人,你們的女主人就要來啦,
And bring your music forth into the air.
叫他們準備好樂器到門外來迎接。
Exit Stephano(斯丹法諾下)
How sweet the moonlight sleeps upon this bank!
月光多麼恬靜地睡在山坡上!
Here will we sit and let the sounds of music
我們就在這兒坐下來,
Creep in our ears: soft stillness and the night
讓音樂的聲音悄悄送進我們的耳邊;
Become the touches of sweet harmony.
柔和的靜寂和夜色,是最足以襯托出音樂的甜美的。
Sit, Jessica. Look how the floor of heaven坐下來,潔西嘉。
Is thick inlaid with patines of bright gold:
瞧,天宇中嵌滿了多少燦爛的金鈸;

There's not the smallest orb which thou behold'st
你所看見的每一顆微小的天體,
But in his motion like an angel sings,
在轉動的時候都會發出天使般的歌聲,
Still quiring to the young-eyed cherubins;
永遠應和著嫩眼的天嬰的妙唱。
Such harmony is in immortal souls;
在永生的靈魂裏也有這一種音樂,
But whilst this muddy vesture of decay
可是當它套上這一具泥土製成的俗惡易朽的皮囊以後,
Doth grossly close it in, we cannot hear it.
我們便再也聽不見了。





Fichte calls the Man of Letters, therefore, a Prophet, or as he prefers to phrase it, a Priest, continually unfolding the Godlike to men: Men of Letters are a perpetual Priesthood, from age to age, teaching all men that a God is still present in their life, that all "Appearance," whatsoever we see in the world, is but as a vesture for the "Divine Idea of the World," for "that which lies at the bottom of Appearance." In the true Literary Man there is thus ever, acknowledged or not by the world, a sacredness: he is the light of the world; the world's Priest; — guiding it, like a sacred Pillar of Fire, in its dark pilgrimage through the waste of Time.

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