2009年5月26日 星期二

identity, informant, informer

EBay is remaking its e-commerce marketplace to combat declining sales. But the strategy has fostered an identity crisis.


identity
Show phonetics
noun [C or U]
who a person is, or the qualities of a person or group which make them different from others:
The man's identity was being kept secret while he was helping police with enquiries.
I cannot reveal the identity of my source.
The informant was given a new identity (= a different name and new official documents) for protection.
The newspaper photo apparently showed him in Rome but it was a case of mistaken identity (= it was the wrong person).
In prison people often suffer from a loss of identity.
I think my job gives me a sense of identity.


inform PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
verb [T]
to tell someone about particular facts:
The name of the dead man will not be released until his relatives have been informed.
Why wasn't I informed about this earlier?
Walters was not properly informed of the reasons for her arrest.
[+ that] I informed my boss that I was going to be away next week.

informant PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [C]
someone who gives information to another person or organization:
a police/secret informant
Our survey is based on information from over 200 informants.

information PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
noun [U] (INFORMAL info)
facts about a situation, person, event, etc:
Do you have any information about/on train times?
I read an interesting bit/piece of information in the newspaper.
For further information (= if you want to know more), please contact your local library.
[+ that] We have reliable information that a strike is planned next month.

informational PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
adjective
containing information

informative PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Phonetic PhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhoneticPhonetic Hide phonetics
adjective
providing a lot of useful information:
This is an interesting and highly informative book.

informed Show phonetics
adjective
having a lot of knowledge or information about something:
an informed choice/opinion
The school promised to keep parents informed about the situation.
Elizabeth is remarkably well-informed.

informer Show phonetics
noun [C]
a person who gives information in secret, especially to the police:
Most police informers receive a reward for their information.


i・den・ti・ty


━━ n. 同一であること; 極度の類似性; 本人であること(の証明), 身元; 個性, 独自性; (物の)正体; 【心】アイデンティティ; 【コンピュータ】同値, 識別情報; 【数】恒等(式), 単位元.
establish …'s identity 人が本人であることを確認する, 人の身元を確認する.
identity-based database 【コンピュータ】同値にもとづくデータベース.
identity card [certificate] =identification card. 身份證
identity crisis 【心】アイデンティティ危機.
identity disc 〔英〕 =identification tag.


Amartya Sen, 'The Argumentative Indian'

將 identity 翻譯成 "身份"或"特性" 後者代查




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