2008年1月9日 星期三

pashmina, hopscotching



hopscotching
Dictionary: hop·scotch (hŏp'skŏch'pronunciation
n.
A children's game in which players toss a small object into the numbered spaces of a pattern of rectangles outlined on the ground and then hop or jump through the spaces to retrieve the object.
intr.v.-scotched-scotch·ing-scotch·es.
To move in or as if in a series of irregular jumps: “hopscotching across dozens of new cable channels” (Harry F. Waters).
[HOP1 + SCOTCH1, a score, line.]
Wikipedia article "Hopscotch".


n. - 跳房子遊戲
v. intr. - 像跳房子遊戲那樣跳

日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 石けり遊び
LONDON — Created 60 years ago as a cornerstone of the British welfare state, the National Health Service is devoted to the principle of free medical care for everyone. But recently it has been wrestling with a problem its founders never anticipated: how to handle patients with complex illnesses who want to pay for parts of their treatment while receiving the rest free from the health service.
Although the government is reluctant to discuss the issue, hopscotching back and forth between private and public care has long been standard here for those who can afford it. But a few recent cases have exposed fundamental contradictions between policy and practice in the system, and tested its founding philosophy to its very limits.

Paying Patients Test British Health Care System


Twist
The Latest Dispute
Between Pakistan
And India: Pashmina
By VIBHUTI AGARWAL
January 10, 2008
NEW DELHI -- In their 60 years as nations and neighbors, Pakistan and India have frequently quarreled -- over cricket, over land, over nuclear testing. The latest area of contention: pashmina.
[A Kashmiri woman weaves traditional handcrafted pashmina on a spinning wheel.]
www.kashmirarts.com/
A Kashmiri woman weaves traditional handcrafted pashmina on a spinning wheel.
An handicrafts association backed by the Indian government has applied to register a Geographical Indicator tag for "Kashmiri Pashmina" as a mark for the rare soft wool from the underbelly of the capra hircus goat. It wants the Kashmiri original -- the wool Westerners call "cashmere" -- to be easily distinguished from imitations as the popularity of pashmina has soared and the word itself has become synonymous with a large scarf of thin wool. In effect, they want the same protection for Kashmiri Pashmina that champagne makers have for their bubbly.
But as a special tribunal in the southern Indian city of Chennai considers the application, the process has hit a snag. The reason: Pakistani authorities say they don't want pashmina from the Pakistani-administered portion of Kashmir to be excluded, or to face recriminations if merchants there use the term. The disputed territory of Kashmir, where producing the prized wool has been among the biggest businesses for centuries, straddles India and Pakistan and has been a key cause of three wars between the two South Asian powers since 1947.
[Pashima shawls come in an array of colors and styles.]
www.kashmirarts.com
Pashima shawls come in an array of colors and styles.
Zulfikar Abbasi, president of the Jammu and Kashmir Chamber of Commerce and Industry in the part of Kashmir currently occupied by Pakistan, claims the Indian government has been trying to pull the wool over its neighbor's eyes by seeking to obtain exclusive rights to the "Kashmiri Pashmina" name without consulting Pakistanis. He adds that the quality of the wool on both sides of the border is the same.
The Indians aren't so sure. "We don't want to comment on the quality of the pashmina produced on the other side," says M.S. Farooqi, director of the Craft Development Institute in Srinagar, a city in Indian-occupied Kashmir, which filed the application.
The tribunal is expected to decide on the issue as soon as mid-January. It may stitch together a compromise and allow both India and Pakistan to use the term. Or it may ask India to refile a joint application with Pakistan. Or it could sour relations further by declaring a victory for India.





pashmina

n.

  1. Fine, downy wool growing beneath the outer hair of feral Himalayan goats.
  2. A soft fabric made of this wool.
[Persian pashmīne, woolen garment, pashmina, from pashmīn, made of wool, from pashm, wool, down.]
A fashion statement in medieval Europe was to wear clothes made of a new cloth, imported from central Asia. The cloth was called "scarlet" and it was the pashmina of its time: vastly popular, frequently imitated but at its highest quality extremely expensive—at least four times the price of ordinary cloth.

『在中世紀歐洲的時尚之最......這是當時 的 pashmina: 普遍受歡迎, 頻繁地被仿效 但最高質量的這異常昂貴....




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